Imatges de pÓgina
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ESSAYS

ON

HYDRAULIC AND COMMON MORTARS

AND ON

LIME-BURNING.

TRANSLATED FROM THE FRENCH OF GEN. TREUSSART, M. PETOT,

AND M. COURTOIS.

WITH BRIEF OBSERVATIONS

ON COMMON MORTARS, HYDRAULIC MORTARS,

AND

CONCRETES,

AND AN ACCOUNT OF SOME EXPERIMENTS MÅDE, THEREWITH AT FORT ADAMS, NEW

PORT HAREOUR, Z. Z., FRCM- 1025 TO 1838.
OR WBT

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Entered according to the act of Congress, in the year 1838,

BY THE FRANKLIN INSTITUTE, OF THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA, FOR THE PROMOTION OF THE MECHANIC ARTS, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

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PAGES.

7

.

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SECTION

FIRST

ON MORTARS PLACED UNDER WATER, BY GEN. TREUSSART.

Chapter I.-On Lime-actual state of our knowledge of Lime,

1 to

Chapter II.—On slaking lime ; manner of making mortar ; observations on

hydrate of lime,

7 to 14

Chapter III.—Experiments on several hydraulic limes of the environs of

Strasburg-on the Metz lime, and on Boulogne pebbles, 14 to 36

Chapter IV.-Of artificial hydraulic lime,

36 to 52

Chapter V.-On hydraulic mortars made of fat lime and trass, or fat lime

and puzzalona,

52 to 62

Chapter VI.-Of artificial trass and puzzalona,

62 to

96

Chapter VII.—Various experiments on mortars placed under water, 96 to 113

Chapter VIII.-On sand, and hydraulic sand, (arènes)

113 to 118

Chapter IX.—On Concrete—Circumstances in which it is advantageous to

use it,

118 to 127

Chapter X--Summary of the first section,

127 to 132

SEOTION SECOND
ON MORTARS IN THE AIR, BY GEN. TREUSSART.

Chapter XI.-Of mortars made of lime, sand and puzzalona,

133 to 140

Chapter XII.-Of mortars made of hydraulic lime and sand, or of hydraulic

lime and puzzalona,

140 to 146

Chapter XIII.- Various experiments with mortars exposed to the air, 146 to 154

Chapter XIV.-Observations on mortars exposed to the air,

154 to 157

Chapter XV.-On factitious stones and concretes, exposed to the air, · 157 to 165

Chapter XVI.-Summary of the second section,

165 to 168

SECTION THIRD

EXTRACTS FROM RESEARCHES AS TO LIME BURNING, BY

M. PETOT.

$ Co

Chapter XVII.--On the preparation of factitious puzzalona, and particularly

of ihat afforded by gneiss sand,

169 to 180

Chapter XVIII.—On the preparation—the preservation, and the use of

plaster-cements,

180 to 193

Chapter XIX.—On the change in hydraulic limes, and on the solidification

of mortars in general,,

194 to 203

SECTION; Fio:v 'R't H..

SOME RESEARCHES RELATIVE TO LIMĖS AND MORTARS, BY

M.: COURTOIS.

Chapter XX.- Artificial combinations, of lime and clay,

205 to 211

Chapter XXI.–Natural combinations of lime and clays

211 to 217

Chapter XXII.-Summary and sonelusion,, , ;

217 to 226

SECTION FIFTH
BRIEF OBSERVATIONS ON COMMON MORTARS, HYDRAULIC MOR-

TARS AND CEMENTS, BY COL. TOTTEN.

Chapter XXIII.-On lime-hydraulic cement-sand-mortar making-

strength of mortars and grout,

227 to 242

Chapter XXIV.- Observations and experiments on concrete, &c.

243 to 252

Chapter XXV.–Some recent experiments with mortars made of lime and

sand,

252 to 253

Description of the Plates,

254

.

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