Lazare and Sadi Carnot: A Scientific and Filial Relationship

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Springer Science & Business Media, 3 de febr. 2014 - 490 pàgines

Lazare Carnot was the unique example in the history of science of someone who inadvertently owed the scientific recognition he eventually achieved to earlier political prominence. He and his son Sadi produced work that derived from their training as engineering and went largely unnoticed by physicists for a generation or more, even though their respective work introduced concepts that proved fundamental when taken up later by other hands. There was, moreover, a filial as well as substantive relation between the work of father and son. Sadi applied to the functioning of heat engines the analysis that his father had developed in his study of the operation of ordinary machines. Specifically, Sadi's idea of a reversible process originated in the use his father made of geometric motions in the analysis of machines in general.

This unique book shows how the two Carnots influenced each other in their work in the fields of mechanics and thermodynamics and how future generations of scientists have further benefited from their work.

 

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Continguts

Biographical Sketch of Lazare Carnot
1
The Science of Machines
15
The Development of Carnots Mechanics
46
The Carnot Approach and the Mechanics of Work and Power 18031829
87
An Engineering Justification of Algebra and the Calculus
107
History and Historiography of Sadi Carnots Thermodynamics
132
On Principles in Sadi Carnots Thermodynamics
191
What are the Scientific Roots of Sadi Carnots Cycle?
226
Studies and Heritage of Réflexions sur la puissance motrice du feu
293
Final Remarks on the Scientific Relationship Between Père et Fils
336
DNSs Listed in Réflexions sur la puissance motrice du feu
413
Notes on Manuscripts and Documents
420
Special Images of Carnots Family
425
References
441
Names and Subjects
468
Copyright

A Historical Epistemology of Thermodynamics The Mathematics in Sadi Carnots Theory
257

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