« AnteriorContinua »
QUESTIONS IN SANSKRIT
SET AT THE
UNIVERSITY OF BOMBAY
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED
PROPRIETOR OF JAVAJI DÂDÂJI'S “NIRNAYA-SÂGAR” PRESS.
Price 1 Rupee.
References of Grammar in this book are made to the 4th edition of Dr. Keilhorn's Sanskrit Grammar, 9th edition of Dr. Bhândârkar's Second Book, and 13th of his First Book of Sanskrit.
GRAMMAR, IDIOM AND ETYMOLOGY.
1862. 1. What is meant by guna, vriddhi, and ji or sampra. sarana? Illustrate the answer by examples.
1. The change of इ, उ, ऋ, short or long, and of ल, to ए, ओ, अर् and अल् respectively is called Guna. Ex:-इ-एति; नी-नयति; बुध्-बोधति; भू-भवति; स-सरति; तृ-तरति; कुप्-कल्पते.
The change of अ, of इ, उ, a short or long, and of ल to आ, ऐ, औ, आर् and आल respectively is called Priddhi. Ex:-चंद्-अवादीत जी-अजैषीत् नी-अनैषीत् स्तु-स्तौति; लू-अलावीत; कृ-अकार्षीत् ; क
The change of , व, र, or (ल) to इ, उ, * or (ल) respectively is called Samprasarana. Ex: यज्-इष्ट; वप्-उप्त; ग्रड्-गृहीत.
2. Write the following sentence in the Roman characters, putting a diacritical mark over the long vowels :
प्रासादपि तदर्ध च कमानो दीयतेऽर्थिषु ।
इच्छानुरूपो विभवः कदा कस्य भविष्यति ॥ 2. Grâsâdapi tadardham cha kasmânno diyaterthishu,
Ichchhânurûpo vibhavah kada kasya bhavishyati. 3. What are the rules for the gender of nouns which are founded on their terminations ?
3. Nouns formed from verbs by the addition of the termination ə, those formed from and 8 (and other roots assuming those forms) by the addition of the termination , also those formed from adj. by Hare Masculine.
Those formed from verbs by the addition of अनि, ऊ, मि, नि, ति, ई, or F, those formed from nouns or adj. by the addition of aand those formed by the addition of fem. suffixes (from mas.) are Feminine.