Universities and Science in the Early Modern Period

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Mordechai Feingold, Victor Navarro-Brotons
Springer Science & Business Media, 3 d’oct. 2006 - 310 pàgines
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This book includes most of the contributions presented at a conference on “Univ- sities and Science in the Early Modern Period” held in 1999 in Valencia, Spain. The conference was part of the “Five Centuries of the Life of the University of Valencia” (Cinc Segles) celebrations, and from the outset we had the generous support of the “Patronato” (Foundation) overseeing the events. In recent decades, as a result of a renewed attention to the institutional, political, social, and cultural context of scienti?c activity, we have witnessed a reappraisal of the role of the universities in the construction and development of early modern science. In essence, the following conclusions have been reached: (1) the attitudes regarding scienti?c progress or novelty differed from country to country and follow differenttrajectoriesinthecourseoftheearlymodernperiod;(2)institutionsofhigher learning were the main centers of education for most scientists; (3) although the universities were sometimes slow to assimilate new scienti?c knowledge, when they didsoithelpednotonlytoremovethesuspicionthatthenewsciencewasintellectually subversivebutalsotomakesciencearespectableandevenprestigiousactivity;(4)the universities gave the scienti?c movement considerable material support in the form of research facilities such as anatomical theaters, botanical gardens, and expensive instruments; (5) the universities provided professional employment and a means of support to many scientists; and (6) although the relations among the universities and the academies or scienti?c societies were sometimes antagonistic, the two types of institutionsoftenworkedtogetherinharmony,performingcomplementaryratherthan competing functions; moreover, individuals moved from one institution to another, as did knowledge, methods, and scienti?c practices.
 

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Continguts

GRAZINA ROSINSKA Mathematics for Astronomy at Universities
9
JOSE CHABAS The University of Salamanca and the Renaissance
29
LUIS GARCIA BALLESTER Medical Science and Medical Teaching
37
VICTOR NAVARROBROTONS The Cultivation of Astronomy in Spanish
83
Astronomy at
99
MAIJA KALLINEN Lectures and Practices The Variety of Mathematical
110
MARIA TERESA BORGATO Mathematical Research in Italian
127
LUIGIPEPE Universities Academies and Sciences in Italy in
140
PIERO DEL NEGRO Venetian Policy toward the University of Padua
169
The Culture of Science in
182
UGO BALDINI The Sciences at the University of Rome
201
JOSE LUIS PESET Enlightenment and Renovation in the Spanish
231
CRISTINA SENDRAMOCHOLI Botany in University Studies in
259
AGUSTINIETOGALAN AND ANTONIROCAROSELL Scientific
273
LUIS CARLOS ARBOLEDA APARICIO AND DIANA SOTO ARANGO
289
Copyright

LUIS MIGUEL CAROLINO AND HENRIQUE LEITAO Natural
153

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Quant a l’autor (2006)

Mordechai Feingold is Professor of Science and Technology Studies at Virginia Tech.

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