Imatges de pÓgina

philanthropy had sunposed, and he took leave to pre accessible heights, that can be ascended only with and in this situation the slave, in order to be able to

show this ambassador particular marks of honour, and with horror ; and his description of slave-hunting in account of the want of skill of the artillerymen, few such as are contrary to custom, I mean not thereby Nubia presents a picture of oppression which must shots, if any, took effect : the negroes became indiffeto give a precedent to others. Í particularly love and stamp this plausible tyrant with everlasting infamy. rent to this prelude, and were only stimulated to a esteem him for the affection which I know he has for The number of persons carried off from the Nu more obstinate resistance, The thundering of the me, for his firmness in our religion, and his fidelity to bian mountains between 1825 and 1839, omitting cannon at first caused more consternation than their his master.' I dare not repeat all that he said to the thousands who were captured by the Bakkara, effects, but the fears of the negroes ceased as soon as my advantage.” At this and other meetings, Sully amounted to at least 100,000. As soon as the rainy they became accustomed to it. Before the attack showed great tact, and was successful in getting James season is over, the capturing excursion, called Gasna, commences, all avenues to the village are blocked up to form a treaty with Henry of the kind desired. On commences, and the necessary number of camels, one with large stones or other impediments, the village is the whole, the ambassador formed rather a low esti- for each soldier, and others for arms, ammunition, and provided with water for several days, the cattle and mate of James, of whom he pronounced on this occa- tents, is demanded. The soldiers seize all that comes Other property taken up to the mountain ; in short, sion that he was the most learned fool in Christendom. in their way, and in a few days all that is necessary is nothing necessary for a proper defence is neglected.

To describe his services and connexion with Henry obtained. The capturing expedition consists of from The men, armed only with lances, occupy every spot his master, is, as mentioned before, to tell at once 1000 to 2000 regular foot soldiers ; 400 to 800 Mograbini which may be defended, and even the women do not Sully's history, and to show his literary abilities. The (Bedouins on horseback) armed with guns and pistols ; remain inactive; they either take part in the battle slavery in which the king was held by his passions, was 300 to 500 of the militia (half-naked savages) on dro- personally, or encourage their husbands by their cries a great source of vexation to Sully, both on account of medaries, with shields and spears; and 1000 more on and lamentations, and provide them with arms; in his personal love for him, and of the expenses attend foot, with bucklers and small lances.

“ As soon as

short, all are active, except the sick and aged. The ing such a course of life. One day, when the minister every thing is ready, the march begins. They usually points of their wooden lances are first dipped into a was resisting some improper application, the tempo- take from two to four field-pieces, and only sufficient poison which is standing by them in an earthen vessel, rary favourite, D'Entragues, said impudently and bread for the first eight days. Oxen, sheep, and other and which is prepared from the juice of a certain haughtily to him, “To whom would you have the cattle, are generally taken by force before at Cordofan, plant. The poison is of a whitish colour, and looks king grant favours, if not to his relations, courtiers, although the tax upon cattle may have been paid. like milk which has been standing ; the nature of the and favourites !". "Madam,” replied Sully, “ you When they meet with a flock, either feeding or at plant, and the manner in which the poison is prepared, would be in the right if his majesty took the money the watering-places, they steal the cattle, and do not is still a secret, and generally known only to one out of his own purse ; but is it reasonable that he care whether it belongs to one or more persons; they family in the village, who will not on any account should take it out of those of his poor subjects, to make no reparation for necessary things, whoever make it known to others. gratify such people as you speak of? Holding such may be the sufferer, and no objection or complaint is As soon as the signal is given for the attack, the sentiments, it may be conceived that Sully's adminis- listened to, as the governor himself is present. infantry sound the alarm, and an assault is made upon tration was a continued blessing to his country. He As soon as they arrive at the first mountains in the mountain. Thousands of lances, large stones, and was easy of access, and methodical in all his habits. Nubia, the inhabitants are asked to give the appointed pieces of wood, are then thrown at the assailants ; Though sometimes galled into anger by his remon number of slaves as their customary tribute. This is behind every large stone a negro is concealed, whó strances, Henry raised him to the highest honours of usually done with readiness ; for these people live so either throws his poisoned lance at the enemy, or waits the peerage, and, with his other posts, gave him the near Cordofan, and are well aware that, by an obsti- for the moment when his opponent approaches the spot governorship of Poitou. Henry's death in 1610 ter- nate refusal, they expose themselves to far greater of his concealment, when he pierces him with his lance. minated Sully's official career, and he received at its sufferings. if the slaves are given without resistance, The soldiers, who are only able to climb up the steep close a gratuity of 100,000 crowns. Occasionally, the inhabitants of that mountain are preserved from heights with great difficulty, are obliged to sling their after this period, he was sent for to the councils of the horrors of an open attack ; but as the food of the guns over their backs, in order to have the use of their Louis X111., and at these times he appeared in the soldiers begins to fail about that time, the poor people hands when climbing, and, consequently, are often in antiquated garb of the old court. Some silly young are obliged to procure the necessary provisions as well the power of the negroes before they are able to courtiers laughing once at his appearance, “Sire," said as the specified number of slaves, and the Turks do discover them. But nothing deters these robbers, the venerable minister to the king, “ when your father, not consider whether the harvest has been good or bad. | Animated with avarice and revenge, they mind no of glorious memory, honoured me by a call to his state All that is not freely given, the soldiers take by force. | impediment, not even death itself. One after another consultations, he previously sent away the buffoons." Like so many bloodhounds, they know how to dis. treads upon the corpse of his comrade, and thinka The king felt the rebuke, and remained alone with cover the hidden stores, and frequently leave these only of robbery and murder, and the village is at last Sully.

unfortunate people scarcely a loaf for the next day. taken, in spite of the most desperate resistance. And Sully died in 1641, at the age of eighty-two. His They then proceed on to the more distant mountains: then the revenge is horrible. Neither the aged nor "Memoirs" and his memory have ever been highly here they consider themselves to be in the land of an sick people are spared, women, and even children in esteemed in France.

enemy; they encamp near the mountain which they their mother's womb, fall a sacrifice to their fury; the intend to take by storm the following day, or imme- huts are plundered, the little possession of the unfor.

diately, if it is practicable. But before the attack tunate inhabitants carried away or destroyed, and all SLAVE HUNTS IN EGYPT.

commences, they endeavour to settle the affair ami- that fall alive into the hands of the robbers, are led ag Tur recent publication of a work entitled " Egypt cably; a messenger is sent to the sheik, in order to slaves into the camp. When the negroes see that and Mohammed Ali,'* by Dr R. R. Madden, has invite him to come to the camp, and to bring with their resistance is no longer of any avail, they frebrought prominently into notice a variety of circum- him the requisite number of slaves. If the chief quently prefer death to slavery; and if they are not stances connected with the legalised system of slavery agrees with his subjects to the proposal, in order to prevented, you may see the father rip up first the in Egypt, as well as the manner in which it is sup- prevent all further bloodshed, or if he finds his means stomach of his wife, then of his children, and then ported by the practice of hunting down and carrying inadequate to attempt resistance, he readily gives the his own, that they may not fall alive into the hands of off the unfortunate inhabitants of Nubia and Abys- appointed number of slaves. The sheik then proceeds the enemy. Others endeavour to save themselves by sinia. As little is popularly known on the subject, to procure the number he has promised ; and this is creeping into holes, and remain there for several days wé propose, with the assistance of facts gleaned from not difficult, for many volunteers offer themselves for without nourishment, where there is frequently only the work of this intrepid and philanthropic writer, to their brethren, and are ready to subject themselves to room sufficient to allow them to lie on their backs, and bring it before our readers.

all the horrors of slavery, in order to free those they in that situation they sometimes remain for eight In all the undertakings of Mohammed Ali, with love.

days. They have assured me, that if they can overthe ostensible view of civilising the nation of which Here the most heart-rending scenes may be wit come the first three days, they may, with a little he is the ruler, he appears to be animated by one nessed : for who is willing to separate himself from effort, continue full eight days without food: But prevailing sentiment, and that is, the desire to serve his home, from his parents, brothers and sisters, and even from these hiding places, the unfeeling barbarians his own selfish purposes, and yet deceive the people of relations -who likes to forsake the cottage that has know how to draw them, or they make use of means Europe, who, he is fully aware, have an eye to his public sheltered him from his infancy, and where he has to destroy them : provided with combustibles, such as actions. In accomplishing this object, he has, by the spent so many happy hours in the society of those by pitch, brimstone, &c., the soldiers try to kindlo a fire aid of French tacticians, been eminently successful. whom he is beloved ?—who likes to go forth to meet a before the entrance of the holes, and by forcing the The trick of his highness is generally well managed ; horrible futurity, which promises nothing but misery, stinking smoke up the holes, the poor creatures are it consists in issuing orders of the most liberal nature cruelty, and, what is perhaps most desirable, death ? – forced to creep out, and to surrender themselves to respecting any matter of serious complaint, for which and yet they feel the necessity that one of them their enemies, or they are suffocated with the smoke. he receives a great deal of praise, but which orders, should suffer in order to exempt the rest; the father

After the Turks have done all in their power to except in particular instances, he takes good care may frequently be seen disputing with his son, the capture the living, they lead these unfortunate people shall never be carried into execution. Two or three brother with his brother, as to which of them is to into the camp ; they then plunder the huts and the years ago, when on an expedition into Eastern Africa, deliver himself freely into slavery, for every one wishes cattle, and several hundred soldiers are engaged in he found' it his interest to be very much shocked to save his affectionate and endeared relative. searching the mountain in every direction, in order to with the practice of capturing slaves for sale within The anticipation of falling into the hands of the steal the hidden harvest, that the rest of the negroes, his dominions, and issued an immediate order that unfeeling Turks, where nothing but misery and tor who were fortunate enough to escape, and have hid this barbarous trade should be prohibited. So pleasing ments await them, to which they must submit—the themselves in inaccessible caves, should not find any a circumstance gave much satisfaction in England, prospect of being obliged to forsake all that is dear to thing on their return to nourish and continue their life. and the Anti-Slavery Convention held in London sent them, and that for ever-overpowers them. They As soon as they have obtained about 500 or 600 an address applauding his generous and humane con bedew the cheeks of those they love with their tears, slaves, they are sent to Lobeid, with an escort of duct. Dr Madden was the bearer of this document while they press the last kiss, and take the last fare country people, and about fifty soldiers, under the to his highness; but, greatly to his surprise, he found, well; they then deliver themselves into the hands of command of an officer. In order to prevent escape, on its presentation (August 1840), that the pacha had their unfeeling, hardened tormentors. Sometimes they a sheba is hung round the necks of the adults. "A taken no step whatever to give effect to those orders are obliged to be torn by force from the embraces of sheba is a young tree, about eight feet long, and two for which he was now congratulated. The slave hunts their friends and relations. The sheik generally re inches thick, and which has a fork at the top; it is so and slave sales went on the same as ever.

ceives a dress as a present for his ready services. tied to the neck of the poor creature, that the trunk Our author was much shocked to find the Egyptian But there are very few mountains that submit to of the tree hangs down in the front, and the fork despot so much less a man of humanity than English such a demand. Most villages which are advanta-closed behind the neck with a cross piece of timber,

situated, and lie near steep precipices or or tied together with strips cut out of a fresh skin; sent to him a very bold address, in which he that there were three hundred slaves for sale at that difficulty, defend themselves most valiantly, and fight walk at all, is obliged to take the tree into his hands, moment in the markets of Cairo and Alexandria ; that for the rights of liberty with a courage, perseverance, and to carry it before him. But none can endure this the number sold in the preceding twelve months was and sacrifice, of which history furnishes us with few very long, and to render it easier, the one in advance above ten thousand; and that the government not examples. Very few flee at the approach of their takes the tree of the man behind him on his shoulder. only permitted, but practised, the horrible traffic, the enemies

, although they might take refuge in the high It is impossible for them to get their head free, and pacha's soldiers being regularly employed in seizing mountains with all their goods, especially as they it frequently happens that they have their necks slaves in Nubia, and a tax upon their exportation being receive timely information of the arrival of the sol wounded, which is followed by an inflammation, and one of the resources of his treasury. Mohammed Ali diers ; but they consider such flights cowardly and sometimes even by death. equivocated, and threw the blame upon the law and shameful, and prefer to die fighting for their liberty. Boys, between ten and fifteen years of age, who the sultan ; but his issuing licenses to slave-inerchants If the sheik does not yield to the demand, an attack cannot bear such a sheba, are tied together, two and is in itself sufficient to establish his guilt. The parti- is made upon the village. The cavalry and bearers two, with wooden clasps on their hands: this is done culars which Dr Madden gives of the mutilation of of lances surround the whole mountain, and the in- by placing the wood on the right arm of one, and on children for certain purposes makes the flesh thrill fantry endeavour to climb the heights. Formerly, the left of another, above the wrist, and then lacing

they fired with cannon upon the villages and those it tightly. Other buys are tied together, by two and * London: Hamilton and Adams. I vol. 181.

places where the negroes were assembled, but. on I two, with leather strings. Boys under the above-men


increased to upwards of three thousand, which obliged country, they rise thirty or forty feet high, without a | whimsical in their forms, since long before there was single branch or a single leaf, and it is generally upon such a thing as the human mind to regard them either the French to fly for an asylum into the house of the

in one light or another. We see jocularities and ambassador. I at last imagined something extraorthe tops of mountains that they grow. Pæping, a

merriments in animals which existed long before man, dinary had happened, and having questioned Terrail German botanical traveller in Brazil, says that, in and to which no moral error can be imputed. Finally, and Gadancourt, they informed me of the particulars

. that country, a hill top bristling with the cactus we see man himself organised so thoroughly for mirth, The honour of my nation, my own in particular, speciosissimus, resembles nothing so much as a hog's that his very health is liable to be improved by it.* and the interest of my negotiation, were the first ob? back! Well, indeed, might Grecian imagination include (jects that presented themselves to my mind. I was

also most sensibly grieved that my entry into London Then we have the creeping cereus (cereus flugellifor- Thalia amongst the children of Jove.

should be marked at the beginning by so fatal an accimis), which looks like a number of cats' tails tied to

dent; and at that moment, 1 am persuaded, my coungether, and hung over a flower-pot, with a few crimson POPULAR INFORMATION ON FRENCH tenance plainly expressed the sentiments with which flowers stuck into them irregularly. The spines with


I was agitated. Guided by my first impulse, I arose,

took a Hambeau, and ordering all that were in the which these hanging stems are completely covered are


house (amounting to about a hundred) to range themwhat give them the cats' tail appearance : they have Having described the early warlike portion of Sully's selves round the walls, hoped by this means to disno leaves, but the tails are sometimes forked. The career, we now take him

up as a grave and calculating cover the murderer, which I did without any difficulty leaf cactus (Epiphyllum phyllanthoides) is of totally dif- minister of state. The section of his Memoirs devoted by his agitation and fear. He was for denying it at ferent but equally quaint form, the stems appearing to this part of his history presents a picture of politi- first, but I soon obliged him to confess the truth. He to consist of a series of leaves stuck into each other, cal'sagacity remarkable for that age, leaving us scarcely was a young man, and the son of the Sieur de Com

room to wonder that his royal master, though his baut, principal examiner in Chancery, very rich, and and having

notches in the sides from which spring the senior, was often checked, when about to do a foolish a kinsman likewise of Beaumont, who entering at flowers. The porcupine cactus (echinocactus) has a thing, by the consideration, “ What will Sully say to that moment, desired me to give young Combaut into round ball-like stem, often with projecting angles like all this ?" He commenced his career as a minister in his hands, that he might endeavour to save him. 'I a lady's reticule, covered with hard sharp spines. The 1594, in the capacity of secretary of state. Four years do not wonder,' replied I to Beaumont, with an air of flowers of this genus appear thrown carelessly on the after, he was appointed superintendant of finances, authority and indignation, that the English and you stem, and not to belong to it. We might expatiate having displayed as much ability in that department are at variance, if you are capable of preferring the

as he had previously shown military fire and skill in interest of yourself and your relations to that of the upon the eccentricities of this order of plants for half the time of war. Many important negotiations were king and the public ; but the service of the king my a day, but shall content ourselves with adverting to conducted by him. One is very remarkable, as show- master, and the safety of so many gentlemen of good that crowning conceit manifested by one of the family, ing the liberties which Sully took with the king, and the families, shall not suffer for such an imprudent stripof blowing in the middle of the night-emblem apt state of feeling existing

between the two. The king, ling as this. I told Beaumont, in plain terms, that

his master, had given a rash and unworthy promise Combaut should be beheaded in a few minutes. How, and true of a certain class of whimsical mortals.

of marriage in one of his tits of passion. Sully was sir,' cried Beaumont, 'behead a kinsman of mine, posEvery one has heard of lusus naturæe—sports of na-in confidence consulted by Henry. On reading the sessed of two hundred thousand crowns, an only son! ture-things which she was supposed to produce in document, he slowly and gravely tore it in pieces. -it is but an ill recompense for the trouble he has the way of freak, and as exceptions from her ordinary “ Are you mad ?” cried the infuriated monarch. given himself, and the expense he has been at to aclaws. Fossil shells, for example, were considered as

“Yes," answered Sully, “ I am mad, sire, and I wish company you. I again replied, in as positive a tone,

I were the only madman in France !” Sully's firm- 'I had no occasion for such company; and, to be lusus natura, no one being able to understand how, if

ness had the result of making Henry enter into a short, I desired Beaumont to quit my apartment, for they had been originally real shells of marine molluscs, marriage with the person whose alliance in those times I thought it would be improper to have him present they could ever have got into those deep-seated rocks was best suited to the exigencies of the state. As in the council, which I intended to hold immediately, where they were found embedded. It is now believed regards mutual liking and individual feelings, these in order to pronounce sentence of death upon Comthat there are no such things as lusus naturæ, every are seldom held of consequence in such affairs.


The many important negotiations in which Sully In this council I made choice only of the oldest and one of her organic creations being formed after a dis

was engaged at home, exclusively of mere financial the wisest of my retinue ; and the affair being pretinct type, and designed for a particular purpose in affairs, had reference chiefly to the maintenance of sently determined, I sent Arnaud to inform the mayor creation, just as there is no character used in a printed the Protestant interests, and to the suppression of of London of it, and to desire him to have his officers book but what there is a type for in the compositor's the petty feudal sovereigns yet existing in France, ready the next day, to conduct the culprit to the place case, and is liable to appear accordingly in other printed and possessing sufficient power to brave and embarrass of execution, and to have the executioner there ready books of the same language. The true sports of na- their liege lord. It was through the able management to receive him.”

The mayor, however, to whose justice Sully finally ture are to be seen in the many grotesque forms of perilous state of things was brought to an end, and delivered the culprit, let him escape at the instance of her legitimate and recognised children, animals and the real authority lodged in the hands of a single the relative, and, satisfied with Sully, the people seem plants, and in the whimsical powers and properties monarch. Besides aiding his master powerfully in to have done nothing further in the matter. "Justice

, which she has assigned to many of at least the former such domestic concerns, Sully was employed in many it would seem, had not then come to the state in class. With regard to grotesque forms in plants and foreign missions and negotiations. As ambassador which Oliver Cromwell placed it, when Don Pontoanimals, it may be said that these things are perhaps from Henry, he had a confidential interview with leon Sa, the very brother of the Portuguese ambassanot absolutely grotesque, and that it is only in conse- Queen Elizabeth at Dover in 1601; and two years dor, was sent to the scaffold by the stern Protector, quence of some law of our minds that we think them afterwards, he went to London on a mission to her in spite of all entreaties, individual and national

. 80. This, we conceive, may be the case without in successor, James I. Of the account given of the latter Sully is induced by what passed on this occasion to

give the following picture of our nation--not a very the least detracting from the force of what has been Sully, whose instructions chiefly related to the con. Hattering one, but tinged to some extent with truth. said ; for how can we judge of any thing but by virtue junction of France and England against the Spanish “ It is certain that the English hate us, and this of and in accordance with the habits of our minds ? interests, found at Calais the vice-admirals of France, hatred is so general and inveterate, that one would Undoubtedly, if the cheek of the fair young maiden Holland, and England, all of them anxious for the almost be tempted to number it among their natural affects us with the sense of beauty, as truly does the honour of conveying him across the channel. By way dispositions : it is undoubtedly an effect of their arrofigure of the Barbary ape affect us with the sense of of a compliment, he accepted the seemingly courteous gance and pride, for no nation in Europe is more comicality. So, also, of the powers and properties of offer of the English, and his going on board led to re- haughty and insolent, nor more conceited of its supemany animals. The chatter of the parrot, the strut sults which prove that the English sailors of that day rior excellence. Were they to be believed, underand crow of the cock, the wretched bray of the ass, the were just the English sailors of the present. The standing and common sense are to be found only capers of the young goat, and the pranks of the kitten, French admiral, “ De Vic, who only sought an oppor- among them : they are obstinately wedded to all their all affect us with the same risibility as the humour of a tunity of showing the English his resentment of the Mathews or the wit of a Sheridan. To come finally violences committed by their pirates, advancing, bear- and to hear others, or suspect themselves, is what

own opinions, and despise those of every other nation; to man, he has been endowed with both the power ing the French flag on his maintop-gallant mast, I of creating mirth and the power of enjoying it. found these complaisant English were enraged at an

never enters into their thoughts. Their self-love ren. He has a faculty of the ludicrous in his mental offence which, according to them, was equally injuri- they at one time believe to have wisely performed, or

ders them slaves to all their capricious

humours. What organisation, and muscles in the face whereby to ex- ous to the King of England, and the King of France, firmly resolved, is at another time destroyed without press the sensation in its well-known form of laughter. whom I represented ; and I had reason to think them their knowing, or being able to give a reason : they are Some are born with such a predominance of the still more rude and impolite, when, without deigning accordingly so undetermined in themselves, that freludicrous in their nature, and such wonderful powers to consult me, fifty shot were immediately fired into quently one would not take them for the same perof awakening risibility in their fellow-creatures, as to seem to have been mainly designed, as far as the the flag was raised in honour of Henry's ambassador; appear surprised on perceiving their own continued. De Vic's ship.” Sully thought it wise to explain that sons, and from

hence they themselves sometimes worldly utility of their existence is concerned, for this and he also deemed it prudent to make a signal for its irresolution. purpose. This is a class of men particularly apt at being lowered, which was done just in time, as appears maxims of state, we shall discover in them only the

If we examine what are called their perceiving the comicalities of the lower animal and from another broadside having been prepared by the laws of pride itself, adopted by arrogance or indor painful and melancholy in the scene around them, extensive suite, notwithstanding this untoward open national vanity, we must observe that Sully's national They are conscious only of what is merry and ridi: ing incident, were received with great honours at prejudice has prevented him from seeing that it is culous, and spend the part of their lives that is devoted Dover, whence they went by land to Gravesend, and, probably in a great measure to this belief in our supe, to common sensation in a constant flow of self-gene- entering a rich royal barge, sailed up the Thames riority that we owe our actual greatness in arms and rated humour.

The Tower gave him a salute of three thousand guns, arts. We would fain, from all that has been said, esta- the finest thing of the kind (he says) that he had ever blish the importance of the comical in the mundane heard. He had scarcely reached London, and taken with his ernbassy, is much more interesting than his

Sully's account of accidental particulars connected economy. It seems to us that it cannot be neces- up a temporary residence in a house there, when an- description of his interviews with James I., of whose sarily a reprehensible frivolity-to however absurd other untoward business occurred, of which he gives personal demeanour he says little. Their first meetpurposes it may be occasionally perverted--when we see traces of it springing directly from the common Origin of all things. I'ime and place may be necessary and " at the same place they met with some English, men of his large suite, and a party of the royal guards,

His people went out to houses of entertainment, tended by one hundred and twenty selected gentle beings, but this is no more than what may be said of all English was killed. The populace, who were before having sent to desire my appearance in his presence, Man, it is true, in his blind zeal for what his higher the deceased, who was a substantial citizen, assembled, the foot of his throne, occasioned both by the great sentiments dictate, has sometimes acted as if to smile and began loudly to threaten revenge upon all the numbers that were already there, and because I were a sin. He has, strange to say, thought that an French, even in their lodgings. The affair soon be all my retinue walk before me. The prince invariable gloom and sadness was the proper habit of gan to appear of great

consequence, for the number perceived me than he descended two steps, mind in which to live, as being more agreeable to the of people assembled upon the occasion was presently have descended them all, so very desirous hu Deity. But when we look into the book of nature, we see these ideas completely contradicted. We there

to receive and embrace me, hnd not on find types of being which must have been grotesque and I merriment is good for digestion.

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show this ambassador particular marks of honour, and with horror ; and his dearainha phone such as are contrary to custom, I mean not thereby Nubia presents a picture **** to give a precedent to others. Í particularly love and stamp this plausible triant wind porn esteem him for the affection which I know he has for The number of permaine *** me, for his firmness in our religion, and his fidelity to bian mountains between * his master. I dare not repeat all that he said to the thousands who were they pay my advantage." At this and other meetings, Sully amounted to at lexstado de showed great tact, and was successful in getting James season is over, the cappupissa ******* to form a treaty with Henry of the kind desired. On commences, and the name *** the whole, the ambassador formed rather a low esti- for each soldier, and other in mate of James, of whom he pronounced on this occa- tents, is demanded. The sono sion that he was the most learned fool in Christendom. in their way, and in a very

To describe his services and connexion with Henry obtained. The captain **** his master, is, as mentioned before, to tell at once 1000 to 2000 regular fotenido Sully's history, and to show his literary abilities. The (Bedouins on horsehan slavery in which the king was held by his passions, was 300 to 500 of the milita a great source of vexation to Sully, both on account of medaries, with shieida ma si his personal love for him, and of the expenses attend foot, with bucklers svies ing such a course of life. One day, when the minister every thing is ready to mene was resisting some improper application, the tempo- take from two to faut pa rary favourite, D'Entragues, said impudently and bread for the first achieben haughtily to him, “To whom would you have the cattle, are general maka *** king grant favours, if not to his relations, courtiers, although the tax y** and favourites !" “Madain," replied Sully, "you When they meet site would be in the right if his majesty took the money the watering-plares the ** out of his own purse ; but is it reasonable that he care whether it belone should take it out of those of his poor subjects, to make no reparati per una gratify such people as you speak of?" IIolding such may be the sutter >> sentiments, it may be conceived that Sully's adminis- listened to, as the most popu8. floupons tration was a continued blessing to his country. He As soon as the mit was easy of access, and methodical in all his habits. Nubia, the inhabitant morbice Though sometimes galled into anger by his remon- number of starts strances, Henry raised him to the highest honours of usually done with me the peerage, and, with his other posts, gave him the near Cordotan si governorship of Poitou. Henry's death in 1610 ter- nate refusai. t* *H* minated Sully's official career, and he received at its sufferings to the close a gratuity of 100,000 crowns. Occasionally, the inhabitant more after this period, he was sent for to the councils of the borton ** Louis XIII., and at these times he appeared in the soldiers begint antiquated garb of the old court. Some silly young are obliged t *** courtiers laughing once at his appearance, “Sire," said as the speed the venerable minister to the king, “when your father, not consider my of glorious memory, honoured me by a call to his state All that en consultations, he previously sent away the buffoons." Like si fise temel The king felt the rebuke, and remained alone with cover the serije Sully.

unfortuTAL Sully died in 1641, at the age of eighty-two. His Thet toe. “ Memoirs" and his memory have ever been highly here iba esteemed in France.

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entlecalled rithout is share proche. order a order a evening. ay every f the inncial room, er used or ies, to treat rs; and one having been ent treating, house which r vists a partibottle of wine cn by the chair

only are custot or after giving unts. In short, laved by drinking rking ranks; and tion of moral coura large part of the ided, all the drinking ms within the travel1 course arrives at the emperance are the ruin ney spend much precious

injure their health, and I all for what ?-the good of usumed and ostensible cause; lat the evil is also in no small

inclinations of the travellers raveller cold with his outside

a glass! Is he fatigued with rom shop to shop ?-he takes a * scarce, and his mind depressed ? r the other glass !! Is the dinner ought to be enhanced by an extra

usages are therefore to be considered nwillingly borne. "Think,” he adds, "of example of these men ; what attraction ibit, and what good disseminate, were it marked by intelligence, sobriety, and the

nes of human nature! In place of this, • the road' is marked by puerile monotony, nly by eating and drinking, and the eternal, ent, ever-soothing idea— I think I'll pull the i have a glass of Knight endeavours to impress his brethren he idea that they would do themselves much und no small honour, by reforming the habits of avellers' room, pulling the bell less frequently heir own gratifications, avoiding on all possible „sions to give treats, and organising such regula

dit SLAVE HUNTS IN EGYPT. Tur recent publication of a work entitled “ Egypt a":t and Mohammed Ali,''* by Dr R. R. Madden, has ITTI ... brought prominently into notice a variety of cireundstances connected with the legalised system of slavery more in Egypt, as well as the manner in which it is sup- urete ported by the practice of hunting down and carrying madre off the unfortunate inhabitants of Nubia and Abs STR. sinia. As little is popularly known on the subjer. Ten we propose, with the assistance of facts gleaned from the work of this intrepid and philanthropic writer, me bring it before our readers.

In all the undertakings of Mohammed Ali, viti the ostensible view of civilising the nation of wine he is the ruler, he appears to be animated by pre prevailing sentiment, and that is, the desire to ser his own selfish purposes, and yet deceive the peppa r Europe, who, he is fully aware, have an eye to his tue. actions. In accomplishing this object, he hae, te u aid of French tacticians, been eminently SUDOESTEL The trick of his highness is generally well manage it consists in issuing orders of the most libera er respecting any matter of serious complaint, for vi he receives a great deal of praise, but wbiet except in particular instances, he takes go shall never be carried into execution. Two years ago, when on an expedition into Easter: he found it his interest to be very much with the practice of capturing slaves for 12 his dominions, and issued an immediat this barbarous trade should be prohibitec a circumstance gave much satisfactior and the Anti-Slavery Convention beld is an address applauding his generous atyr duct. Dr Madden was the bearer of to his highness; but, greatly to his on its presentation (August 1840). tas taken no step whatever to give effe for which he was now congratulated and slave sales went on the same

Our author was much shocket despot so much less a man of buite philanthropy had sunposed, auk sent to him a very bold addre that there were three hundrec. moment in the markets of Car the number sold in the present above ten thousand; and only permitted, but practions pacha's soldiers being regen Slaves in Nubia, and at one of the resources et equivocated, and the the sultan ; but his is in itself aufficiente culars which Dr ME children for certain

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Glasgow : Gallie. 1841.

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the pare) canel, azd the dyiszti, z drozgdimirs with gas ising from cana lcm is afice izradezure cibe hiszedbe Belgiscs an." Sügis 2 ts time atsink d*;; desting in the roul : ai this grazita.lakes frem fe is So; ard at a distacee apart tj 252 sur rav4, brat 1527. abzut the rest, take into accant the ersæd cf zares, aparate and is 4220 Care, in a cour dress cílek Telnet, and Tas if na, abans de belete they arise at the ai isarissait, with which the apartment was funile a las with while bers. This trags us to the upper Vi katasz piaz. Bedste the cataras haits, to i in groupe sobe stadiaz w if in de zin Eberbez the end o ibe room, where a sill bcre correcus scene retoniett, mind us u drick, iz siven to the ot eta dore them were di test

and biod. or merely opens up, sbc sicz a specioas recess or acerore, the dinasted arm; us snimi? Turz hare ro artificial : etery courtesance impressed with fazi bole of stieb is seen at one glacce, resguificectly 6.4. pee if drip of the storld be suffi. irz of gratifex sider, add közig as if wder the fired sp. Ite sails are here, is the rebest mander, curt to reach the full, it is not given to tisa, bos, infance cí a dream.

wiiterinsonik Telset, and ite <r laid with crimson; he is hosts gats."

The first figure, on the right-hand side of the door, he s bole got up in the most tastefal and superb style tasse A thuis dreadful picture! Let us hope that represents the inter.cor of the infernal Blachine.

Fieschi The kie occupant of this grand apartment is his Enrıyan, at least British pubiic opinyn, wiil in the person, sou kro*, ubo attempted to destroy the ! Late Majesty George IV, in bis corcestion robes. The witse may be brezght th tear uyan tte estb-tongusi | Kirg Á the Freneb; and as the bead and eres move' figure is said to have been mode led from life; the at. murder to is at the bytum of all these atrocities. in a marrer perfectly natsral, you are at first startled 'ttade is at once easy and commanding. The king,

at being brought bó idr.mediately in ecëtart with a is deecrated with the order of the Bath, the order of LETTERS FROM A LADY IS LONDS TO

peran of character so itfarous, at 1 who appears to the Garter, ard the Guelphic order. The priceipal HER NIAE IS THE COLSTKY.

be in the act of diseharging his terri ic instrument of robe, which is the identical one wom at the procession

death, consistir:g of twenty-five gun-barrels, loaded to Westminster Abbey on tbe day of the coronation, MADAME TUHALI'S EXHIBITIOS,

with several inches of gunpowder, besides ball and measures seren çards in length, bx three in width ; is M17 18AR, JASPI arrised is Lit.don a few days ago, dlaga; bot as there are so many pleasing and attrac of crimson relset, splendidis embroidered with gold; afin a long and amazinig var with your orele in the tire objects carting the artertion at every step, I and, with the parliamentars rebe, and the in perial Ustitirent; and having much to do in a very limited shall not lirger beide one which is only cale ilated to mode, which is of parsle seltet, kth of which are time, infure esting tone to brutlard, it was oniy awaken feelings of horror. Near to this first figure, also exhibited, contains 367 feet of velret and emyesterday that I euld begin to borike about me, or forining a delightful contrast to the French assassin, . broidery, and cost, along with the ermine lining, wait any of the investing sights in thia wonderfully is the modelled figure of an infant asleep, a beautiful 'eigl teen thousand pounds! The throne is also large tiwn. By the kirdrina of Mr M, I was con- emblem of inpoeetice and simplicity. It is told of this introdueed on which the king received the allied ded to reteral pubie building in the early part of infarit, that, in the year 1776, the Seine overflowed its mcrarchs. The crown, orb, and sceptre, which are the day; but none of these afforded me so much plea banks, when the child was washed away in its cradle, , arrarged on a table, are correct copies of those used cure an'an exhibition to which I was taken in the trut was rescued by some person who saw it floating at the coronation. The jewels, of course, are imitaEvening-I mean the very curious wax-work at the down the stream. Bonaparte, baving heard of the I tion, but so dazzlingly brilliant, that it would take a Paraar in Bakur street, the proprietor of which is circumstance, had the child, who was a bov, taken care gocd judge to discover the deception. After looking Marlame Tusand.

of till he was a proper age, when he bad him placed at on this, and turring to the comparatively humble Madame Tumand, you must onderstand, is an the Polytechnie School in Paris, and ultimately pro- figure of Queen Caroline, the effect is painful. She elderly French larly, who, in the early part of her life, vided for him in the army. Again, in contradictine is, as it were, standing a spectator of that splenfigured in the biglier circles of Paris at the time of tion to this, stands the figure of Edward Oxford, who dour in which she was not allowed to participate. the Resolution. She was the niece and adopted lately gained an undesirable notoriety in consequence Beyond this opening, on the other side, is the Princess danghter of M. Curtius, a swiss medical gentleinan, of his insane attempt to shoot the Queen, as she was Charlotte, in a relret dress, taken from a bust for who war famous for this skill in modelling figures in driving in the Park. There is not anything parti- which her royal highness sat on the day of ber mar. waz ; no such w, that the royal farnily of France cular in his appearance. He looks like a genteelish riage. Near to this is the late Duke of York, in the invited him to Paris, where he was greatly patronized. young man, who would not attract any attention robes of the order of the Garter, said to have been His young niece becoming a proficient in wax-model. but for his crime. The next group, which is to be taken from life. ling under his kind directions, she also attained emi. regarded with a much greater degree of interest, A fantastically dressed figure of Baron Swedenborg nence in the art, and was employed at the royal palace represents Louis XVI. of France, his unfortunate next attracts the attention. The costume is that of a to reach it to the Princess Elizabeth- lady of amiable queen, Marie Antoinette, and the dauphin. One senator of Sweden. This individual, you perhaps have manners, who, with thousands of other persons equally is led to imagine that these must be true likenesses heard, was the founder of a small religious sect of worthy and unfortunate, perished during the revolu- of the originals, from the circumstance of their extraordinary opinions. The next objects of consetionary disorders. Under such respectable auspices, having been exhibited at La Petit Trianon at Versailles, quence are his late Majesty William IV., in an admiMadame Tussaud gained an entrance into the best where they must have been visited by many who ral's uniform, remarkably well executed; and Queen society, and became personally acquainted with almost could judge of the correctness of the resemblances. Adelaide, in a court dress of dark silk velvet, her all the distinguished men of the day. When the They were taken from life in 1790. They are dressed countenance more distinguished for gentleness and revolution broke out, she was among the few con in the costume of the period, and are represented as mildness of expression than queenly dignity. nected with the aristocracy who were spared, and this sitting on a sofa, or chair of state, the dauphin stand- A little farther on is another of the royal brothers, she owed to her skill as an artiste : you see how much ing beside them. His figure or face must have been the late Duke of Kent, in the robes and orders of the good may nometimes come of learning a useful art, taken subseqnent to 1790, as he was not born till 1785, Bath and Garter ; but the most conspicuous group on which may either embellish life in prosperity or support and here looks at least eight or ten years of age. this side of the room exhibits a cluster of six persons, it in the day of hard adversity. Well, Madame Tus- Near this group, on the same side of the room, are arranged with good effect. The centre figure reprexaud was spared from the guillotine, because she was Louis Philippe, and the present Emperor of Russia. sents Mary Queen of Scots, in a sitting attitude, required by the revolutionary leaders to immortalise The King of the French, who is dressed in the uni- enduring the withering and bitter rebukes of her them by her craft. She made figures in wax of Ro- form of the National Guards, is a decided likeness. censor, John Knox, who is backed by John Calvin bespierre, Marat, Danton, and a great many other This figure and that of the Emperor of Russia were and Martin Luther, in their black gowns and bands, worthics, dressing them, of course, in the new fashion taken from life. Again, amongst the crowned heads with black caps. The introduction of these two latter of the period, called the costume of the sans culottes. may be noticed Henry IV. of France, in a suit of gentlemen is not in accordance with historical facts, She was also on many occasions employed to take chevalier armour, and Charles II. of England, also but they add to the effect pictorially. On the other models of heads which had been severed on the scaf. I wearing a suit of magnificent armour, On the right side of Mary are figures of Queen Elizabeth and her fold; the leaders of the terrorists, as they were called, hand side, the attention is arrested by the majestic father, Henry VIII. Henry, I must observe, is not in not interfering to prevent her performing this melan- figure of Mrs Siddons, in the dress and attitude of the least like the bluff Harry with whose face every choly task. By theo and other means, Madame Queen Catherine, in the play of Henry VIII.; and one is familiar-it is the only failure in the room. Turnaud was enabled to form a large and valuable near her is her celebrated brother, John Kemble, in The dress is quite correct, but the resemblance is not collection of models of the most remarkable indivi- the character of Hamlet. The faces of both are fine, in the least like the portraits of Henry VIII. Queen duals in France--royalists, revolutionists, generals, and singularly expressive—such countenances as one Elizabeth does not appear to advantage by the side of men of science and literature, and also ladies of dis- looks for in vain in the every-day world. At a little her beautiful victim, Mary; her dress, however, is tinction. With this collection she afterwards came distance, in a sitting attitude, is Shakspeare, but for very good. Mary is dressed in a robe of black velvet, to England, where she was permitted by many dis- whom, it is possible, the talents of the last-mentioned with a profusion of splendid old white lace—her look tinguished personages to take inodels of them in wax; personages might not have been brought so conspicu- expresses patient submission. and here at last we find her, now advanced in years, ously forward.

On this side of the room there is a figure of Voltaire, exbibiting her unrivalled collection in one of the On this side of the room, in the centre, we are gra- as if addressing an old coquette, in the dress of the fashionable streets in the west end of London. tified with a representation of the marriage group of period-high-heeled shoes, powdered wig, ruffles, and

The exhibition is open during the day ; but we had the Queen : Prince Albert is in the act of holding the buckram. A little farther on is a group of eminent perheard that the effect was much finer at night, and pre- ring, preparatory to placing it on the finger of her sonages, the most striking of whom is Mohammed Ali, ferred seeing it under its best aspect.° Externally Majesty, while the Archbishop of Canterbury is per- in a Turkish costume, and which includes Lord Palmerthere is nothing to indicate the singular scene which forming his part of the ceremony with a look of great ston ; Commodore Napier, in the uniform of an admiis going on within ; and, on entering, you find yourself solemnity. The Queen is dressed in white satin, with ral; Joseph Hume, MP., Lord John Russell, and Sir in an elegant, well-lighted lobby, surrounded by sta- a beautiful lace robe over it, and a train bordered Robert Peel, the three last-named gentlemen said to tuca: A double staircase--that is, a flight of stairs with orange flowers. A wreath of the orange blossom have been taken from life. Here we have Paganini playleading from each side of the lobby-unites on a encircles her head, from the back of which a white ing on his violin, and near him a fine figure of the late landing at the top, from which, by å door pannelled lace veil is arranged with great elegance. Across Princess Augusta, in a splendid court dress of velvet witla mirrors, you gain entrance to a beautiful outer the breast her Majesty wears the order of the Garter. and white satin, with a fine set of brilliants. Nearer to apartment, tastefully laid out with ornaments of va- Prince Albert is dressed in a field-marshal's uniform | the door is an interesting figure of Madame Malibran, rious kinds-mirrors, vases, &c. The walls, doors, &c., scarlet coat, &c., with the order of the Garter round in a black velvet dress and black lace scarf ; and unbeing of white decorated with gold, have a lightness his leg, over stockings of white silk.

derneath the pedestal on which she is placed, there is and elegance, the effect of which is very pleasing. At

On this side, also, there is Lord Byron, as if con- a humorous figure of Mr Liston, in the character of ono side of the door, on entering, before a small table, versing with Sir Walter Scott, whose likeness was Paul Pry, with his everlasting umbrella under his site the venerablo propriotor, neatly dressed in black, taken by Madame Tussaud, while in Edinburgh in arm; and beside him, sitting at a desk as if writing, bowing to the company as they come in or out. Here 1828. There is a substantial respectability in Sir with the pen in his hand, is Frost, the Chartist leader. tho monoy is taken ; and you advance through a pass- I Walter's appearance, which, on a first glance, almost | It was some time before I discovered that this was





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not a real person—I thought him a check-taker, or Madame Tussaud, who, I believe, changes the linen, little pamphlet* respecting the customs of the Travelsome official connected with the establishment. laces, &c., every week or two, so that they are all lers' Room. He sets out by describing how, as an

I must now turn your attention to the middle of beautifully clean and neat. Nor is there that stiffness isolated class in the community, they * have made the spacious room. We have been all this time pushing or awkwardness in the figures that one might expect less progress in the melioration of their condition than our way along the sides; the crowd has become more in things so purely artificial, the face and hands only perhaps any other, compared with the valuable oppordense, and it is only by manœuvring that we can being composed of wax, the rest of the person, I tunities they possess, and the sphere in which they make our way along. The centre is occupied by two believe, is stuffed so as to resemble nature as closely How is this ?" asks the knight of the whip; distinct groups, both of them interesting in no small as possible. Besides the apartnients I have mentioned, and, if the proposition be correct, we ask the same degree. The first represents the most celebrated there is a room which is shown separately, an extra thing. The answer which casts up in the sequel is, characters of the late war, with the members of the charge being made for admission. This apartment is that commercial travellers generally, though often Holy Alliance. Opposite, on a raised platform, is a allotted to such personages as Burke, Robespierre, disposed to enter on a course of improvement, are pedestal, surmounted by an eagle, the favourite em Courvoisier, &c.; but as the contemplation of these placed at a serious disadvantage, by being obliged blem of Napoleon, who is standing at a little distance gentlemen could not be productive of any thing but to attend to certain usages with respect to their mode pointing towards' it. Behind him stands Marshal horror, I thought it a pity to destroy the very pleasing of living at inns. We shall allow the writer to explain Ney. On the floor, by the side of Napoleon, are the impression which was left by the more interesting his meaning by an extract from the works of Mr Duke of Wellington, Lord Hill, and the Marquis of exhibition in the large saloon, and so I passed them Dunlop. The travellers are met in the room approAnglesea. At the foot of the pedestal is seated the

priated to their use, and the solemn duty of dinner is Emperor of Austria, in the white coat and uniform of

in the act of performance. the Austrian guards. His face is singularly mild and


« • When (proceeds Mr Dunlop, quoting from a benevolent in its expression. Behind the emperor are

previous writer on the subject) fish is leaving the the King of Prussia and Marshal Blucher. The Em

table, the president inquires of the rice and the comperor of Russia, in the uniform of the Russian guards, DR KOMBST of Edinburgh has published a map of pany what wine will be agreeable. The wines geneoccupies a conspicuous place, and is understood to be Europe, in which the locality of the various races is rally used in the commercial room are port and sherry. offering, on behalf of the allied monarchs, the kingdom pointed out by means of colouring.* The idea is a good. Sometimes other wines are introduced, but in such of France to Napoleon. Next to the pedestal, behind, is one, and the execution stamps the author as a man of cases the party is a small and select one. The result Murat, King of Naples; and between him and Ney is ample knowledge and philosophical judgment. We of the president's inquiry is, usually, his desiring the Roustan, a favourite Mameluke, in an Egyptian cos- could only wish that the colouring were executed with waiter to bring in a bottle of sherry. This is placed tume, who is said to have saved 'Napoleon's life while somewhat greater pains, and that the patches below, on the right hand of the president, who takes wine in Egypt.

designed to serve for reference to the colours of the with the vice, and afterwards with the other gentleOn the floor, on this side, is Prince Talleyrand, as map, were on a larger'scale, so as to ensure greater men at table. Should the party exceed eight in numif conversing with Bernadotte, King of Sweden; and distinctness. The political history of European couns ber, two bottles of sherry are ordered to come in both next to him is Lord Nelson, in an admiral's uniform, tries has long occupied a sufficient share of attention. together. Pastry is paraded, succeeded by cheese, from a cast taken from his face. Napoleon is dressed It is now beginning to be discovered that a know which is the signal for the president's ordering port in the uniform of a chasseur of the Guard—a white ledge of the race to which the people of a particular wine. When the cloth is removed, clean glasses are kind of surtout-coat, with long bootsand bears the country or district belong, is a much readier key to placed before each person ; and the president, filling star of the Legion of Honour. His face is said to their character. We would therefore say, that a his glass, passes the decanters to the gentleman on his have been taken from life in 1815. This is a striking careful perusal of Dr Kombst's map, and the infor- left, who, after filling, pushes them to his neighbour, group altogether; bringing before you, as if living and mation condensed along its margins, would give more and so on, till they again arrive at the head of the breathing, those celebrated men with whose names illumination than the reading of many volumes. It table. When they have completed this tour, the every one is more or less acquainted. I know, my is instructive to see at a glance into what a narrow president drinks • The Ladies,' an act of gallantry dear Jane, that your love of history will have enabled space (comprehending central Ireland, the north-west which each gentleman immediately imitates. The you, long'ere this, to become familiar with not only of Scotland, Wales, and Brittany), the Celtic abori- bottles then describe the same circle as before, and their names, but with the parts which they played in gines of Europe have been pushed by the races of then the health of the reigning sovereign is proposed. the great transactions of their time.

higher endowment and civilisation which came after After these toasts, it depends upon the president Between this and the next group stands a figure them—and what comparatively large spaces are occu- whether each succeeding glass shall be consecrated by of Madame Tussaud herself, dressed in a neat black pied by the Teutonic and Sclavonian tribes. Nor is it a toast or drunk in silence. If the former be the silk cloak and bonnet. This is a capital deception. less so to observe the results of race characters in the plan adopted, the vice-president is called upon by the You would not for a moment suppose the figure to institutions, civil and religious, of various countries. president to give a toast, and after him every gentlebe artificial, did you not, perhaps, in the crowd, come Dr Kombst joins Dr M'Culloch and Dr Prichard man present, in succession. When the bill is called up against it rather rudely, and having turned to apo- in a theory which, we believe, has not as yet attracted for, any person can rise and leave the table, uithout logise, you see that the eye is fixed as if looking upon much attention--namely, that the ancient Greeks any apology for his thus learing ; he has fulfilled his share a female who appears reclining on a couch asleep. were fundamentally a mixture of the Celtic and Teu- in the proceedings, and can now quit the table sans reproche. There is a black lace veil thrown over the latter figure; tonic branches of the Caucasian variety, the Teutones When you dine alone, you are expected to order a and, to your amazement, you see the chest heaving, predominating in the Doric, and the Celts in the pint of wine. It is a usage of the room to order a as if breathing gently in sleep. This is ingeniously Ionian states. He believes the Heraclidæ to have glass of wine, or spirits and water, in the evening. contrived by springs, but looks so perfectly natural, been a later and additional body of Teutones thrown | The expenditure of one shilling in this way, every that you can scarcely turn away. This sleeping beauty in upon the previously mixed inhabitants. He ad- night, is considered to be one of the claims of the innrepresents a young Frenchwoman, who was the widow duces, in support of this doctrine, various terms de keeper upon the frequenters of his commercial room, of a lieutenant-colonel of the body-guard of Louis scriptive of persons which are only appropriate to the and the liquor is generally ordered, whether used or XVI., killed in defending the palace of the Tuilleries, Teutones, as xanthos, fair-haired, applied by Homer to not. It is not unusual, among some parties, to treat in the attack of August 1792. This lady was so un- Menelaus ; glaukopis, blue-eyed, applied to Minerva ; with drink those who give mercantile orders ; and one fortunate as to incur the vengeance of Robespierre, euknemides, straight-legged, used by Homer with re- informant has known of a traveller, who, having been was condemned by him to the guillotine, and perished gard to the Achaians generally. Such terms, he supposed to have lost orders by not sufficient treating, at the age of twenty-two.

says, could only exist in a country where the pecu- was, in consequence, turned off by the house which The second group exhibits the coronation of the liarities they described were common, and where the employed him. The first time a traveller vists a partiQueen, who is seated on a throne in her crimson vel. opposite peculiarities were also prevalent, being in cular town or county, he is fined in a bottle of wine vet robes. The crown has just been placed on her reality analogous to our names, Reid, Black, Brown, to the company; and a certificate is given by the chairhead by the Archbishop of Canterbury, who is stand and the German Roth, Schwarz, Braun, &c. Not to man that the fine has been paid. Not only are custoing behind, as if imploring a blessing. The Queen is speak of language, Dr Kombst points to resemblance mers, in some cases, to be treated at or after giving holding in her hand the orb and sceptre, the insignia of dispositions and manners, as shown in Ottfried orders, but also at settlement of accounts. In short, of royalty. The archbishop is supported by the Arch Müller's work on the Dorians. Skulls found in ancient this class is as much fettered and enslaved by drinking bishop of York on his right, and the Bishop of Lon- Greek tumuli exhibit a great resemblance to the skulls usage as almost any among the working ranks; and don on his left hand. Next the Queen, on the right, of the Germans. He adds." An accurate study of it would evidently require an exertion of moral courstands the Duke of Cambridge ; then the Duchess of Greek statuary, made in different capitals of Europe, age which few possess, to travel a large part of the Kent, in a full coronation robe of velvet : next in order especially at Paris, has given me the most evident year, and to controvert, single-handed, all the drinking stands Lord Melbourne ; next to his lordship is the proof that the sculptors themselves were aware of a usages of all the commercial rooms within the travelDuke of Newcastle ; and last, on this side, 'is Lord difference of race amongst the Greeks, as far as exhi- ler's beat, or journey." Lyndhurst, all robed as peers. At the other side of bited by a different bodily appearance. We find there The knight of the whip of course arrives at the her. Majesty is the Duke of Sussex, wearing the robes models of the Celtic and of the Teutonic variety; conclusion, that habits of intemperance are the ruin of a peer, and the collar of the Bath and star of St Hercules, for example, and Jupiter, are every inch of of commercial travellers. They spend much precious Andrew; next to him is Earl Grey; then the Duke them Teutonic figures. Not to speak of what would time worse than uselessly, injure their health, and of Sutherland, all of these being also in their robes ; probably be called ideal portraits, let us look at real empty their pockets; and all for what ?—the good of Earl Mulgrave comes next, followed by the Marquis ones, and we shall find that the most distinguished the house. Such is the presumed and ostensible cause; of Londonderry, in the uniform of the 4th Hussars, Greek philosophers, poets, orators, statesmen, had but our knight thinks that the evil is also in no small wearing the order of the Guelph ; and, lastly, the Duke Teutonic heads." "I could likewise show that a great measure owing to the inclinations of the travellers of Devonshire, in a court dress, wearing the order of deal of Teutonic blood flowed in the veins of the themselves. Is a traveller cold with his outside the Garter.

Romans.” After this, no one can be surprised to ride ?-- he calls for a glass ! Is he fatigued with At the upper end, overlooking this scene, are three hear that “the Teutonic variety has every where carrying his bag from shop to shop ?--he takes a female figures, raised on pedestals, representing the conquered and trampled under foot, nay exterminated, glass! Are orders scarce, and his mind depressed ? three kingdoms, holding the appropriate emblems of the other varieties with which it met in its progress -he still calls for the other glass !! Is the dinner the three countries-England, Ireland, and Scotland. towards the west.

good then it ought to be enhanced by an extra They are dressed fancifully with helmets and white Amongst a number of general propositions, stated glass !!!” The usages are therefore to be considered plumes.

by the author, with regard to the varieties of man- as chains not unwillingly borne. “Think,” he adds, "of There is one figure more, which I had almost for. kind, we find the following :--" The different species the personal example of these men ; what attraction gotten, and he is not the least celebrated person in the and varieties have an instinctive consciousness of their would it exhibit, and what good disseminate, were it room ; this is Mr Cobbett, who is sitting on a form, as natural physical difference, which may to a certain uniformly marked by intelligence, sobriety, and the if admiring the scene around him. He is dressed in a extent be overcome by a great degree of mental cul- nobler virtues of human nature! In place of this, plain grey suit, with his hat on. He wears spectacles, ture, but which in primitive conditions is expressed however, the road' is marked by puerile monotony, and holds a snuff-box in his hand, as if inviting his by a mutual aversion and disinclination for marriage. relieved only by eating and drinking, and the eternal, neighbours to partake. His head moves from side to This peculiarity has often been denied by well-mean-ever-present, ever-soothing idea—'I think I'll pull the side, and you miglit sit by him for an hour without ing but one-sided and abstract-thinking philanthro- bell, and have a glass of discovering that he was not like yourself-a visiter. pists; but the whole history of all ages shows it most Our Knight endeavours to impress his brethren This , my dear Jane, closes my rambling account of distinctly to exist."

with the idea that they would do themselves much Madame Tussaud's famed exhibition, which you must


good and no small honour, by reforming the habits of not allow yourself to associate in your mind with

the travellers' room, pulling the bell less frequently those tawdry and tinselled spectacles which are often

A knight of the whip, who seems to have a leaning for their own gratifications, avoiding on all possible to be seen in provincial towns; there is nothing pal. to the temperance cause, addresses his brethren in å occasions to give treats, and organising such regulatry or mean, or got-up looking about it, but, on the contrary, every thing bears evidence of the excellent F. R. N.B.0,*&c. Edinburgh : John Johnstone, and W. and

* Etlinographic Map of Europe. By Dr Gustaf Kombst, judgment and liberality of the indefatigable conductor, I A. K. Johnston.

* Our Commercial Travellers. By a Knight of the Whip. Glasgow : Gallie. 1841.

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