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OBSERVATIONS ON THE WEATHER,

FOR MARCH, 1822.

Naval Academy, Gosport,

GENERAL REPORT. The greatest part of this month was viving state of the earth from the almost distinguished by fine sunny weather be daily additions of solar heat; and that its tween the mild rains, and an increase in loss of moisture this month by evaporation, the extraordinary high temperature for the is nearly half an inch more than it has rea beginning of spring. Although the baro- ceived by rain : indeed, so powerful was meter has fluctuated much, and undergone the evaporation during the last four days, 30 changes, the mean pressure, notwith that it took up half an inch in depth of standing the prevalence of strong SW. and water from the evaporator. Having had W. winds, was high.

but a few days northerly and easterly winds There have been several hoar frosts be throughout the autumn and winter, fears fore sunrise, but not one of them was in- will be entertained till the first or second jurious to the leafing and the early blos. week in May, of their return with sharp soms. The maximum temperature of the frosts, which would undoubtedly prove air on several days this month, was equal fatal to the young fruit. to that of some summer days. The mean The atmospheric and meteoric phenotemperature is upwards of 4° higher than mena that have come within our observa. in last March, and 5° higher than the tion this month, are 4 parhelia, 4 solar and mean of March for the last seven years, 6 lunar halos, 4 meteors, 3 perfect rainand about equal to the April months for bows, and 12 gales of wind, or days on that period. Spring water is 2° higher which they have prevailed, namely, 6 from than at this time last year; therefore, we SW.3 from W. 2 from N. and 1 from the need not be surprised at the forwardness of NE. spring, especially when we consider the re.

DAILY REMARKS. March 1. Hoar frost and a fog early, followed an overcast sky after sunset, and light rain. The by wirds from various points, and a sunny day, mean temperature of the last 24 hours was higher with Cumuli, &c.: a cloudless sky till midnight, than that of some summer days and nights. when a large lunar balo appeared.

20. AM. calm and overcast, and a thick haze 2. AM. calm and cloudy, and a Nimbus at mid- resting on the surrounding hills; sunshine in the day, which in its passage let fall a few drops of afternoon, foggy at intervals by night, and two rain : PM. fair, wtih two winds, the upper one small meteors. from SW.

21. AM. a thick fog : PM. fair with Cirri and 3. A Stratus early, succeeded by a calm and Cirrostrati. cloudless morning : nascent Cumuli and Cirri in 22. AM. Cirri and a brisk wind : PM. a cloudthe afternoon, and two winds : a clear sky, and less sky, and one small meteor. much dew by night.

23. . fair day, with Cirri interspersed about the 4. A fine sunny day, with descending Cirri, &c. sky, and a sinking barometer : attenuated Cirro. and a parhelion on the south side of the sun at stratus by night. 4 PM.: a large lunar halo appeared towards inid. 24. AM. a solar halo, and showers of rain : PM. night, followed by rain.

fine, and a very dry NW. wind. The upillu5. The day as the preceding : a large solar halo minated part of the moon's disc beyond the small in the afternoon in a veil of Cirrostratus : a hard crescent (her age being only 36 hours) reflected a gale from SW. and rain by night.

copper-colonr till she set, which had the appear6. A rainy day, and a continuation of the gale. ance of the full moon through a hazy atmosphere.

7. AM. sunshine and clouds: PM. a gale from 20). Showery by day, and a strong gale from the west, with flying showers of rain at intervals, SW.: a clear sky by night. The dark part of the and one rainbow.

moon's disc was again remarkably bright, and ex8. An overcast sky, and a continuation of the hibited screrai luminous spots. gale, with showers at intervals in the day: cloudy 26. Overcast with undulated Cirrostratus and and fine by night.

Cumulostratus, and two winds crossing at right 9. After 2 hours sunshine, an overcast sky, and angles: a sunny afternoon, and overcast by night. a gale from the SW. by night.

27. AM. sunshine and clouds : PM. a cloudless 10. AN. overcast, and a continuation of the sky, and at half past o'clock a brilliant meteor gale : PM. fine between the showers.

to the southward descended through a great space, 11. A sunny day : the clouds coloured at sun- apparently perpendicular. set, and a clear sky by night.

28. Frequent beds of Cirrocumulus and variable 12. Hoar frost early, and a cloudless morning: winds in the day: showery after sunsct, and a PM. fine with Cumuli and Cirrus : the latter mo- faint lunar balo. dification passed to attenuated Cirrostratus in the 29. A fair day, with prevailing Cirri, which evening.

passed to Cirrostrutus, and produced a solar halo, 13. A parhelion to the north of the sun at half with two coloured parhelia just without its edge, past 8 All.-a sunny day with Cirrus, and passing one ou each side of the sun; also a lunar halo tili beds of Cirrostratus: the night as the preceding. 9 P 21. when the sky became completely overcast,

14. AM overcast and calm : light rain and one followed by light rain, and a gale from $w.
rainbow in the afternoon, and a fine night.

30. AM. rain and bail, and a continuation of the 15. A slight hoar-frost early, followed by a gale: PM. Nimbi, with heavy showers, and a gale cloudless day: overcast with Cirrostratus by night. from the north, and one perfect rainbow.

16. Foggy early, an overcast sky, and a little 31. Fair, and a continuation of the gale in the rain.

morning : PM. a piercing gale from NE. which 17. AM. overcast and calm : PM. light rain. caused a very sensible change in the air, and les18. Alternately cloudy and fine; and two winds sened the temperature of spring water,-a large in the evening, the upper one from NW.

lunar halo, and a meteor appeared in the evening. 19. A sunny day with prevailing Cirrocumulus:

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Kept at the Observatory of the Naval Academy, Gosport.
The units under a Clouds” represent the days on which each modification of cloud bas appeared.

CLOUDS.
HYGROME-
BAROMETER. THERMO. TER.
METER.

WINDS.

ISLAN-Days of the Month

Phases of the Moon.

Cirrocumulas.
Cirrostratus,
Cumulostratus.
Cirrus.
Cumulus.
Evaporation in
Stratus.
Nimbus.

.

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30-31/30 33/30 33.) 1.50 4246
30:40 30 3830 390 || 38 41 49-5
30-3630-32 30-340 5340 46-5
30 18 31-06 30 120 58 46 52
39.12 30.01 30-065 53 48503

29-7129.70 29-705 54 43 18:5 0 29.71 29-60 29 655 | 54 39 465

29 77 29 57 29 670 53 45 49 29.8729-76 29.815 5750 53-5 29-86 29.76 29.810 584119-5 30-24 29.95 30.035 31 31 42-5 30-45 30-42 30.435 || 51 | 43 47 30-26 30.05 30.155 51 45 48

30 17 30 00 30 055 61 38 49-5 ( 30 30 30-27 30•283 | 54 14 49

30.29 30 22 30.235 | 59 50 545
30-36 30 25 30 305 5941515
30-4730-31 30-390 594552
30:43 30-39 30-410 | 64 51 57-5
30:41 3037 30-390 59 15 52
30-34 30 27 30.305 | 58 41 49-5
30-48 30-42 30 450 | 57 39 48
30-35 30-02 30185 55 | 46 50:3
29-34 20-09 29-76557 41 19
29.96 29.82 29-830 || 57 40 48.5
30.27 30.1530-210 | 6250 56
39.28 30.16 30-220 161 17 55-5

30.14 30-04 30-090 | 61 42 51.5 29 D 30-50 30-45 30- 175 | 60 +6 53 30 29.95 29.60 29.775 | 56 36 46 31 30-51 30:37 30.440 || 4834/41

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SE to SW
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S to SW
NW to SW
SW to W
SW to NW
SW to w
W to SW
SW to W
W to NW
NE to SE

SB
Sto N
N to SW

SW
SW to W
NW to SW

W
SW to W
NW to W
W to NW
SW to s

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NW to SW

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THERMOMETER ( Miximum

30.51 29:57 30.) 45 || 6413449.79 11743 61:8 177.0

|25|1527 2 14/12/16|| 260|2·155 The observations in each line of this Table, under Barometer, Thermometer, Wind, and Rain, are for a period of 24 hours, beginning at 8 AM.

RESULTS. BAROMETER ( Maximum...... 30-51 March 31st, Wind NE.

i Minimum...... 29-57 Do. 8th, Do. w. Range of the Mercury

0.94 Mean barometrical pressure for the Month

30.145 for the lunar period, ending the 22d instant ::

....... 30-223 for 14 days, with the Moon in North declination

.... 30.204 for 15 days, with the Moon in South declination

30.242 Spaces described by the oscillations of the Mercury

8.510 Greatest variation in 24 hours ......

0-300 Number of Changes, caused by the variations in the Weigbt of the Atmosphere....

3064° March 19th & 27th, Wind W. and SE.

34 Ditto ilth & 31st, Do. NE. Range.....

30 Mean temperature of the Air

49.79 for 30 days with the Sun in Pisces .... 48.14 Greatest variation in 24 hours....

23.00 Mean temperature of spring water at S AM...

51.25 DE LUC's WHALEBONE HYGROMETER. Greatest humidity of the Air

940 in the evening of the 20th. Greatest dryness of Ditto

43 in the afternoon of the 24th. Range of the Index

51 Mean at 2 o'clock PM.

61:8 at 8 Do... AM.

743 - at 8 Do... PM.

77.0 -- of 3 observations each day at 8, 2, and 8 o'clock ... 71.0 Evaporation for the month

2.600 inch. Rain for Ditto...

..... 2. !65 ditto. Prevailing Winds. SW.

A SUMMARY OF THE WEATHER. clear sky, 4; fair, with various modifications of clouds, 13; an overcast sky, 7; foggy, 1); rain, 58;.—Total, 31 days.

CLOUDS.
Cirrus, Cirrocumulues, Cirrostratus, Stratus, Cumulus, Cumulostratus, Nimbus.
25 15

27
2 14

12

16 A SCALE OF THE PREVAILING WINDS.

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NEW PATENTS. T. Brunton, Commercial-road; for im- method of procuring mechanical power, provements upon the anchor. Feb. 12. Mar. 2.

E. Peck, Liverpool ; for machinery to be G. Stratton, Hampstead-road; for an worked by water, applicable to the moving improved process of consuming smoke, of mills, &c. or for forcing or pumping Mar. 2. water : communicated to him by R. Bulk. J. Gladstone, Liverpool ; for a chain of ley, a foreigner. Feb. 22.

a new and improved construction. Mar. 12. W. E. Cochrane, Esq. Somerset-street, R. B. Bate, Poultry ; for improvements Portman-square ; for improvements in the upon hydrometers and saccharometers. Mar. construction of lamps, whereby they are

21. rendered capable of burning concrete oils, W. E. E. Conwell, Ratcliff-highway; animal fat, and other similar substances. for an improvement in the preparation of Feb. 23.

a purgative vegetable oil. Mar. 21. W. Prickle, Mark-lane ; for improve- S. Robinson, Leeds ; for improvements ments in machinery for cutting out irregu- on a machine for shearing and cropping lar forms in wood, &c. Communicated to woollen cloth. Mar. 21. him by J. P. Boyd, of Boston in America. G. Stephenson, Long Beaton, Northum, Mar. 2.

berland ; for improvements in steam enJ. Higgins, Esq. Fulham ; for improve- gines. Mar. 21. ments upon the construction of carriages. R. S. Ilarford, Ebbro Vale Ironworks; Mar. 2.

for an improvement in the heating processes C. Yardley, Camberwell ; for manufac- in the manufacture of analleable iron, turing glue from bones, by means of steam. Mar. 21. Mar. 2.

W. Church, Nelson-square; for an im. J. Thompson, Regent-street, Westmin. proved apparatus for printing. Mar. 21. ster : for an improvement in the method of A. Clarke, Esq. Dron, Louchars; for preparing steel for the manufacture of an improvement in the boilers and con, springs for carriages. Mar. 2.

densers of steam engines. Mar. 21. J. Ruthven, Edinburgh ; for a new

COURSES OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE AT

Paris. ......

35

Paris. Hamburg. Amsterdam Vienna. Nuremberg Berlin. Naples. Leipsig

. Bremen ON 19 April. 16 April. 18 April. 6 April. 11 April. 13 Apr. 13 April. 12 April. 15 April. London 25.10 36.5 40.2 9.56 fl. 10.4 7 579 6.174 610 26,3 571 119 fr. 1193

84 22.76 804 | 17 to Hamburg. 1821

1444

1462

1537 41:80 1474 | 1334 Amsterdam 58 1054

136 1384 1443 47•15 1394 126 Vienna.... 251 1464 36

40 1054 57.60 1007 Franckfort. 33 148) 35%

992 1044

100 1115 Augsburg . 250

147)
36
994

99% 1053) 57.40 Genoa...... 472

824
904 61

18.90
Leipsig....
147)

991 1043 Leghorn... 510 889 974 57}

17.30
Lisbon.
556 37% 415

49-15
Cadiz....... 15.60 934 103
Naples. ... 433
Bilbao. 15.60

1021 Madrid. 15.70 95

1034 Oporto.... 556

38 41%

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COURSES OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE AT

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Franckfort. Breslaw. Stockholm. Petersburg. Rign. Intwerp Madrid. Lisbon. ON

15 April. 10 April. April. 29 March 2 April. 15 April. 8 April. 25 Mar. London 152 7 11:20

92 39.6 373 514 Paris ... 80 223 99

16-4 548 Hamburg.... 147 1523 121

83 3? 341

38 Amsterdam. 1393

1125

23

424 Genoa.....

2820 Vol. V. - Mon. Reg.

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Lisbon....

COURSE OF EXCHANGE. AVERAGE PRICE OF CORN

From March 27 to April 23. IN THE TWELVE MARITIME DISTRICTS. Amsterdam, C. F. . 12-7 ..12-6 By the Quarter of 8 Winchester Bushels, Ditto at sight

.12.4 ..12-3 from the Returns in the Weeks ending Rotterdam, 2 U.. .12-8 ..12-7

Mar. | Mar. April. April. Antwerp ..12-2 ..12-3

23 30 6 13 Hamburgh, 2} U .37-0 ..37-3 Wheat 46 3 45 1 45 8 44 2 Altona, 24U.

.37-1 ..37-4

Rye 22 6 17 721 414 8 Paris, 3 days' sight. .25-40..25-30 Barley 18 6 19 118 10 18 2 Ditto.. 2 U

.25-55..25-60 Oats 16 0 16 116 1116 4 Bourdeaux

.25-70..25-60 Beans 21 7 21 321 620 11 Frankfort on the Main

Peas 154

22 4 23 022 2217 Ex. M... 3

Corn and Pulse imported into the Port of Petersburg, ruble, 3 Us.... 9

London from March 28, to April 22

.10-10..10-11 Vienna, ef. flo. 2 M Trieste ditto .......

10-10..10-12

English Irish | Foreign Total

Wheat 26,425 1,520 .374..37

2,397 30,342 Madrid, effective...

2,250
Barley 37,019
.37...363

39,269 Cadiz, effective.

Oats Bilboa

.361..36%

70,094 1,465 1,626 73,185
359

359

Rye Barcelona

..36

Beans (11,6 55 .364

11,655 Seville

Pease 3,772 .30%

3,772 Gibraltar

Malt 32,958 Qrs.; Flour 32,670 Sacks,

.477 Leghorn

Foreign Flour barrels.
Genoa
Venice, Ital. Liv.. .27-60

Price of Hops per cwt. in the Borough,
Malta

..45

Kent, New bags ...50s. to 84s. Naples

.40

Sussex, ditto .508. to 65s.
Palermo, per oz.

.118
Essex, ditto

08. to 08. .504..504 Yearling Bags . Os. to Os. Oporto

.50

Kent, Ney Pockets 54s. to 80s. Rio Janeiro

.46

Sussex, ditto ...... 508. to 70s,
Bahia

.51
Essex, ditto

08. to Os Publin

.9%

Farnham, ditto..... Os. to Os. Cork

Yearling Pockets 0s. to 08.

Average Price per Load of
Hay.

Clover. Straro.
PRICES OF BULLION.

£. $. £. $. £. s. £. £, £. 8. £. s.
At per Ounce.

Smithfield. £. s. d. £. So

d. 3 10 to 4 4..4 0 to 4 10..1 6 to 1 14 Portugal gold, in coin Ó a 0.0 0 0

Whitechapel.
Foreign gold, in bars 3 17 104..0 0 0 3 3 to 4 0..4 0 to 5 0..1. 8 to 1 16
New doubloons ....
3 14 6..3 15 0

St. Jarnes's.
New dollars ......
0 4 10 ..0 0 0

3 3 to 4 4..3 10 to 4 8..1 8 to 1 16 Silver, in bars, stand. 0 4 114.0 0 0

Meat by Carcase, per Stone of 8/b. at The above Tables contain the highest Newgate. - Beef ....1s. 8d. to 28. 8d. and the lowest prices.

Mutton..ls. 8d. to 2s. 8d.

Veal....2s. 8d. to 4s. 8d. Average Price of Raw Sugar, exclusive

Pork ....25. 4d. to 4s. 4d.
of Duty, 34s. 3£d.

Lamb...25. 4d. to 5s. Od.
Bread.

Leadenhall...Beef... .18. 8d. to 28. 10d,

Mutton..ls. 8d. to 2s. 6d.
Highest price of the best wheaten bread

Veal ..38. Od. to 58. 4d, in London 9 d, the quartern loaf.

Pork ....23. 6d. to 48. Ad.

Lamb...48. Od. to 58. 8d,
Potatoes per Ton in Spitalfields.
Kidneys ....£40 0 to 0 0 0 Cattle sold at Smithfield from March 29,
Champions ...22 0 to 4 5

to April 22, both inclusive.
Oxnobles .....1 10 0 to 2 0 0 Beasts. Calves. Sheep. Pigs.

0 to 0 0 0 Apples .......00

14,114

1,780

135,810 1,650 HIGHEST AND LOWEST PRICES OF COALS (IN THE POOL),

In each Week, from April 1, to April 22.

April 22.

April 1. April 8. April 15.
8. d. 8. d.
$. d. s.

s. d. Newcastle. 31 6 to 41 0 31 0 to 41 3 30 6 to 41 0 0 0 to 0 0

0 Sunderland 30 0 to 41 31 29 0 to 42 0 31 6 to 0 0 0 to 0 9

$. d.

S. d.

S. d.

ACCOUNT OF CANALS, DOCKS, BRIDGES, WATER-WORKS, INSURANCE AND GAS-LIOH'B

COMPANIES, INSTITUTIONS, &c.
By Messrs. WOLFE and EDMONDS, No. 9, 'Change-Alley, Cornhill.

(April 22d, 1822.)

Share.

Annual

Div.

No. of
Shares.

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|£. $. £.

£. $. £. s.

£. Canals.

Bridges
Andover...

5
350 1001 Southwark

7356 100 Ashby-de-la-Zouch

16
1482 100|||Do, new

174p.c.

1700 Ashton and Oldhamn

100
1760 Vauxhall

3000 100 Basingstoke..

6
1260 100 Do. Promissory Notes

100

54,0001. Do. Bonds....

40
54,0001. Waterloo

5000 100 Birmingham (divided) 600

2000
Annuities of 81.

5000 Bolton and Bury.

95
477 250
Annuities of 71.

5000 40 Brecknock & Abergavenny| 80

958 150
Bonds..........

5 60,0001. Chelmer and Blackwater. 93

400 100 Chesterfield

120
1500

Roads.

1001 Coventry

1000
500 100 Barking....

30

300 Croydon.....

2

4546
100||Commercial

105

1000 Derby.........

135
600 100

East-India
Dudley

2061) 100 Branch

100 Ellesmere and Chester 60

3575 133|Great Dover Street..

40 1 19 492 Erewash ...

1000
231 100 Highgate Archway.

2393
Forth and Clyde
1297 100|Croydon Railway.

1000 Gloucester and Berkeley,

Surrey Do...

1000 old Share ..

1960
100 Severn and Wye Do.

31 0 16 8762 Do. optional Loan....

601 Grand Junction

240
11,815 | 100

Water Works.
Grand Surrey

53

1521
100 East London......

101

3900 Do. Loan jul j05 60,0001. Grand Junction .......

55 2 101 4500 Grand Union

21

28-19)
100Kent ......

31 1 101 2000 Do. Loan

100
19,3271.
London Bridge...

50 2 10)

1500 Grand Western,

3

3096
100 South London .......

30

800 Grantham..

145
749 150|West Middlesex

52

7540 Huddersfield

13 10

6312
100 York Buildings.

24

1360 Kennet and Avon

18 10 16 25,328 100 Lancaster...

27
11,6991 100

Insurances.
Leeds and Liverpool.. 360

2,8791 100 Albion

50 2 101 2000 Leicester

290

345
Atlas .......

4 15 6 25,000 Leicester & Northampton

Bath

1575 40 Unione

84

1895
100 Birmingham

300 25

300 1000 Loughborough.. ........... 3-100 120

70
British

50 Melton Mowbray ...!!! 221

250

40 2 10 4000 Mersey and Irwell

Eagle:...

12 12 6

40,000 Monmouthshire

165
2409

20

50,000 Do. Debentares

100

43,5361.
100||Globe...

133

11,000,0001 100 Montgomeryshire •p. 70 2 101 700

100 | Guardian ......

10 Neath....

400
247 Hope

45 6 40,000 North Wilts

1770

93 4 101 2400 Nottingham..........., 200

500
150London

27

3900 Oxford ................ 1670

1720 100 London Ship...

19

31,000 Peak Forest ......... 70

2400
100|Provident

17

181 Portsinouth and Arundel 40

2520

1 18 2 100,000 Regent's..

80
12,294 Royal Exchange

254 10 1745,1001.
Rochdale .......... 52 10
5631 100||Sun Fire.

8 101 Sbrewsbury

(170 9 10 500
125 Sun Life ........

23 101 101 4000 Shropshire

1125
500 125|Union...............

40 1 81 1500 Somerset Coal...

1107 10

771 50 Stafford. & Worcestershire. 700

700 140

Gas Lights Stourbridge.

1210

800 145|Gas Light and Coke (CharStratford on Avon ..... 11

3647
tered Company)

71

8000 50 Stroudwater 495 Do. New Shares

65 3 12 4000 50 Swansea ...............

180
533 100 City Gas Light Company 113

1000 100 Tavistock

90
350 100||Do, New

60

1000 100 Thames and Medway.: 21

2670
Bath Gas ..

17 16 2500 20 Trent & Mersey, or Grand

Brighton Gas

20

1500

20 Trunk

1300
200|||Bristol

26 10) 1 14 2500 20 Warwick and Birmingham 220

1000 10004 50

Literary Institutions. Warwick and Napton ...: 210

980 100|London

27

1000 75gs Wilts and Berks...

4 10
14,288
Russel ........

10 10

700 2588 Wisbeach

60
126 105] Surrey....

5 Worcester and Birmingham 25

6000

Miscellaneous
Anction Mart

22 15) 1080
Docks.

50

British Copper Company 52 2 10 1397 100 Bristol

14

2209
146| Golden Lane Brewery

229) su Do. Notes 100 5 268,3241. 100 Do.....

6

3447 50 Commercial

80 3 3132

100|| London Commercial Sale East India 8 450.0001. 100 Rooms

15

2000 150 E: st Country

31

1038 100||Carnatic Stock, Ist Class .. 90 L don 106 4 3,114,0001. 100 DO....

2d Class .. 744 India

184 10 11,500,0001./ 100 | City Bonds

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