Imatges de pÓgina
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personal Pronouns consisting of a Noun and a possessive Adjective? Give examples of what and which used as definitive Adjectives;—of what occurring as a compound relative. What is the signification of the compound relative whoever? Mention similar compounds. What is the nature of the word whether? either? neither? — both?

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In parsing the following Exercises, give a full etymological description of the Nouns, Adjectives, and Pronouns.

EXERCISES.

This substance has a bluish colour, and is rather soft and flexible. The Jews' obduracy is frequently reproved in their own Scriptures. Lydia Sigourney, the Felicia Hemans of America, has not the high chivalrous spirit of the English poetess; but in its place, she evinces a more lively perception of the beauties of nature. To whose kindness are we indebted for all this? I never was guilty of the meanness which you impute to me. Some of Milton's most pathetic passages are due to his loss of sight. My house is not very far from yours. Who knows not that Moses' meekness and Solomon's wisdom are proverbial? Which species of seed produces the earliest crop? A friend of mine devised a better means of illustration. Throngs of insects try their thin wings, and dance in the warm beams that waked them into life. A vassal is a dependant upon a superior lord, to whom he owes service; a tenant holds land or houses of another, and owes rent; a serf is a slave, and owes himself and all that he has. Ours is the largest house in the village, but our garden is much smaller than that of the Dixons. In what year was the battle fought, and whether were the French or the English victorious? What I admire most in that flower is its graceful stalk. Whoever travels towards the margin of the horizon finds that he is always

at the same distance from it. Both the captain and yourself are well aware that what I now state is true. Rely on your own judgment, and do whatever you think proper.

9. THE ACCIDENCE OF VERBS.

[Text-Book, pt. 1. ch. 13 & 14.]

QUESTIONS. Which of our Verbs merely asserts without implying any quality? What may other Verbs be called, as implying some quality while they assert? And by what name is the Verb To be distinguished from Adjective Verbs? (See Text-Book, pt. 1. ch. 6. § 8.) In the sentence "The dog slept," show that the verb slept has an adjective as well as an assertive character. What Accidents belong to Verbs? What are the Number and Person of a Verb? Tell the Number and Person of the Verbs in these sentences-"We were there.""She is in London."- "You are older than I am."-" Thou art sure that the man was honest.". "I was at home, and my brothers were at school." What other Accident, besides Number and Person, have assertive Verbs? What is Tense? What are the three distinctions of Time? What simple Tenses belong to English Verbs? What is the Mode or Mood of a Verb? Name the principal Modes. Which of these are unassertive? What is usually the sign of the Infinitive? Describe the Infinitive Mode;- the Participle;-the Indicative; the Subjunctive;—the Imperative. What is the Conjugation of a Verb? Conjugate the Verb To be, in its simple forms.— The Verb To take. What limited meaning is sometimes applied to the word Conjugation? Conjugate the principal parts of the Verb Take;-of the Verb Desire. How are the other parts of a Verb known, when these three are known? How are the Past Tense and Perfect Participle generally formed? What Verbs are called Irregular? Conjugate the principal parts of the Verbs shine, meet, make, let, forbear, &c.

Mention those Verbs called Defective. In what are they

defective? How are they employed? What other Verb, besides these Defectives, is sometimes used as auxiliary to an Infinitive? Conjugate the Verb do. What other Verbs occur as Auxiliaries? What part of the principal Verb do they precede? Are they Defective? What is a Compound Verb? What part of a Compound Verb is personal or assertive? Conjugate shall and will with the Infinitive of the verb To teach;-should and would with ditto; -may, can, and must, with the Infinitive of the Verb To write;—might and could with ditto;-do with the Infinitive of the Verb To permit;· did with ditto-be with the Perfect and Imperfect Participles of the Verb To persuade;—have with the Perfect Participle of the Verb To do;-ditto with the Perf. Partic. of the Verb To seek.

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What names are given to the following compound forms? shall or will with an Infinitive; should or would with an Infinitive; may, can, or must, with an Infinitive; might or could with an Infinitive? What is the Emphatic form of the Present Tense?of the Past? What is the Progressive form of the Present Tense?-of the Past? - of the Future? What is the Perfect Tense of a Verb? — the Pluperfect? — the Future Perfect? Explain the distinct uses of shall and will.

In parsing the following Exercises, give a full etymological description of the Nouns, Adjectives, Pronouns, and Verbs. Explain the propriety of shall or will.

EXERCISES.

Our experiment was perfectly successful. The child was playing with some beads. They who despise reproof are foolish. The tiger will attack all kinds of animals. Whom dost thou think me? His wife besought the emperor to delay the execution of the sentence. The snow is drifted into hollows. " Strike," said Themistocles, "but hear me." We should labour to fulfil the purposes of our being. The wild quadrupeds were driven from their accustomed haunts. Who built the house that is

next to Mr. Rushton's premises? Tell me where thou
hast been wandering. He wished for the wings of an
eagle, that he might fly away to those happy abodes.
I am blamed without reason. Neither the desire of
wealth nor the dread of poverty can shake the virtue of
an honest man. I am glad to hear that you have slept
well. Ellen is writing to her brother. Rejoice not when
thine enemy falleth. We shall have finished before your
arrival. Thomas shall go with you. I present you with
this Bible, hoping that you will diligently study its sacred
lessons. I shall be punished, and nobody will be sorry
for it. Where have you laid the writing paper which I
brought from town?
Several reasons may be assigned
for such a proceeding. You must learn your lesson, or
you will incur disgrace. If thou faint in the day of ad-
versity, thy strength is small. She did not sing many
songs; but those which she did sing were very pleasing.
Unless you promise amendment, you shall not resume
your place.
Where should I have left the parcel?
Lisbon had already suffered severely from an earthquake.
That man, though he had wealth, would still be covetous.
Having formed no expectation, they could experience no
disappointment. The prince ought to have remembered
that generosity should be guided by prudence. Do for-
give me, and I will be more careful in future. If I knew
where he lives, I should write to him immediately.

Three years she grew in sun and shower,
Then Nature said, “A lovelier flower

On earth was never sown;

This child I to myself will take;

She shall be mine, and I will make
A lady of my own."

Wordsworth.

SYNTAX.

1. THE VERB AND ITS SUBJECT.

[Text-Book, pt. 2. ch. 1 & 2.]

Rule 1. The subject of a personal verb is expressed in the nominative case; as, 66 They speak to him;" "I

speak to him;" "The man speaks.”

Rule 2. A personal verb agrees with its subject in number and person; as, "They speak to him;" "I speak to him;" "The man speaks."

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QUESTIONS. What is a Sentence?. —a Simple Sentence? Compound Sentence?-a Clause?-Exemplify and explain. By what words are Simple Sentences united to form Compound Sentences? What is Syntax? Name its two principal parts. What is Etymological Parsing?-Syntactical Parsing? What are the essential parts of a Simple Sentence? What Rule of Syntax applies to the Subject of a Personal Verb? What are Personal Verbs? Repeat the Rule applicable to Verbs Personal.

To what class of words does the Subject of a Verb generally belong? Exemplify with a singular Noun ;-with a plural Pronoun;-with a plural Noun; -with the singular Pronoun of the 2nd person, and a Past Tense. How may we ascertain whether a Relative Pronoun is the Subject of a Verb? Give an example of a sentence in which a Relative occurs as a Subject;-not as a Subject. What is the natural position of a Nominative in respect to its Verb? In what circumstances does the Nominative follow its Verb? — Give examples. What mode of a Verb has its Nominative generally suppressed?— Exemplify.

Parse the following Exercises according to Etymology and Syntax. Decline some of the Nouns and Pronouns, and conjugate each Verb.

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