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in the same county, but because he was the first did teach worthy Doctor Whitaker? nor do I honor the memory of Mulcaster for anything so much, as for his scholar, that gulf of learning, Bishop Andrews. This made the Athenians, the day before the great feast of Theseus, their founder, to sacrifice a ram to the memory of Conidas, his schoolmaster that first instructed him.
OLIVER GOLDSMITH. 1728-1774.
We shall have occasion to notice some of the peculiarities in Goldsmith's own education, and of his experience as a teacher in the republication in a future number of his admirable Essay on Education, in which he claims to have anticipated some of the suggestions of Rousseau in his Emilius. The portraitures in the Deserted Village, whether drawn from Irish or English life, are among the classic characters of our language.
THE VILLAGE SCHOOLMASTER.
Beside yon straggling fence that skirts the way
There, in his noisy mansion skill'd to rule,
In arguing too the parson own'd his skill,
And still they gaz'd; and still the wonder grew,
JAMES DELILLE, 1738-1813.
JAMES DELILLE, was born in Auvignon, in 1733, educated in Paris, and made Professor at Amiens, in 1760, and afterward in Paris,
RICHARD MULOASTER was born at Carlisle, educated at Eton under Udal, and at Kings' College, Cambridge, and Christ Church, Oxford.-commenced teaching in 1559, and appointed first master of Merchant Tailors' School in 1561, where he served till 1596, when he was made upper master of St. Paul's school,-died in 1611. He was a severe disciplinarian, but received many marks of grateful respect from his pupils, when they came of age and reflected on his fidelity and care. He was a good Latin, Greek, and Oriental scholar. His Latin verses spoken on the occasion of one of Queen Elizabeth's visits to Kenilworth Castle, are considered favorable specimens of his I atinity. He made a contribution to the literature of his profession, under the title of "Positions. wherein those primitive Circumstances be considered which are necessary for the training up of children, either for Skill in their books. or Health in their Bodies. London, 1581."
translated Virgil's Georgics into French verse, and afterward composed an original work of the same character, entitled Jardins. Driven from France by the revolutionary outbreak, he afterward resided in Switzerland and Germany. In 1792, he published the Country Gentlemen, (Homme des Champs,) a poem in five cantos, in which he depicts country life in various characters and aspects--and among others, that of the school and the schoolmaster. We copy the last in an English translation by John Maunde. Some of the finest strokes are borrowed from Goldsmith's picture-unless both are copied from the same original. He died in 1813.
THE VILLAGE SCHOOLMASTER.
Descend, my muse, nor yet debate thy strain,
He nods, they part; again, and they assemble:
And now chastises, or he now acquits.
E'en when away, his wary subjects fear,
Lest the unseen bird should whisper in his ear
Nor distant far the birch is seen to rise-
With pale affright the puny urchins quake.
Thus, gentle Chanonat, beside thy bed,
I've touched that tree, my childhood's friend and dread ;
That willow-tree, whose tributary spray
Amid my stern pedant with his sceptered sway.
Such is the master of the village-school:
Be it thy care to dignify his rule.
The wise man learns each rank to appreciate;
In spite of pride, in office, great or low,
ROBERT LLOYD, 1733-1764.
ROBERT LLOYD was born in London in 1733. His father was under-master at Westminster School, and after completing his education at Cambridge, became usher under his father, without bringing to the work that moral fitness and love for teaching, without which it becomes intolerable drudgery. He soon left the occupation in disgust, and tried to earn a subsistence by his pen. He died poor in 1764.
A SCHOOL USHER.
Were I at once empowered to show
For one, it hurts me to the soul,
Or perhaps what is drudgery worse,
Like penny pots of Oxford ale;
But turns like horses in a mill,
Nor getting on nor standing still;
For little way his learning reaches,
THE SCHOOL AND THE TEACHER IN LITERATURE.
WILLIAM SHENSTONE, 1714-1763.
WILLIAM SHENSTONE was born at Leasowes, in the parish of HalesOwen, Shropshire, in 1714. He was taught to read at a "dame school," the house, and teacher of which, have been immortalized in his poem of the Schoolmistress-spent four years at Pembroke College, Oxford, and then impoverished himself in embellishing a small paternal estate, which he made the envy of men of wealth, and the admiration of men of taste. His poems, essays, and lectures, were collected and published after his death, which occurred in 1763. His "Schoolmistress," a descriptive sketch in imitation of Spenser, ranks in poetry, with the paintings of Teniers and Wilkie, for its force and truthfulness to nature, as well as its quiet humor.
THE SCHOOLMISTRESS. (1.)
Ah, me! full sorely is my heart forlorn,
In every village mark'd with little spire,
For unkempt hair, or task unconn'd, are sorely shent.
And all in sight doth rise a birchin tree, (2.)
So have I seen (who has not, may conceive)
Of sport, of song, of pleasure, of repast;
They start, they stare, they wheel, they look aghast ;
May no bold Briton's riper age e'er taste!
Ne vision empty, vain, his native bliss destroy.
Near to this dome is found a patch so green,
The noises intermixed, which thence resound,
Her cap, far whiter than the driven snow,
Few but have kenned, in semblance meet portrayed,
Libs, Notus, Auster; these in frowns arrayed,
A russet stole was o'er her shoulders thrown;
And think, no doubt, she been the greatest wight on ground!
Albeit ne flattery did corrupt the truth,
Yet these she challenged, these she held right dear;
Ne would esteem him act as mought behove,