Imatges de pÓgina


for instance, by a carrier-pigeon, or in a fire-balloon, or of Dr Rush. The tree had grown upon her father's farm ;

set adrift in a bottle, or per waggon, or favoured by Mr and all the scenery of her youth grew up again at the This lively little work holds on in its annual career, as

Waghorn, or by telegraph, I think the best way will be mention of it. From that moment she began to recover. full of jokes as ever, the quality of the material being to send it to you in print. - I am, sir, your most obe- Another fact, of a different description, is related by the

In the no way deteriorated from that of former years.

dient servant,

THOMAS HOOD." same author :- An Italian gentleman died in New York, volume which made its appearance at the beginning of

of yellow fever. In the beginning of his illness he spoke 1842, we find the following clever jeu d'esprit on the practice of asking for autographs. It purports to be a letter


English; in the middle, French; at the close, Italian.

These anecdotes correspond in illustrating the mysterious from Mr Hood to D. X. A., Esquire, Edinburgh :

The autumn leaves are fading fast,
And rustling in the chilly blast;

revival of memory amid the gloom of life, and when the “Sir, I am much flattered by your request, and quite

And some around us, old and grey,

sun had almost set. The vivid distinctness of the recolwilling to accede to it; but, unluckily, you have omitted

Have fallen sear'd, and fast as they.

lection, at the last hour of existence, is not more remarkto inform me of the sort of thing you want. Autographs

able than solemn.- Fraser's Mugazine. (We believe that are of many kinds. Some persons chalk them on walls;

But weep not, weep not, theirs had been

the revival of recollection near death can be accounted

A sunny morn, a noon serene; others inscribe what may be called auto-lithographs, in

And in the evening of their day

for physiologically: it has been stated to us, that the actiBundry colours, on the flag-stones. Gentlemen in love

They laid them down, and slept away.

vity of the brain at that period, is a result of the great delight in carving their autographs on the bark of trees;

Yet, why these tears upon my cheek?

effort which nature makes to rally, and throw off the as other idle fellows are apt to hack and how them on

These woman's yearnings wildly weak ?

cause of disease. The renewed recollection of a forgotten tavern benches and rustic seats. Amongst various

These longings for the dear, the dead

language has been explained by phrenologists.] modes, I have seen a shop-boy dribble his autograph from

The early rose, whose leaves are shed ?

POPULAR DELUSIONS. a tin of water on a dry pavement. The autographs of

No more on earth that little hand

Maitland, in his “ History of London," gravely informs the Charity Boys are written on large sheets of paper,

With brother's love shall clasp mine on

us, that one of the projects which received great encouilluminated with engravings, and are technically called

Like bird to a far distant land,

ragement, was for the establishment of a company to Pieces.' The celebrated Miss Biffin used to distribute

That voice (to me so sweet) is flown.

make deal-boards out of saw-dust." This is, no doubt, autographs amongst her visiters, which she wrote with a

A fibre from my heart is riven!

intended as a joke ; but there is abundance of evidence pen grasped between her teeth. Another, a German

A life-drop from my heart is shed!

to show that dozens of schemes, hardly a whit more Phenomenon, held the implement with his toes. The

Ay! but thy spirit—that's in HeavenMan in the Iron Mask scratched an autograph with his

'Tis but the dust that's with the dead !

reasonable, lived their little day, ruining hundreds ere

they fell. One of them was for a wheel for perpetual fork on a silver plate, and threw it out of the window.

I'll gaze on yon bright star, and see Baron Trenck smudged one with a charred stick; and

The home where thou art dwelling now

motion-capital one million; another was for “encouSilvio Pellico, with his fore-finger dipped in a mixture of

Methinks soft wings are fanning me

raging the breed of horses (in England), and of improvsoot and water. Lord Chesterfield wrote autographs on

They soothe, they cool, my fever'd brow!

ing of glebe and church lands, and repairing and rebuildwindows with a diamond pencil; so did Sir Walter

I'll listen to the wind's soft swell,

ing parsonage and vicarage houses." Why the clergy, And fancy thine the gentle sounds;

who were so mainly interested in the latter clause, should Raleigh and Queen Elizabeth. Draco, when Themis re

They sigh not forth a sad farewell

have taken so much interest in the first, is only to be quested a few sentences for her album, dipped his stylus

Thus in my ear the murmury dwell, in human blood. Faust used the same fluid in the auto

explained on the supposition, that the scheme was pro "We'll meet where endless love abounds !"

jected by a knot of the fox-hunting, parsons once so graph he bartered with Mephistopheles. The Hebrews

I'll weep no more no more I'll sigh !

common in England. The shares of this company wero write their Shpargotua backwards; and some of the

I feel, dear boy, thy presence nigh ;

rapidly subscribed for. But the most absurd and preOrientals used to clothe them in hieroglyphics. An ancient

And still, methinks, thy spirit clings Egyptian, if asked for his autograph, would probably

Around me in my wanderings.

posterous of all, and which showed, more completely

A. G. have sent to the collector a picture of what Mrs Malaprop

than any other, the utter madness of the people, was one

started by an unknown adventurer, entitled, “ A comcalls · An Allegory on the Banks of the Nile.' Aster,

ENLIGHTENED ENTERPRISE. the archer, volunteered an autograph, and sent it bang A little enlightened enterprise in a single individual, but nobody to know what it is." Were not the fact

pany for carrying on an undertaking of great advantage, into Philip's right eye. Some individuals are so chary of comparatively obscure, often leads to great results; and stated by scores of credible witnesses, it would be imtheir handwriting, as to bestow, when requested, only a therefore no man, in his efforts to begin any branch of possible to believe that any person could have been duped mark or cross ; others more liberally adorn a specimen of trade, should be discouraged either because he is un- by such a project. The man of genius who essayed this their penmanship with such extraneous flourishes as a known to fame or possesses slender means of immediate bold and successful inroad upon public credulity, merely cork-screw, a serpent, or a circumbendibus, not to men success. Enterprise on a small and at first unheeded stated in his prospectus that the required capital was tion such caligraphic fancies as eagles, ships, and swans. scale, is indeed the foundation of almost all great profes-half a million, in five thousand shares, L.100 each, deposit Then, again, there are what may be called Mosaic auto sional undertakings. We have a striking and honourable L.2 per share. Each subscriber, paying his deposit, would graphs, i. e. inlaid with cockle-shells, blue and white instance of this in the history of type-founding in Scotpebbles, and the like, in a little gravel walk. Our grand-laud. Exactly a century ago, types were for the first immense profit was to be obtained, he did not condescend

be entitled to L.100 per annum per share. How this mothers worked their autographs in canvass samplers ; time cast in Scotland, and a trade begun in an article for and I have seen one wrought out with pins' heads on a which our northern kingdom is now highly celebrated. month full particulars should be duly announced, and a

to inform them at that time, but promised that in a huge white pin-cushion, as thus: – Welcome sweat Babby. The introducer of this elegant art was Alexander Wilson, call made for the remaining L.98 of the subscription. Mary Jones.'

a native of St Andrews, at whose university he received Next morning, at nine o'clock, this great man opened an When the sweetheart of Mr Jolin Junk requested his & liberal education. After completing his studies, he office in Cornhill. Crowds of people beset his door; and autograph, and explained what it was, namely, a couple went to London, and, while studying medicine in the when he shut up, at three o'clock, he found that no less of lines or so, with his name to it,' he replied that he British metropolis, he accidentally visited a type-foundry, than one thousand shares had been subscribed for, and would leave it to her in his will, seeing as how it was where a close examination of the process convinced him the deposits paid. He was thus, in five hours, the winner • done with gunpowder on his left arm.'

that he could effect great improvements in the art. He of L.2000. He was philosopher enough to be contented There have even been autographs written by proxy. For communicated his ideas to an acquaintance, also a native with his venture, and set off the same evening for the example, Doctor Dodd penned one

for Lord Chesterfield ; of St Andrews, and they removed to that city in 1742, continent, and was never heard of again. - Mackay's but to oblige a stranger in this way is very dangerous, where they opened a foundry, at which, as already ob- History of Popular Delusions. considering how easily a few lines may be twisted into a served, the first types in Scotland, worthy of the name, rope. According to Lord Byron, the Greek girls com were cast. Their success exceeded their most sanguine

THE SUMMERS FROM 1816 to 1841. pound autographs as apothecaries make up prescriptions, expectations, and their increasing connexion with Ireland

1816—Extremely cold and wet throughout: one of the with such materials as flowers, herbs, ashes, pebbles, and induced them to remove the foundry to Glasgow in 1744; July and August, but very fine in September, which

worst harvests ever known. 1817-Very cold and wet in bits of coal. Lord Byron himself, if asked for a speci- where it rapidly obtained a remarkable celebrity, and favoured the harvest. 1818–Intensely hot and dry; the men of his hand, would probably have sent a plaster where Mr Wilson was so highly esteemed as a man of thermometer twice at 89 degrees, and often above 80 cast of it. King George the Fourth and the Duke of science, that he was appointed professor of astronomy in degrees. 1819-A very fine hot summer : the month of York, when their autographs were requested for a keep; the university. This venerable gentleman left a family, August intensely hot: scarcely any thunder. 1820A sake, royally favoured the applicant with some of their old who inherited his abilities ; his grandsons now carry on Latin-English exercises. With regard to my own parti- most extensive foundries of types in Edinburgh, London, Some very hot days occasionally, but for the most part

fine summer on the whole, and very productive. 1821cular practice, I have often traced an autograph with my and Dublin ; and

from their own and their father's eswalking-stick on the sea-sand. I also seem to remember | tablishment have gone forth other founders, whose taste

cold and showery. Immense rains during harvest, which writing one with my fore-finger on a dusty table, and am and skill have added to the glory of the profession. for the most part, but heavy rain at times, with much

did great damage. 1822-A splendid year: hot and dry pretty sure I could do it with the smoke of a candle on Young men inclined to feel daunted with obstacles may thunder. A very abundant harvest. 1823--A very cold the ceiling. I have seen something like a very badly treasure these valuable facts in their remembrance. scribbled autograph made by children with a thread of

showery summer. In July it rained every day except treacle on a slice of suet dumpling. Then, it may be


the 24th : very little thunder. 1824---Very fine and warm done with vegetables. My little girl grew her auto

Various notices have lately been given in the news throughout, but never intensely hot. The thermometer graph the other day in mustard and cress. Domestic papers of this invention. It is well known that in severe

stood highest September 1, and was at 79 degrees. 1825 servants, I have observed, are fond of scrawling auto storms on our coast, ships are not safe even in certain -Very hot almost throughout. July 18, the thermometer graphs on a teaboard with the slopped milk ; also of harbours, the sea rolling in upon them with immense stood at 90 degrees, which is the highest observation in scratching them on a soft deal dresser, the lead of the fury; hence the plan of building breakwaters, or huge the course of all these summers. 1826---The hottest and sink, and, above all, the quicksilver side of a looking- mounds of masonry, opposite the mouths of harbours, by driest summer ever known: it began early and continued glass-a surface, by the by, quite irresistible to any one

which the force of the sea is lessened. But this method late. The thermometer was twice at 88 degrees, and who can write and does not bite his nails. A friend of of protecting harbourages being excessively expensive, often at 84 degrees. 1827--- Hot and dry, but not to such mine possesses an autograph— REMEMBER JIM HOSKINS' Captain Tayler, of the Royal Navy, has invented a break- an extremity as in the preceding summer : much thunder.

-done with a red-hot poker on the back-kitchen door, water which floats, and, while answering all the purposes 1828---Immense rains, which began July 9, and continued This, however, is awkward to bind up. Another, but a of a solid breakwater, can be placed at perhaps a hun- almost without cessation. Large floods July 16 and 30. young lady, possesses a book of autographs, filled just like dredth part of the expense. His scheme is so simple and Heavy thunder-storins; bad harvest. 1829--- A very cold å tailor's pattern book, with samples of stuff and fustian. ingenious, that it seems wonderful it was not thought of stormy summer. In September the rains were very heavy. The foregoing, sir, are but a few of the varieties; and the It consists of placing in the water an obstacle In 1830-- Very cold and wet, especially in June: much questions that have occurred to me in consequence of which will yield to the action of the waves, yet deprive thunder. 1831---Warm, gleamy, showery, and electrical. your only naming the genus, and not the species, have them of their violence. Here we are called on to recol A sickly summer; great number of insects, esp ecially been innumerable. Would the gentleman like it short or lect that, when waves advance, it is not the water which house flies. 1832---Moderate for the most part, without long? for Doppeldickius, the learned Dutchman, wrote is advancing, but the force which has been communicated much inclination either one way or the other

. 1833

Very fine, the early part especially ; an abundant harveste an autograph for a friend, which the latter published in to the water. The rolling force of the waves, then, aca quarto volume. Would he prefer it in red ink, or black cording to Captain Tayler's plan, and as far as we under 1834---A very fine hot summer, but heavy rains at the end - or suppose he had it in sympathetic, so that he could stand it, is to be met by a hollow framework, which of July; an early and

productive harvest. 1835 - Hot draw me out when he pleased would he choose it on receives it and brings it to a calm. If the obstacle were and dry, with some showery exceptions ; another abunwhite paper, or tinted, or embossed, or on common brown solid, it would be beat to pieces ; but being open, it is dant harvest. 1836--- In the midland counties dry weather paper, like Naroncelli's? Would

he like it without my constantly filled with water, and this water receives the predominated. Remarkable for the almost entire destrucname to it-as somebody favoured me lately with his force into its tranquil bosom. Moored off the most iron- tion of the turnip crop by the fly. Harvest not amiss, autograph in an anonymous letter? Would he rather it bound coast, this species of breakwater will afford a re 1837--A fair average of hot weather, but preceded by a

very severe spring ; harvest deficient. 1838--- A cold wet were like Guy Faukes's to Lord Monteagle (not Spring treat to any number of vessels, and be the means of savRice), in a feigned hand? Would he relish it in the ing much life and property. It is pleasing to find science summer, and a late unproductive harvest. 1839. Very aristocratical style, i. e. partially or totally illegible ? thus extending her operations in the cause of humanity heavy rains, almost without cessation ; the harves not Would he like it-in case be shouldn't like it-on a and national advancement.

unproductive, but much damaged. 1840---A fine warm slate? With such a maze to wander in, if I should not


summer, with intense heat in August : fine harvest weatake the exact course you wish, you must blame the short and insufficient clue you have afforded me.

In the ) anecdotes of the freshness with which the memory pre fine harvest weather at the end, and in September.-Far-
Dr Rush of America relates two or three very pleasing ther; feed deficient. 1841---Fine and warm in May an 1

June; wet and cold in July and the beginning of August; mean time, as you have not forwarded to me a tree or a serves the rural scenery of carly life :-When the phytable-a paving-stone or a brick wall-a looking-glass or sician visited a sick woman whom he had known in

mer's Almanac. a window-a teaboard or a silver plate-a bill-stamp or a childhood, she was lying in typhus fever, and all hope back-kitchen door-I presume to conclude that you want of her recovery was nearly over. Two little words, like a LONDON: Published, with permission of the proprietors, Ly only a common pen-ink-and-paper autograph; and, in the fabulous talisman, seemed to bring back her wandering w s. Orr, Paternoster Row. absence of any particular direction for its transmission, I thoughts. The “ eagle's nest” was the brief exclamation

Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars.





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this feeling always rise in proportion with the respec- experience of the slightest uneasiness either at the ECCENTRIC MORALS.

tability of the lower animals : the feline and apes are moment or afterwards. Such are the Thugs of India, The natural feelings are subject to many strange perhaps the most philoprogenitive of all creatures. aberrations and depravities. The Negro of Soudan Parental and filial affection are recognised as strong been presented to the public within the last few years. would probably pronounce the most beautiful lady at feelings amongst us, and it is difficult to imagine how They are a kind of sect, or set of religionists, who Almack's a fright, and point for the true standard of a son could ever become an indifferent object to a waylay and kill travellers for the sake of booty. loveliness to some overgrown black Venus, the result father, or how a mother could ever regard the death “ There is not a Thug,” says Captain Sleeman, “who of ten years of maternal cramming. The African of one of her stately striplings as even a tolerable, feels the slightest remorse for the murders which he gentleman's taste would be held by some to imply much less a pleasing, event. Yet a Roman magis- may, in the course of his vocation, have perpetrated, that the ideas of men on these points are all matter trate would coolly condemn his son to death for a or assisted in perpetrating. A Thug considers the of liabit or prejudice ; but this would be rather a state offence ; and a Grecian mother was delighted to persons murdered precisely in the light of victims rash way of judging. The wonder may, we think, be receive home, stretched on his shield, the lifeless body offered up to the goddess; and he remembers them as accounted for by supposing that the faculty giving the of the youth who had fallen fighting for his country. a priest of Jupiter remembered the oxen, and a priest sense of the beautiful has been in him dormant for Aksoukor Bourshi, the Dispenser of Fortune, as he of Saturn the cluildren, sacrificed upon their altars. lack of all that could excite or train it, and that habit was called, a gallant prince of Mossul, fell a victim to He meditates his murders without any misgiving ; he and prejudice have only reconciled him to an object the daggers of a fanatical sect whose creed recognised perpetrates them without any emotion of pity; and absolutely not calculated to be agreeable to this feel

. assassination as the most meritorious of all acts. The he remembers them without any feeling of remorse. ing in most men. In the same way, we conceire, populace seized the murderers, whom, with one excep- They trouble not his dreams, nor does their recollecsome men become accustomed to swallow with a kind tion, they tore in pieces. The mother of the assassin tion ever cause him any inquietude in darkness, in of relish potions which to the bulk of mankind appear, who was spared, hearing of the catastrophe, expressed solitude, or the hour of death.” How are we to reconand therefore really are, bitter and nauseous. The the greatest joy, and dressed herself in all her finest cile the rule, in this case, with so large and every way tale told of a king of antiquity, who, by taking poison attire, believing her son to have been killed in what so remarkable an exception? It is also to be rememin little but gradually increasing quantities, came at she beliered to be the best of causes. When she bered that there has been such a thing as a nation of last to be a mass diffusing death all around, while learnt that the young man still lived, she blackened assassins somewhat nearer to our doors than the Thugs ; himself remained in good health, is, though evidently her face, and cut off her long flowing hair, the eastern and that, within Christendom, religion has often been an exaggerated case, yet one generally consonant with signs of extreme woe. In all these cases, we see one brought to bear either for the prompting of homicide what we know to be possible : otherwise how should principle overpowering another, the latter, however, or its justification. When Louis D’Orleans assassiColeridge have been able to take a pint of laudanum being probably, in some of these nations, the weaker nated Jean Sans Peur in 1407, Jean Petit, a Norman in a day? There have even been appetites so de- of the two naturally.

Cordelier monk and doctor of laws, undertook to juspraved, that the mud of the streets became a treat There can, we think, be no other rational way of tify the act by txelre arguments in honour of the though, probably, in such cases, it is not the perver- accounting for those eccentricities as to morals for twelve apostles! The Smithfield fires were lighted, sion of habit so much as the derangement of disease. which some nations have been remarkable. Lycur- and the bell of St Germain l'Auxerrois was rung, It would not perhaps be more absurd to conclude gus, as is generally known, legalised theft, and only the supposed glory of God. John Knox “spoke merfrom such instances that man had no natural election punished it when a blundering rogue was caught in rily” of the murder of Cardinal Beaton, and united between a good joint and a lump of soil, than to sup- the fact. He was so eager to make his people intel himself to the murderers, although of the general Pose, because the Negroes admire ugly objects, that lectually sharp, that this license did not seem too dear character of that preacher there cannot be a doubt there is no to kalon, or absolute beautiful.

a way of effecting the object. So also the Grecian that it included many noble points. We would have So it is with almost all the finest feelings of our philosophers, in their anxiety to advance their national to write volumes instead of paragraphs, if we were to nature. To observe the conduct of mothers in this interests, not only sanctioned piracy, but held it to be dip deeper into the annals of religious persecution ; country, one would suppose that the protection of the laudable. The whole history of Greece is a remark- suffice it, in one word, to say that, from beginning to infant was a principle in no instance to be broken able illustration of the power of a sentiment akin to end, they show the natural feelings of humanity through. An English lady seems to experience the what we call public spirit, to extinguish the natural obscured by the predominance of other and depraved bitterest agonies of alarm and distress, if the least emotions of the individual bosom.

feelings. danger of any kind threaten the helpless innocent Even the instinct of self-preservation, so universally The aberrations of the religious feeling itself are most that lies in her bosom. Here, at least, we would active, the mainspring of human actions, has been, as extraordinary, and such as investigation would perhaps think, is a feeling which nothing on earth could cor we well know, overpowered by other feelings. The never exhaust. The first element of this feeling is unrupt or pervert. Yet, unfortunately, we know that Hindoo devotee prostrates himself under the car of questionably the principle of worship—and to what obthe Spartans exposed deformed or sickly children, Juggernaut in a most contented and cheerful state of jects has worship been paid, from the ugly caricatures and that Roman parents had by their laws a right mind. The widow of the same nation, if left to her of humanity which some Asiatic nations set up as idols, to do so ; that the Mingrelians, a people who professed choice, in general would rather burn with her deceased to the Grecian Jupiter and Apollo, respective emblems Christianity, were accustomed to bury their offspring husband than not. They think they are making a of majesty and beauty—from the sacred cow of Egypt alire, with the view perhaps of repressing population ; good bargain in so doing, and, firm in their faith, no to the Lama of Thibet ! Worship implies an object and that the Chinese practise infanticide on a large qualm comes over them. The Highlander of old presumedly superior to the worshipper; bụt these obscale. Such things, however, do not argue that would gladly take the death-blow aimed at his chief,jects could never be rationally held superior to those there is no natural feeling dictating a love of and so that he could save that venerated person. Here who pay or have paid them reverence. Yet they were care for the young, and that all these things are the sacrifice was dictated by merely a habit of reve or are sincerely, devoutly worshipped. Between the only matters of custom. They only, in our opinion, rence, which made the chief's life seem preferable to true object, an Almighty Unseen Deity, and these show that the feeling may be weak and compara- his own. He contemplated no selfish advantage, but, substitutes of ignorance and delusion, what an intertively dormant in some nations, as we know it to on the contrary, made a pure sacrifice of self. Yet it val! Yet still there can be no doubt that the venerabe in some individuals amongst ourselves, or else was only one feeling, after all, overpowering another. tion of men has been, and is, excited by such objects. may be overpowered by some principle temporarily Our common notions respecting the destruction of The sense of justice and truth is not less liable to stronger. The Mingrelians and Chinese may be a fellow-creature, in other circumstances than those depravation. Of truth, barbarous nations have scarcely amongst those nations who have no great endow- of conflict, or for the purpose of self-defence, represent a trace; of justice, they have very little. Some semiment of the faculty which gives the love of children; it as an act from which man instinctively revolts, enlightened nations, as, for example, the Chinese, are and, in the case of the Spartans, we all know that and which, if it be unfortunately committed, is ever scarcely any better in either respect. And even their regard to the public interest was sufficient after a source of the most bitter uneasiness of feeling. amongst the most enlightened nations, we find some in them to subdue the natural feeling, even on the We think of the murderer as haunted through life odd ideas and practices. It is not assuming at all, supposition of its being of average strength and ac with horrible recollections, harassed by remorse, and but only stating a recognised fact, that there are scores tivity. It is worthy of remark, that the vivacity of suffering an expiatory death every day, until true of voters in almost every borough in England, who this feeling does not absolutely depend on civilisation : death at length comes, amidst unspeakable horrors, to cannot sco the least impropriety in selling their votes while the Chinese murder their infants, the Esqui-close a scene which no one can look on without shud for a sum of money, and would be prepared to defend maux, a much less enlightened people, are remarkable dering. It is, nevertheless, true that there are large the act as one perfectly indifferent in all respects for an extreme tenderness towards them. Nor does / bodies of people who practise murder without the except with a regard to their own interest. Classes


pursue their own interests, not only without the least into which custom and prejudice are apt to lead Can't you bring in a tea-kettle ? regard to the interests of other classes, but in open

• The urn is coming, sir ; we don't use tea-kettles,

It prompts us to look out beyond the narrow defiance of them. We find each profession and set circle of local, temporary, and class morals, to see the like the Stratton people,' with a slight flourish of the

head. There was something unpromising in this of men looking to some code of its own, which habit operation of just principles in the great world. It is remark—this incipient effort to be exclusive-it was places above the decalogue in their estimation. A a common resource of the unjust and merciless to not a good omen. Stratton was an ancient town when barrister will use every effort to save from conviction sneer at all standards of right and wrong, and take Bude was a sand-bank. the wretch who cannot be allowed to continue in his refuge from blame in the many examples of the

"I shall be obliged for some toast, Mary; but, percareer without the greatest danger to society; and a aberrant and depraved. The more clearly that these haps, the Stratton people only eat toast ?

* Yes, sir,' replied Mary, błushing as if she felt the statesman will denounce a minister as a traitor to his can be established in their true character, as only ex

reproof, and going out of the room after the toast. country and an enemy to the laws, yet be ready next ceptions from rules which the Creator has himself

*They do that at Stratton, may in future serve for minute to protest that he only meant the charge in a written in the human heart, the less influence, it may a gibe at any thing done out of the mode.” parliamentary sense, and entertains not a thought be presumed, will they have in seducing the easy and

Dr Taylor, in approaching the subject of the factory

system, disclaims the power of thoroughly compreinjurious to the personal character of his opponent. weak from the right path.

hending or describing it. “ Some influences are too All of these are great monstrosities ; but we pass them

extensive, others too minute, and all are in such conby every day without remark, custom having recon

“ ENGLAND IN THE NINETEENTH stant action, that it is scarcely possible to find the ciled us to them.


moment of repose when an examination of their con

stituent parts might be attempted. Even those who On attempting to analyse the various causes which Tuis is a work after the fashion of Mrs Hall's “ Ire- have resided in the manufacturing districts all their produce aberrations of the natural feelings, we find reason to think that the following

are the chief. There land,” in form, embellishment, and mode of publica- lives, and who have been neither incurious nor uninis, first , that condition of a feeling which we find in tion, as well as in the matter and manner of the terested spectators of the changes which machinery composition. Two "parts” are published, the respec- in the system which either escapes their ken or baffles

has wrought, are ready to confess that there is much utterly savage tribes a state in which it is either so

tive commencements of two series into which the their comprehension ; that there are agencies at work, small in positive endowment, or so ill developed, that it work is divided (Southern and Northern), and respec- viewless as the wind-they hear the sound thereof, scarcely can be said to exist at all. Hence the African’s tively devoted to Cornwall and Lancashire. When but cannot tell whence it cometh or whither it goeth admiration of fat black females--the unscrupulous de

we contrast the aptness and elegance of the wood and this must necessarily be the case ; for, until struction of children by some savage tribes—the vene- and steel engravings, the beauty of paper and print, machinery has worked out all its results, the con, ration which many other barbarous nations pay to and the liveliness and intelligence of the writing, dition of society which it produces must be regarded

as in a state of transition. ugly blocks of wood or stone, as supposing them to be with the corresponding features of “ The Beauties of

Transition is necessarily associated with doubt-we gods. In these cases we only see the blundering of a England and Wales,” we are disposed to think that know what we are, but know not what we may be faculty as weak and aimless as the movements of a as great improvements have been made, during the there are those who hope for change, and there are newly born animal. There is next a condition of a last thirty years, in the business of preparing books, those who fear it. These feelings are not always the faculty little superior to the above, which is sometimes

as in any other constructive business followed in Eng- dictates of self-interest : hope from change often arises found in partially civilised nations : for example, the land. We cordially recommend the book to our from nobler causes than dissatisfaction with the exist

readers, as one calculated at once to grace their ing state of things, and fear of change must not always feeble state of conscientiousness amongst the Chinese. drawing-rooms, and to acquaint their children with be attributed to the dread of seeing advantages afHere we may remark that, because a nation has made what is too much overlooked in education-the topo- forded to the many, which are now monopolised by some progress, it is not to be supposed that all the graphical and social features of their native country. the few; men on all sides are actuated by better mental faculties are, in it, to spring forward into one

We would instance the well-written and well-illus- motives than those for which their opponents give

trated account here given of the Lancashire factory them credit : the errors most commonly attributed to uniform degree of activity. There is not one partially system, as a very remarkable example of the efforts principles will in the great majority of instances be enlightened race which does not show some striking now made to gratify and enlighten the public through found to arise from false or imperfect perceptions of deficiencies. A great deal of the shortcomings which media the most humble. We find that the southern facts.” we wonder at in certain races are to be attributed to division is under the care of Mr Cyrus Redding, and After a full description of the actual mechanism of this cause. Next, we behold, in civilised nations, one

the northern under that of Dr W. C. Taylor. the factories, he adds—“The most scrupulous attenfeeling overpowered by another-as the family affec- almost every kind of mineral wealth, and the seat of which were exceptions are fast disappearing. But

The peculiar features of Cornwall, as a store of tion is paid to cleanliness in almost every mill ; those tions of the Greeks by public spirit, and their sense a population in many respects different from the rest cleanliness is found in Manchester where it would be of justice by an anxiety to cultivate intellectual sharp- of the English people, are well brought out by Mr least expected, among the firemen and attendants on ness. The monstrous practices of Thugs, assassins, Redding. The reader is surprised to be informed that the boilers. The coals are raised from their bins in a and persecutors, are to be explained by a consideration traces of the ancient connexion of the Phænicians and yard by a series of buckets, similar to those of the of the blinding effect of erroneous religious views. Jews with Cornwall are to be found in various Hebrew dredging machines used for deepering the beds of

names of places, as Paran-zabulon, Phillack, Menachan, rivers ; thence they are emptied into a waggon with a Absorbed in some delusive notions, these persons come Zephni, Bonithon, and

Marazion. The inhabitants are drop-bottom, which moves on a railway over the feed. to sink all considerations of justice and humanity, and remarked to be people of kind and agreeable manners ing-hoppers attached to each furnace, and are supplied are willing to commit any species of wickedness that -the men larger and more active than most English to the fires in the exact proportion required to genea contemplated greater good may be attained. It is men, and the women peculiarly unaffected and free

rate steam necessary for the work. from constraint. It appears that Queen Elizabeth a great though common mistake to speak of such men remarked, that “ the Cornish gentlemen were all born the slightest impurity, but the overseers take care

Not only are the floors and walls kept free from as unacquainted with mercy : Philip II. of Spain, courtiers, with a becoming confidence," a description that the children should keep themselves neat. They while conducting his atrocious persecutions in the that would have applied equally well to the gentlemen go round every morning, and reprove those who have Netherlands, sent bread and clothing to the people of of the kindred race of Scottish Highlanders in the last failed to wash themselves after breakfast ; the delinBrussels suffering under a famine. The feelings are

century, and perhaps to the real Irish gentlemen of quents are without excuse, as soap, water, and towels, in their case only overcome by an extreme of fanati- teristics of races. the present day, thus marking the ineffaceable charac are provided gratuitously for their use.

mills, boxes and nests of drawers are provided, in cism, against which judgment makes no appeal. Next,

At Week St Mary there is a charity and grammar- which the female operatives deposit their street there are many aberrations which arise from inte school, founded in the time of Henry VIII., by a lady dresses, and put on their working clothes before they rested and selfish views entertained by a great body of who was a native of the place, and whose history, as begin their labours. There is also a separate washing In that case, probably, a consideration that the Thomasina Bonaventura, when

a girl, kept sheep upon

Mr Redding remarks, would do well for a romance. and dressing room for the women, from which, as well object sought is for the benefit of many others besides the neighbouring moor. “A London merchant, who operatives are carefully excluded. We have been

as from their other places of retirement, the male one's self, reconciles many to the error, or is what happened to be travelling that way, saw her, and much interested by observing the difference of ap: makes it appear passable. Every one, too, feels his observing something about her which pleased him, pearance between the females when at work, and share of the responsibility so light, and is so supported begged her of her poor parents, and took her to Lon | when they are going home to dinner; they do not in his error by multitudes around him, that he is don. The wife of the merchant dying, her master exhibit any trace of their occupation when they appear encouraged to stand out in the bad cause. Finally, thewes,' say the historians of the day, that he married arrangement of their dress and person a neatness and

was so taken with her comeliness and her good in the street ; many of them, indeed, display in the the peculiar arrangements which society takes, and her, and left her a rich widow. She married a second taste not unbecoming a higher walk of life. the effects of laws and institutions, occasion many husband, and was a second time left a widow. A The proper

ventilation of the rooms is now regarded anomalous moralities, to which custom easily recon

third time she married a Sir John Perceval, who was as an object of primary importance in the construction ciles all the parties concerned.

Lord Mayor of London; and outliving him, she retired of mills. Taylor's mill, near Preston, is in this respect

to her native parish, and employed her fortune in a perfect model ; it has in every room a double system But while every one of the feelings is thus liable useful purposes. She repaired highways, built bridges, of ventilators--the series at the top of each room reto appear, under various circumstances, dull, dor- endowed maidens, released prisoners, and clothed the moving the foul air, while fresh air is supplied by those mant, vanquished, or depraved, we are assured that poor. In her will, which is extant, dated 1512, it is near the floor. such feelings nevertheless exist, by finding them all Bumsby. She bequeaths legacies to a brother ; and some portion of the steam is permitted to escape and

found that her first husband's name was Thomas The mills are warmed by steam-pipes, from which acting with vigour in some one or another of the makes à cousin,' named Dinham, who married her mix with the surrounding atmosphere. A moist warm children of men. That there is a feeling for the sister's daughter, legatee, leaving to him the care of temperature is essential to the perfection of cotton beautiful, Greece and Italy have amply proved. There her grainmar-school. To the vicar of Liskeard she manufactures, and especially to the spinning of the is a fundamental feeling to pronounce thieving wrong, and twenty marks towards building the church of St on the health of the operatives appearing questionable,

leaves a gilt goblet, to remind him to pray for her ; finer yarns ; but the influence of such an atmosphere because most nations in the least removed from the

Stephen, at Launceston." savage condition pronounce it to be so. There is

we sought information from various medical gentlemen

Near an old place called Stratton, our author found who had enjoyed long opportunities for observing the a feeling to protect the young, because, though some a smart little watering-place, called Bude Haven, vital statistics of factories. They unanimously confew kill them, the great mass consent in acting getting up, with an excessively smart little hotel, and demned the system of warming apartments by stoves quite otherwise. There is a right humanity, because,

a great deal of petty bustle. Pretension—the sin of or hot-air pipes ;* they declared that a dry heated while a few have been found to act mercilessly, and English society—is just budding: "This judgment without remorse, the bulk of mankind are inclined waiter at the hotel—a female, as many of the waiters we formed from a sentence which dropped from a

* Dr Taylor writes as if this were newly ascertained. It

has for some time been generally admitted by those who have quite the contrary way. All the peculiar morals, are in Cornwall. The bell was rung.

given any attention to the subject, that air heated by contact then, of which instances have here been given, are Did you ring, sir ?'

with iron at a high temperature is desiccated or deprived of moisonly eccentricities, or departures from a right code.

' A little water ; there is none in the tea-pot.'

ture by the process, and thus made unsuitable to human neces“Yes, sir.'

sities. Pipes heated by steam or hot water, since they never can The practical good to be deduced from the argument,

rise above 212 degrees at most, are well calculated to warm the is its giving us a light to detect the moral fallacies

air of apartments, and will be consistent with health, if ventila. * London: How and Parsons. 1842.

In many


tion be at the same time attended to.

atmosphere is pernicious, and referred to the expe- fear that I cannot easily find a person qualified to set The prince, well pleased to find he was not to meet rience of the calico-printers, and of those who are in it up.'

with a disappointment, hastened to give the desired the babit of using Arnott's stoves. We subsequently On the morrow the young man went at the ap- receipt; but when the porter descended with it to the found that bleachers and calico-printers have gene- pointed time to the house of his new employer. The court, the man was nowhere to be seen, and, after rally adopted the system of heating by steam, in con- lathe was unpacked, and he at once recognised it as waiting some time in expectation of his reappearing, sequence of the ill effects produced by dry hot air on one of his own construction. He mentioned the fact he went up stairs again to inform his master of the the health of the operatives.

to the gentleman, and identified his work by specify fact. More than ever amazed, the prince could in no Regularity and precision are required in all the ing some private marks on the machinery. When way account for such conduct, but the next morning operations of a cotton mill, and these are enforced by his task was accomplished, the young man solicited the

first thing he did was to go himself to the banker's the accurate working of the machinery. Accidents and obtained leave to try some experiments on turn to find out if the money had been actually placed from the machinery are of very rare occurrence ; the ing, spindles. He produced some specimens so obvi- there. Contrary to his almost extinguished hopes, most dangerous parts of the turning shafts, which ously superior to the spindles then in use, that his the bankers replied, that the day before a little man almost alone are perilous to the incautious, are either patron was induced to advance him a sum sufficient (answering the description the prince gave) had called protected by wooden boxes or placed where there is to set him up in the turnery business. The new and paid them 3500 ducats on the prince's account, rarely occasion to pass them. The driving-straps are spindles were soon eagerly sought ; their maker at and had received from them a receipt for the same dangerous only to those who voluntarily encounter the same time gained opportunities of becoming ac- the signature he gave seemed some Jewish name, peril. Were the proprietors to leave the dangerous quainted with the several processes of a cotton mill, which none of them had ever heard before. parts of their machinery so exposed as to produce and as he studied them, improvement after improve As soon as the prince had received his money, he great liability to accident, they would not only be ment was opened to his mind. His fame as a mecha- hurried home, with no small curiosity, to see the mysneedlessly cruel, but stupidly blind to their own inte nist rapidly increased ; men of wealth sought a part- terious personage again ; but no tidings had been rests. Any accident would produce a derangement nership with the man of talent; capital was supplied heard of him during his absence. The bronze horse of machinery, the repairing of which would cost infi- to carry out the suggestions of ingenuity; and at the remained in solitary grandeur in his place; and from nitely more than the cases or boxes necessary to pre- present moment the hero of this history is at the that day forward, the Jew, or whoever he miglit be, vent its occurrence. In one mill, we are told that head of an establishment the fame of which extends never more made his appearance at the Palazzo Cavallo. slight cuts and bruises were frequently occasioned by through both hemispheres. After having heard this so strange was the event, that the prince could not the tricks which young operatives played upon each history, it was impossible to avoid feeling some regret help mentioning it to all his acquaintances, and much other when employed to oil the machinery; but in for the disappearance of the old book-stall in Šal- inquiry was made in every direction, to endeavour to most of the instances in our inquiry from the opera- ford.”

throw some light upon the affair, but all in vain; tires respecting the frequency of accidents, they laugh.

and after a time, except by the prince himself, the ingly asked if we thought work-people were such fools as to hurt themselves designedly.


matter was entirely forgotten.

It might be about five years after the sale of the Most modern mills are built fire-proof; those which


horse, that the prince was one morning awakened in are not so, have generally a fire-engine of their own, It is now some eighty years since there lived, in a vast great haste, at the early hour of six o'clock, by the in the use of which the operatives are occasionally old palace in one of the narrow streets that run behind sudden entrance of the Abbate Selvaggi (an old antiexercised. It is now also the favourite plan to have the Strada Toledo in Naples, the Principe (Prince) di quarian friend of his), while he was yet in bed. “Get the cotton raised by a crane in its raw state to the San Silvestro. A very distant relation of the family up, get up, my friend" said he, “ we must go instantly apper storey ; it then descends from floor to floor, in to whose honours he had succeeded, he had passed all and examine your bronze horse. I have made a great the successive stages of its manufacture, until, on the his younger days in obscurity in one of the provinces discovery; but I will explain nothing until we have ground floor, it is woven into cloth by the power with his father, who, proud of his high birth, but convinced ourselves with our own eyes of the extraloom.

without the means of supporting it in the style of his ordinary truth.” The prince ran with the abbate to The amount of capital invested in a spinning-mill equals, preferred vegetating in solitude with his only the statue, when the priest, after a glance, exclaimed, is usually calculated by the number of spindles re- son, rather than permit him to endeavour to raise the “ It is true !—they hare taken out his eyes!". The quired, which not unfrequently amount to one hun fortunes of his house again, by entering any profession abbate then stated to the surprised prince, that he had dred thousand. Some years ago the cost of a mill was that might tarnish the dignity of his ancient name. been just called to the deathbed of the confessor of estimated at L.l per spindle ; but in consequence of Shortly after the death of his father, the prince came the prince's late father, and had received from the the progress of mechanical improvement, the cost is into his inheritance, which in reality added but little dying man a most extraordinary confession in writing. not now rated higher than 13s. 4d. per spindle. The to his wealth, as it consisted merely of the old gloomy After expressing regret for a deed of guilt committed, rapidity with which the great engineering houses can Palazzo Cavallo, which was much dilapidated, and the dying man's confession narrated, that he had been stock á mill, with all its engines and machinery, is totally unfurnished, excepting a few rooms which had the confessor of the late Principe di San Silvestro, searcely credible ; they are enabled to do so by having been inhabited by the late prince-an eccentric cha- who, many years ago, had confided to him that he had accurate wooden models of all the several parts, from racter, who lived so retired, and with so little show, formed the resolution, on account of a vow he had which castings are easily taken, and the framework is that it was the surprise of every one how he could made, to place two brilliants, of immense size and thus got ready with the greatest expedition.” have squandered a very considerable fortune, when, value, as eyes in the head of his bronze horse. The

Dr Taylor adverts to the book-stalls of Manchester, at his death, all his estates were obliged to be sold for confessor bad aided in the act, and added, that he and, in connexion with one which formerly stood the payment of his debts. The new prince removed strongly suspected (although he outwardly appeared near the entrance into Salford by the bridge, narrates to Naples immediately upon the demise of his relation; to be a strict Catholic) that the reason of the prince's the following curious history :-“ Some thirty or forty having lost both his father and his wife in the course doing so extraordinary a deed proceeded from a remyears ago a young carpenter, in a Welsh county, was of the preceding year, he had now no tie to the coun pant of the superstitious veneration for horses, which drawn for the militia; he had no taste for a soldier's try, and was desirous of giving his son the advantage had secretly been cherished in Naples long after the life, with its great dangers and small pay. In addi- of a superior education to what. a retired province inhabitants were converted to Christianity. But if tion to the ordinary mysteries of his own trade, he could afford him.

such was the case, the prince never confessed it. had acquired great skill in turning, was a tolerable They were soon quietly established in their new Years rolled on, and the transaction remained a prowheelwright, and, when no more experienced work- abode ; Constantino was sent to a college ; and the found secret ; the prince was a strange, eccentric perman could be had, was found able to mend the ma. prince, who was very little known in Naples, continued son, considered half crazy by every one, who passed his chinery of a mill, and even to suggest some mechanical to live almost as much secluded as he had done in Cala- days and nights in poring over ancient lore, and receivimprovements which his neighbours were too obstinate bria. Upon taking possession of the Palazzo Cavallo, ing no visiters, unless it was some one who brought to adopt. After a very brief period of service, he he found that the only remains of its ancient magni- him manuscripts or legends of antiquity, for which deserted and came to London, where he obtained em- ficence consisted in a very fine colossal statue of a he was always ready to give a good price. A short ployment in a lathe manufactory. Here he soon be- bronze horse, which was placed upon a high pedestal time before his death, the confessor used frequently came conspicuous for his mechanical skill, and the in the centre of the court ; and it frequently occurred to meet at his house a little old man of foreign apingenuity of his contrivances to diminish labour and to him how gladly he would dispose of it if a purchaser pearance (who, the reader may guess, was the mysteperfect the machines he constructed. While he was would present himself, without his pride being hurt rious purchaser of the bronze horse). He had trarapidly advancing in the confidence of his employer by offering it for sale.

velled much, and evidently became soon in high favour and the estimation of his comrades, he happened to One winter evening, several years after his taking with the prince, whom he supplied with much of his meet in the street a sergeant belonging to his former up his residence in Naples, when it was nearly dark, favourite literature, and they used to be shut up for regiment, by whom he was recognised. It was neces a little old man, bending double apparently from age, weeks together over their books. On the death of the sary for him to quit London, in order to escape the and with his hat so much pulled over his face as prince, the priest was tempted by the stranger with consequences of his desertion; he sought shelter and scarcely to allow any of his features to be visible, en an offer of 10,000 ducats to let the other take away employment in several provincial towns, and at length tered the court of the palace, and, meeting one of the the brilliants and keep the secret. The priest yielded; came to Manchester. He had no acquaintances in prince's servants, he inquired if he might speak with the strange old man kept his promise, and at once the town, and was for some time unable to procure his master,

disappeared, leaving his accomplice to deep remorse. work : during this interval of reluctant leisure, his The prince, who was disengaged, desired he might This was the confession: attention was attracted by the sight of some mathe- be admitted, and to his surprise thé stranger (who, by It may be well imagined what was the vexation of matical books on the old stall in Salford; he stopped his accent, seemed a foreigner), apologising for his in the Principe San Silvestro, on receiving the foregoing to look at them, entered into conversation with the trusion, told him that the reason of his visit was to communication from his friend the abbate. To hear proprietor, who was an intelligent humorist, and soon inquire if he had any objection to sell the bronze that he had been deprived of wealth, probably more inspired him with an interest in his fortunes. horse he had seen in the court below, as he wished to than sufficient to put him upon an equality with the

One morning, as the adventurer went to consult his become its purchaser. The prince replied, that he was richest of the Neapolitan nobles, would have been a friend at the book-stall on his chances of obtaining willing to dispose of the statue, provided a good price severe trial to any one; but the prince had been so long employment, a gentleman came up to purchase some could be had, but that the very lowest sum he would accustomed to privations, that he no longer felt diswork on practical mechanics. As he turned over the take was 4000 ducats. This the other declared was far appointments so keenly as he did in his younger days: plates, which appeared very complex, he got a little above its value : however, after continuing to discuss for his son's sake alone he would have desired riches. puzzled, and said to himself, in a half-whisper, 'I the point for some time, he at last offered 3500 ducats, God has so ordered it,” said he to himself, with a cannot understand this ! His perplexity and anxiety which the prince agreed to accept; and the old man said sigh ; " I am not born to be fortunate ; however, five were so evident, that the young stranger was induced he would return on the following morning to remove thousand ducats are better than nothing, and will to come to his assistance; he explained the diagrams the horse, and bring an order upon a well-known assist me in fitting out my boy when he leaves college." in such lucid and simple language, that the gentleman banker for the stipulated sum. He then departed, In the mean time, the prince's son, the young Conwas prompted to inquire into his history. The tale leaving the prince very much at a loss to guess what stantino Fiorillo, grew up the pride and joy of his was soon told ; and the keeper of the book-stall added could have induced this singular-looking being to make fond father, who, by strict economy, had been ento it, that since the young man had come to Man- such a purchase ; and suspecting that it must be a abled to give him an excellent education; and gay, chester, he had been very anxious to procure work, hoax of some one who was acquainted with his neces- handsome, and accomplished, he was beloved by ali and that he had employed the interval in the study of sities, he scarcely expected to hear any thing more of his companions in college, who, being sons of the first mathematics.

the matter. However, next evening the old man noblesse in Naples, were much superior to him in for"Do you understand any thing of the management called at the gate, and sent up by the porter bills for tune. But Constantino as yet felt not the difference of of lathes, young man ?' asked the gentleman.

the 3500 ducats, correctly made out upon the before their positions. At college all were equal; and when, “Yes, sir, for lathe-making was the business in mentioned banker, along with a note from the un at the age of eighteen, they returned to their families, which I was engaged.'

known, requesting a receipt for them, adding, that he several young men with whom he had contracted a "Well, come to my house to-morrow. I have got had been prevented bringing workmen to carry away warm friendship continually invited him to visit down a lathe from one of the first makers in London; the statue that morning, but that he should certainly them; and at length the Duca di Laurino, the father but owing to some peculiarities in its construction, I return for it on the morrow.

of his most favourite young friend (who was carried

the young

Cecile, however, beggea to be allowed to go to the then pressing the hand of the weeping Cecile, he took his tongue will at no distant day disappear ana be superavowal of his passion was to him deeply mortifying. Constantino tore it open, and read these words--- My weekly at Kingston, and has, appropriately enough, for Cecile was affected even to tears · but his declaration dearest father earnestly desires to see you; lose no time. / its motto, Clann nan Gaidhail an gualibh a cheilefather's aversion and her forgotten duties. She bade the maid to the sick man's chamber, at the door of which circulate useful information among the Scoto-Celtic im.

off suddenly by an illness of a few days), procured for On that same night his father died suddenly. The hare saved my child from worse than death, Mousieur, him the commission his son had held in the Guardio grief of the young prince was violent and deep. Having and there is but one reward worthy of you; I rejoice Corpo, or Kivg's Body Guard, which was then, as it is had but one parent from his early infancy, all the warm that my life has been spared long enough to do you jusnow, considered the first regiment in Naples, and and enthusiastic feelings of his heart had been concen tice. Take her," continued he, uniting his hand with only the sons of the nobility were adınitted into it.

trated in his love for his father, and, until lie met with that of Cecile, "and may the blessing of an unfortunate One evening, during a very gay carniv

Cecile de Montemar, no other attachment had found a and repentant man rest with you both!" Then, turning Conte di Lesino called to carry his friend the Princi- finding himself alone, as it seemed, in the world,

without my dear friend, and take Cecile with you for a short

to the Duchesse de St Marguerite, he added, " Retire, pino with lim to a ball at the Duc de St Marguerite's, any natural connexion on whom he could rely; and the time I have some private instructions I wish to give to who was then French ambassador at the court of affairs of his late father were left in such disorder, that the prince, as my son, which it would only pain my darNaples; and on their way thither, the count ex

there was scarcely a sum at his command sufficient to ling child to hear.” The ladies accordingly withdrew, claimed gaily, “Prepare to surrender your hitherto keep him above actual want. The latter misfortune when De Montemar, addressing Constantino, said, “ Will insensible heart to-night. Constantino, I am going weighed but little upon him in the present state of his you swear solemnly that you never will make known to to show you the prettiest girl that has appeared this mind; it only made him withdraw himself still more my beloved Cecile what I am going to reveal to you? winter, the beautiful Cecile de Montemar-only do from the world. He could not bear to tax the generosity It would only increase all my other sufferings in these not try to supplant me, as I fully intend doing her of the Duc de St Marguerite and many kind friends who my last moments, the idea that she would despise her the honour of making her Contessa di Lesino. My would have offered him assistance, and he often seriously poor father's memory, and I humbly trust that my prefather has given liis consent to the match ; she is the contemplated shutting himself up in a monastery for life. sent repentance may in some degree wipe away my sins. only child and heiress of Monsieur de Montemar, a For a year after the death of his father, he remained May I depend upon your secrecy ?" Constantino eagerly stranger Frenchman, whose wealth, report says, is

almost entirely confined to his own palace; and his gay gave the desired promise, and De Montemar continued immense."

companions, finding they were constantly denied admit- thus—“In me, prince, you behold the purchaser of your The ball bad commenced, for it was late when the prince, who had so lately been the life of all their parties, all the circumstances of the transaction, from the con

tance to him, by degrees gave up the attempt; so that the father's bronze horse. I know you are acquainted with friends arrived ; and the count hurried forward in

soon faded from their memories, as if he had never fession of the old priest who was my accomplice in the search of the subject of their conversation, leaving existed. The only recreation in which he indulged, was guilty deed, so I need not repeat them to you; but open Constantino standing near the door, quietly waiting in taking long solitary rambles in the environs of Naples, that cabinet, and touch a spring you will see at the back for the conclusion of the dance. A friend introduced and one of his most favourite resorts was to the lovely of it, that I may give you proofs of my identity.” Conhim to a young lady of surpassing beauty. It chanced little Lago d'Agnano; he would linger for hours by the stantino obeyed, and on opening the secret drawer, he to be Mademoiselle de Montemar, and the young most retired side of it, carrying a fowling-piece in his beheld to his amazement the two small frames which prince danced with her, to the admiration of all, both hand, but rarely making use of it. Reclined upon the had contained the diamond eyes he had heard so much being alike perfect in the exercise. But, to Constan- grass, his thoughts would wander back to the happy of, with the original eyes which had been taken out to tino's surprise, M. de Montemar at last hurried up, days he had spent on his first entrance into life, and of make room for them. "Can you forgive me," said the and, with something like anger and rudeness, placed the bright sunbeam that had crossed his path, in the expiring nian, “for thus having robbed your good father his daughter in charge of the Conte di Lesino. The

vision of his Cecile; and often the shades of evening had of his riches, and deprived you for so long a time of your ball had no further charms for Constantino, nor did long fallen ere he sought again his solitary home. One just rights' Could I but give you an idea of the misery Cecile de Montemar herself appear to relish her change sauntered for several hours in the romantic woods of you could not refuse me your compassion. My health of position. During the continuation of the carnival, Actrone, the king's preserve, the ascent to which is by a has by degrees sunk under it, and it scarcely required the Constantino had opportunities of seeing Cecile, and winding road from one extremity of the lake, and the shock of the last night to snap the slender cord asunder. a strong mutual passion sprung up between them; but sun had set some time before he reached the broad path, When I met you last winter, my unhappiness was rethe young lady informed him of a peculiar personal skirted by trees, which runs along the left side of the doubled—I seemed to read in your eyes that you were aversion expressed for him by her father. From this water. He had advanced in it but a little way, when he informed of my guilt; and when I perceived your attachtime their intercourse was half a secret one, and overtook a lady and gentleman; the latter, seemingly an ment to my daugliter, I was launted by the fear that carried on through the kind Duchesse de St Mar- invalid, and very feeble, was leaning heavily on the arm you might disclose the secret to her---for which cause, guerite. It had the effect of firmly rivetting the of his companion, and Constantino started as he once more than your want of fortune, I forbade her having chains of love, in the case of both, though that love more heard the voice of Mademoiselle de Montemar, any intercourse with you. My full intention was, as soon was still unacknowledged. Meantime, the Conte di who said anxiously,.“ Dear papa, I fear you have walked as I should unite her to the Conte di Lesino, and thus Lesino continued the father's avowed favourite.

too far; you are fatigued; you will never reach the car secure for her the illustrious station in society I was amThe carnival was at length concluded; and after the them, “ go on and bring it back to us, and we shall and then seclude myself in a monastery for life. Cecile's

riage. Henri,” she added, to the servant who attended bitious of, to confess all to you, restore your property, expiration of a few weeks more, the count determined await you here."

firm refusal to accept the count's proposals disconcerted to bring his fate to a decision, and made a formal offer

Constantino withdrew behind the trees, that he might my plans; and at her earnest entreaty, I at last consented of his hand to Mademoiselle de Montemar, having | escape observation, while Cecile seated her father upon to give him a formal dismissal, the consequence of which hitherto only spoken to her father on the subject, who the grass, and placed herself beside him. The servant has been his rash attempt of last night.” De Montemar had always endeavoured to keep up his hopes, simply had not left them above a few minutes, when suddenly here paused to recover his breath, and Constantino hascautioning him not to be too precipitate in making two men, who had been concealed behind a bank on the tened to assure him, that in the father of his beloved liis declaration ; but the impetuous Neapolitan would other side of the road, sprung out upon them; one of Cecile all was forgiven, adding, that his only desire was wait no longer, and urged his suit with much eager- them seized the old De Montemar, and, gagging his to gratify him in any remaining wish he might have. ness, but at the same time with the air of one assured mouth to prevent him calling out, he was proceeding to " Bless you, my dear son," said De Montemar, his eyes of success. What was his surprise, then, when Cecile tie bis hands, when a shot from the gun of Constantino overflowing with tears, “ I am undeserving of such goodfirmly declined his proposals, adding, that she knew while, had caught up the fainting Cecile in his arms, very repugnant to your feelings, I trust you will comply

ness; but I have one last request to make, which, if not tion, and she feared her refusal would displease him and proceeded to carry her off with great rapidity with. All my estates are in France, to which country if he knew it.

across a field towards a hut at some distance; but my daughter is most fondly attached ; to Naples you “ But why," continued she, “need he

the moment Constantino saw his shot had taken effect, have no tie, no friends, no property, to insierest you---will be acquainted with it? Be generous, Monsieur le he flew to the rescue of his beloved, loudly calling upon you then become a Frenchiman, take my name, and make Conte, and let what has passed be buried in oblivion. I the ravisher at his peril to stop and release the lady. your home in Provence? If you can agree to this, you do not love you, therefore I cannot

become your wife; The former turned, and seeing the prince was unarmed, will make me die happy; for---it may be a weakness---but but I shall be the most grateful of your friends, if you he laid the insensible Cecile on the ground, and, draw- I feel that if you remain in Naples, one day or other, by will grant my request, and conceal from my dear father ing his sword, rushed at once upon him ; but Constan some chance, the degrading tale of my unworthy conduct that you have ever spoken to me on this subject.” tino was prepared, and pulling out a stiletto lie always may reach the ears of poor Cecile, and with her sensitive

The eyes of the Italian flashed fire as she concluded, carried about with him, he struck it with all his force feelings, I am convinced she could not survive the kuowand his countenance lowered; but Cecile had turned into his assailant's right arm, the pain of which ob- ledge her face from him while she spoke, afraid to witness liged the latter to drop his sword and stagger back, The old man's voice here became inarticulate, and he thie reception of ler refusal. With a strong etfort, The Conte di Lesino (for it was he) seeing the vic-stantino determined to respect De Montemars dying

when Constantino instantly possessed himself of it. shortly after expired in the arms of his daughter. Conthe count repressed the passionate language that rose

request; and shortly after his union with Cecile, they to his lips; and merely replying, “ You shall be obeyed, tory lost, fled with the greatest precipitation, and was Mademoiselle,” he bowed profoundly and left the room.

soon out of sight. The prince cared not to follow him ; bade adieu to Naples, and sailed for France, where they

all his anxiety was for Cecile, who had now begun to established themselves. Constantino faithfully kept his Cecile, in the innocence of her heart, was overjoyed revive. He dúrst not leave hier to call for help, but, to promise, and his wife never suspected the fatal secret. that he had received her answer with so much calm- his inexpressible relief, he saw De Montemar's servant The bronze horse still remains in the court of the Palazzo ness, and delighted to think that the affair was settled, running towards them, with whose assistance he con- Cavallo, where it may be seen by all curious inquirers. and, as she hoped, without offending her father; slé veyed Mademoiselle de Montemar to the place where the legend respecting it is probably now almost forgotflew to her friend the duchess, and with a radiant they had left her father. She had now recovered her ten, or treated as a fable, unless by those who are so smile communicated the above particulars, adding, consciousness, but was nearly relapsing again on finding fond of the marvellous as to give eager credence to all “llow very happy I am that I shall never more be

that the dreadful shock had been too much for the en such ancient records. annoyed by his attentions !” “And you think that the feebled frame of her parent, who was so exhausted that asked the duchess ; “ do not Hatter yourself he will; carnest entreaty of Cecile, accepted a seat in it to count will be satisfied to give you up so easily ?" 10 could scarcely make any answer to their inquiries. The carriage having now arrived, Constantino, at the

* THE TOURIST OF THE WOODS." however, I am glad that you have answered him so decidedly, and we shall liope the best. But let us

Naples. Little conversation passed during the drive: The transplanting of a large number of the Celtic

Cecile's looks, more than words, spoke her gratitude, but population of the Higlılands to Canada, has had the think no more of your rejected swain for the present her father engrossed all her attention : his faintness in effect of introducing Gaelic as a vernacular tongue into - you must come with me and choose a dress for a

creasing so much that they were often obliged to stop, North America, and of perpetuating in that distant grand masked call, which is to be given by the Mar- fearing he would expire ere they could reach home with land many traditions respecting the home country, which chese Severino on the marriage of his son.

It is ex

him. On arriving at length at De Montemars palace in are perhaps already lost in Scotland. This localisation pected to exceed all the carnival fêtes in splendour the Chiaja, Constantino only remained till he saw the in- of Celts, still using their original ana ancient language and I intend that my dear Cecile shall be its brightest valid carried to his room · he then dispatched a servant in the woods of America, is, we think, an exceedingly ornament." in all haste for a physician, and sent another to mform the interesting fact in the progress of races.

That this

of ; ball as a simple peasant of Provence, and the duchess leave, saying he should return early the next morning to

in America. it has been at home, by the that of the Duchesse de la Valliere. It was on this the agitating scenes he had been engaged in. sieep did not consented, taking herself also a French character, inquire for them both. It may be imagined that. after serviceabie sanguage of England there cannot be the

smallest doubt : in the meanwhile however it is gratioccasion that the young Constantino found a chance visit luis eyes, and the earliest dawn of day found him again fying to know that our Celtic brethren across the Atof openly avowing his love for Cecile. His kind friend, at De Montemar's door. The report the servants gave of lántic are not by any means shut out from the blessings the Duchesse de St Marguerite, gave him a hint of the the latter was very unfavourable: he continued to sink. of literature because thev cannot reaa our common masked characters chosen by herself and Cecile, and and the physician declared it his opinion that he could English. Thev have Bibles in Gaelic : clergymen preach he went to the same ball as a Provençal troubadour, not survive another day: While they were conversing to to them in Gaelic • and during the last year they bave to have an opportunity of lingering appropriately by gether, Mademoiselle de Montemar's maid entered with

had a Gaelic newspaper-Cuairtear nan Coillte, or “ The his fair countrywoman’s side. The issue of the prince's by her mistress to send to the Principe San Silvestro,

à note, which she said she had that moment been desires Tourist of the Woods.” This paper, which is published only seemed to recall her to a remembrance of her

I beseech you, in coming to us." He instantly followed "Highlanders shoulder to shoulder," is designed to overpowered by conflicting feelings. The principino the dying De Montemar. The old man, feebly turning his provement of lands, the best fields of industry, means soon followed.

eyes towards him, stretched out his hand, saying, “ You of transport from place to place, &

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