Between Copernicus and Galileo: Christoph Clavius and the Collapse of Ptolemaic Cosmology
University of Chicago Press, 15 de des. 2010 - 314 pàgines
Between Copernicus and Galileo is the story of Christoph Clavius, the Jesuit astronomer and teacher whose work helped set the standards by which Galileo's famous claims appeared so radical, and whose teachings guided the intellectual and scientific agenda of the Church in the central years of the Scientific Revolution.
Though relatively unknown today, Clavius was enormously influential throughout Europe in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries through his astronomy books—the standard texts used in many colleges and universities, and the tools with which Descartes, Gassendi, and Mersenne, among many others, learned their astronomy. James Lattis uses Clavius's own publications as well as archival materials to trace the central role Clavius played in integrating traditional Ptolemaic astronomy and Aristotelian natural philosophy into an orthodox cosmology. Although Clavius strongly resisted the new cosmologies of Copernicus and Tycho, Galileo's invention of the telescope ultimately eroded the Ptolemaic world view.
By tracing Clavius's views from medieval cosmology the seventeenth century, Lattis illuminates the conceptual shift from Ptolemaic to Copernican astronomy and the social, intellectual, and theological impact of the Scientific Revolution.
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Claviuss Astronomical Work and Life
Jesuit Mathematics and Ptolemaic Astonomy
The Defense of ptolemaic Sosmology
The Rival Comologies
Cosmological Debate and the Rebuttal of Copernicus
Strains on Ptolemaic Cosmology
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Between Copernicus and Galileo: Christoph Clavius and the ..., Edició 12677
James M. Lattis
Previsualització limitada - 1994
Alfonsine Almagest appeared arguments Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s astronomers Baldini Bellarmine Bellarmine’s Borro celestial bodies celestial matter celestial spheres Christoph Clavius circular motion Clavius’s Clavius’s Sphaera Collegio Romano comets conﬁrm conﬂict Copemicus’s Copernican theory Copernicus cosmos deﬁned difﬁcult discussion diurnal motion early earth eccentrics and epicycles eclipse edition eighth sphere enim equant equinoxes explain ﬁg ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁrmament ﬁrst ﬁve ﬁxed stars ﬂuid heavens Fracastoro Galileo Grienberger history of astronomy homocentric Ibid idea inﬂuence Jesuit Jesuit astronomers Kepler later letter librations lunar Maelcote Magini mathematical mathematicians Maurolico medieval moon motibus motus move natural philosophy nova nunc observations opinion orbs parallax Peurbach phenomena philosophers physics planetary theory planets precession proper motion Ptolemaic cosmology Ptolemy’s Ptolernaic published quae quod Renaissance Rome rotation Sacrobosco Science scientiﬁc Scripture Sidereus nuncius signiﬁcant sixteenth century skeptical solar Sphere commentaries telescope textbook Theorica planetarum tion traditional treatise trepidation Tycho Tychonic system Venus vero