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The Palace Hotel.
part of the structure, and touch, half-hour Visitors to San Francisco will hereafter be by half-hour, at seventy-nine stations, which struck with a new and conspicuous feature in will report by electricity and fix the place the face of the young giant town. Seven and time of a dereliction of duty. stories high, with a base of 96,250 square Through the heart of the hotel from top feet, at the corner of Market and New Mont. to bottom runs a fire - brick tunnel, within gomery, there now looms up the Palace Ho- which is a solid brick and iron staircase opentel. Its huge brick walls are ribbed from ing on each floor. In five like tunnels are top to bottom with tiers of bay-windows, and five elevators, run by hydraulic power, be. spotted like the sides of an iron - clad with sides six additional stair-ways from garret to bolt-heads that clinch the great rods running basement. Wood is avoided where possible. over and under and through-and-through the In the construction of kitchen, oven - room, building, making it a kind of Cyclopean open- bakery, store-rooms, steam-pump room, wawork iron safe, filled in and lined with fire. ter-heating room, coal-vaults, ash-vaults and proof brick, where all treasure of human life shafts, and corridors, wood is supplanted by and limb should be secure against fire or earth- asphaltum and marble, iron beams and brick quake while the peninsula stands. It is, in- arches. If the Palace Hotel can burn, the deed, to this element of security that we lessons of Chicago and Boston are lost, and would draw special attention, while so many all human precaution is vain against fire in buildings are going up to-day in our great this year of our Lord eighteen hundred and cities which are a disgrace in flimsy and seventy-five. tawdry pretension and a danger in their in. Architect J. P. Gaynor was instructed by flammable and carelessly thrown - together the owners to travel and study the best homaterials,
tels elsewhere before submitting his plans for The whole work of constructing this hotel the Palace Hotel, and Warren Leland---mine was done by the day's work and not by the host of the old New York Metropolitan Ho. piece, and so done carefully and well. Sev. tel, of the Leland family famous as hotelenty-one partition walls of brick run from keepers—was appointed lessee of the house, the foundation up through the roof, and two and manager of all things. The sunning and feet above it, and the roof is of tin. There ventilation of the 755 rooms for guests are are four artesian wells, two in each outer excellent, every room opening on the open court, with a tested capacity of 28,000 gal. light, having a fire place, and a separate flue lons of water per hour. Under the centre of four by eight inches running clear through court is a 630,000 - gallon reservoir, with to the roof. Every second room has a bathwalls of brick and cement five feet thick and room attached, most rooms are twenty feet buttressed. On the roof are seven tanks of square, and none of a less size than sixteen boiler iron, with an aggregate capacity of by sixteen feet. Two thousand and forty. 128,000 gallons. Seven steam - pumps force two ventilating tubes open outward on the this water through the whole house by a sys. roof of the hotel. tem of arteries and mains, with 392 outlets in Three great cañons or courts, cut down the corridors, provided in each case with from roof to base, air and lighten the mount. three - inch hose, from ten to 100 feet in ain building. The centre court measures length, with nozzles. Under the sidewalks 144 by 84 feet, is covered with glass, made without the building there are eight four-inch brilliant by the lights of the pillared veranfire-mains connecting with the city water, by das surrounding it floor on floor; with a trop. means of which the city engines can, if found ical garden, fountains, statues, an instru. necessary at any time, force water into the ho- mental band of music in the evenings, and a tel mains.
circular carriage - drive fifty-four feet in di. In every room and passage there is an au- ameter. Opening upon this “garden floor" tomatic fire-alarm, by which any extraordi. there is an “arcade promenade,” four yards nary heat will be instantly and noisily known wide, with a show-window looking on the at the central office of the hotel; and six promenade from each of the stores under watchmen will patrol day and night every the hotel. Letter tubes, pneumatic-dispatch
tubes, and electric bells knit all this minia
Honoring Byron. ture Palais Royal and the hotel into one body We have received the following from Mr. of wonderful life.
Frank Soulé : “After an apparently studied Ministering to the 1,200 guests that can be forgetfulness of the honors due to the great accommodated, are four clerks, two book. bard, Byron, second in the crown of literary keepers, a French head-cook who is a brill. gems only to Shakspeare – a forgetfulness of iant particular star in his profession, five as- more than half a century, during which his sistant cooks of rising name, and three special. memory has been but occasionally recalled, ists-namely, a chief confectioner from Milan, and chiefly for the purpose of crowning it a chief baker from Vienna, and “Muffin Tom” with entailed hatred and abuse — I see that from New York, an old Negro the fame of the sober second sense of the British mind whose egg-muffins and corn-bread has made has awakened to a consciousness of its crim. him the aristocrat of his race for the last inal neglect of the ill-used poet and hero. half-century from Charleston to Long Branch.
"It mattered something, Missolonghi, where The 150 waiters are to be Negroes also.
The resting place of Byron's bones should be ; Forty chamber-maids and a host of Chinese His last breath gave thee fame, but yet not there will see that the beds and the bed - linen are His relics lie, but far across the sea white and fresh. This is the kind of hotel
Within the land he loved not, and could dare
To treat with truth and scorn-a land that he, we keep in San Francisco.
Although it used him ill, more glorious made From China and India and Japan a stream
By his grand verse : there should his dust be laid. of invalids and visitors pours yearly in upon
“But not where they have laid him: with the great, this city, the great sanitarium of the future
The men of thought, of grand creative brain, for the languid oriental world. From the With men whose voices shook the throne and state, islands of the peaceful sea, from our own Or vanquished hosts upon the land and main,
The heroes that succumbed alone to fateeast and north, from Spanish America, a
With kings and queens, and bards in whose fair great host shall make a Babel of the Palace
train Hotel, whose builders have not been con.
Of bright creations his might mingled be, founded. Its white towering walls, dotted And find, as he would find, fit companywith the gilded iron bolts that bind the great
"With men who swept o'er battle-fields afar, rods of the building together, shall be famil
Red Blenheim's plains and field of Waterloo iar to strange eyes from far lands. The sick The little man of mighty Trafalgar, Down - easter shall abandon his nutmegs of
Who ruled o'er Neptune's ancient realm of bluewood and satisfy his soul with the grapes
Where dust of intellectual giants are,
There should he rest the rolling cycles through, and the oranges of our State ; yellow aristo
Where later genius on life's ebbing tide crats from Siam and tawny revolutionists
Might lie, though wrecked, in honor by his side. from Bogota shall join hands and pass the
“Perchance 'tis well! It may be better so: sirup over the steaming triumphs of Muffin
He stood alone, one heart against them all, Tom.
And said his say, and had his way: and no We have seven big world - wonders now: Sham passed unwhipped where his fierce lash might the Bay of San Francisco, the Central Pacific
To false pretense he was alive the foe, Railroad, the Big Trees, the Bonanza, Yosem.
And even in death his presence might appall. ite, the Geysers, the Palace Hotel —and As
'Tis better thus for him alone to rest sessor Rosener.
With Nature, whom of all he loved the best."
BRIEF BIOGRAPHIES. ENGLISH STATESMEN. the ordinary acceptation of the term, Mr. Prepared by Thomas Wentworth Higgin. Gladstone can lay no claim. Mr. Gladstone New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons.
has many of the best qualities of a great of prominent living English statesmen, leader. Like Mr. Disraeli, he can inspire Mr. Higginson's preface says: “It is easy on the part of his followers a high degree of enough to find books which portray these personal enthusiasm. Out of doors he has a men, and that with much wit and vigor; but still greater command over the popular feel. they are all written by Englishmen for En- ing than Mr. Disraeli; nor is that fact to be glishmen: they all include many details to accounted for by any question of politics. which an American is indisferent, and they For while Mr. Disraeli's qualities, however all omit or take for granted a great deal that much they may be admired by cultivated an American wishes to know." It is to rem. men of all political opinions, are "caviare to edy these — from his point of view — faults the general," Mr. Gladstone's are essentially that Mr. Higginson takes pen and scissors in popular. He has the passion, the enthusi. hand, and the result is an instructive and asm, the fluency of speech, the apparent convenient résumé — for the most part in the simplicity of action which are so dearly lov. words of the original writers — of all that is ed by the multitude. His name can be made written and known concerning the gods of a tower of strength for his party; it might be the Westminster Olympus.
adopted as the watchword or the rallying cry Bismarck excepted, this is not an age of of a nation." notably great statesmen; there is too much The aristocratic Disraeli, son of a Hebrer eking out of the lion's skin with the fox's. and ex-apprentice of a solicitor-Disraeli, of Yet Gladstone and Disraeli are enviable the graceful figure and the sphinx - like face names; and Bright is not far removed from -is a wonderful product of all things, most them in state. A conservative at first, Glad. of all of himself. Inscrutable, sarcastic, dar. stone soon found his true place in the advan- ing, careful, scholarly, he is a great party cing ranks of the whig party. His mercan. leader, a great novelist, and, so far as a hap. tile origin and his mathematical genius have py mixture of invective and “specific levi. made him the greatest financier and chan- ty” (Edmund Quincy's term), a great debat. cellor of the exchequer of modern times. “Mr. Disraeli has acquired such a rep. His profound and constantly cultivated schol. utation for witty antitheses, and for add arship has given his practical business qual. combinations of words, that the most comities additional lustre, and his economic, his monplace of his replies is quite enough to Homeric, his political, and of late his polem. elicit an anticipatory titter from both sides ic works, have influenced a mighty public of the House.” He is full of that businesswhom his spoken words could never reach. lightening geniality and humor that the With all these gifts, with features compared House of Commons so values in a leader, by Higginson to those of Ralph Waldo Em. and which it misses so much in Gladstone. erson, full of earnestness, of ingenuousness, He is brief and concise in his speeches—3 of blended severity and sweetness, and a grand quality in a parliamentary speaker. voice clear and sonorous as a silver bell, he Fraser's Magazine says that he is often is a born debater and leader of men — not bombastic, often enigmatical, but he is never perhaps of parties as parties, but of the na. circumlocutory. . . If a question is put to tion in general. “We have said," writes him, he either replies at once affirmatively Mr. Wemyss Reid, "that Mr. Disraeli was a or negatively as the case may be, or lets his great party leader. To party leadership, in questioner understand, in as few words 25
possible, that the subject is one on which he nutely acquainted with each other's dispositions and declines to give any information. He is hu. habits and modes of thought and action.” morous or contemptuous; he administers a Mrs. Stowe is religious, but by no means snub, or he launches an epigram; he is sol. too "other-worldly,” as Charles Lamb would emn, or he is flippant; but he is always terse put it, nor inclined to palliate a not wholly and sententious. Silence wherever silence is unknown clerical fault. This is what she possible, and if not silence a pregnant brevi. puts into the mouth of one Episcopalian ty, is the lesson which Mr. Disraeli perpetu. clergyman addressing another of conventally labors by his own example to inculcate ual tendencies: upon his followers.” Such a man is surely
“God made you a gentleman before he made you worth his weight in gold in any parliament a priest, and there's but one way for a gentleman in or congress.
a case like this. If there's anything I despise, it's a Space fails us to touch on Bright and the priest who uses his priestly influence under this fine other prominent men whom Mr. Higginson doesn't belong to him, and that he never can return
name and that to steal from a woman love that portrays in his short but valuable and fasci. and never ought to.'” nating English Statesmen.
We think this a finer sentence than any to be found in Norwood.
Mrs. Stowe says that “nothing is so tireWE AND OUR NEIGHBORS: or, the Records of an Unfashionable Street. By Harriet
some as perfect correctness," and by the conBeecher Stowe. New York: J. B. Ford tinual use of provincial English and French & Co.
words and phrases, with a sprinkling of Latin, Mrs. Stowe's last novel is rather witty, she effectually avoids tiresomeness in the dimoderately romantic, somewhat religious, rection mentioned; but on the whole We and and eminently practical and proper;" in Our Neighbors is a sound, interesting, well.
flavored story. this last respect an improvement on her Byron mémoires pour servir. It is full of good advice, direct and indirect, to young ladies, on the duty and benefits of making home A MANUAL OF Diet IN HEALTH AND Dis.
EASE. By Thomas King Chambers, M. D., a happy and attractive place, and on vari.
Oxon., F. R. C. P., London, etc. Phila. ous other every day subjects, all of which delphia : Henry C. Lea. the young ladies most concerned will, let us The MAINTENANCE OF Health. A Med. hope, read and profit by. Mrs. Stowe is ical Work for Lay Readers. By J. Milner strong and sound on the marriage question, Fothergill, M. D., M. R. C. P. New and believes that young persons contempla.
York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. ting matrimony should be long, or at least
One of the most hopeful signs of the presintimately and fully, acquainted with all the ent is the advancing interest taken in bodily turns and shades of each other's characters truths. It is coming in these latter times to before joining themselves for better or for be recognized, as it was in Greek and Roman worse. She says:
days, that our bodies are sacred and precious
things, to be cared for and protected, prayed " The wail and woe and struggle to undo mar. riage bonds in our day comes from this dissonance for and worked for, as well as our souls. For of more developed and more widely varying natures,
there is a corporeal as well as a spiritual and it shows that a large proportion of marriages have hell, with descent as easy and ascent as dif. been contracted without any advised and rational ef- ficult as in the case of the theological Aver. fort to ascertain whether there was a reasonable foun.
The day of physical judgment is ever dation for a close and life - long intimacy. It would seem as if the arrangements and customs of modern
with us; we ever stand on the right hand society did everything that could be done to render or on the left of the eternal throne of such a previous knowledge impossible. Good sense Hygeia. Have you fitly fed your hungriwould say that if men and women are to single each
ness, judiciously clothed and housed your other out, and bind themselves by a solemn oath, for
If you have not, should last, there ought to be, before taking vows of your gold and your silver, your good re. such gravity, the very best opportunity to become mi pute, your good conscience even, will avail
nakedness? she asks. saking all others, to cleave to each other as long as life
you nothing. “Mene, mene, tekel,” is writ. and doubt. It is, as we dimly comprehend ten on every failing nerve and flabby muscle. its confusion, an attack on cant, bigotry, and In due measure of your transgression, from superstition, but one of those attacks that crown of head to sole of foot, the curse is can only make the things attacked more at. upon you, the eating “curse of God's work tractive. If its author possesses learning, or discomfited.” Doctor Fothergill says: logic, or wit, or perspicacity, he has shown
no trace of them here. Dull as a Baotian, “If the missionary is a man careless and reckless of his own health in his thought for others, he will fall
thick - witted as an Umbrian, his book must before the consequences of broken natural laws; be an offense to men of no creed and to men when the slave-dealer, if selfish and circumspect, es- of every creed. His free - thinking hero is capes. Morality has no influence over natural laws, the most stupid and affected idiot in the and the sun shines alike on the righteous and the
whole book, and the heroine is no one knows wicked."
what, except that she wears petticoats, and In the great plague of quack nostrums, is inanely dull. There is no spot of human quack advertisements, and quack books, now nature or human interest in the book. A rained upon a deluded and credulous pub. man rises from its study ready to believe in lic, it is pleasant to find books like the two Darwinism, and with a poor opinion of the under our consideration coming to the front, intelligence of the race that can produce a written by men of great skill and reputation. work like this. The author talks of "chil. They have no special drug or medical estab. dren of Death playing with peacocks' feathlishment or system to cry up. They believe ers on their father's hell - lit tombs; a Cathin prevention and precaution by natural erine - wheel revolving furiously on the cross methods more than in materia medica and of Christ.” He is a pot - house theologian panaceas. They discuss questions of food well on in his cups, without reverence, cultand drink and clothing, of drainage and ure, or a knowledge of the English lanwarming and ventilation, of exercise and guage. One can see that he is aping the sleep, that everyone is the better for being Sartor Resartus of Carlyle in the structure acquainted with, and through ignorance of of his book and the manufacture of his which thousands go down gearly, prema: phrases. Well for him he is out of reach of turely, with sorrow to the grave.
that grand but irascible man's walking-stick! These two books, especially the first of Saint or sinner, Christian or pagan, can not the two, are minute in detail to the clearest read the Rainbow Creed without waste of and most interesting degree. They are bar- time and hurt to temper and style. It is ren of theories and running over with in. wholly, vulgarly, hopelessly dull and bad. stances, figures, and facts. They are more interesting than a novel, more instructive than a sermon, and amusing — alas! not at Mistress Judith. A Cambridgeshire Sto. all, for they are sign-posts pointing the ry. By C. C. Fraser-Tytler. New York: right road, and it is far from crowded. We Henry Holt & Co. almost all ignore many of the simplest rules This is a simple, interesting, and health. of health every day of our lives, some ful novel. The interest hinges mainly on through ignorance, some through deliberate three characters -- Mistress Judith Hurst, choice of what they call “a short life and a spinster and heroine of the tale, with her merry one." To all but the last class these two lovers, Jesse Bullen and Amos Bullen, books of Doctor Chambers and Doctor Foth. brothers. Jesse Bullen leaves his mother's ergill will be worth, in each case, an ap- farm, is educated at college, becomes “gen. proximately calculable number of extra days tleman Bullen;' but wins for a long time of life.
little way into Miss Hurst's heart. Poor
Amos stays on the farm, works hard, and he THE RAINBOW CREED. A Story of the has few attractions except his honesty and Times. Boston: William F. Gill & Co.
industry; yet Mistress Judith is three-fourths This is one of those miserable books that in love with him. But he goes out into the appear in every age of religious upheaval world to make his way, while his elder broth