Imatges de pàgina
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ferred the rival, and that our youth was three months have been the liquors spoken of, these being evidently leaves, is a fact of which any one may satisfy himself after on his way to bury his grief and shame in the of modern invention, from the circumstance of there by placing a leaf, without detaching it from the stem, back settlements of Australia ?

not being a word in the Latin language to signify under an inverted glass, and exposing it to the sun's Blunt knives go deeper into the physiology of com- that the

apple and the pear began to be generally occasioned by the leaf's evaporation.

either; and it was not till the time of Henry VIII. rays; the dew collected on the inside of the glass is mon existence than could be supposed from their cultivated in this country

That some vegetable substances possess this procharacter. Unable, without a great struggle, to cut A foreign author, speaking of the climate of Eng-perty in a remarkable degree, was shown by a series your meat into sufficiently small pieces, you trust to land, has with much point observed, that we had July of experiments above a century ago by Dr Hales, and your teeth instead. But perhaps your teeth are weather in April, and November weather in May; which he communicated to the Royal Society; one bad, or a natural hastiness disqualifies you for going and the opinion is generally received, that our sum of the most remarkable of which related to the evathrough the process of mastication deliberately. You mers are more wet, and consequently colder than porating property of the sun-flower, which the doctor consequently swallow your food in a state not nearly they formerly were—a fact which the experience of exposed to the influence of the sun and air in a gar

den-pot, on a fine day in the month of July. The so well prepared as it ought to be for the process of the last twenty-six years goes far to corroborate.

The conversation now shifted to the hands of ano- plant he selected for experiment weighed about 3 digestion, and thus injure your health.

ther member, who observed, that wheat was almost pounds, and during the day's exposure perspired Ladies, if you wish your husbands to preserve their the only sufferer from this humidity; that neither about 30 ounces. By removing the leaves, and so temper, or their health ; if you wish to save young barley, oats, nor green crops are much injured by wet; diminishing the perspiring surface, the power of ex. men from disgrace in the eyes of their lady loves, and that in the table just exhibited, it was wheat that haling moisture nearly ceased, as it now, instead of have your knives well sharpened. It is a sacred duty, was generally understood as the failure.

30, exhaled only 1 ounce in the same time. A great which you cannot neglect without the most serious In the course of conversation, it was admitted that, variety of ingenious experiments may be found in the evils ensuing.

from its superior value, wheat was an object of pri- same paper, all demonstrating the evaporating power Perhaps our whole system of carving meat at table mary interest to the agriculturist of this country; its of plants, especially those of foreign derivation. is bad. A free-born Roman gentleman could never price being, on an average, more by two-thirds than The multifarious intersections of the land by fences. have submitted to the drudgery of cutting flesh and that of oats, and by one-third than that of barley. It Experiments have been made with a view to ascerfowl to pieces for a set of hungry guests, whilst him was also remarked, that of the 12,000,000 of acres in tain whether the exhalation of our fences might not self was as hungrily waiting for his own share of the cultivation in England, 3,800,000 are appropriated to be lessened by substituting other shrubs or plants for feast. He had all this service performed by slaves. wheat ; while in Scotland, where the principal grain those now generally used. Accordingly, he found a Juvenal describes these fellows standing at a side- reared' is oats, the wheat crops cover but 140,000 sprig of hawthorn exhaled 7 grains out of 16, while a table, dissecting the dishes, and handing the pieces to acres.

similar sprig of evergreen lost only 3 grains out of 16. the guests as they were wanted :

A member here observed, that this very humidity The next experiment was the hawthorn and holly, "Meantime, to put thy partner to the test,

which was so unfavourable to wheat was not prejudi- each weighing 48 grains. The hawthorn lost 19, the Lo, the spruce carver, to his task addressid,

cial to other crops, but even favourable. The green holly only two grains. The loss of the furze was only Skips like a harlequin from place to place,

appearance of England, and its luxuriant foliage, the half a grain in 17 grains, and the Scotch fir 2 grains And waves his knife with pantomimic grace, Till every dish be ranged, and every joint

consequence of its humid climate, never fail to strike in 74 grains. On comparing the results of other exDissected by just rules from point to point.

every stranger with wonder. If wheat did not thrive, periments, he adds, I found the exhalations always Thou think'st this folly-'tis a vulgar thought;

barley might be said to luxuriate; for where was that least from the indigenous trees; the native crab and To such perfection now is carving brought,

grain to be found equal to our English barley? pear being less than the cultivated variety, that of That different gestures by our carving men,

A well-read elderly gentleman, whose opinion seemed the sloe and bullace being less than that of the Orlean Are used for different dishes, hare and hen," &c.

entitled to respect, in the course of many valuable and green-gage plum. -Gifford's Translation.

remarks, said, that barley differed from wheat in many The gentleman having sat down amid some apIt also appears that appropriate music played all the material points. That it thrives well near the sea, plause, the chairman here observed, that a very imtime. There is nothing to hinder us from having a whereas wheat is averse to the sea-breeze ; that barley portant conclusion might naturally be drawn from class of supplementaries for these duties, such as is is grown in high northern latitudes, as in Finland, these interesting experiments. It occurred to him, customary on the continent. It would be a new and Siberia, and Kamschatka ; while wheat did not thrive as he made no doubt it did to every other gentleman splendid feature at our dinner-parties, to see a spruce beyond the 530 degree of north latitude.

who was present, that exotic vegetables cultivated in carver flourishing away at a side-table.

The observations of this gentleman went also to this climate still retain the original functions which

prove, that the growth of wheat did not suffer from were given them by their Creator, who no doubt ENGLISH FARMERS' CLUBS.

this excess of humidity, the drawback of our climate ; formed trees and plants of various qualities, but suited

on the contrary, the crops were often deficient, though to the various climates in which he was pleased to SOME time ago, we mentioned the gratifying fact of seemingly luxuriant to the eye ; and if there was at place them; that men have incautiously removed the institution of farmers' clubs in various parts of the proper time sufficient sun to mature them, the such vegetable productions, still retaining their habits, England, at whose meetings, conducted on strictly produce would be equally satisfactory with the ap- into situations where the sun's influence is insufficient temperance principles, much good is likely to be done pearance. Under the circumstances of this drawback, to dispel the vaporous atmosphere they continually by conversations and discussions on topics connected the “grains which fill the bushel,” as an ingenious generate. with agriculture and practical science. As a speci: author has remarked, " are generally deficient. In Besides producing humidity in the atmosphere by men of the kind of entertainment at these rural the case of wheat, particularly," he observed," it would evaporation, observed a gentleman who seemed to assemblies, we are furnished with the following notes appear that a certain duration of steady sunshine is have given his subject much attention, vegetable subtaken at a meeting in February in the present year. absolutely necessary for the formation and develop- stances, as had been observed by the last speaker The subject for discussion referred to dimate, and the ment of gluten, the most valuable portion of vege- but one, cause moisture by abstracting from the atprobable means of its melioration. table substance.”

mosphere its electricity, which held in solution the The chairman for the night having been appointed, The result of his reflection on the causes of the vapour exhaled from vegetable and other sources. and all preliminaries arranged, the person whose deterioration of our climate, and the probable means The fact is known and acknowledged, that heat and duty it was to open the subject, commenced by ob- of its amelioration, he would endeavour to deliver to electricity (modifications no doubt of the same agent) serving that England, as well as many other countries the meeting with as much brevity as possible. With have the property of holding vapour, not merely in in the same latitude, had a much lower temperature out drawing on astronomical causes for the increased suspension, but in that fine state of division called now than in former times ; and, in comparatively late humidity of our climate, it will, he observed, be as solution, the consequence of which is transparency. years, the climate had been much deteriorated. From well to confine ourselves to what is apparent to This electricity abstracted, or its affinity for water its insular position, he continued, it must ever, to a our senses, to those which daily present themselves overcome on a proper conductor being presented, a certain extent, experience a variable atmosphere ; and to our view. It was an undoubted fact, that of late decomposition takes place somewhat similar to the it was allowed by many who have had ample oppor- the evaporation from the earth's surface was much precipitation of lead on metallic zinc.* tunities of judging, that it was the most variable of increased, and in his opinion the causes resolved At this stage of the conversation, the chairman any on the globe. Its great defects, undoubtedly, are themselves into the following :

addressed himself to a person who had the reputathe dry cold easterly winds prevalent in spring, and 1. The numerous bodies of nearly stagnant water tion of having given some attention to chemistry, and the frequent rain and cloudy skies common to our in the numerous canals, which have of late years been asked whether that science, which was now becoming summer months. Within the experience of the last cut. 2. The numerous plantations, more especially so general in its application, might not be called into forty years, how apparent was the deterioration of our of foreign trees, and of such whose exhaling or eva- requisition to counteract some of those drawbacks climate to every one! He recollected that, when a porating power is prodigiously great. 3. To the mul- under which our climate suffered. boy, a bunch of grapes grown in the open air was as tifarious intersections of the surface by fences, especi The gentleman so called on,

with much promptness common as a bunch of cherries. It was in vain, ally of hawthorn. 4. To the conducting property of rose and observed, that he had of late given the subhowever, to look for the maturity of the vine for these vegetable points abstracting the electricity of the ject much attention, and had come to the conclusion, many seasons past. The increasing humidity of the atmosphere, and consequently the descent of rain. that the aids which chemistry could lend to agriculatmosphere and deficiency of sun was unquestion I shall, continued our spokesman, consider these ture were chiefly limited to the examination of soils, ably the cause of that change; and to the same cause, heads in the order I have given them; and as canals that of vegetable and animal matter, and of approadded he, is without doubt to be attributed the failure come first in order, I shall commence with them and priating the manure to the crop to be raised. These of our wheat crops.

their property in rendering the atmosphere humid. no doubt were very important points, but were not at Recurring to the subject of the former geniality of The canals of Great Britain amount in number to all equivalent to the extensive benefit that Liebig our climate, he referred to the writings of William of 180, and extend to the amazing length of 2682 miles; proclaimed, when he asserted that agriculture might Malmesbury, whose luxuriant picture of certain tracts an immense watery surface, considering the limited be equally benefited, as manufactures

heretofore have is well worth perusal. His description of the vale of area of our island. These must necessarily give out been, by this powerful alliance. Gloucester in those times refers an enchanting fer- a prodigious quantity of vapour, more, in short, than It occurred to him (the speaker) that there was tility to the spot. This author even spoke of the the same extent of sea-water would—the evaporating this great drawback on the part of the agricultuexportation of wine to other countries; and that property of liquids being in the direct ratio of their rist, that almost destroyed all analogy between them. England was at that period celebrated for the culti- boiling-point ; that of fresh water being 212, while in all his operations, the manufacturer could go to vation of the grape, is proved by certain localities in that of sea-water is 223 degrees.

work within doors, consequently could regulate his the southern districts of England bearing the name Whatever may have been, added he, the necessity temperature at will ; in short, form his own atmoof vineyards. These occurred more particularly in of these means of internal conveyance in past times, sphere. But the agriculturist was at all times and in the counties of Hereford, Somerset, Hampshire, that necessity is now removed by the more speedy all seasons subjected to every variation of temperaKent, Essex, and Cambridge ; and it should also bé transit of the railway ; so that, in the course of a few ture which this variable climate, presented. As far added, that at the time of the Norman Conquest, the years, it is to be hoped that there will be much less Isle of Ely was characteristically called the Isle of evaporating surface of this kind than now exists. *[We consider that this mode of accounting for the humidity Vines.

Fish-ponds and artificial pieces of water had also of modern summers, affords a fine instance of reasoning from A member, who seemed rather sceptical as to the their effect, too, in rendering the atmosphere more local views and prejudices. The learned gentleman apparently capability of the climate to produce the vine, here humid ; but, as the speaker jocularly remarked, there

knew or thought of no other country than England. We wonder interposed, and observed that the wines here noticed was not much chance of our getting soon

rid of these chiefly of stone, where there are few exotic plants, scarcely any

how he would apply his theory to Scotland, where the fences are by the learned monk and others might perhaps have sources of humidity; as it would be a very difficult canals

, and above all, a system of universal drainage, which been perry and cider—a construction which seemed matter, indeed, to persuade our gentry to dispense leaves no pools or moisture on the surface, yet where the summers to afford much amusement to many of the members. with these ornamental appendages to their demesnes. have become as cloudy and humid as they are in the southern

division of Britain. Absurd as are the views of this expounder The previous speaker, on resuming, continued at He next noticed the

of natural science, they will not be lost, if the present notice some length to prove the stability of his position, and Evaporation from vegetable surfaces.—That vegetable points out the danger of drawing sweeping conclusions from too adduced as evidence that cider and perry could not substances evaporate from the under surface of their narrow a basis of facts.-ED. C. E. J.]

as the application of manures was concerned, the the world rarely exemplify, some progress has been at each suceeeding leap succeeding notes of the softest chemist could do much, from his knowledge of the made

in civilising and Christianising them; and there music vibrated on the ear from beneath. Recourse ultimate elements of the manure, and the ultimate are instances of more than usually ferocious chiefs was had instantly to exhumation. The mysterious elements of the plant to be raised; and his skill may being converted into gentle and benevolent beings by musician was soon brought to light. It proved to be be most advantageously directed in artificially supply- these means.

Mrs Albrecht's piano-forte, which she had taken with ing to the soil what has been abstracted by the last crop. One of these extraordinary converts was a man her from London, and which was the first ever con

The ability afforded by chemistry of making artifi- named Africaner, a chief among the Bechuanas. veyed into the Transgariepine regions. Being too cial manures is also undoubtedly great ; nothing, Having been exasperated by the aggressions of the cumbrous to be taken in a hasty flight, it had been however, as yet has been done in this way, except Dutch

settlers, he had proved a complete scourge to buried in a soil where, from the entire absence of clumsy attempts by speculating men, who are taking them; and distinguished himself by such a series of moisture, it might, but for this circumstance, have advantage of the present agricultural enthusiasm; murders and other outrages, that the Cape govern- remained unscathed. Africaner, whose martial spirit and it will remain a point worthy of the considera- ment put a price of 1000 dollars upon his head. made him a fitter associate for Mars than for the tion of the ingenious chemist, whether he can pre- Strange to say, this lion of the desert was tamed by Muses, allowed the instrument to be dissected, parts sent something to the world comprehensive in its the missionaries, and became an excellent man, and of which I have seen, from which those fingers now principles and concentrated in its bulk. After all, the means of advancing their objects, to no small ex silent in the grave had called forth divine harmony." added the gentleman, I much question whether we are tent, among his countrymen. Mr Moffat gives an As an illustration of the miseries incidental to not egregiously wrong in not imitating nature in her affecting account of a visit he paid to Cape Town, savage life-“Among the poorer classes it is, indeed, operations-in allowing, according to her example, no with Africaner in his company. The chief had some struggling for existence; and when the aged become loss to take place in any of her various departments. difficulty in making up his mind to this step, for he too weak to provide for themselves, and are a burden Wherever we turn our eyes, change, continued change, was still an outlaw; but he at length consented to to those whom they brought forth and reared to manis sure to meet our view ; but then that change, al- put on a semi-English dress and take his chance. In hood, they are not unfrequently abandoned by their though apparently it may not " leave a wreck behind” their intercourse with the Dutch boors, they often own children, with a meal of vietuals and a cruise of of the original substance, yet it is by no means de- heard the most dreadful accounts of the savage doings water, to perish in the desert ; and I have seen a struction. In nature, alí is economy, nothing being of Africaner, and, when Mr Moffat stated that that small circle of stakes fastened in the ground, within destroyed or allowed to run to waste, yet our na person was now so much changed, they could hardly which were still lying the bones of a parent bleached tional delicacy permits the very best species of manure believe him. One honest farmer said, "Well, if what in the sun, who had been thus abandoned. In one thus to escape ; as the Thames, and other rivers run- you assert be true respecting that man, I have only instance I observed a small broken earthenware vessel, ning through large towns, carry along with them to one wish, and that is, to see him before I die ; and, in which the last draught of water had been left. the ocean the most valuable aid which our soil could when you return, as sure as the sun is over our heads, : What is this? I said, pointing to the stakes, addressreceive. The Chinese, the best gardeners in the world, I will go with you to see him, though he killed my ing Africaner. His reply was, “This is heathenism;! might perhaps be able to give us a lesson on this sub- own uncle.” Mr Moffat had not before known this and then described this parricidal custom. A day or ject. But there was no encountering deep-rooted fact; yet he ventured to say, pointing to his companion, two after, a circumstance occurred which corroborated prejudices; innovations, though ultimately improve-“This is Africaner!" The astonishment of the ho his statements. We had travelled all day over a sandy ments, must be gradually introduced ; and time, nest boor was extreme. “On arriving at Cape Town,” plain, and passed a sleepless night from extreme thirst with her mellowing hand, must soften down many says Mr Moffat, “ I waited on his excellency the Go- and fatigue. Rising early in the morning, and leaving repugnancies which have no foundation in nature, but vernor, Lord Charles Somerset, who appeared to re- the people to get the waggon ready to follow, I went often only borrow their authority from blind and un- ceive, with considerable scepticism, my testimony that forward with one of our number, in order to see if we meaning usage. Here the conversation turned on the I had brought the far-famed Africaner on a visit to could not perceive some indications of water by the subject of manures in general, and particularly on his excellency. The following day was appointed for foot-marks of game, for it was in a part of the country these two recently introduced to public notice-guano, an interview, when the chief was received by Lord where we could not expect the traces of man. After and that of Mr Daniel of Bath ; the one a natural pro- Charles with great affability and kindness; and he passing a ridge of bills, and advancing a considerable duct, being the deposit of a sea-fowl frequenting the expressed his pleasure at seeing thus before him one way on the plain, we discovered, at a distance, a little shores of the southern coast of America, the other an who had formerly been the scourge of the country, smoke rising amidst a few bushes, which seemed to artificial compound. But we shall not follow the and the terror of the border colonists. His excellency skirt a ravine. Animated with the prospect, we hasspeakers ; and conclude by observing that, at a certain was evidently much struck with this result of mis- tened forward, eagerly anticipating a delicious draught hour, the chairman having considered it time for any sionary enterprise, the benefit of which he had some of water, no matter what the quality might be. When resolutions to be put and passed, the following resolu- times doubted. Whatever he might think of his we had arrived within a few hundred yards of the tion was accordingly put and carried unanimously :- former views, his excellency was now convinced that spot, we stood still, startled at the fresh marks of

“That as a probable means of ameliorating our a most important point had been gained ; and, as a lions, which appeared to have been there only an hour
climate, and rendering it less humid, we consider an testimony of his good feeling, he presented Africaner before us. We had no guns, being too tired to carry
extended and efficient system of draining to be highly with an excellent waggon, value eighty pounds ster- them, and we hesitated for a moment whether to
beneficial, a removal of all unnecessary exhaling sur- ling. A short time previous to my visit to the Cape, proceed or return. The waggon was yet distant, and
faces and vegetable conductors of electricity, great a deputation from the London Missionary Society, thirst impelled us to go on, but it was with caution,
caution in the choice of trees, and a judicious selec- consisting of the Reverends J. Campbell and Dr keeping a sharp look-out at every bush we passed.
tion of vegetables in the formation of fences." Philip, arrived for the purpose of examining the state On reaching the spot, we beheld an object of heart-

Thus passed the evening, in a manner, it must be of our African missions, and to them Africaner's visit rending distress. It was a venerable-looking old
allowed, rather different from what characterised the was a subject of deep interest. It appeared to be one woman, a living skeleton, sitting, with her head lean-
farmers' parties some half a century ago.

of the happiest moments of Mr Campbell's life to hold ing on her knees. She appeared terrified at our pre-
converse with this man, at whose very name, on his sence, and especially at me. She tried to rise, but,

first visit to Namaqua-land, he had trembled, but on trembling with weakness, sunk again to the earth. I MOFFAT ON SOUTH AFRICA. whom, in answer to many prayers, he now looked as addressed her by the name which sounds sweet in MR ROBERT MOFFAT, who lately returned from South

a brother beloved. Africaner's appearance in Cape- every clime, and charms even the savage ear, ‘My Africa, after having acted for twenty-three years as

Town excited considerable attention, as his name and mother, fear not ; we are friends, and will do you no agent for the London Missionary Society in that co- exploits had been familiar to many of its inhabitants harm. I put several questions to her, but she aplony, has published an account of his residence and for more than twenty years. Many were struck with peared either speechless or afraid to open her lips. "I adventures there in a somewhat bulky octavo, * em- the unexpected mildness and gentleness of his demea- again repeated, Pray, mother, who are you, and how bellished with drawings of various characteristic ob- pour, and others with his piety and accurate know do you come to be in this situation ?' to which she jects and scenes. Making some allowance for certain ledge of the Scriptures. His New Testament was an replied, I am a woman ; I have been here four days ; class peculiarities of style and thought, it is a valuable interesting object of attention, it was so completely my children have left me here to die' - "Your addition to our means of forming an acquaintance thumbed and worn by use. His answers to a number children !' I interrupted. Yes,' raising her hand to with a very remarkable part of the earth, for it throws of questions put to bim by the friends in Cape Town, her shrivelled bosom; my own children, three sons considerable light on the physical as well as moral and at a public meeting at the Paarl, exhibited his and two daughters. They are gone,' pointing with features of the Cape colony and its neighbourhood. diligence as a student in the doctrines of the gospel, her finger, 'to yonder blue mountain, and have left There is also much interest in the narratives of Mr especially when it is remembered that Africaner never me to die. And, pray, why did they leave you!" Moffat's exertions for the enlightenment of the hea

saw a catechism in his life, but obtained all his I inquired. Spreading out her handsI am old, then, the fearfully difficult and dangerous journeys knowledge on theological subjects from a careful per- you see, and I am no longer able to serve them which he undertook, the great hardships which he at usal of the Scriptures and the verbal instructions of when they kill game, I am too feeble to help in all times endured, and the almost ceaseless perils in the missionary.”

carrying home the flesh ; I am not able to gather which he stood from those whom he was endeavouring

It is not possible for us, in our narrow space, to pre- wood to make fire ; and I cannot carry their children to benefit. Such a tale of self-sacrifice for the sake of sent any thing like an outline of Mr Moffat's exertions on my back, as I used to do. This last sentence was fellow-creatures is fit to touch those who are most in- amongst the tribes of the Cape. We must content our more than I could bear; and though my tongue was different to the peculiar objects which missionaries selves with adverting to a few of the more curious and cleaving to the roof of my mouth for want of water, have in view; and if any one has contracted the opi- striking passages in his volume. One of these refers to this reply opened a fountain of tears. I remarked, nion that men always act from selfish motives, we

a very odd though somewhat trivial occurrence in the that I was surprised that she had escaped the lions, would only request him to read this book, and be con

life of Africaner before he was civilised. While sacking which seemed to abound, and to have approached vinced of the contrary.

a place where a Dutch missionary, named Albrecht, had very near the spot where she was. She took hold of The country,

upwards of a hundred miles inland formerly been stationed,“ one of the chieftain's atten- the skin of her left arm with her fingers, and raising from the Cape of Good Ilope, is full of vast sandy

and dants strayed into the burying-ground, where already it up as one would do a loose linen, she added, “I hear rocky tracts, with here and there fertile patches along a few mounds distinguished it from the surrounding the lions ; but there is nothing on me that they would the banks of rivers. Afflicted by long-continued waste as the place of the dead. Stepping over what eat; I have no flesh on me for them to scent. At droughts, it is in general ill adapted for cultivation, he supposed a newly-closed grave, he heard, to his this moment the waggon drew near, which greatly and no life could well be more miserable than that of surprise, soft notes of music vibrate beneath. He alarmed her, for she supposed that it was an animal. the barbarous tribes who occupy it. These people are

stood motionless, gazing over his shoulder, with mouth Assuring her that it would do her no harm, I said for the most part very meanly endowed by nature, and and eyos dilated, hesitating whether to stand still and that, as I could not stay, I would put her into the their whole attention is absorbed in the business of preach about, or take to his heels. After no little became convulsed with terror. Others

addressed her, see the dead arise, which he had heard the missionaries waggon and take her with me. At this remark she other, to keep soul and body together. They are fre- palpitation of heart, in order to assure himself, he but all to no effect. She replied, that if we took her, quently at war with each other, which adds greatly he had heard had died away. His second leap again the same thing

again. It is our custom; I am nearly mustered courage to make another trial, for the tones and left her at another village, they would only do amongst them. Their country is also infested by lions, roused the sepulchral harp, which now fell in soft but dead; I do not want to die again. The sun was now hyænas, hippopotami, and other beasts of prey. To awful cadence on his ear. Without casting an eye piercingly hot ; the oxen were raging in the yoke, and obtain a serious and intelligent attention from such a behind, he darted off to the camp, and, with breathless we ourselves nearly delirious. Finding it impossible people to the instructions offered to them, must

have amazement, announced to Africaner the startling dis- to influence the woman to move, without running the been a task as difficult as it was to travel through their covery he had made of life and music in the grave. risk of her dying convulsed in our hands, we collected scorching plains without water, without provision, The appearance of the man convinced Africaner that a quantity of fuel, gave her a good supply of dry meat, and with wild animals ever howling around. Yet, by he was in earnest, for reason seldom reels in that some tobacco, and a knife, with some other articles dint of a perseverance which the common affairs of country. The chief, fearless of the living or the dead, telling her we should return in two days, and stop the

was not to be scared even by the supposed spectre of night, when she would be able to go with us, only she * “Missionary Labours and Scenes in Southern Africa." By the tomb-arose, and ordered his men to follow him must keep up a good fire at night, as the lions would Robert Moffat. London: Snow. 1842.

to the spot. One jumped and another jumped, and smell the dried Aesh, if they did not scent her. We

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then pursued our course ; and after a long ride, passo | with the most remorseless rancour. Is there a physician for the coast of Mozambique. Being thus apparently ing a rocky ridge of hills, we came to a stagnant pool, now-a-days who would dispute the value of antimony as under the Portuguese flag, he had not any visits to fear, into which men and oxen rushed precipitately, though a medicine? Who first introduced it into practice? except from the English cruisers, and from them he hoped the water was almost too muddy to go down our

Paracelsus. But Paracelsus was not a fellow of the Col- to escape through the superior sailing of his vessel.

lege of Physicians of Paris ; the Parisian doctors were When he left the Havannah he had no merchandise on throats.

therefore, by the rules of their order, bound to oppose the board, but had provided himself with an anple sum of On our return to the spot, according to promise, we

introduction of antimony as a crime. A crime it was ac money in specie. On his arrival at Mozambique, the found the old woman and every thing gone ; but, on cordingly voted ; and the French Parliament, at the in- slave-trade had been prohibited by Portugal, and the examination, discovered the footmarks of two men, stigation of the college, passed an act which made

it governor, in obedience

to orders he had received from from the bills referred to, who appeared to have taken penal to prescribe it. To the Jesuits

of Peru Protestant his government, fined Vivo 2500 piasters for contravenher away. Several months afterwards, I learned, England owes the invaluable bark. How did Protestant tion of the treaty that had been entered into; and having from an individual who visited the station, that the England first receive this gift of the Jesuits ? Being a seized and taken away from his ship all that could be sons, seeing from a distance the waggon balt at the popish remedy, they at once rejected it. In 1693, Dr used in the illicit traffic, he commanded Vivo to return spot where they had so unnaturally left their mother Groenvelt discovered the curative power of cantharides to the Havannah, giving him papers expressly for this desto perish, came to see, supposing the travellers had in dropsy. . What an excellent thing for Dr Groenvelt ! tination, and appointed a Portuguese subject, Captain been viewing the mangled remains of their mother. Excellent indeed; for no sooner did his cures begin to Costa Vianna, to take the chief command of the ship. Finding her

alive, and supplied with food, and on her make a noise than he was at once committed to Newgate He at the same time embarked in her seventeen men telling the story of the strangers' kindness, they were

by warrant of the president of the College of Physicians who had lost their ship, as passengers for the Havannah. alarmed, and dreading the vengeance of the great college of physicians---your present president, Sir Henry on leaving the

coast of Mozambique, retained the full for prescribing cantharides internally. Blush, most sapient Vivo, notwithstanding the new captain placed over him chief, whom they supposed me to be, took her home; Halford, is a humble imitator

of the ruined Groenvelt? command of the vessel, and by his representations inand were providing for her with more than usual Before the discovery of vaccination, inoculation for small- duced the crew and passengers to consent to deviate from care.”

pox was found to mitigate greatly that terrible disease. the course to the Havannah, against the will of the PorMr Moffat gives many anecdotes of wild animals, Who first

introduced small-pox

inoculation ? Lady Mary tuguese Captain Costa Vianna, who protested, as he has particularly lions, from which he made many narrow Montague, who had seen its success in Turkey. Happy since declared, against the violation of the governor's escapes in the course of his wanderings. The follow- Lady Mary Montague! Her rank, sex, beauty, genius, orders. Steering to Bombestock, he on his arrival there ing is one of his most striking stories of lion ad- all doubtless conspired to bring it into notice. Listen to found three American vessels, from which he procured venture :-“ A man belonging to Mr Schmelen's con- Lord Wharncliffe, who has written her life, and learn water-tanks, provisions, planks, fifty muskets, and the gregation, at Bethany, returning homewards from a from his story this terrible truth, that persecution ever other stores necessary for his first projected trade. visit to his friends, took a circuitous conrse in order to has been, and ever will be the only reward of the bene- Having obtained these, he sailed to the coast of Pomba. pass a small fountain, or rather pool, where he hoped factors of the human race. *Lady Mary,' says his lord- Here, by deceit, he gained possession of a small boat, to kill an antelope to carry home to his family. The ship, ‘protested that in the four or five years immediately called a pangaille, got her crew of six men on board, and sun bad risen to some height by the time he reached succeeding

her arrival at home, she seldom passed a day secured them in the hold or between decks. When the

without repenting of her patriotic undertaking; and she chief of the boat remonstrated against this act of fraud the spot, and seeing no game, he laid his gun down on a shelving low rock, the back part of which was co-foreseen the vexation, the persecution, and even the it was but a retaliation for the money of which the go

vowed she never would have attempted it if she had and violence, Vivo justified himself on the ground that vered over with a species of dwarf thorn bushes. He obloquy, it brought upon her. The clamours raised vernor of Mozambique had robbed him. went to the water, took a hearty drink, and returned against the practice, and of course against her, were be On the following morning the Pocha fell in with, and to the rock, smoked his pipe, and, being a little tired, yond belief. The faculty all rose in arms to a man, fore- by main force captured, a large pangaille, manned by fell asleep.' In a short time, the heat reflected from telling failure and the most disastrous consequences; the eighteen free Arabs, and containing one hundred and the rock awoke him; and, opening his eyes, he saw a clergy descanted from their pulpits on the impiety of thus twenty blacks. Having taken on board these, and all the large lion crouching before him, with its eyes glaring seeking to take events out of the hands of Providence; and provisions and stores the boat contained, he set it adrift in his face, and within little more than a yard of his the common people were taught to hoot at her as an unna with two old Arabs, of whose fate nothing has been feet. He sat motionless for some minutes, till he had tural mother who had risked the lives of her own chil. heard. The Pocha then returned to Bombestock for the recovered his presence of mind; then eyeing his gun, dren. We now read in grave medical biography, that lieutenant, who had been left at that place

to purchase moved his hand slowly towards it ; the lion, seeing the discovery,

was instantly hailed, and the method rice. Thence she went to Nossibé, where Vivo found the him, raised its head, and gave a tremendous roar; he adopted, by the principal members of that profession. French sloop of war Prévoyante, and went on board to made another and another attempt, but the gun being vention or a project, and the same may be said of persons, him to breakfast, and promised to return the visit the

Very likely they left this recorded; for whenever an in- visit Captain Jehenne, who received him politely, invited far beyond his reach, he gave it up, as the lion seemed has made its way so well by itself as to establish a cer next morning. Although no doubt of the Pocha being a well aware of his object, and was enraged whenever

tain reputation, most people are sure to find out that slaver could be entertained, Captain Jehenne was rehe attempted to move his hand. His situation now they always patronised it from the beginning, and a strained from searching her, as Portugal did not admit became painful in the extreme; the rock on which he happy gift of forgetfulness enables many to believe their that right. More serious suspicions, however, arose, when, sat became so hot that he could scarcely bear his naked own assertion. But what said Lady Mary of the actual early in the morning, instead of waiting for Captain feet to touch it, and kept moving them, alternately fact and actual time? Why, that the four great physi- Jehenne's return visit, the Pocha was seen making off placing one above the other. The day passed, and cians deputed by government to watch the progress of with all her sails set. In the course of the day the whole the night also, but the lion never moved from the her daughter's inoculation, betrayed not only

such incre- shore was in commotion, it having been discovered that spot; the sun rose again, and its intense heat soon dulity as to its success, but such an unwillingness to have she had landed some of her men at another point of the rendered his feet past feeling. At noon the lion rose

it succeed, such an evident spirit of rancour and malig. | island, and carried off many men and women, after killing and walked to the water, only a few yards distant, nity, that she never cared to leave the child alone with one man who had offered resistance. The Prévoyante found looking behind him as it went, lest the man should them one second, lest it should in some secret way suffer the Pocha again at the

island of Mayotte. As the sloop '

approached, the men at her mast head saw many heavy move; and seeing him stretch out his hand to take his gun, turned in a rage, and was on the point of spring: Jenner received---vaccination ? Like every other dis- thrown from the Pocha into the sca, and then water was

How was the still greater discovery of the immortal bodies, but of what nature could not be distinguished, ing upon him. The animal went to the water, drank, covery-with ridicule and contempt. By the Royal drawn up and dashed upon the deck as if to clean it. No and returning, lay down again at the edge of the rock College of Physicians, not only was he persecuted and doubt was entertained that the objects thrown overboard Another night passed : the man, in describing it, said oppressed, but the pedants of that most pedantic of were the

poor blacks, or some of them. Captain Jehenne he knew not whether he slept ; but if he did, it must bodies declined to give him their license to practise his sent an officer into the vessel, who discovered in confinehave been with his eyes open, for he always saw the profession in London, because, forsooth, he, a man of ment the Arabs who had been captured in the two panlion at his feet. Next day, in the forenoon, the ani- deeds, not words, very properly declined to undergo at gailles, and at the same time ascertained that the vessel mal went again to the water; and, while there, he their hands a schoolboy examination in Greek and Latin. was without any papers warranting her appearance in listened to some noise apparently from an opposite But even religion and the Bible were made engines of that latitude. Upon these facts the Prévoyante took posquarter, and disappeared in the bushes. The man now attack against Jenner. From these Errhman of Frank- session of the Pocha, and carried her into the island of made another effort, and seized his gun; but on at- fort deduced his chief grounds of accusation against

the Bourbon. Here the vessel was condemned, and her tempting to rise, he fell, his ankles being without quotations of the prophetical parts of Scripture, and the new practice ; and he gravely attempted to prove, from crew sent to France to be tried for piracy.

On their arrival at Brest, a correspondence took place on power. With his gun in his hand, he crept towards fathers of the church, that vaccination was the real the subject between the governments of France and Porthe water, and drank; but looking at his feet, he antichrist! How can you wonder that medicine should tugal, at the end of which the latter power renounced all saw, as he expressed it, his toes roasted, and the skin have made so little progress, if those only make fortunes claim to the prisoners as its subjects, and left them to be torn off with the grass. There he sat a few

moments, by means of it who know nothing more than the jargon tried before the French tribunal. After reading the inexpecting the lion's return, when he was resolved to and crudities which pass for medical science with the dictment and the report of Captain Jehenne, and the send the contents of the gun through its head; but, vulgar? The sight which two thousand years ago Solo- other documentary evidence, the prisoner Vivo was inas it did not appear, tieing his gun to his back, the mon saw, you, gentlemen, with your own eyes have seen, terrogated. He admitted all the essential facts, but poor man made the best of his way on his hands and 'he returned and saw under the sun, that there was neither denied his being guilty of piracy, justifying his seizure of knees to the nearest path, hoping some solitary indi- bread to the wise, nor, riches to men of understanding, nor the two pangailles as a mere act of reprisal on the govidual might pass. He could go no farther, when, favour to men of skill.

vernor of Mozambique, for taking from him the 2500 fortunately, a person came up, who took him to a The doctor denounces most emphatically and justly an piasters, which he maintained was a robbery. He denied place

of safety, whence he obtained help, though he odious system pursued in London and perhaps other having been guilty of any outrage on shore, and of this it lost his toes, and was a cripple for life.".

parts of England, by which the emoluments of the medi- does not appear that any evidence was produced. He cal practitioner depend in a great measure on the quan- also denied that any blacks were thrown into the sea.

tity of useless drugs he inflicts on his deluded patient. Vianna, the nominal captain, was next called upon to DICKSON ON THE MEDICAL PROFESSION.

We add the query--- Are the English, generally speaking, account for being engaged in these infamous transactions.

not prejudiced in favour of taking drugs-would they He declared that, although put in command of the Pocha DR SAMUEL DICKSON, a London physician, has written a think the doctor worthy of any payment at all if he did by the governor of Mozambique, he never had the least rather strange sort of book-“Fallacies of the Faculty,” not give them a certain daily allowance of draughts, pills, authority in her, which was assumed and maintained in which, while upholding certain notions of his own on and powders ?

throughout by Vivo, under whose orders every transacthe cause and cure of disease, he gives a few hard hits to

tion took place. He gave his evidence with great reserve, the medical world on its frequent rejection of evident

being evidently under strong fears of the consequences truths:


which might arise from Vivo and his mate Ripoll, who “ How was the exposition of the circulation of the

(From a newspaper of July last.]

was Vivo's principal agent, and who is evidently a man blood first received ? Harvey, its discoverer, was perse

of determined resolution as well as great physical powers. cuted through life ; his enemies, in derision, styled him The maritime tribunal of Brest has been engaged in the Hamis Ben Omar, the owner of the smaller pangaille, who the Circulator, a word in its original Latin signifying trial of a case of piracy and violation of the existing came willingly to France to appear as a witness on the vagabond' or ' quack; and their efforts to destroy him treaties between France and Spain against a continua- trial, was examined, and gave in the French language, were so far successful, that he lost the greater part of his tion of the slave trade. The hearing commenced on the which he spoke well, a clear and distinct account of the practice through their united machinations. You all | 28th ult., and lasted till the 3d inst., inclusive. The treacherous manner in which he, his men, and boat, were know that when a limb is amputated, the surgeons, to whole of the important and interesting circumstances, gained possession of, and detained by the Pocha. He prevent the patient bleeding to death, tie the arteries. as exposed by the proceedings, are comprised in the fol- also acted as interpreter in the examination of Bacari Before the time of Francis I., they were in the habit of lowing statement :

Iman Bacos, the master of the larger boat. This witness stanching the blood by applying boiling pitch to the A Mexican brig of war, called the Pocha, taken by repeated the account of the capture of her by Ripoll, and surface of the stump. Ambrose Parè introduced the Admiral Baudin's fleet in 1838, became, by successive a crew sent out in the smaller pangaille. He stated that ligature as a substitate-he first tied the arteries. What sales and transfers, the property of a Spaniard named he had in his boat one hundred and twenty slaves, which was the reward of Ambrose Parè? He was hooted and Vivo, resident at the Havannah. Vivo, who had been he had purchased for working an estate he possessed at howled down by the Faculty of Physic, who ridiculed the previously engaged in the slave-trade in a subordinate Zanzibar, and affirmed that lie and his men were free idea of putting the life of man upon a thread, when boil- capacity, had her fitted out as a slave-ship, and engaged and independent, and that the governor of Mozambique ing pitch had stood the test of centuries!' In vain he a crew of forty-five men. As this traffic was prohibited had no property or interest whatever in the slaves, which pleaded the agony of the application-in vajo he showed by the laws of Spain, he, by fraudulent representations, belonged to him alone. They both complained bitterly the success of the-ligature. Corporations seldom forgive furnished himself with Portuguese papers, and sailed on of the treatment they received on board the Pocha, and merit in an adversary; they continued to persecute him the 25th of December 1840, from the Havannab, direct more particularly at having their beards slaven, which


was a gross violation of their religious feelings as Maho


FIR TOPS A VALUABLE FUEL. metans. Vivo, however, justified the act as necessary

Those who are accustomed to enlightened views on for cleanliness and the preservation of their health. The this subject, will know that there are different kinds of with the following occurrence in Fifeshire, during one of

Dr Howieson, lecturer on botany in Edinburgh, met establish the truth of all the facts stated. The Commis- personal beauty, amongst which that of form and colour- his botanical excursions :-Calling at the cottage of a saire Rapporteur, the public prosecutor in the French pression, for instance, of sweetness, of nobility, of intel- Æsculapius going to mount his pony to visit his patients.

medical practitioner, a former pupil of his, he found the Admiralty Courts, in delivering his requisitory, insisted lectual refinement, of feeling, of animation, of meekness, Upon the two friends ineeting, the practitioner remarked, upon judgment against Vivo, Vianna, and Ripoll, as

of resignation, and many other kinds of beauty, which “ Doctor, it is not every day I see you, we must go in and having been guilty of piracy in seizing and detaining the


all be allied to the plainest features, and yet may have a haver." Upon entering the parlour, there was no two pangailles, and plundering the merchandise they remain to give pleasure long after the blooming cheek fire. He rung the bell ; his housekeeper came in carrying contained, leaving the rest of the prisoners to the discre

has faded, and silver grey has mingled with the hair. in her white apron a quantity of dried fir-tree tops, and tion of the court.

a lighted candle in her hand. She threw the fir-cones The tribunal, after a very long deliberation, pronounced And how far more powerful in their influence upon others

are some of those kinds of beauty; for, after all, beauty into the polished grate, broke a coal into pieces, and laid Vivo, Vianna, and Ripoll

, guilty

of piracy, but with extenu, depends more upon the movements of the face than upon them over them. She then applied the candle, when ating circumstances as to the two latter. Consequently, the form of the features when at rest ; and thus, a coun almost instantaneously they broke into a beautiful strong Vivo was sentenced to close confinement, with labour, tenance habitually under the influence of amiable feelings fame, from the great quantity of turpentine they confor ten years, and Vianna and Ripoll to the same punish- acquires a beauty of the highest order, from the frequency tained. They soon set fire to the coals, and in a few ment for five years. The rest of the prisoners, composing with which such feelings are the

originating cause of the minutes a delightful warm fire was the result. A few blasts the crew of the Pocha, forty-five in number, were ac

movements or expressions which stamp their character of the bellows might be an improvement. Next followed quitted.

upon it. Who has not waited for the first opening of the the decanters and glasses; and it may perhaps be unne

lips of a celebrated belle, to see whether her claims would cessary to add, the two doctors made themselves comTHE INDIAN CHIEF.

be supported by " the mind, the music breathing from fortable in front of the fir-cone fire. The practitioner ONE of the first settlers in Western New York was

her face," and who has not occasionally turned away re obtained this knowledge in the following manner :-He Judge W., who established himself at Whitestown, about pelled by the utter blank, or worse than blank, which the

was attending a poor woman residing close to the forest. four miles from Utica. He brought his family with him, simple movement of the mouth, in speaking or smiling, She could not pay him. With the gratitude of the rural among whom was a widowed daughter with an only has revealed? The language of poetry describes the loud population, next morning her two daughters came to his child-a fine boy about four years old. You will recol- laugh as indicative of the vulgar mind; and certainly house, each carrying

a sack filled with dried fir cones collect that the tract around was an unbroken forest, and there are expressions, conveyed even through the medium lected in the wood. They told him they were for kindling this was the domain of the savage tribes.

of a smile, which need not Lavater to inform us that re a fire, and if he had no coals they would make an excel. Judge W. saw the necessity of keeping on good terms finement of feeling or elevation of soul has little to do lent durable fire of themselves. The cones of the Pinus with the Indians, for as he was nearly alone, he was com

with the fair countenance on which they are impressed. silvestris (Scotch fir) contain a great quantity of solid pletely at their mercy. Accordingly, he took every op- On the other hand, there are plain women sometimes woody matter in addition to the resinous, and are excelportunity to secure their good will in return. Several of met with in society, every movement of whose features lently adapted for fuel. They are used over Italy, Switthe chiefs came to see him, and all appeared pacific. is instinct with intelligence; who from the genuine heart- zerland,

&c. This circumstance is little known, and the But there was one thing that troubled him; an aged

warm smiles which play about the mouth, the sweetly intention of these remarks is to recommend their use to chief of the Seneca tribe, and one of great influence, who modulated voice, and the lightening up of an eye that the poor population of Scotland.-Newspaper paragraph. resided at a distance of about six miles, had not been looks as if it could " comprehend the universe," become to see him, nor could he by any means ascertain the perfectly beautiful to those who live with them and love feelings and views of the sachem in respect to his settle them. Before such pretensions to beauty as these; how

PEOPLE'S EDITIONS. ment in that region. At last he sent him a message, and soon do the pink and

white of a merely pretty face vanish

Anxious to promote a taste for an improving kind of reading the answer was, that the chief would visit him on the into nothing !– Mrs Ellis's Daughters of England.

among the less opulent classes of the community, Messrs. Cham

bers have for several years been engaged in publishing, from time True to his appointment, the sachem came. Judge


to time, a series of reprints of approved works in all departments W. received him with marks of respect, and introduced

of literature; and in such a form (royal octavo) as to combine

[BY SWYNFEN JERVIS.] his wife, his daughter, and the little boy. The interview

extreme cheapness with good appearance, readableness, and that followed was deeply interesting. Upon its result

Now to his palace in the west

durability. The books have been, and continue to be, selected

The king of day returns to rest. the judge considered that his security might depend, and

Not when first he rose to sight,

with a regard to the amusement, instruction, and moral imhe was therefore exceedingly anxious to make a favour

Soaring through the fields of space,

provement of the people. The series also includes Original Works able impression upon the chief. He expressed to him his

Gladdening all things with the light

of an entertaining and instructive character, and Translations of desire to settle in the country; to live on terms of amity Of his ever-beaming face;

some of the most approved productions of foreign writers. Such and good fellowship with the Indians; and to be useful to Nor when, too bright for mortal eyes,

is the extraordinary cheapness of these People's Editions, that in them by introducing among them the arts of civilisation. His noontide splendour filled the exulting skies:

general, what was originally published at a guinca is now issued The chief heard him out, and then said, “ Brother, you

Around his car of glittering sheen ask much, and promise much. What pledge can you

No more the dancing Hours are seen ;

for a shilling, and so on in proportion; in some instances, books Of all that faithless, fleeting train,

once published at two guineas and a half are now issued at sixteengive of your faith?”

True to their sovereign none remain:

pence. The following is a list of the works till the present time :“ The honour of a man that never knew deception," High seated on his fiery throne, was the reply.

He rides triumphant, but alone.

Sir George Mackenzie's Travels in Iceland; improved by “ The white man's word may be good to the white Meantime the gorgeous car of state

the author, man, yet it is but wind when spoken to the Indian," Through heaven's wide champaign slopes its downward flight; Clarke's Travels in Russia, Tartary, and Turkey, said the sachem.

Now sinks behind yon towering steep,

Life and Travels of Mungo Park, Now skirts the margin of the deep, "I have put my life into your hands," said the judge ;

Stephens's Incidents of Travel in Egypt, Arabia, &c. Is. 101. And now before the western gate

Stephens's Incidents of Travel in Greece, &c.

18. 10d. “is this an evidence of my good intentions ? I have placed

Stands, one broad blaze of living light.

Malcom's Travels in the Burman Empire,

ls. fid. confidence in the Indian, and I will not believe that he

Touched by some all-powerful hand,

Malcom's Travels in Hindustan and China,

18. 60. will abuse or betray the trust that is thus reposed." Slowly the golden gates expand;

Brydone's Tour through Sicily and Malta, “So much is well," replied the chief; "the Indian will While echoing from the inmost hall,

Parker's Journey beyond the Rocky Mountains, in 1835, lk. 4d. repay confidence with confidence ; if you will trust him, Where duly ranged in order stand,

Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. By Daniel Defoe, 1s. Ed. he will trust you. But I must have a pledge. Let this Rank above rank, the minstrel band,

The Complete English Tradesman. By the same, ls. 4d. A thousand pealing voices raise

Goldsmith's Vicar of Wakefield, boy go with me to my wigwam; I will bring him back in

The song of welcome, joy, and praise,

Self-Control, a Novel. By Mrs Brunton, three days with my answer.”

To Him whose greatness fears no fall,

Cottagers of Glenburnie. By Mrs E. Hamilton,

Os. 8d. If an arrow had pierced the bosom of the mother, she Who by his own exhaustless might

Palmyra. Letters from Palmyra by Piso, could not have felt deeper the pang that went to her

Upholds the planots in their flight,

Rome and the Early Christians; a Sequel to Palmyra, heart, as the Indian made this proposal. She sprang Yet looks with equal eye on all,

The Queen's Wake, a Poem. By James Hogs, from her seat, and rushing to the boy who stood at the Scattering with impartial hand

Crabbe's Parish Register, and other Poems, side of the sachem, looking into his face with pleased Blessings o'er many a smiling land.

The Sabbath, and Other Poems. By the Rev. J. Grahame, Os. 54.

Nor ceased the harmonious strain, until wonder and admiration, she encircled him in her arms,

Lay of the Last Minstrel. By Sir Walter Scott,

(s. 70. and was about to fly from the room. A gloomy and

Sleep closed the monarch's eyes, and all was still.

Marmion. By Sir Walter Scott,
While round his royal couch of state

Lady of the Lake. By Sir Walter Scott, ominous frown came over the sachem's brow, but he did

The courtier stars in silence wait,

Ramsay's Select Poems, and Gentle Shepherd, not speak.

Meek Twilight, in her robe of grey,

The Poetical Works of Robert Fergusson, But not so with Judge W. He knew that the success To the lone mountain bent her way

The Life of Robert Burns, of the enterprise, the very lives of his family, depended But musing onwards kept her eye

The Poetical Works of Robert Burns, upon the decision of the moment. “Stay, stay, my Still fixed upon the western sky,

The Prose Works of Robert Burns, daughter,” said he. “Bring back the boy, I beseech And as she viewed the changing scene,

Miscellany of Popular Scottish Poems, chiefly of a Humo.

Oft on her slender staff would lean, you. I would not risk a hair of his head. He is not

rous and Descriptive Character,

With many a lengthened pause and lingering step between. Anster Fair, and other Poems. By W. Tennant, more dear to you than to me. But, my child, he must go

On lake, and forest, hamlet, hut, and tower,

Bacon's Essays, Moral, Economical, and Political, with the chief. God will watch over him. He will be as

Evening descends, like dew upon the flower.

Locke's Conduct of the Understanding, safe in the sachem's wigwam as beneath our roof and in Last rose majestic Night, and over all

Butler's Analogy of Religion, your arms."

Flung the dim foldings of her shadowy pall.

Paley's Natural Theology, with Additions,

Is. 61. I shall not attempt to describe the agony of the mother - From the Spectator neuspaper.

Addison's Moral and Humorous Essays, during the three ensuing days. She was agitated by con

Franklin's Life and Miscellaneous Writings, tending hopes and fears. In the night she awoke from

The History of Scotland. By William Robertson,

Reynolds's Discourses on the Fine Arts, sleep, seeming to hear the screams of her child calling

The Court of Requests. By William Hutton, upon his mother for help. But the time wore away, and An extraordinary and interesting flight of carrier

The Sea. Narratives of Adventure and Shipwreck, 28. 6. the third day came. How slowly did the hours pass ! pigeons, to decide a match, was witnessed in the neighThe morning waned away, and the afternoon was now bourhood of Birmingham, on Tuesday the 12th July last. far advanced, yet the sachem came not. There was a About three hundred pigeons, belonging to merchants gloom over the whole household. The mother was pale and other parties at Antwerp, were forwarded a few A Tour in Holland, the Countries on the Rhine, and Bel. and silent, as if despair were setting cloudy round her days previously to Mr Muntz, brother of one of the mem

History of the Rebellion in Scotland in 1245-6, by R. heart. Judge W. walked to and fro, going every few bers for the borough, with a request that he would see

Chambers. Fifth Edition, improved, minutes to the door, looking through the opening in the them fairly started at six o'clock on the above morning. Stories of the Irish Peasantry. By Mrs's. c. Hali

, ls. 94. forest towards the sachem's abode.

This request was accordingly complied with, the whole A Trentise on Agriculture and Dairy Husbandry. 'By At last, as the rays of the setting sun were thrown of the pigeons having been started on their journey almost upon the tops of the forest around, the eagle feathers of simultaneously, from Mr Muntz's residence at Hands Wade's

History and Political Economy of the Working the chieftain were seen dancing above the bushes in the worth; and after making some gyrations in the air, they

Classes. Fourth Edition, improved,

38. 30. distance. He advanced rapidly, and the little boy was at took an easterly direction, and favoured by a fresh breeze, Modern French Literature. By L. Raymond de Véri.

9s. Od. his side. He was gaily attired as a young chief, his feet they were out of sight in a few minutes. Mr Muntz has

A Treatise on Man. By M. Quetelet öf Brussels: Now being dressed in mocassins ; a fine beaver skin was over since received intelligence of the safe arrival of the whole

first translated from the French, his shoulders, and cagle feathers were stuck in his hair. flock, the first pigeon having reached Antwerp at half-past The Imprisonments of Silvio Pellico, He was in excellent spirita, and so proud was he of his nine o'clock the samemorning, followed in rapid succession Lamartine's Travels in the East, including a Journey in honours, that he seemed two inches taller than before. by the others, in fives and tens, the last pigeon reaching the Holy Land. From the French,

3s. At He was soon in his mother's arms, and that brief minute its destination at half-past ten. Estimating the distance Guizot's General History of Civilisation in Europe, ls. 44. she seemed to pass from death to life. It was a happy from Birmingham to Antwerp (measuring in a straight

Published by W. and R. CHAMBERS, Edinburgh ; W. S. OBR meeting-too happy for me to describe. line) at 300 miles, and allowing for the difference in time

and COMPANY, London ; W. CURRY, Jun. and Co., Dublin ; J. “ The white man has conquered !” said the sachem; between the two points, the first bird would appear to MACLEOD, Glasgow; and sold by all booksellers. “ hereafter let us be friends. You have trusted the have travelled at the surprising velocity of ninety miles Indian ; he will repay you with confidence and friend- per hour. It is not the least singular fact connected with ship." He was as good as his word; and Judge W. lived the match, that amongst so large a number of pigeons, not

London: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by there many years, laying the foundation of a flourishing one should have wandered from its homeward course. W. S. ORR, Paternoster Row. and prosperous community.- Merry's Museum. Newspaper paragraph.

Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars,

ls. 40. 28. 62. ls. 4d.

ls. 4d.

(s. 8d. 28. 20.

1$. 104. ls. 14. Os. 8. 08. 60.

Os. 100. 08. 9d. Os. 8. 08. 90, ls. 20. 2s. Od. ls. 84.

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built, and then by degrees descended to the realities haps there was a mingling of truth in both statements.

of his position. What power would not that three The money he had received for his portion of the land BY MRS S. C. HALL.

thousand pounds give him! He wondered if Dr Lee was spent, certainly, before his receipts equalled his PART I.

would turn his back upon him now, when they met expenditure; and strangely enough, by the time the I do not tell you whether the village of Repton, in consultation; and Mr Chubb, the county apothe- farmer had paid off his debt, the doctor was involved, where the two brothers John and Charles Adams cary, would he laugh and ask him if he could read his not to a large amount, but enough to render his originally resided, is near or far from London : it is a own prescriptions? Then he recurred to a dream-for “appearance” to a certain degree fictitious. This empretty village to this day; and when John Adams,

it was so vague at that time as to be little more barrassment, to do him justice, was not of long consome five-and-thirty years ago, stood on the top of whether it would not be better to abandon altogether tinuance ; he became the fashion; and before proRepton Hill, and looked down upon the houses—the country practice, and establish himself in the metrosperity had turned his head by an influx of wealth, so little church, whose simple gate was flanked by two polis—London. A thousand pounds, advantageously as to render him careless, he got rid of his debt, and noble yew trees, beneath whose branches he had often spent, with a few introductions, would do a great deal then his wife agreed with him that they might live sat—the murmuring river in which he had often fished in London, and that was not a third of what he had. as they pleased.” -the cherry orchards, where the ripe fruit hung like And this great idea banished all remembrance of the It so happened that Charles Adams was present balls of coral ; when he looked down upon all these past, all sense of the present-the young aspirant when this observation was made, and it spoke well for dear domestic sights—for so every native of Repton thought only of the future.

both the brothers that their different positions in soconsidered them—John Adams might have been sup

done but little, except, indeed, adding

a wife to his « And yet,” said his wife, “ it would not be wise to

ciety had not in the smallest degree cooled their boyposed to question if he had acted wisely in selling to Five years have passed. Dr John Adams was hood's affection ; not even the money transactions of his brother Charles the share of the well-cultivated " settled” in a small “showy" house in the vicinity of former times, which so frequently create disunion, had farm, which had been equally divided at their father's Mayfair; he had, the world said, made an excellent changed them; they met less frequently, but they aldeath. It extended to the left of the spot on which match. He married a very pretty girl," highly con ways met with pleasure, and separated with regret. he was standing, almost within a ring fence ; the mea. nected,” and was considered to be possessed of per “ Well !” exclaimed the doctor triumphantly, as he dows, fresh shorn of their produce, and fragrant with sonal property, because, for so young a physician, Dr glanced around his splendid rooms, and threw himthe perfume of new hay-the crops full of promise, Adams lived in “ a superior style.” His brother self into a chaise longue—then a new luxury—“well, and the lazy cattle laving themselves in the standing Charles was still residing in the old farm-house, to it is certainly a charming feeling to be entirely out of pond of the abundant farm-yard ; in a paddock, set which, beyond the mere keeping it in repair, he had debt." apart for his especial use, was the old blind horse his father had bestrode during the last fifteen years of his establishment-a very gentle, loving, yet industrious confess it in our circle.” life ; it leant its sightless head upon the gate, half up-girl, whose dower was too small to have been her only “Why ?" inquired Charles. turned, he fancied, towards where he stood. It is won attraction. Thus both brothers might be said to be “ Because it would prove that we had been in it," derful what small things will sometimes stir up the fairly launched in life.

answered the lady. hearts of strong men, ay, and what is still more difficult, It might be imagined that Charles Adams, having “At all events,” said John, “now I shall not have even of ambitious men. Yet he did not feel at that determined to reside in his native village, and remain, to reproach myself with every extra expense, and moment a regret for the fair acres he had parted with ; what his father and grandfather had been, a simple think I ought to pay my debts first ; now I may he was full of the importance which the possession of gentleman farmer, and that rather on a small than a live exactly as I please.” a considerable sum of money gives a young man, who large scale, was altogether without that feeling of "I do not think so," said Charles. has been fagging almost unsuccessfully in an arduous ambition which stimulates exertion and elevates the "Not think so !" repeated Mrs Adams in a tone of profession, and one which requires a certain appear- mind. Charles Adams had quite enough of this—which astonishment. ance of success to command success—for John Adams may be said, like fire, to be “a good servant, but a bad “ Not think so !” exclaimed John ; “ do I not make even then placed M. D. after his plain name ; yet still, master”—but he made it subservient to the dictates the money myself ?” despite the absence of sorrow, and the consciousness of prudence—and a forethought, the gift, perhaps, that, “Granted, my dear fellow; to be sure you do,” said of increased power, he continued to look at poor old above all others, we should most earnestly covet for Charles. Ball until his eyes swam in tears.

those whose prosperity we would secure. To save his “ Then why should I not spend it as pleases me With the presence of his father, which the sight of brother's portion of the freehold from going into the best? Is there any reason why I should not ?" the old horse had conjured up, came the remembrance hands of strangers, he incurred a debt; and wisely– As if to give the strongest dramatic effect to Charles's of his peculiarities, his habits, his expressions ; and while he gave to his land all that was necessary to opinion, the nurse at that moment opened the drawhe wondered, as they passed in review before him, make it yield its increase—he abridged all other ex ing-room door, and four little laughing children rushed how he could ever have thought the dear old man penses, and was ably seconded in this by his wife, who into the room. testy or tedious ; even his frequent quotations from resolred, until principal and interest were discharged, “There—are four reasons against your spending your “Poor Richard" appeared to him, for the first time, to live quietly and carefully. Charles contended that income exactly as you please ; unless, indeed, part of the results of common prudence; and his rude but every appearance made beyond a man's means was an your plan be to provide for them,” answered Charles wise rhyme, when, in the joy of his heart, he told his attempted fraud upon the public; while John shook very seriously. father he had absolutely received five guineas as one his head, and answered that it might do very well for “ I am sure," observed Mrs Adams, with the halffee from an ancient dame who had three middle-aged Charles to say so, as no one expected the sack that offended air of a weak woman when she hears the daughters (he had not, however, acquainted his father brought the grain to market to be of fine Holland, truth, “ John need not be told his duty to his chilwith that fact), came more forcibly to his memory but that no man in a profession could get on in Lon- dren; he has always been a most affectionate father.” than it had ever done to his ear

don without making “ an appearance.” At this “A father may be fond and foolish,” said Charles, “For want and age save while you may;

Charles shrugged his shoulders, and thanked God he who was peculiarly English in his mode of giving an No morning sun shines all the day." lived at Repton.

opinion. “For my part, I could not kiss my little Mary He repeated the last line over and over again, as his The brothers, as years moved rapidly on-engaged and Anne when I go to bed at night, if I did not feel father had done ; but as his “morning sun” was at as they were by their mutual industry and success in I had already formed an accumulating fund for their that moment shining, it is not matter of astonishment their several fields of action—met but seldom. It was future support-a support they will need all the more that the remembrance was evanescent, and that it did impossible to say which of the two continued the most when their parents are taken from them, as they not make the impression upon him his father had prosperous. Dr Adams made several lucky hits ; and must be, in the course of time.” desired long before.

having so obtained a position, was fortunate in having “ They must marry,” said Mrs Adams. A young, unmarried, handsome physician, with an abundance of patients in an intermediate sort of “ That is a chance," replied Charles ; "women hang about three thousand pounds in his pocket, and a good state_that is, neither very well nor very ill. Of a on hands now-a-days. At all events, by God's blessexpectations,” might be excused for building “ des really bland and courteous nature, he was kind and ing, I am resolved that, if they are beauties, they shall chateaux en Espagne.” A very wise old lady said once attentive to all, and it was certain that such of his never be forced by poverty to accept unworthy matches; to me—“Those who have none on earth may be for patients as were only in moderate circumstances, got if they are plain, they shall have enough to live upon given for building them in the air ; but those who well long before those who were rich ; his friends at without husbands." have them on earth should be content therewith.” tributed this to his humanity as much as to his skill ; “ That is easy enough for you, Charles," said the Not so, however, was John Adams ; he built and his enemies said he did not like“ poor patients.” Per- l doctor, “who have had your broad acres to support

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