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all is grey.
belly yellows, orange, or gold, spotted Chevalier Langsdorff, the Russian with blues and lilacs; its fins like a Consul General. The whole road peacock's neck; in short, it is the lay along narrow passes, round ro
very very peacock” of fishes. No- mantic mountains, in many parts thing but the last scene of a panto- very steep and precipitous. Magmime can approach its brilliancy ; nificent aloes, and warm orange-trees and then, it is as much superior to with their fruit, that as nature is to art. So died our Like golden lamps in a green night, coryphæna hippurus; and so moralizes the noble poet of our times, in grew spontaneously; and frequent one of his sullen fits :
streams refreshed, and cascades il
lustrated the landscape. We took -Parting day Dies like the dolphin, whom each pang dinner under the second waterfall.
our breakfast under the first, and our imbues With a new colour, as it gasps away,
The first meal was made before the The last still loveliest, tili-'tis gone and cottage of two intelligent French
men, who had commenced a coffee The likeness of this idea occurs in
plantation here. The scenery and the following weak, cold, wire-drawn properties made me fancy myself on
the stage of a theatre. A French passage of Falconer's “ Shipwreck;" but the condensation, the applica, in the neighbourhood, came walking
nobleman, who is building a house tion, the moral, are all Lord Byron's ! down the passes of the waterfall to But while his heart the fatal jav’lin thrills, join our party, it was And flitting life escapes in sanguine rills, -much like the back scene of a play, What radiant changes strike the astonishid A melo-drame, which people flock to see, sight,
When the first act is ended by a dance, What glowing hues of mingled shade and In vineyards copied from the south of light ;
France. Not equal glories gild the lucid west,
We could see him zig-zag towards With parting beams all o'er profusely drest.
us ten minutes before he arrived-1 These sights consoled us for the had nearly said, came on the stage, loss of land this day, and on the next Our outward journey was performed the new world was again in view. under 85 degrees of heat in the shade, On the following morning (21st Nov.) which seemed to be enjoyed by the we were brought in sight of the hare monkey, the snake, the parrot, and bour of Rio de Janeiro, and came to the humming-bird; but our homeanchor there in the evening. It was ward took place under a cool moonunder a glowing sunset, with a light light, and was attended by the sparkfair breeze, that we glided into this ling of fire-flies, and the singing of sublime and beautiful harbour. The crickets. hilly points of land, past which we On the morning of the 4th Decemsailed, were covered with (to us) ber we quitted the English hospitaexotic vegetation, and the wooded lity, Portuguese music, and tropical mountains of the distance were ob- heat of Rio, and returned on board of viously un-European. It was like sail- ship. The next morning, at daying in a ship of heaven into a new light, we got under weigh, and were planet. It comes not within my plan towed out of this beautiful harbour ; to copy full, true, and particular ac- in the evening we lost sight of Cape counts from histories, or voyages and Frio. The following morning, early, travels ; suffice it to say, that on the we crossed the tropic of Capricorn, following morning I went on shore and proceeded on our course to Ausfor nearly a fortnight, during which tralasia, with a fair wind. We now time I saw enough of America to came into the principality of Whales, appreciate its grandeur and fertility, and were almost constantly attended and of the Portuguese to estimate by albatrosses and petrels. In the their pettiness and barbarity. I made evening a calm, which we attributed one considerable excursion into the to our propinquity to the island of interior, namely, to the waterfalls of Tristan d'Acunha, although the rain Tejeuca, distant three leagues. The prevented us from seeing it, brought party was made by my friend, the no less than eight albatrosses to swim
and feed at our stern.* They bit the American colours. The next mornbait, but avoided the hook, of lines ing both the vessels were considerthat were thrown towards them; but ably ahead of us, and passed out of on the 20 January, 1817, the crew sight in the course of the day. On were fortunate enough to catch nine the evening of the 13th we were Jarge ones by similar means. One near the site of the island laid down measured ten feet from wing to in the charts as Necklegel, but did wing's extremity. On this day we not see it. doubled the Cape of Good Hope. We We had now reached so cold a were now visited by what the sailors latitude, that on the 28th January call the Cape Pigeon. It is the small the thermometer’s greatest height blue pintado bird mentioned by Mr. was 52o. Anderson, in his observations on On the 1st February a gale of wind Christmas island, in Cook's Voyages. from the SW. afforded me an opporThat great circumnavigator himself, tunity of verifying the description in in his second voyage, also describes Donne's “ storm. “ the brown and white pintado; Then like two mighty kings, which dwelwhich we named Antarctic Petrel.” It is, undoubtedly, of the petrel tribe, Asunder, meet against a third to war, and is in every respect shaped like The south and west winds join'd; and as the pintado, differing from it only in
they blew, colour. The head and fore part of the Waves, like a rolling trough, before them body of this are brown; and the threw : hind part of the body, tail, and the Sooner than you read this line, did the gale, ends of the wings are white. In the Like shot not feared till felt, our sails asEdinburgh Natural History the only
sail. pintado is called the Procellaria Ca
On the 9th we saw the smaller pensis
, from the Cape of Good Hope; gull, which I took to be Capt. Cook's and is described as "white with chocolate-coloured albatross; and on brown spots," from no later an au
the 11th I counted no less than twenty thority than Dampier's Voyages. albatrosses about us. On the next
On the 8th January we saw a strange sail, being the only vessel, which the sailors call black-fish, were
day an innumerable shoal of fish, except one whaler, we had seen
rolling along with the ship, like porsince we left Rio de Janeiro. If my poises. 1 could not find it described meagre narrative has made so much in the Edinburgh Elements of Natuof birds and fishes, how much more ral History, and was at a loss wheinteresting is the sight of a ship full ther to call it a whale, a physeter, of human creatures, especially in a latitude where
or a dolphin. From its size and
bottle nose I take it to be the balena
Ships are rare, rostrata : but then some of the crew, From time to time, like pilgrims, here and who had been whalers, said it prothere
duced spermaceti, as the physeter Crossing the waters.
only does ; and its motion more reAt day break the next morning the sembled thatof a porpoise (delphinus), ship which we saw yesterday was It was quite black; except that it had only ten miles astern of us, and a grey patch on the back; it had one another vessel appeared to be still fistula at the back of the head, and nearer. The wind being very light we an adipose fin on the back; it was lay to till the first ship came up, and about fifteen feet long. spoke her; she proved to be the Ga- On the 15th a phorphorescent sea latea, of Boston, from Gibraltar to and Portuguese men of war betrayed Calcutta. In the evening the other a warmer latitude ; and at daybreak ship came near enough to show also on the 17th the coast of Australia
* The Aleutians assured my friend Langsdorff that the albatrosses cannot fly in a calm, and may then be taken by the hand, either by land or by water (see his Voyages and Travels, pt. ii. p. 106.) I believe the tale : the bird is the mere creature of storm, and has no more power over itself than a paper kite, or an air balloon : it is all wing, and has no muselc to taisc itself with ; it must wait for a wind before it can get under bail.
came in sight, being the first land his description is as beautiful as it is we had seen for seventy-seven days. correct. It was cliffy and woody, and had a look of home. It was now calm, and Undique dant saltus ; multâque aspergine
rorant ; we lay off Cape Bridgewater. Clouds of smoke rose from the shore, sup
Emerguntque iterum; redeuntque sub æposed to be from fires kindled by the Inque chori ludunt speciem : lascivaque
quora rursus: natives. Capt. Cook observed similar
jactant fires on the coast.
Corpora ; et acceptum patulis mare naribus On the next day the land was out efflant. of sight. A single penguin came swimming round the ship, and look- The Edinburgh Natural History ing up at us with wonder and plea- says that the dolphin is very accusure, like a savage man. It was rately figured on some ancient coins cruelly shot for its curiosity. It is of Magna Græcia; but in the gem of the link between a fish and a bird. Cupid riding on the dolphin, the fish It cannot fly: its wings have no fea- is a mere chimæra; and in the notes thers, but resemble and are used like to the Delphin Virgil, lib. v. 594, fins: it swims under the water just one should not quote any other like a fish: its tail has rigid unplumed upon such a subject) it is said: feathers, and is wedge-shaped. I quem falso incurvo corpore pinxere could not find the species exactly de- veteres, nisi fortè sic apparet propter scribed in the Edinburgh Elements impetum ac velocitatem motûs, cùm of Natural History. The aptenodytes erumpit è mari;+ Verè enim dicitur patachonica comes nearest to it. à Plinio (lib. 9, 8.) velocissimum om1 describe our penguin as follows: nium animalium, non solùm mariback and throat, black; belly and norum ; ocyor volucri, ocyor telo hreast, white; wings, black above tanta vi exilit, ut plerumque vela naand white below ; feet, black below vium transvolet." This is likewise and white above; nails, black; fourth, true. or inner toe, very small and detached; The next night a strong gale bill, light brown; a yellow mark be- blew us through the strait. At dayhind the ears.
break Round Island was in sight, On the 19th ve passed King's and we passed it close on the left Island, barely in sight, and entered for the sake of avoiding a dangerous Bass's Strait. All this day greater rock called the Crocodile, over which numbers of porpoises had been sport- saw the sea breaking, about ing along than we had ever seen four miles to the right, near the before. From close observation, I Slipper Islands. We passed also on judged them to be the dolphin of the the right the Twins, or Curtis's antients; the dolphinus delphis of Lin- Islands, and the Seal Islands, and, næus; for what we call the dolphir is on the left, two or three more rocks of another genus, the coryphæna hip- alled Barren Islands. Behind, on purus. The porpoise appears to roll this side, stretched Wilson's promonround in the water, as if it were one tory, on the main land of New South of the wheels of Neptune's car.
I Wales. Kent's Island we did not see. say appears, for it does not roll. At two o'clock on the following Ovid's word is right, it leaps out: morning we found ourselves close on
* I have since found from Wood's Zoography that this is the aptenodytes patachonica of Linnæus and Buffon.
+ 1 dare say Dr. Franklin never read the notes to the Delphin, or any other Virgil, yet my sagacious brother journalist (ut me collaudem) has made exactly the same remark in his pleasing journal of a Voyage to Philadelphia, in 1726, (see his Mem. Vol. ii. p. 231.) Every one takes notice of that vulgar error of the painters, who always represent this fish monstrously crooked and deformed, when it is, in reality, as beautiful and well shaped a fish as any that swims. I cannot think what could be the original of this chimæra of theirs ! (since there is not a creature in nature that resembles their dolphin) unless it proceeded at first from a false imitation of a fish in the posture of leaping, which they have since improved into a crooked monster, with head and cyes like a bull, a hog's snout, and a tail like a blown tulip."
shore, and continued coasting all day no sunset or moonlight scenes at all; with a fair breeze. The land exactly and then we saw not any land for accords with Captain Cook’s descrip- seventy-three days, nor any ship for tion. « The sea-shore was a white forty-four. Thus deserted, the albasand, but the country within was tross, green and woody." We again saw The bird that loved the man, columns of smoke. In the forenoon, took pity on us; and from Rio de we passed the Ram-Head, and in the Janeiro we were hardly ever without afternoon doubled Cape Howe. On him; we were also visited by sea the rocks we saw many seals. In hens and Cape pigeons; and, during the evening we passed the Green the whole voyage, I do not think I Cape, so called from the turf upon it. missed my favorite little petrel for a The country is thus accurately de
week together. scribed by Captain Cook; “ it is of a moderate height, diversified by hill with sight of “ nothing lovely but
Having passed so many months and valley, ridge and plain, inter- the sea and sky," it might be expectspersed with a few lawns * of no
ed that I should not close my narragreat extent, but in general covered
tive without some observation or rewith wood: the ascent of the hills flection upon the kindred immensities. and ridges is gen and the summits
But I have little to add to the facts are not high.”-First Voyage.
above recorded, from which it will be The next morning found us off abundantly seen how interesting is higher hills, and a long table moun
the sight of the smallest fish and tain. We saw several fires on the
bird, and therefore it will be preCoast. At noon we passed Mount sumed, (and the presumption will be Dromedary, off which lies Montague of the truth,) Island. The land was more distant to-day, and showed ranges of higher
How like a load on the weary eye, hills, one behind the other, like the Lie the sky and the sea, and the sea and
the sky waves of the sea. We passed Bateman's Bay, and Point Upright; and
As the profound author of this quoin the evening brought in sight the tation has anticipated my next feeling peaked hill, which Capt. Cook likened on board ship, I had better haye rea to, and called the Pigeon House. course to his words: Early the next morning we doubled
I observed a wild duck swimming on the Cape St. George. The land was still
waves a single solitary wild duck. It is distant; but we saw Flat Hill. In the evening, having run our distance it looked in that round, objectless desart of
not easy to conceive how interesting a thing by the log, we lay to all night off
I had associated such a feeling of Botany Bay; and at day-light of the immensity with the ocean, that I felt ex24th of February made sail for Port ceedingly disappointed, when I was out of Jackson, and anchored in Sydney sight of all land, at the narrowness and Cove in good time in the morning ; nearness (as it were) of the circle of the and thus ends the narrative of a voy- horizon. So little are images capable of saage of 152 days at sea, during which tisfying the obscure feelings connected with
words! we travelled 15,335 miles by the log.
Thus have I extracted all the honey The “ flat sea," (as Milton calls of my voyage for the reader : the it) can be seen only for five or six sting remains with me. I am not miles round; but when a headland is ungrateful enough to forget the beau- in view (and the peak of Teneriffe tiful sunsets of the first half of the may be seen 180 miles off) the ideas voyage; nor the frequent reliefs to of vastness and distance are restored. the eye which the sight of islands I have only one or two other reafforded; but no landsman can form marks. The panorama of an ordian idea of a three weeks' calm near nary sea is mere sameness; but the line; and if the first half of the when there is a heavy swell, and the voyage was too hot, the second was wind blows, it is sport to see the too cold and cloudy; so that we had head of a huge wave, as it rises into
* It is now ascertained that these are mere marshes.
the wind's sweep, dashed off into mily. He that would go to sea had atoms like dust, and converted into need have neither ears nor nose ; for foam. On ordinary occasions, the booms and bulk heads will creak, only amusement of sailing is to look and provisions will emit their odour. over the ship's quarter, and watch Were a man, like the king of the the recurrent foam that follows the black isles in the Arabian Nights, stern, in sight and sound exactly like marble from the girdle downwards, a waterfall. As the sea settles after he might with impunity go to sea as each dash; the froth veins and cloud
a passenger; but he who has the the dark water, and gives it the pre- misfortune to have a stomach and cise resemblance of marble, * whence legs unused to balance his body on the epithet in Virgil is peculiarly moving boards, had better stay on happy.
terra firma. Et quæ marmoreo fert monstra sub æquore but only in retrospection and antici
A sailor does not live in præsenti, pontus. A beautiful effect is produced by
pation : his conversation is, “ Where the sun's shining through the spray
was I this time last year?” and
“How soon shall we reach such a at the ship's side; a perfect rainbow place?” The bachelor critic in Gil is seen in the dark sea, on the other Blas maintained that the wind was side of the spray, and may be fancied the most interesting circumstance in some fathoms deep.
the tragedy of Iphigenia; but I am An Iris sits amid th' infernal surge sure it is the only important topic of Like Hope upon a death-bed, and, unworn conversation on board of ship. Its steady dies, while all around is torn Man was never meant to cross an By the distracted waters, bears serene ocean; and as Sir Philip Sidney well Its brilliant hues with all their beams un.
says of a ship, “ That dwelling shorn :
place is unnatural to mankind; and Resembling 'mid the torture of the scene,
then the terribleness of the continual Love watching Madness with unalterable motion, the desolation of the farmien.
being from comfort, the eye and the And now I have exhausted all the ear having ugly images ever before pleasures of ship-board—which (to it, doth still vex the mind, even when my thinking) are few indeed, and it is best armed against it.” small, compared with its many and To conclude,-the greatest pleagreat pains. Some allowance must
sure of a voyage is the end of it; and certainly be made in weighing this I may venture to assert, that the cry opinion, for the wearisome length of of “ Land!” was never yet heard this voyage broken only
by one land- without joy, even by one of so roving ing, performed in a heavy uneasy a spirit that he would go to sea ship, and ushered in by a storm in again the next day. the channel. But when all this is Even such a one does not love the done, a cabin is a small room that sea for itself, but only as the vehicle serves for parlour and bed room, and of seeing various countries; and kitchen and store room, never secure truly, the sight of a foreign land or from pitching and rolling at an angle town is for the first twenty-four hours of forty-five degrees from nature's enchanting, though a great part of level each way; so that I cannot the pleasure must be set down to the think that even a pennyless disabled account of getting from ship-board sailor would live twelve months in a on dry ground. But no sight can be house on shore, which should be sub- cheaply purchased by even a month's ject to the same motion--no, not if restless imprisonment at sea; and he were paid a hundred pounds for when all lands are seen, none is like it, and had a sick wife and large fa- home!
* The Carystian marble was sea-green. Salmas. ad Hist. Aug. p. 164.