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Thous Englishd by Abraham Fleming. Another marvellous property asBalme, virgine wax, and holy water
cribed to witches, was the raising An Agnus Dei make :
and assuaging of tempests; and the A gift than which none can be greater, power of making the moon and the I send thee for to take.
stars and all the host of heaven deFrom fountain cleare, the same hath issue, scend from their exalted spheres. In In secret sanctified ;
proof of the former, we have the fol'Gainst lightning it hath soveraigne virtue,
lowing tale from that abominable And thunder-cracks beside !
collection of popish superstition and Each hainous sin, it weares and wasteth,
eredulity, the Malleus Maleficarum. Even as Christ's precious blood.
Certain commissioners having appreAnd women while their travaile lasteth It saves it is so good.
hended some witches, wished one of It doth bestow great gifts and graces
them to show them an experiment of On such as well deserve,
her skill; promising to procure her And borne about in noisome places pardon, provided she would disconFrom peril doth preserve.
tinue her evil practices. She acceded The force of fire, whose heat destroyeth, to the proposal, and going out into
It breakes and bringeth downe ; the fields, commenced her operations And he or she that this enjoyeth,
in the presence of the commissioners, No water shall them drowne. *
and several other persons. She first The facility with which witches made a pit in the earth with her own were wont to take the air on a broom- hands, and poured some water into stick is well known, but we question it, which she constantly stirred with whether any of our readers are ac- one of her fingers, making at the quainted with the method adopted to same time, certain cabalistical chainfuse a power so volatile into an in- racters on the ground near her. Prestrument so humble and degraded. gently there arose a vapour, which, “The devil (quoth Scot,t) teacheth ascending upward like smoke, hothem (witches) to make ointment of vered over the spot where the sorthe bowels and limbs of children, ceress stood, becoming every mowhereby they ride in the aire, and ment more dense and gloomy. Out accomplish all their desires ; so as, if of the cloud thus manufactured there there be any children unbaptized, or came such vivid lightning, accomnot guarded with the signe of the panied with such tremendous claps crosse, or with orizons, then the of thunder, that the spectators began witches may and do catch them from to think their latter end was rapidly their mother's sides in the night, or approaching. After this fearful exout of their cradles, or otherwise kill hibition had continued for some time, them with their ceremonies; and, the woman asked the commissioners after buriall, they steal them out of in what spot the cloud should distheir graves, and seethe them in a charge a great number of stones? cauldron, untill their fleshe he made They pointed to a place at some distpotable. Of the thickest thercof ance, and lo! the cloud “ of a sudthey make ointment, whereby they den began to move itself with a great ride in the aire; but the thinner por- and furious blustering of winds; and tion they put into flaggons, whereof in a short space, coming over the whosoever drinketh, observing cer• place appointed, it discharged many taine ceremonies, immediately be- stones, like a violent shower, directly cometh a master, or rather a mis- within the compass thereof." The tresse in that practise and faculty.' influence of witches over the moon * Scot's Discovery, book xii. c. 9.
+ Ibid. book iii. c. l. * Francis Bartholinus has asserted a similar fact. “ Strigibus per unguentum prædictum diabolicum possibile est accidisse, aut accidere somnium vehementissimum, et somniare se ad loca deportatas longinqua, in catos converti, vel quocunque alia facere, etiam vel pati, quæ postmodum se putant in veritate fecisse, vel
.” Fra. Barthol. de Spina, Quæst. de Strigibus, tom. 4. Weirus (de Præstigiis Dæmonum) exposes the folly of this opinion, and proves it to be only a diabolical illusion. Oldham likewise sheers at it:
As men in sleep, though motionless they lie,
John Oldham's Works and Remains, p. 254. Ed. 1698.
and stars is frequently alluded to in But who, in these degenerate days, the writings of the heathen poets, more would trust themselves to so frail especially in those of Horace, Virgil, and precarious a vehicle? Times, inTibullus, Propertius, and Ovid. They deed, are strangely altered, and the will readily recur to the classical witch and the wizard, however powreader, and our limits will not allow erful their sway might once have us to transcribe them.
been, exist only in the fable of the We have now enumerated and de- poet, or in the disgustirg detail of a scribed the more important ceremo- contemporary chronicler. But we nies and attributes appertaining to must for the present bring our lucuwitchcraft. Reginald Scot, indeed, brations to a close. In our next to whom we have been so largely in- paper, we shall enter into a more debted, mentions a curious faculty minute examination of the principles which we have overlooked, and which induced our ancestors to credit which, could it but be rendered prac- and encourage so baneful a doctrine; ticable, might prove an excellent showing on the one han the vile imsubstitute for the diving bell. It is posture, and on the other, the ranbriefly that of “ sailing in an egg- corous malignity which fostered and shell, a cockle, or muscle-shell, through supported so wicked and abominable and under the tempestuous seas.”
ADDITIONS TO LORD ORFORD'S ROYAL AND NOBLE AUTHORS.
The following letter from Eliza- writing Latin, or for the information beth, when princess, to her brother, it affords us of her early tendency to Edward the Sixth, is transcribed from indisposition in her head and eyes : an original entirely in her own hand- nor can we, at the present moment, writing. It is well worthy of preser- discover that it has been before vation, whether we consider it as a printed, although it is always danmere matter of curiosity, as a speci- gerous to promise originality in matmen of her truly excellent style of ters of this nature.
Nobilissimo et Sereniss. Regi Edouardo Sexto. Tametsi nihil æque studuerim, Rex Sereniss. quam vt ingratitudinis non modo notam, verumetiam suspicionem vel minimam effugerem, metuo tamen ne in illam incidisse videri possim, quæ tot a tua Maiestate beneficijs semper affecta nullas tanto temporis interuallo literas dederim, e quibus animi saltem grati signá cognosceres. Cuius rei causæ cum sint iustæ ac necessariæ, spero, simulque confido, Maiestatem tuam me ab omni ingratitudinis crimine facilè liberaturam esse. · Valetudo enim capitis et ulorum aduersa accessit, quæ ita me grauiter ab aduentu in hanc domum molestauit, vt dum sæpe ad tuam Maiestatem scribere conarer, in hunc vsque diem semper a proposito institutoque reuocata sim. Quæ valetudo cum Dei Opt. Maximi ope et auxilio nunc semet aliquantum remiserit, existimaui scribendi officium minimè diutius'a me differendum esse, quo tua Maiestas intelligeret quiduis potius quam animum erga se gratum beneficiorumque memorem hactenus mihi defuisse. Nam etsi non ignorarem tantam tuorum erga me beneficiorum esse magnitudinem, vt illorum partem vel minimam referenda gratia consequendi spes prorsus omnis adimeretur, in hoc tamen omnes mihi neruos contendendos esse putaui, vt iustam meritamque gratiam voluntate memorique mente persoluerem. In quo quidem cum nihil sit a me hactenus vnquam prætermissum, spero tuam Maiestatem hoc meum scribendi gratiæque agendæ huc usque intermissum officium non modo in æquam partem accepturam, verumetiam debitam sibi gratiam animo semper et voluntate a me fuisse habitam, existimaturam esse. Dominus Jesus qui omnia conseruat et tuetur, tuam Excellentiam isto regno, magnis virtutibus, multisque annis, perpetuo augeat.
Before we quit the Virgin Queen, ascribed to Elizabeth, in a very good it may be allowable to observe, that and ancient MS. in the Bodleian. some lines communicated by the late We subjoin them, as the Oxford Mr. Lysons to Lord Orford, and print- manuscript affords several readings ed in the first volume of his works, very preferable to the copy used by page 552, as the production of Ed- Lord Orford, and, after him, by Mr. ward Vere, Earl of Oxford, are Ellis in his Specimens. Verses made by the Queine when she was supposed to be in loue with Mountsyre.
When I was fayre and younge, and fauour graced me,
Of many was I soughte theire mystres for to be;
Importune me no more,
How manye syghinge hartes, I haue no skyll to showe;
Importune me no more.
And sayde ; Fyne Dame, since that you be so coye,
Importune me no more.
KING CHARLES THE FIRST.
As a companion to the verses just fanta of Spain. Its authenticity was given, we may add the following believed by the Oxford antiquary, Epigram, which is ascribed to Charles Anthony à Wood, from whose manuthe First, when Prince of Wales, and script collections we have retrieved supposed to be addressed to the In- it.
D. Principis Angliæ ad serenissimam Infantam Marian.
Me quibus astrinxit, læsit, et urit amor.
Vincla, etiam ut possent, non ego posse velim.
Vinclaque, vinctus adhuc, læsus, et ustus, amo.
The brande, the blowe, the bands wherewith imperious Loue
That takes delight to bleede, to burne, to be in chaines ! In 1722, J. Roberts, at the Oxford our late sovereign King Charles I. Arms in Warwick-lane, published an Faithfully collected. This is a scarce 8vo. tract that has escaped Lord Or- shilling's-worth of 76 pages, containford and Mr. Park. The Pious Politi- ing very little that can be deemed cian; or Remains of the Royal Martyr, novel; for the maxims and opinions being Apophthegms and Select Maxims, are mostly to be found in the Euwv Divine, Moral, and Political. Left to Baollikn, or Royston's huge folio of posterity by that incomparable Prince, Charles's works. At the end is an
epitaph, probably written by the which an allusion is made to Charles's
Great Tully had been silenc'd among men,
HENRY BOOTH, LORD DELAMER, AND EARL OF WARRINGTON, The friend of Lord Russel, whose rage and resolution : secondly, by cause he vindicated in a spirited tract confessing any thing, you help them entitled Observations upon his Case, to evidence against yourself and folio, 1689. After being a principal others; for you furnish them with means of introducing King William time and place, and then it is an easie the Third, he was dismissed by that matter for a knight of the post to sovereign, from his situation as Chan- give such an evidence against you as cellor of the Exchequer, in order to is not easily disproved: thirdly, it's please a particular political party, and very seldom that you will meet with died before he was forty-two. To make better usage, thongh you confess some amends for his abrupt dismissal, never so much, unless you will turn he had an earldom given him, with a accuser of others, and give evidence pension of two thousand a year; but against them; which is so base a this was only paid for the first six thing, that I would advise you to months, and the remainder was in- undergoe any extremity rather than cluded in the list of King William's do that; for, as your own party will debts, drawn up by order of Queen for ever abhor you and your memory, Anne.
so the other side will despise and We have before taken notice of slight you as soon as you have done Aubrey's superstition and credulity their business, and all that you can (page 220) but a very good instance do for the future, will never wipe off occurs in his mention of this Lord's such a błot.” În the copy of his father. Dr. Richard Napier, a great Lordship’s works now before us, are figure-caster in his day, “ did con- several MS. notes written by some verse with the angel Raphael, who gave former possessor, who well knew the him the responses.' One of Ra- Earl's family affairs. Upon the pasphael's answers to a question pro- sage just quoted, the anonymous anposed was, that “ Mr. Booth, of Che- notator remarks: “ This conduct he shire, should have a son, that should strictly observed, at his own tryal inherit, three years since.” The before Judge Jefferys, and was acquestion and answer were given in quitted.” The same writer gives a 1619, and, as good luck would have singular anecdote of his son and sucit, in 1622, George Booth (the second, cessor's match, which proved an unthough inheriting, son of his father) happy one. The account does not was born, and became afterwards Lord reflect any credit on his Lordship’s Delamer. “ It is impossible," con- conduct. “ George, late Earl of tinues Aubrey, “ that the prediction Warrington, married the daughter of of Sir George Booth's birth, could be a merchant in London, who, on his found any other way, but by angeli- death-bed, requested his two daughcal revelation.”
ters not to marry noblemen; but Lord Delamer was accused of high fearing they might neglect his adtreason by King James, and tried in vice, left each of them 10,000l. in Westminster Hall by Judge Jefferys. trust, exclusive of 40,0001. absolute. In his Advice to his Children, page 15, Some few years after my lady had we have the following passage illus- consigned up her whole fortune to trative of his own behaviour on this pay my Lord's debts, they quarrelled, occasion : “ If you are examined as and lived in the same house as absoa criminal, confess ' nothing; only lute strangers to each other at bed argue against the insufficiency of and board. She died in 1739, leavwhat is objected against you. For, ing one daughter, married to the first, it is an argument of your cous Earl of Stamford.”
Lord Orford notices a speech which alluded to, in its original form, a he supposes was addressed to his single folio leaf, and it proves the county, upon the arrival of the Prince supposition to be correct, although of Orange; we have seen a copy of (if the same) it was chiefly directed what we suppose to be the speech to his Lordship’s own tenants.
“ Can you (he says) ever hope for a better occasion to root out popery and slavery, than by joining with the P. of O. whose proposals contain and speak the desires of every man that loves his religion and liberty ? And in saying this, I will invite you to nothing but what I will do myself, neither will I put you upon any danger, where I will not take share in it. I propose this to you, not. as you are my tenants, but as my friends, and as you are Englishmen. No man can love fighting for its own sake, nor find any pleasure in danger : And you may imagine I would be very glad to spend the rest of my days in peace, having had so great a share in troubles: but I see all lyes at stake, I am to choose whether I will be a slave and a papist, or a protestant and a freeman, and therefore the case being thus, I shall think myself false to my country, if I sit still at this time. I am of opinion, that when the nation is delivered, it must be by force or by miracle: it would be too great a presumption to expect the latter, and therefore our deliverance must be by force; and I hope this is the time for it. I promise this, on my word and honour, to every tenant that goes along with me. That if he fall, I will make his lease as good to his family, as it was when he went from home. The thing then which I desire, and your country does expect from you, is this. That every man that hath a tolerable horse, or can procure one, will meet me on Boden downs to-morrow, where I randezvouze: but if any of you is rendred unable by reason of age, or any other just excuse, then that he would mount a fitter person, and put five pounds in his pocket. Those that have not, nor cannot procure, horse, let them stay at home anıl assist with their purses, and send it to me with a particular of every man's contribution. I impose on no man, but to such I promise, and to all that go along with me, that if we prevail, I will be as industrious to have him recompensed for his charge and hazard, as I will be to seek it for myself.-I have no more to say, but that I am willing to lose my life in the cause, if God see it good, for I was never unwilling to dye for my religion and country.”
We should apologize for so copious our excuse. In our next Number, an extract, but the rarity of the the reader shall be introduced to source from which it is derived, and some noble authors, who have not as the manly, honest, and genuine spirit yet been graced by a niche in Lord of Lord Delamer's address upon so
Orford's literary temple. momentous an occasion, must plead
REPORT OF MUSIC. In our last report but one we few evenings ago the King, in speakmentioned the rising partiality mani- ing to one of the vocalists, concernfested by his Majesty towards Eng- ing his own musical preferences, said, lish music, and the growing pa- that “ although he could not give tronage he had of late extended to any one credit for fine taste, who native professors. We may now was exclusively devoted to any one consider both as much more decided. school, yet he thought the EngThe principal singers of the Chapel lish style, as exemplified in Handel, Royal are every week summoned to was the most sound; and in this reBrighton, and on the Saturday even- spect he was daily approaching nearer ing a concert chiefly made up of to the sentiments of his late father." English glees, and on the Sunday a His Majesty is universally acknowselection of sacred music, are per- ledged to be an excellent judge of formed in the splendid music-room. music in all styles. He has a good The latter is taken almost wholly bass voice, and sings occasionally. from the works of Handel; and a He formerly played on the violon