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“The world, under our feet, turns? Ah! it was there that he formed a warm attach. very curious idea, Gali."
ment for each in his special study—the first “O, yes. I will show you, to your satis- as a scientist and the latter as an artist. Mr. faction, that it does so, if you will follow me Wilson's letter, acknowledging the receipt of to some secret quiet place,” says the old the picture, is full of warm and generous ap. man, glancing about and half - drawing a preciation - a true, heart - felt, honest appre. parchment roll from the bosom of his robes. ciation. On the day the package arrived
“Secret! No, no-no secrets for me. If (we begged the privilege to copy portions she turns I won't stop her. But secrets -- of this letter, because the expressions are so that means business before the inquisidor. rare ) he writes: “I have not yet had the Good - day, Gali. Ahem! -a very good. box opened, but presume the picture came day.” And you would have gone by on the safely. I shall arrange to-day for having it other side, leaving “correct" opinion in the stretched and framed, after which I will hands of moral highwaymen; but now, after again write you as to our impressions conthe struggle, the cost, and the battle is past, cerning it. I do not doubt, judging from you roll, bask, revel, and swagger in the the two large landscapes of yours I saw when warm light cast against historic walls, where in San Francisco, that it will realize our ernever more may come the moldy, pulpy shad. pectations.” And then he closes in the fol. ow of old Dogma.
lowing modest but substantial manner: “In Men tell me about hari - kari in Japan. naming the price of the picture you put it at This is a method by which a high official $2,500, not specifying whether gold or greenJapanese confesses he has been false to his backs. I was about to procure a check for country. Adopted in the United States, hari. the latter, when it occurred to me that our kari would be a boundless blessing. Next to money is not yours. I therefore inclose a hari. kari in the disemboweling process, is gold check for $2,500, payable to your order. the support of an honest opinion. Thou. If I am in error, you can rectify it." It sands of men in America have gone, spread. gives us great pleasure to place the above on eagle fashion, upon that blade, turned sud. record, and we hope the example will be fol. denly pale, and perished in their prime. And lowed by the money-princes of our own com. yet, correct opinion, like the storied car of munity, and so give the lie to the old pror. Juggernaut, finds yearly numerous new vic. erb that a prophet, etc. tims prostrate before its oncoming. How shall we account for such follies? The im.
As Near as I Know. practical, improvident, boldly intellectual
“Was ever I in love?" you ask. scum of each rising generation must be made
Ah! that I scarce can tell. way with, to give room for the many easy. I've been married twenty years, or so, going fools to be fleeced by the cunning of And like that pretty well. the non-committal few. Thus the world
But I've had curious feelings, wags, has wagged, and will wag so long as
In the spring-time of my life: the manner of things is so much mightier
On days before I married her, among men than the matter thereof.
And since I had my wife.
Though I don't have them now so much,
Still, even at forty-six,
Some ill-defined nonsensicals
Play me their old-time tricks. It is not generally known that Keith's recent and most satisfactory art production, en.
I used to think, for months and years
That all the world to me titled “Morning on the Upper Merced," was
Was in a woman's smiles and tears, painted to the order of 0. J. Wilson, the And all was naught but she. noted educational publisher of Cincinnati, Ohio. This gentleman, while on a pleasure.
If that is love, I've had it-bad,
And sometimes have it yet; trip to our coast during the past summer, And when it leaves me I'm not glad. met Muir and Keith in the high Sierra, and Nay, rather I regret.
But I don't rave on flowers and rings
a cockney accent and a pair of lively eyes.
I have been to hear Wagner's operas, and
here in Munich they are magnificently pro-
duced. The king is mad on the subject of I don't now feel Sahara's blight
music, and Wagner is, in his eyes, little less
than an archangel, so he gives him vast sums
of money to produce his operas in the best
A Pacific Day.
We can not refrain from publishing the
following beautiful thoughts, taken from a
private letter addressed to us : To keep two hearts aglow.
“To-day and yesterday have been (or are,
for who shall say that a day is dead?) the
prettiest days I have seen in nearly a year of
sojourn in California—days almost worthy of Still craves the tide the shore.
the high-arching wide - canopied horizon of
Nevada. Ah! there have been, and I hope
will be, days in Nevada which gleam and
glitter like priceless diamonds upon the If I'm not in it now.
breast of Time — days so clear, so still and
pure, that night comes brilliantly upon them
which the full round moon orbs out upon the
scene, with endless hosts of glinting stars far We are permitted to extract the following back and upward in the boundless depth of paragraph from a private letter of our valued stainless air. I grieve to add that through and esteemed contributor, Charles W. Stod. all the beauty of this weather I have been dard :
boxing up apples and talking ruptured En. “MUNICH, October 19th:
glish to emotionless apple-pickers from Hong.
Birch, Strong, and I are living together. The boys kong, when I had far rather sit in the sun. take coffee about 7 A. M., and then go off to light and watch the spider - threads float their art-schools. I doze an hour or two, and dreamily among the yellow shower of au
tumn leaves." rise with the idea of accomplishing a vast deal of writing, but it usually ends by my dipping into a book until I get tired, when I loaf down to Rosenthal's studio and talk with
Juvenile Books. him hour after hour. He talks well, and we We have received a number of very fine get on charmingly together. The whole story juvenile books, which space will not allow us of 'Elaine' (the picture), as he tells it, is very to review at length, as we intended, but interesting. So many things happened to it which we would bring to the attention of before he finally sent it to California. He heads of families in particular, and others in says he feels as if the success that has follow. general, at this holiday season of the year. ed was sent by Providence to compensate A. L. Bancroft & Co. have sent us Jack's him for two years of sorrowful experience Ward, Herbert Carter's Legacy, The Peep. during the progress of the picture. Some. Show, Little Wide-awake for 1876, History times we go down to a beer - hall and see of the Robins, The Children's Pastime, and gymnastics and hear English songs from the Nine Liltle Goslings. From A. Roman & lips of English girls who drift over here some. Co. we have received The Big Brother and how or other and astonish the Germans with Herbert Carter's Legacy.
THE MASQUE OF PANDORA, AND OTHER Unlike the man Adam, who, in somewhat
POEMs. By Henry Wadsworth Longfel. similar circumstances, seeks to find a cover low. For sale by A. Roman & Co.
for his own cowardly soul in accusation of Time does not seem to dim the lustre of “the woman thou gavest me, Lord!” Longfellow's genius, if we are to judge from Almost too sacred for mention seems - Jo. the little volume before us, which contains, rituri Salutamus.” More than any other in addition to that from which it takes its poem he has written will this draw and bind title, the “Hanging of the Crane," samiliar to him the love of his people—a poet's rich. to all readers, “ Morituri Salutamus," and est meed of praise. Very sacred also seem a number of minor poems.
his tribute to Charles Sumner, and the soaThe Masque of Pandora is the old, old nets on "Three Friends of Mine.” These, story over again, very beautifully told, of with a few other lyrics and sonnets, close the the evils let loose upon the unhappy world volume. by the hand of woman, Eve with the name of Pandora. Surely the gods wrought in evil mood an evil thing when they created THE NATIVE RACES OF THE PACIFIC STATES. her in all her loveliness, only to bring mis- Vol. V. Primitive History. By H. H. ery upon mankind. Prometheus seems to Bancroft. San Francisco: A. L. Ban.
croft & Co. have understood them pretty well, judging from his speech to Hermes, who brings to This last volume on the history of the him the maiden:
Native Races of the Pacific Coast, whose
“I mistrust The gods and all their gifts. If they have sent her, manners, myths, and relics have been de. It is for no good purpose."
scribed in the preceding parts, forms a fitting “Whatever comes from them, though in a shape
close to a work which has marked an epocb As beautiful as this, is evil only."
in the history of our literature. Epimetheus, however, proves less wise, or In a former review of the first volume, ve less distrustful, and accepts the beautiful gift remarked upon its scope, completeness, and with love and gratitude. Within his house, accuracy, and upon the clearness of style sacredly intrusted to him, is the fatal chest which has made attractive, even to the gencontaining the dread secrets of the gods. eral reader, a subject that at first appeared “Safely concealed there from all mortal eyes,
intended only for the student. These charForever sleep the secrets of the gods.
acteristics have, we are glad to note, beta Seek not to know what they have hidden from preserved and even improved upon in the thee
succeeding volumes, in spite of the ever - in. Till they themselves reveal it."
creasing depth of the subject. In the second What mortal woman could resist such a
volume, to which the essay on civilizatica temptation ! Not Pandora, who was less
and savagism formed a fitting introduction, or more — than mortal. In an evil moment
the subject was such as to render it more the lid was lifted-alas! and alas !
suited for the public in general, and in the We can but express our admiration of Epi. third volume we found ourselves more with metheus, who finds only excuses for the wom
in the domain of science, and treading in one an, while bitterly reproaching himself :
of the yet unthreaded mazes of mythology; "Mine is the fault, not thine. On me shall fall
now witnessing the depths of human degtaThe vengeance of the gods, for I betrayed
dation in the crude fetich; now beholding a Their secret, when, in evil hour, I said It was a secret; when in evil hour
monotheism more imposing perhaps from its I left thee here alone to this temptation," shadowy outline, its undefined worship; o
pleased with the simple adoration which which, however, have failed to pass the musfinds utterance in the offering of a flower or ter of late researches. The difficulties pre. fruit; now harrowed by one of unparalleled sented by the existence of wild and poisonbloodshed; all relieved at last by the picture ous animals which could not have been transof Elysian bliss in the bright sun - house. ported by man, some have surmounted by a The fourth volume does not offer the excit. passage over now submerged land, others by ing allurements of strange customs and pleas. letting them swim across ! ing myths, but in devoting it to the deeper The culture-heroes presented by the tradi. subject of antiquities, and the sober student, tions of so many people have generally been the author has not overlooked the claims of seized upon by the orthodox as Messiah-or, the general reader. He has on the contrary rather, St. Thomas the apostle, who in his rendered it attractive, even to them, by the far-and-wide wanderings must naturally have addition of copious illustrations. The study stumbled upon America. To whom could of man must begin with the study of his the intricate emblem of the cross otherwise works. The stately ruin, the musty relic, have been owing? The bulk of the theories speak in mute yet incontrovertible terms of referring the origin to a particular people a by - gone race, lifting in part the veil that turn to Asia, and innumerable actual or fanhides their life, and forming a guide to the cied resemblances are brought in to support traditions and records presented to us in the them, some presenting the important testi. fifth volume.
mony that the Americans and the people The history naturally includes as a part in question were equally despicable, idle, of it an account of the origin of the people, boastful, and dirty, or that they bathed frebut we find that it was thought best to make quently. Among these the Behring Strait this a separate division, and justly so, con- people have evidence of actual intercourse sidering the number of statements and spec. or contact, while the Japanese are supported ulations brought to bear upon it; yet the by wrecks found on our coast. The Jewish subject, from its peculiar character and con- origin theory, supported among others by sequent treatment, can only be of secondary Lord Kingsborough and Adair, has been dis. importance as compared with the history. cussed with more minuteness than any other, At the time that America was discovered, the based as it is upon the Bible tradition of the bigoted policy of the church had impressed wanderings of the ten lost tribes in an eastits stamp upon all minds, by education or by erly direction. It derives additional interdecree. Opposed to science as incompatible est from the fact of being connected with the with its pretensions, it allowed no specula. Mormon Bible. Next to the east - Asiatic tions outside the limits marked by itself; theory, the Scandinavians are shown by Mr. hence, the then attempted solutions of the Bancroft to possess respectable proofs, in problem of origin all ran in the channel of their Sagas, of at least a pre-Columbian inBiblical simplicity, “where the riddle must tercourse with our eastern coast, and Abbé fit the answer, if the answer should not fit Brasseur even traces some Central American the riddle;' and if some heretical observa. tribes to this source. One of the most intertions were ventured upon, they were drown. esting theories is that connected with the an. ed in a deluge of bare condemnations, based cient Atlantis, indirectly supported by those on Holy Writ. Adam and Eve in the tradi. who advocate a former connection between tional paradise of Asia Minor, or Noah with the Old and New World. The story of its his ark, are the starting-points; for a separate disappearance beneath the waves of the Atcreation for America was heterodox. The lantic some 10,000
ears ago, with all its strongest support of the Noah theory is evi. great kingdoms, as told by Plato, is connect. dently in the food-myths which have been ed with a tradition of a similar cataclysm in built up everywhere upon some general or lo. America, to which the imaginative Brasseur cal inundation, or upon deposits of shells and has devoted a whole volume; but the au. other marine relics. Nor has the fertile imag- thor of the Native Races points out the ination of the padres failed to find traditions changeable and confused character of his of Noahs, of Babels, of confusion of tongues, subject, and does not seem inclined to ac.
cord it much credit. It is, perhaps, to be Following the road thus marked out by much regretted that Mr. Bancroft should previous investigations, the author proceeds have left the reader so entirely to his own to the myths of the “Sacred Book of the judgment with regard to the probability of Quichés.” The story of the creation; of the respective theories. In concluding, he the adventures of certain heroes, who, like remarks, however, that “no theory of a for. Hercules, had a number of tasks set them, eign origin has been proved, or even fairly but failed to perform them from the want of sustained. The particulars in which the the godlike nature or aid given to him ; of Americans are shown to resemble any given the deeds of their sons to avenge their fate; people of the Old World are insignificant in of subsequent wanderings and struggles, are number and importance when compared with all given in approved fairy-tale style, bat the particulars in which they do not resemble followed by a solution which tends to conthat people.” He admits the possibility of vert them into valuable historic evidence. stray ships having been cast upon the coast, Nahua traditions, of a similar character, are and survivors left to impart some of the re- then introduced, and comparisons instituted semblances noticed, although it is just as which indicate their common origin with probable that they are mere coincidences. those of the Quiché or Maya. The culture. Hence it is “not unreasonable to assume heroes of the representative people are also that the Americans are autochthones, until identified, and link by link the chain of evi. there is some good ground given for believ. dence is welded in support of the assertion ing them to be of exotic origin.”
that in the Usumacinta region flourished Turning to the subject of history, we are what he calls the great Votanic empire ; glad to note that it is handled with great that this was the most ancient home to which er freedom. In discoursing on the value American civilization can be traced, and and character of the sources from which whence it spread north and north-east. This the material is taken, he does not omit to is further proved by the many stately ruins in deplore the bigotry of Spanish writers, which this region, abandoned already at the Spanled them not only to misrepresent the ample ish conquest, without even a trace of their records at their disposal, but with fanatic zeal builders. to destroy the great bulk of them. He di. Turning to Anahuac, which next rose into vides the subject into four great periods — prominence, the author pronounces the genpre-Toltec, Toltec, Chichimec, and Aztec- erally accepted migrations of its different and devotes the last chapters to nations out- tribes to be merely their successive rise into side of the central plateau. He proceeds to prominence; that each tribe "preserved a show that all conclusions drawn from the somewhat vague traditional memory of its previous volumes overthrow the once accept. past history, which took the form, in every ed theory of a southward migration to and case, of a long migration from a distant land. from Mexico, for neither the customs, lan. In each of these records there is probably an guage, mythology, nor the antiquities of allusion to the original southern empire; but Mexico and Central America find analogies most of the events relate apparently to the in the north; while the ruins in the south are movements of particular tribes in and about older than those of Mexico, and could not Anahuac at periods long subsequent to the have been built by the Toltecs, who are as. original migration, and immediately subse. sumed to have migrated southward. The quent to the final establishment of each tribe." resemblances between the institutions of the This ends the pre-Toltec period, and brings two great branches of Mayas and Nahuas he us more within the domain of recorded his. accounts for by supposing that they may tory, which opens with the immigration of the have been one people in remote times. Mr. Toltecs-a name since synonymous with all Bancroft proceeds to prove these conclusions higher culture—their rise, progress, fall, and by a mass of evidence, connected by a chain exodus. The deserted lands are occupied by of ingenious arguments, which, if only from Chichimecs, and we are told how this rude the research indicated by them, must receive race gradually submitted to the culture of the respectful attention of historians, Toltec remnants; how an insignificant tribe