Imatges de pàgina

are in years so few, and yet he dressed better, was round her, she has heaped duplicity upon duplicity, until sin, that there is but one Power which can discern the

chain—that origin of all the evil-to her mother, the “Nay!" he exclaimed ; “how could that be, when of the story afloat ; and while but a few saw and underold lady, instead of going at once to her son-in-law, you yourself But you must remember certain stood the father's intention, the mass "conjectured” and explaining it to him, and showing that the advice of passages which prevent a possibility of that.”

“hinted" the “real reason." “ Poor Mr Leeson ! how her aunt had caused her to step aside from the straight "She wished so for the chain," said the old lady, generous of him to overlook what had occurred, and keep path—that it was she who urged her to form a private “that I borrowed ten pounds to make up the money.'

her (his wife) in his house ; no wonder he should remove purse--and by this odious system undermined their Mr Leeson rose from his seat in wrathful indigna- his child; of course, her mother would make the best of mutual confidence ; instead of doing this, she set her- tion, and but that the being before him was a frail it ; and so forth. self to frame a “reason for the lie.” And why? Be- aged woman, could not have contained himself

. “ You of wanton tyranny and cruelty. Having ceased to honour

Geraldine looked upon her husband's resolve as an act cause the little girl was the aunt's god-child, and she really must excuse me for saying I doubt this. I

the straightforward truth, she could not believe the one solaced herself, by determining that “she would cer- should, indeed, grieve to feel that those grey hairs stated to be the true reason of his determination, and, tainly leave her all she had, if she were not displeased; were dishonoured by a falsehood, to screen a child blinded by sorrow and anger, she induced her cousin but if Geraldine broke her word_if she forgot that who has no feeling for herself.”

Arthur to interfere. Women talk and talk, outrage and she had promised not to tell-all the previous conceal Self-degradation forced itself upon the feeble-minded anger each other, and their words are as nought. Who ments would have been made in vain, and they would mother, and she only said that she hoped he would heeds or cares for them after they are spoken? But men's lose the property. Henry would be sure to fly out permit her still farther to explain.”

words are uttered to be remembered and acted upon. about it, and what would be the end of it?” The good " Pardon me,” he replied, " if I decline any future Mr Leeson was indignant at any man presuming to inlady quite forgot that Geraldine had promised to con- conversation upon this subject. When I married terfere in his domestio concerns. Words succeeded each ceal the gift from her, as well as from her husband; Geraldine, I imagined I read in the brightness of her other with angry rapidity, until neither could call to mind but her ideas of right and wrong could all be set sunny face the brightness of truth. I loved her with how the unfortunate chain was first alluded to. Arthur aside by interest ; we have wonderful tendernesses to the entire fullness of my heart. I would have trusted Harewell, then, boldly and fearlessly declared that he wards those who break their words for our especial her with my life ; I had trusted her with more--for him the lie direct. The usual consequences followed. sakes. Geraldine was, in point of fact, incapacitated, every man when he marries trusts his wife with his Arthur Harewell received a ball in his shoulder, and Mr in the sight of God, from making the promise her aunt honour. I pictured long years of enduring affection; Leeson, also wounded, was conveyed home, where his required of her, on the morning of her marriage ; be- and, above all, in return for the most devoted love agonised wife, throwing herself on her knees by his side, cause the oath, so important and so engrossing, which that man can feel towards woman, I asked for her bitterly lamented that her aunt's gift had been so fatal. she had taken at the altar, virtually delegated her hus- confidence, her unbroken confidence. Nothing else Now, indeed, she spoke the truth. The sight of her first band the depositary of her acts, thoughts, and secrets. could satisfy me. It must be frank-spontaneous, and only love, his lacerated arm bleeding, and his features How despicable a picture of human nature does this untainted. My conviction is, that UNMITIGATED TRUTH

white as a maiden's shroud, recalled her better nature. perpetual bowing down to Mammon pourtray! and how is the stronghold of domestic happiness. She knew that what, in that hour, did she care for her aunt's dissain and insignificant does it appear, when contrasted such was my opinion ; she had heard me say a hundred pleasure ?-what for the wealth her sordid fingers had with so high, so holy a thing as truth! Oh! if those times that sooner or later sin followed concealment. grappled together? She believed he was dying, and who are heedless of words and their import, did but I did not want my wife to appeal to me on every she did not even seek to extenuate her own fault, while

dying with the conviction of her utter worthlessness. know the inestimable value of this “ bright ornament" occasion, or feel it necessary to render an account of she traced it to its origin; and yet there, on her knees, -if they had but traced, as I have done during my her personal expenses ; such details are irksome to a

while pouring out her soul in sincerity and truth, she pilgrimage of observation through life, the cares, and man; but I expected that she should have no interest saw she was not believed. toils, and tangled weariness that must follow in the apart from mine-no expenditure that was to be con How could she convince him? In a state bordering on train of falsehood, however small it may appear at sidered private--no stealing from a house purse, to frenzy she wrote to her aunt, imploring her to ratify her first if they could witness the contempt that dogs put into one called, for distinction's sake, 'her own.' words, acknowledging her kindness towards herself, but the liar to a despised grave—if they could see the Mine was at all times open to her hand. 'If I urged showing what its effects had been. To this appeal she family disunions, the heart-beatings and heart-break- upon her the investigation of accounts, it was only to received no answer. The proof, however, that she was ings, originating in an untruth, no larger than that lead her to those habits of exactness which are inse

able to lay before her husband, at last convinced him that grain of mustard-seed that became an outspreading parable from sound domestic management. I re

her first fault-her first falsehood --did not originate in tree if they could be brought to feel the base, mean, member how my heart beat with joy, when

she brought agitation, combined with his wound, terminated in fever,

herself. Before he rose from his sick-bed, for mental paltry cowardice of a lie- how

earnestly they would me the savings of her early housekeeping ; if it had her aunt had died; and her mother was certainly the only pray to be delivered from its insidious temptation! been thousands, instead of pounds, I could not have

one of the family who regretted to find that the legacy Geraldine's mother, I have already said, was exactly rejoiced more sincerely ; it was a proof of frankness she left her niece was characteristic of her sarcasm. one of those who had neither been educated to become on the very point upon which I had depended so much. “And to my niece, Geraldine Leeson, I give and bea mother, nor in the knowledge to teach the duties of I felt I had a sweet confiding friend, and that our queath, instead of the whole of my property, as I had domestic life to her child. She was, like scores of interests were the same. How soon this changed, I intended, the sum of one shilling, to buy a padlock for others, weak, warm, and as brainless as a woman also well remember" He paused; and then her foolish lips.” could well be, who went through the etiquettes of abruptly added, “What need she have denied that I wish I could say here, after the most approved novel life with propriety and exactness. She thought her her cousin Arthur gave her that chain ?"

fashion, that, so reconciled, Mr and Mrs Leeson lived self acting with extraordinary tact and discretion, when she entered the small library where Mr Leeson indeed, you do her wrong; Arthur never gave it her. If man, and with such a character even his erring wife was

“Indeed," exclaimed her mother, earnestly; “indeed, happily together to the end of their days. Not so. Henry

Leeson, though a strict, was a high-minded and generous sat by himself when at home in the evening, and, shut you have for so long a time indulged this injustice, no ting the door with a peculiarly silent and mysterious wonder you have made her and yourself so wretched.”

safe from reproach; but the effect of years of misconduct, air, asked if she might intrude upon him for a few “My dear lady,” replied Mr Leeson, calm even to

of any kind, cannot be obliterated by sorrow. Repentmoments. He placed a chair for her, and, laying down bitterness, “I know he did; and in the gift, or the

taking, cognisant thereof. The duel had stamped Geraldine in

ance works well for the penitent, but the world is little his book, prepared to listen.

there was no sin; but there was sin in the lie. It destroyed the eyes of that world as a woman, if not of sin, of levity; Henry Leeson was more changed than men usually picion in my bosom

; and ever since, as if a spell were

this in truth in a married woman is so closely akin to quite as handsome, when in society conversed more fuently, many thought more agreeably, for a dash of her lips." It was most painful to observe the agitation passed, when she walked up the steps of the parish

now, I could not believe truth to be truth coming from difference. When familiar faces turned aside as she vinegar curdled the oil, and rendered him pungent and of his feelings speaking in his eloquent face. I believe,” felt her arm as closely pressed to his heart as when he racy. But his features had lost their affectionate, he added, “ I hope and trust, she is free of all other sin supported her, a lovely, loving bride, from the altar ; but confiding, easy expression; his face had grown sharp I hope it; 1-1-believe it, but I cannot believe HER. as a lawyer's seeking flaws in an indictment; he could It was only this very day I came to the determination of that his confidence, though she hoped returning, had not

even then she felt indebted to his generosity. She knew not sit for five minutes looking straight forward, but removing our child from an influence which must in the returned. When to prove to the world his perfect contwisted his eyes to see sideways, and his head to look end destroy her, as it has destroyed her mother.” behind-he had grown suspicious.

"You are not surely going to be guilty of the cruelty viction as to the virtue of his wife, he paraded town The old lady had a difficult card to play, and, of of taking

her child from her!" ejaculated its grandmother; the necessity for such conduct made her ashamed of her course, played it badly, floundering through muddy think? Oh! Henry, you would not brand my child as

own shadow. sentences, until at last she ventured to regret “ that

“ Take my child from me now, Harry," she said, with he used to be so fond of music and she had prevailed that, where parents will be called upon to give an acher dear Harry had not been in the drawing-room- | unfit

to be a mother! What would the world say ?"
," he replied, “ there is a higher tribunal than bitter, bitter tears, and her head bent almost to his feet,

" and I will not complain. Send her where some one of on Geraldine to sing ; and Arthur Harewell said he count of the children committed to their care. Mine is higher and holier mind will strengthen and stablish her had never heard her in better voice." already practised in deception. If I say one thing, and

in what is right. Send her where the duties of her sex Mr Leeson muttered something about a new book, my wife teaches

another, what can be expected but that and station wih be brought clearly before her eyes, and and Arthur understanding music better than he did, our child will in her turn deceive us both.” as he heard more of it. And this was answered by an “You are too severe ; indeed, you are," reiterated the wrong. At any sacrifice of my own, I would save her observation, that more was the pity." And then poor lady, who had altogether lost sight of her first object from the sufferings I have inflicted and endured.”

in this fresh trouble, and did not seem to understand how felt it,' and rejoiced; but his joy was sobered by the long pause-until, with tears of very sincere grief, she much she had added to the evil feeling, she

thought to knowledge, the fearful knowledge, of what the world declared, in her own simple way, her regrets that two obliterate by her poor subterfuge. On! Henry, dear said, and the dread that she did not yet understand the (Mr Leeson shook his head)—“ had been," then substi; that, I should not suffer as I do." so much attached as her dear son and daughter “were" Henry, remember how you loved her!"

"It," answered the afflicted husband, “ if I could forget perfect and entire union of interests necessary to the

happiness of domestic life. Union of sympathies is the tuted the sorrowing mother--were now so estranged “without any cause."

" Had she been a faithless wife, you could not punish happy effect of chance, but a union of interests is a posi

tive duty; and so at last Geraldine felt it. Mr Leeson stiftly said, that “ if there had not been her more severely than you propose to do." cause, there would have been no estrangement—the law," he replied. “ If I believed her guilty in the sense

“There are various kinds of infidelity not recognised by feeble mind of his wife's mother, and kept her out of the

Time passed on. Mr Leeson, although he despised the fault was none of his." The old lady hit upon one sensible observation by yet there are men, who, with less show of cause, have parent could desire, although her fragile form and sen, you mean, she should not shelter for a moment here ; and sities. His daughter grew up in mind all that the fondest

way of her grandchild, ministered liberally to her neceschance—“that in quarrels matrimonial, both parties branded their wives. Now, do not agitate yourself on sitive face told of constitutional delicacy; and he had were generally to blame.”

that score ; I make no charge against her. I believe her almost forgotten that ever he doubted his wife's truth. He bowed, and answered, " It might be so, in a pure; but where is the tender faith, the confiding love, They had removed into a new neighbourhood, and formed degree." THE TRUTH, that should be the woman's THRONE. How

new friends. The son of one of these, a man of high * For instance," she continued, “ you were very ever, my dream is past ; my resolution taken. I will do rank, was paying his addresses to their daughter; and angry with her long ago, I find, about a foolish chain ; my best to prevent

any man being deceived by my child, not only were the young girl's affections engaged, but and really, Harry, dear, you had no reason."

as I have been deceived by her. You are, perhaps, the both parents were delighted at the prospect of her hap“The chain was in itself as unoffending,” he replied, most fit person to tell your

daughter of my determination. piness. " as trinkets generally are ; but I had reason. She In removing my child, I remove the joy, the light, the

Father and son were dining one day at Mr Leeson's told me a falsehood as to her means of purchase. The solace, of my own existence; but it is for her own good. splendid country seat, when the old gentleman, who was chain was a gift ; yet she assured me she bought it . She shall not return until her principles are fixed, or her chiefly remarkable

for extreme propriety, and was moreI have but too good reason to remember it, as the


over exceedingly deaf, said, as they were chatting over commencement of all our misery. Why, she even

Unfortunately, Mr Leeson had selected a powerless dessert, “ By the way, Leeson, my cousin, Sir George, used your name as the giver of part of the purchase who felt keenly, what even the most silly women feel, no relation I suppose-eh?” Mr Leeson did

not know. messenger, who, of course, inclined to the other side, and was telling me an odd story about a person of your name, money." * And so I was," murmured forth the feeble-minded grave her son-in-law's intention, with garrulous weak

the love of offspring. Instead of keeping secret as the “No; but it could not be--very improper indeed if it woman, unable to raise her eyes ; but keeping down ness she sought sympathy from those hundred and one

was. Leeson is a general, I do not mean to say a common the truth by the weight of her sister's riches.

name, but a general one. Something about an affair that “ dear friends," who immediately set their own versions ought to have given employment to the gentlemen of the


long robe; but the lady, who was a dreadful story-teller, meanour effectually corroborated the recommenda- reader with original versions. The moral of the ode managed to convince her husband of her innocence, tions of his friends. Between the first and second which we first present, though the respective inthough she convinced nobody else. And only fancy, by interview, however, nine months were permitted to ferences are widely different, comes recommended by Jove! the husband parading St James's Street arm-in- intervene. At the end of that period he was at once the very highest authority—“ Take no thought for arm with the very cousin whom he had winged! Now, placed on a footing of intimacy with his patron, who, the morrow, for the morrow shall take thought for did you ever hear any

thing so absurd. How the fellows besides providing him with an elegant competence the things of itself.". The poet entreats the person he Poor Mrs Leeson ! After the lapse of years, to hear from his own private resources, speedily secured him calls Leuconoe to abstain from fruitless efforts to disthis at such a moment! She was carried out of the room

the favour of the emperor. For about thirty years, cover, by the help of the astrologers, the limits of his fainting. An explanation followed, and the match was, / fortune continued to smile steadily on Horace. The life or her own. at least for a time, broken off. long calm was broken by the death of Mæcenas-a

TO LEUCONOE. The shock was of too severe a nature to be endured blow from which his friend never recovered. The

'Tis impious: seek not thou to know hy so gentle and tender minded a girl as Miss Leeson. poet died towards the close of B.C. 8, aged fifty-seven,

The doom that waits thyself or me; She had known her mother only as good and pure. She so soon after his benefactor, that he has been gene

Chaldea's mystic art forego, had been more proud of her character and virtue than of rally accused of shortening his life by poison. There

Inquisitive Leuconoc! any thing else in the whole world; but after that fatal is, however, no sufficient ground for this serious im

'Tis better far in peace to 'bide dinner she never spoke upon the subject, nor asked a putation. The expressions cited in support of it from

Whnte'er may be for each in store ; question, until at the very last. Within an hour of her the seventeenth ode of the second book, are merely

To take content, whate'er betide, death (and she died within a month), raising herself on her pillow, while her parents were at either side, she timidity, his relish of social pleasures, and the whole the commonplaces of strong affection ; and his proved

Yet not to feel the ill before.

Whether the winter be our last, folded her arm round her father's neck, and drawing his ear close to her lips, whispered, “Tell me, father-tell him of the crime of suicide. He was buried on the tone and complexion of his character, unite to acquit

That sendeth now, to lash the shore,

The Tyrrhene sea, with angry blast, me truth-was she guilty ?"

Or Heaven in kindness wills us morc. “No, dearest-God knows, she was not."

Esquiline Hill, beside the grave of Mæcenas.
The girl's face became radiant with joy, and the last
Horace could not boast of a poetical exterior. His

Be wise : strain off the wine, and seek

In prudence' scales thy schemes to cast: word she spoke was a repetition of the sound she loved person was diminutive in stature, and a disease of the

Brief, brief is life ; e'en as we speak, so well—“My mother !--my mother !--my mother ! eyes did not by any means render his countenance at

The churl Time posts forward fast. And then she passed away, as the leaves from the sum tractive. Of his modes of living, both in town and

Seize, then, to-day, and save it free mer cistus, as fragile and as fair—the first rough blast of country, he has given some interesting details. Even

From carking care or paling sorrow: a rough world had borne her to the earth. in the city, although free in his hospitality, and fond of

Jocund and gay to-day be we, For years and years her parents lived, two mourning the society and conversation of his friends, his furni

Nor trust a whit the false to-morrow. creatures, he strengthening her, and she, patient and ture was homely and his repasts frugal. His ordinary

-B. I. 11. silent, save to the young, whom she counselled, as I do relaxations, his domestic economy, and the distribu In the next ode, Horace, under the guise of alleyou that when you wed, do it not lightly; but when tion of his time, are thus described :-“Wherever I gory, warns the state of some impending

peril. The done, endeavour as much as lieth in you to be of one mind and one interest in all things.

have a mind, I saunter alone ; I inquire the prices of poem, which appears to be an imitation from the vegetables and corn; I lounge often of an evening | Greek, is by some referred to the contemplated resig

about the Circus, that resort of rogues, and the Fo- nation by Augustus of the sovereign authority ; by THE LIFE AND POETRY OF HORACE. rum ; I stand and listen to the fortune-tellers ; then others, with more probability, to the civil war between

I go home to a dish of onions, pulse, and pancakes. that prince and Antony, which, on this hypothesis, FIRST ARTICLE.

Three slaves serve up my supper; then I retire to would be on the eve of breaking out at the time when QUINTUS HORATIUS Flaccus, better known by the rest, and being no way concerned about getting up in it was written. Anglicised form of his family name, Horace, was the morning, lie in bed till ten. Afterwards, I take born at Venusium, a town of Apulia, on the 8th of my ramble ; or, when I have read or written privately December B.c. 65. Of his childhood, he himself re as much as I choose, am rubbed over with oil. After

Oh, tempest-toss'd! must other waves

Still bear thee back to open sea ? lates an incident to which his own fancy has lent a diversions and bath, I partake a slight refreshment,

Hark! how the storm still howls and raves; fine tinge of romance. Wandering in the mountainous and then idle away the afternoon at home." He was

Hold tbou the harbour steadfastly. district near his father's farm, he fell asleep, tired always glad, however, to escape from his town resi

Seest thou thy crew their oars have left? with play; reposed unhurt by the vipers or beasts of dence to his villa at Tibur, or his Sabine farm, both

What may thy crippled mast avail ? prey with which the place abounded ; and seems to the gifts of Mæcenas; a preference which grew more

Thy sail-yards creak; and, anchor-reft, have been found covered with leaves. His immunity decided as he advanced in life. Cowper himself does

How wilt thou ride the lordly galo? from peril he considers miraculous ; and the leaves, not betray a more exquisite relish for rural pleasures, Thy canvass shreds ; swept off their shrine, which had probably dropped from some tree beneath or present a more delicious picture of them. The

The gods whom thou wert wont to call ;* which he had stretched himself, he chooses to regard seasons of civic gaiety and dissipation were always

Although thy planks are noble pine,

Of Pontus' forests, vain is all. as the gift of the wood-pigeons. The fine parts of the gladly exchanged by our poet for the plain diet, the future poet soon became apparent to the quick eye of untainted sunbeams, the fresh green fields, and the

Thy blazon'd stern will ne'er infuse

Hope in the timid mariner ; parental partiality. In order to procure him the best quiet siesta on the margin of a rivulet ; and the rus

The winds are up! Unless you choose instructors, his father, who was only a freedman, tics, as lie tells us, would sometimes smile when they

To be their laughing-stock--beware! quitted Venusium for the capital. Obtaining employ- saw him handling the hoe. His journeys were usu Thou object of my fondest care, ment as a collector of taxes, he placed his son, at con- ally performed on a little cross mule, to which, it

I warn thee shun the dangerous seas, siderable expense, under Orbilius Pupillus, an eminent seems, the rider and his portmanteau were equally

That dance so fair, a sparkling snare, grammarian, whó initiated him into the native and galling. When residing at any of the fashionable

Among the marble Cyclades !

-B. I. 14. Grecian literature. The poet, praising the paternal bathing-places, Horace seems to have been more fastigenerosity, thus playfully adverts to the economy of dious respecting accommodation than when at home, Our next specimen is in the lyrist's finest vein. His the provincial school:-"My father was the cause of and also to have indulged himself in a more generous

purpose seems to be to turn Licinius from some prethese good qualities I am claiming ; for, though only regimen.

cipitate act, and to press upon him the wisdom of the poor proprietor of a little patch of land, he was Our poet was warm in his friendships ; and there moderation.” + The reader will remark that the unwilling to send me to Flavius' school, whither, on must have been much to love as well as to admire in image applied throughout the preceding ode to the pay day, the great sons of great centurions used to the man whom Mæcenas, after an intimacy of thirty position of the commonwealth, gains in beauty as bring

their wages, slate and satchel swung over their years, could commend in these affecting terms to his descriptive of the fortunes of an individual ; being, in left arm ; but had the spirit to fetch his boy to Rome, imperial master : “ Be mindful of Horace, as you the latter instance, relieved and kept from palling, by to be taught like the children of knights and sena would of me." He was, notwithstanding, somewhat its association with other appropriate similes. tors.” Not contented, however, with providing for testy, and excessively timorous. The latter disposithe youth's intellectual accomplishment, this excellent tion is evinced, not only by his flight at Philippi, but man maintained a strict superintendence over his by his oft-repeated execrations of a tree, the falling

Licinius! list my friendly lore; morals—a superintendence gratefully remembered and of which, while he was walking in his garden, had

Nor dare the deep when tempests roar, recorded by his son. When about twenty-one, Horace nearly proved fatal to him. The former characteristic

Nor over wary hug the shore was sent to Athens, to finish his education. In that he frankly owns to ; and his narrative of a certain

That wrecks full oft the mariner. seat of learning, to which he reverts with much fond. rencounter with a bore forms a humorous commentary

For him who loves the golden mean ness, he was instructed in ethical and geometrical on the confession. If readily offended, however, he

Nor sordid hovel spreads its screen,

Nor lordly hall attracts, I ween, science; and paced, in company with the son of Cicero, was as readily appeased ; his forgiveness was equally

The jaundiced eye of jealousy. and other students of note, the venerable groves of prompt with his resentment. Of either vanity or

Low stoops the pine that tapers tall, the Academy. He does not appear, however, to have meanness Horace cannot be justly accused. Although

Topple high towers while stand the small, thoroughly imbibed the tenets of any philosophical fond of books, and not insensible to his own reputa

And heaven's red bolts in sury fall sect—his leanings to the doctrines of Epicurus being tion, he does not seem to have put on the airs of the

Full on the cliff's proud pinnacle. less the result of inquiry and conviction than of the litterateur ; and his liberal praise of Augustus and his

The man of firm and prudent breast, easy luxuriousness of his natural temperament. From minister, is rather to be viewed as the tribute of gra

When evil comes, still hopes the best; these quiet scenes he was soon removed, and induced titude than as the incense of servility. From the

When good, still steels him for the test to take part in the turmoil of the times. In the civil charge of slothfulness he will not be so easily vindi

Of dark and pinching poverty. war which ensued on the assassination of Cæsar, he cated. So jealous was he of aught that might impair

Jove wills hoar Winter's icy reign, joined, at the summons of Brutus, the popular party; his ease, that he declined the emperor's solicitation

Yet sends the jocund Spring again ;

Once more laughs blithely forth the plain, served about two years in the republican army; ob to act as his private amanuensis. Choosing generally

And flow'rets cluster cheerily. tained promotion to the rank of tribune; and was to disguise his indolence as contentment, he sometimes present at the rout of Philippi. To his shameful freely avows it. Speaking of his early struggles, he

The grief that clouds thy brow to-day

To-morrow's dawn may chase away: behaviour on that occasion, he himself repeatedly states that“ stern necessity urged him on to the com

Apollo loves the lyre and lay,
alludes. Acting on the maxim that
position of verses ; but now," he adds, “ having a

Nor bends his bow unceasingly.
“ He who fights and runs away,
competence, I prefer sleeping to scribbling ?” If we

When evil frowns, nor faint nor quail,
May live to fight some other day,"
advert to the inferior features of the poet's cha-

Yet reef betimes the swelling sail,

When blows too hard the favouring gale, he, like the Greek lyrist Alcæus, in a similar predica-racter, we can only wonder at the joint existence in

That wafts thee on so speedily. ment, threw down his shield, and sought safety in

the same mind of so much grossness and so much flight. The amnesty proclaimed by the victors secured genius ; and are half constrained to rank the posseshis person from danger, but provided no reparation sor of qualities so antagonistic and apparently incon- Fancy has seldom acted, with a better grace, the part for his ruined fortunes. On his return to Rome, he gruous with that depraved though gifted class so em- of handmaid to Prudence. found his father dead, and his little patrimony 'ex-phatically described by perhaps its most conspicuous In the verses which follow, and which form the hausted or confiscated. Not only deprived of an in- member, as exhibiting, in strange and unnatural exordium of an ode too long to be presented entire, heritance, but even destitute of a home, the poet was alliance, “ delicacy, coarseness, sentiment, sensuality, the poet launches into the praise of fortitude, the

virtue which so often, in ancient times, “raised a forced to fall back on the resources of his own genius. soaring and grovelling, dirt and deity.” Nor was he suffered to remain long in obscurity and

The lyrical compositions of Horace comprise four mortal to the skies.” Augustus, deified by anticipaindigence. Virgil and Varius, with both of whom books of odes, one book of epodes, and the Secular he afterwards lived on terms of intimacy, successively Hymn; in all

, a hundred and twenty-one distinct

*" Alluding to the tutelary deities, whose images were accus. negotiated for him the good offices of Mæcenas, the pieces. Of a few of these we proceed to present the

tomed to be placed, together with a small altar, in the stern of

the vessel."-Anthon. favourite minister of Augustus. Being admitted to a conference, his ingenuous avowals and modest de

* Byron's Diary

+ Pemble.


B. II. 10.

tion, is classed with the heroes whose valour had won floors, exclusive of a storey or two under ground, and events remains better balanced, and the eye is neither for them exemption from the common lot of huma are crammed with inhabitants from cellar to garret. startled with great splendour nor shocked with the nity. Than the opening stanzas, there is no grander The scene which we encountered on entering the spectacle of unmitigated misery. burst in the whole compass of lyric poetry.

city was curious and striking. No sooner had we The grand rue, or main street, of Berne, extending

rattled through the old portal, at which a soldier about a mile in length, constitutes the chief part of The man whose nerve stern virtue strings, Firm by his lofty purpose clings;

stood on guard, than the vehicle had to toil its way the town—the remainder being an inferior back street, Quails not beneath the scowl of kings,

up a long steep street, choked with people, horses, with a few short cross thoroughfares. All is densely And braves the rude democracy.

cattle, carts, gigs, stalls, and other encumbrances; and packed, no space is lost; and to make the most of the That lordly soul nor sees with dread

always the farther up the crowding was the more room, the houses are extended over the foot pavements, The gale lash Adria's billowy bed,

dense, till, on arriving at the level thoroughfare abovc, forming long covered arcades, with pillars in front. Nor, hissing from his right hand red,

the horses and vehicles diminished in numbers, and These avenues are not elegant. The pillars are short The bolt of heaven's high Thunderer.

there being only men and women to contend against, and clumsy, and the shops on the inner side are dull Be earth's big orb asunder riven!

the diligence was permitted somewhat more freely to and dingy ; many, indeed, are never visited by a beam Crash too the azure roof of heaven!

reach the place of its destination. Having speedily of the sun. The shopkeepers have less reason to regret Down on his head the wreck be driven !

settled ourselves at a hotel, we hastened out to observe this deficiency, from the universal practice among 'Twill smite him smiling panicless.

the spectacle in all its details. It was the weekly them of laying out their wares on a square bulk in Upborne by virtue, Leda's son

market-day, and it is only on such occasions that a front, which, with the pillars, almost closes up the Alcides each his honours won; Swiss town possesses the least air of bustle.

opening to the street. On these bulks, you see all Each trod the empyrean on,

The country at large, as I formerly hinted, is very kinds of articles spread freely out, no one appearing And storm'd the starry citadels.

much in the condition of Scotland a century ago; with in charge of them, and thus passengers walk through Rome's lord the heroes leans beside,

this difference, that it possesses no class equivalent long alleys of goods as in a kind of bazaar. The Where high they feast in godlike pride,

to our landed gentry, or indeed any class—some mer- lumpy projections I have, for want of a better name, Quaffs, purple-lipp'd, the nectar's tide,

chants and manufacturers excepted-above a plain set called bulks, are the coverings to the stairs which deAnd holds celestial revelry.

of what we should call in England cottage farmers. scend by low-browed doors from the street, and lead Thus, too, Sire Bacchus tamed of yore

We had seen how these agriculturists toiled in their to the subterranean regions of the buildings. The And yoked the tigers fierce before,

fields, and had noticed their primitive mode of living dwellings above, to the top of the buildings, are entered And Mars' hot steeds Quirinus bore Far from the flood of Acheron.

in their old-fashioned and not very cleanly mansions ; | by common stairs adjoining the shops, each family

--B. III. 3. now, we had an opportunity of seeing them in holiday occupying a distinct floor. "No house has any spare Respecting the carousals of demigods and heroes, the when exposed to the attractions of a capital. As the space as far as the next street. The only means of

attire, and observing how they conducted themselves ground behind, dense clusters of courts filling up the reader will note the difference between the classic Bernese agriculturists stand at the head of the Swiss drawing a breath of fresh air is by the windows in creed and the ferocious superstitions of the North.

farming class, the opportunity was prized accordingly. front. Each of these opens, and a white or fancyThe Epodes possibly derive their name from being We hear much in England of Swiss costumes, but coloured cushion being placed on the sole, the inhabipublished after the odes, to which they form a sort

not a little nonsense is afloat on this subject. Nine- tants are able to seat themselves in an easy manner, of supplement. They may perhaps be regarded as tenths of all the females one sees in the country parts, holding, if necessary, by a cross railing, to prevent the connecting link between those compositions of at least in any of the cantons I was in, are dressed their falling over into the street. In fine weather, their author, the subject as well as structure of which like our Highland shearers--a plain kind of blue great numbers of well-dressed persons are observed is strictly lyrical, and the satires and epistles. Some of them are grossly scurrilous, others rankly impure, coat, being the ordinary wear, while the men are no or brown woollen material, forming jacket and petti- lolling in these airy and somewhat perilous situations.

I must not in this account omit to notice the street and, taken as a whole, even in respect of poetical merit, better,

but are uniformly dressed in coat and trowsers itself, which possesses a singular peculiarity in its the book of epodes is far inferior to the preceding col- of the coarsest woollen cloths. It is only on Sundays construction. ‘At certain intervals, in the middle of lections.

and holidays that any thing like peculiar costume is the causeway, there are fountains throwing out coThe magnificent national anthem, composed at the observable, and is in any case confined to females. To pious streams of water, which, on escaping, flows imperequest of Augustus, to be chanted at the secular all appearance, every particle

of ordinary male and tuously along the bottom of a paved channel prepared games, the fifth celebration of which fell during his female attire, from head to heel, is made at home; and for it. This channel, which I can only compare to a reign, is too long to be here translated entire, and the only the extraordinary, such as a few trappings for grave, running up the middle of the street, is about beauty of its fabric would vanish in a fragment.

market-days and great occasions, are bought in shops. eighteen inches deep, and evidently serves the useful We now conclude, therefore, the present article, in All the Bernese

women, dressed as we now saw them, purpose of a burn, at which half the scullery business which we have glanced at Horace as a lyrist. In our

wore on the neck a black cotton velvet lappet, held of the town is, to all appearance, performed. How next we shall proceed to view him as a satirist and a down loosely by a steel chain passing below each arm, many accidents take place per annum from this writer of epistles.

from back to breast ; and their heads were decorated hideous-looking gulf, I am unable to say. Another

with bouglis of black ribbons and broad black lace— serious nuisance, in the streets of Berne, is the A FEW WEEKS ON THE CONTINENT.

the latter pronounced by the ladies of our party to be cutting of firewood, which you see in all quarters, of the true kind, and the only expensive article which stopping the way and keeping up a clatter of saws was worn. To all appearance, the whole people, men and and axes. At the time of our visit, pipes were laying

women, were accustomed to laborious country labour, for gas. Our journey from Thun to Berne, a distance of about but they were clean; and the great number of horses Berne, though greatly modernised, and beautified sixteen miles in a north-westerly direction, was per- and cars waiting their return home, showed that many by some handsome public buildings, still possesses a formed in one of the public diligences, a well-appointed of them were in good circumstances. There was a vast number of curious objects of antiquity. The public vehicle of the French form, in which our places cost profusion of goods of different kinds spread out in stalls fountains are surmounted by figures of various kinds, but the moderate sum of three francs each, with no inviting purchasers; but almost every thing was of a but chiefly of men in armour, and bears ; and so also

plain nature, and chiefly, I should think, of Swiss ma- is an ancient tower, the Zeitglockenthurm, which extra payment at arrival from either driver or con- nufacture. From the number of stalls for the sale of stands at the middle of the main street, like Temple ducteur. The route lay through one of the most pieces of leather, it was pretty evident that making Bar, London, with large and smaller passages bepleasing rural scenes in Switzerland, being chiefly and mending their own shoes formed as much an ob- neath. This tall block of masonry, which dates from within the valley of the Aar, and often at a short dis- ject of attention to the farmers at their cottage fire- the year 1191, and had been a portal in the walls tance from that beautiful stream. As we advanced side, as was the preparation of the coarse fabrics used before the extension of the town, is ornamented on in their personal clothing.

the eastern side by the dial of a clock, whose functions from the great hilly region in the vicinity of Thun,

In the upper and more open part of the town, there are performed in a very remarkable way. A minute the country became more agricultural, and under a was a large market for cows and cattle generally ; and before the striking of the hour, you hear a strange better system of tillage. The farm-house establish- here we were amused with the number of stalls at whirring sound, and observe a bustle among a variety ments were also on a larger scale, indicating the pos- the animals. The practice of tying a bell to the neck its wings, a king waves his sceptre, and a troop of bears

which bells were sold for hanging round the necks of of puppets adjoining the dial--a cock crows and flaps session of capital and a more extensive system of of a leader of the herd, is common all over the higher march round in procession. The clock having struck, farming than in other quarters of the country. We parts of Switzerland ; and the tinkling sounds which a similar crowing, flapping, waving, and marching passed likewise numerous manufactories of the coarse you hear from these bells while travelling in Alpine take place, and the apparatus is stationary for another kind of earthenware for which Switzerland is cele-tracts, have a peculiarly pleasing effect. On the pre- hour. The frequent appearance of the bear as a civic brated, and which is seen almost every where on the sent occasion, it was a Babel of bell-ringing, for the emblem is derived from a legendary story connected continent.

purchasers required to make their selection so as to with the history of the town ; and further to testify avoid a confusion of tones.

their affection for this amiable quadruped, the BerBerne is in some respects to be called the capital To those who are accustomed to associate the beau nese authorities have, from time immemorial, kept of Switzerland ; for although only honoured as the ideal of farming with broad cloth and top-boots, the one or two specimens alive. The incumbents for the seat of the federal diet alternately with Zurich and homely guise of the Bernese farming population would time being, we went, as a matter of course, to see Lucerne, in order to prevent its rising into undue im- forded a picture of a socia condition anything but the western gateway of the town, adjoining a very

have appeared inexpressibly ridiculous. Yet it af- during our perambulations. At a short way beyond portance, it is the chief place of residence of foreign contemptible. The people were decent and orderly; delightful public promenade, we found a well-conambassadors, and the centre of one of the most popu- we saw nowhere the least appearance of poverty or structed bear.pit, in which three of the fattest and lons and wealthy cantons. It occupies a very remark- wretchedness, such as stares one in the face at any laziest bears I had ever seen, were stretching themable situation, on a high peninsula, connected on the hour of the day in Edinburgh ; we saw no drunken- selves at their ease in the bright summer sun. They west with the surrounding country, but separated from fairs; and we were told that bankruptcy among these Murray says be true, they are not now so well pro

ness, such as is observable every where at English were fine examples of a sinecure life, though, if what it on the south, east, and north, by the broad current people is scarcely ever heard of.* In short, such a scene vided for as formerly. - At the beginning of the last of the Aar. The peninsula declines considerably on its of substantial mediocrity of condition is perhaps not century, an old lady, dying without near relatives, eastern extremity; and here, entering from Thun, the to be matched out of Switzerland; where, if there be bequeathed her fortune of 60,000 livres to them. The road, after descending a steep bank, crosses by a bridge no farming on a grand scale, as with us, society at all will was disputed by some distant connexion of the

deceased ; but the cause of the brutes was so ably into the lower quarter of the city, and then proceeds

* The Swiss, as I have repeatedly mentioned, are a hard-work- pleaded by one of the most distinguished members of by a toilsome ascent to the main street. At the pe- ing and very plain set of people, individually possessing resources the bar of Berne, that the plaintiff was nonsuited. riod of our visit, a lofty new bridge was in progress of much inferior to tease of regularly employed artisans in Scotland: The bears, declared the rightful heirs, were taken

but they enjoy greater comforts in consequence of their sobriety; under the guardianship of the supreme council, who, erection, which, when finished, will greatly obviate and the thrift and industry of their families. After witnessing the difficulty of the access. Constructed on this

the temperate mode of living of the Swiss, I feel quite ashamed treating them as wards in chancery, or minors, admi

of my own country. A single fact will illustrate the contrast. nistered their property. In order to maintain the peninsular situation, for the sake of defence in an age Throughout the grand rue of Berne, a mile in length, and densely succession to the estate, a pair of young bears was in which faustrecht, or the law of the strong-hand, populated Idid not see paningie taverneru spirit sine Jobferved always reared, in case of the demise of the elders ; predominated, the whole town partakes of the cha- (chiefly wholesale), but in none did I notice more than two or

and to prevent too large an increase of the race, ali racter of a fortification. The houses, substantially three persons scated. In the Iligh Street of Edinburgh, from the that were born beyond this were fattened to furnish

Castle to Holyrood House, the same in length as the main street built of a grey sandstone, seem as if designed to last

a dainty for the civic feasts of the Berne burgomasters. of Berge, and not unlike it in appearance, there are 150 taverns, for ever, and, like those which we see in the older parts shops, or places of one kind or another in which spirituous bigues The French Revolution broke out, and its sweeping

The bears, however, did not long enjoy their fortune.

, , of Edinburgh, rise to a height of five, six, or seven the number is 41.

consequences, not confined to crowns and kingdoms,



descended even to bears. The French army having effect on the individuals who resort to it. I spoke of eastern tongues. career of our hero in condefeated the Swiss in several engagements, entered the practice to an intelligent Bernese, who assured nexion with Althotas is buried in doubt and obscuthe town (1798), and immediately took possession of me that it was against the regulations of crafts for rity, his own statements in after days being any the treasury. Eleven mules were dispatched to Paris workmen to beg; and that there were certain corpo- thing but trustworthy, or even consistent. The comladen with specie found in it; two of them bore away ration establishments in every town to which it was mon statement is, that, finding Althotas to be posthe birthright of the bears, amounting at the time to their duty to apply for assistance. These establish- sessed of a secret for making goods out of flax of an about two millions of francs. The bears themselves ments are called abbeys in Berne, and the houses be- almost silken quality, Balsamo persuaded him to try were led away captives, and deposited in the Jardin longing to them respectively may be known by ex a commercial venture to Alexandria, with a store des Plantes, where one of them, the celebrated Mar- ternal inscriptions and coats of arms.

of that commodity. The voyage was eminently suctin, soon became the favourite of the French metro Besides the numerous beneficiary institutions, pub- cessful. It is probable that they visited Egypt and polis. When, after a series of years, the ancient order lic and corporate, the town is celebrated for its large Turkey, after this time, selling drugs and amulets. of things was restored at Berne, one of the first cares and well-conducted prison, in which labour is em From the stories afterwards told by our hero, when, of the citizens was to replace and provide for their ployed most advantageously as an engine of moral re-concealing his real origin, he let out ambiguous hints ancient pensioners. A subscription was raised in con- generation, on a plan now followed in the best peni- of his being some unfortunate oriental prince, it is sequence, and a small estate purchased, the rents of tentiaries in this country. Of the University of Berne, possible that he also visited Mecca and Medina. A which, though diminished from various causes, are the scientific societies, the public library and mu

visit to Malta is better substantiated. He was well appropriated to their support. The cost of keeping seum, it is unnecessary to speak. I should suspect received by the grand-master, and, with his comthem amounts to between 600 and 700 francs per that the town is not so literary as Zurich, though a panion, laboured there for some months at the task annum; and well-grounded fears are entertained, that third larger and less given up to manufactures. I of making. pewter into gold. It is also said that modern legislators, forgetful of the service rendered saw only two booksellers' shops, but they did not seem

Althotas died in Malta. Be these things as they may, by Bruin for so many centuries, in figuring upon the to possess any native literature worth speaking of : certain it is, that, during the mysterious years of his shield of the canton, may soon strike him off the pen their shelves were filled with the yellow-covered tomes life now under notice, the Palermitan was fitting himsion list."

of Paris, and the rough productions of Germany. self most diligently and successfully for his final The carrying away of so much treasure from Berne In or about Berne there is not much to interest career; and that, at the close of his probation, he is quite true, and the circumstance throws a strange strangers; but the views around are very beautiful. appeared alone in Rome to commence à new era of light on the condition of society. It appears that The clear green Aar winding round the foot of the his history. until a comparatively late period, the Swiss knew so hill on which the town stands--the gardens rising It must not be thought that Balsamo had been all this little of the fructifying power of money lent out at like terraces one after another from the river to the time contented with his ill-savoured, untitled patrointerest, or they were so fearful of losing the prin- tall houses above—the rich green country beyond- nymic. He had been a chevalier, a marquis, and six or cipal, that the practice was universal of storing up and the distant peaks of the snow-clad Alps-all com seven different barons in succession, just as it suited hard coin in chests. Every franc which could be bine to form a splendid panoramic picture. Desirous him. Count Alessandro Cagliostro was the title which saved was laid past in a strong box. These chests of of seeing a little more of the country parts of the can- he bore on entering Rome, and it became his permacoin, wherever found in the possession of public autho- ton than had yet come under our notice, and also to nent one. He at first contrived to live by selling penrities, became the plunder of the French republican make some personal inquiries respecting the method drawings (forged ones, moreover, being merely engravarmy, who, it is said, carried away as much as 120 of education pursued by M. Fellenberg at Hofwyl, I ings Indian-inked); but this was a poor occupation, millions of francs from Switzerland—a windfall which spent a day in an excursion from the town, which and he speedily gave larger scope to his genius. He enabled the French government to pay for the equip- will form the subject of my next paper.

commenced the sale of an elixir for warding off old ments of their Egyptian fleet. One would have sup

age and disease, and further boasted that he could posed that, on the restoration of the ancient con

transmute metals and make himself invisible. The stitutions in 1815, the people, taught by experience,


Maltese grand-master had given him good letters of would have employed their savings in some other way

introduction. These admitted him to society, where than hiding them in chests : but such was not the


his boundless boasting and indomitable assurance im. case; the practice continued ; and when Berne under

pressed some with a conviction of his mystic powers. went a revolution in 1830, the democratic party, on If any one chance to be unacquainted with the general The elixir sold abundantly, and his success tempted attaining power, found twelve or thirteen millions of character of this personage, he may learn something a beautiful Roman, Lorenza Feliciani, to share his francs reposing in idleness in the town chest. This of it from the following pithy summary of his titles rising fortunes. Unscrupulous, witty, and fascinatsum, however, was not plundered, but devoted to the given by Thomas Carlyle. « Count Alessandro Cag-ing, Lorenza was an admirable partner for Cagliosthe roads, and other public institutions. The spirit liostro, pupil of the sage Althotas, foster-child of tro, who

speedily made her an adept in all his preof saving, I am told, is a predominating feature in the Scherif of Mecca, probable son of the last king a wider sphere for their combined attacks on the

tended mysteries. The worthy pair now sought Bernese society. It is not uncommon for several of Trebizond ; named also Acharat, and unfortunate European purse. They opened their career worthily families to own a common fund, which is sacred from child of Nature ; by profession healer of diseases, by going to Westphalia on a visit to the Count St ordinary demands, and may only be drawn upon on abolisher of wrinkles, Grand-Master of the Egyptian Germain, the great quack of the preceding generation, the occasion of great misfortunes, or when a marriage Mason-Lodge of high Science, spirit-summoner, gold- self two thousand years old. Cagliostro, no doubt, dowry is required. All marriages are matters of family negotiation, with very little regard to the feel cook, Grand Coptha, prophet, priest, and thaumaturgic inhaled much goodly knowledge from this personage ings of the parties concerned ; and if any one rebel, moralist and swindler ; really a liar of the first mag- and, for the next three years, Venice, Madrid, Cadiz, he or she need look for nothing from the family nitude, thorough-paced in all the provinces of lying, Lisbon, Brussels, and, in fact

, great part of Europe, frequently laid out on property yielding an annual what one may call the king of liars.” The man who enjoyed the advantage thereof. Travelling usually in increase than was the case formerly—a circumstance

s0 comported himself in life as to merit these titles, side, and a host of couriers and beef-eaters before and no doubt attributable to the repeated seizures of the and not one of them is inappropriately or unjustly behind, all in Parisian liveries, the great count enters public cash.

applied, must have in his time played many parts, in succession the cities of the continent, recommended In these and some other traits of character in the from the contemplation of which may result both to the high-birthed dupes of one place by those whom Bernese, we have a small insight into the state and entertainment and instruction.

he had left in another to awaken at leisure from their tone of their society. They are a pains-taking race, fearful of losing advantages which they may have

In the year 1743 Joseph Balsamo first saw the some splendid hotel, and shows a full and open purse.

dream of eternal youth. Arrived, he fixes himself in gained by years of industry and good fortune, and light, being born of poor parentage resident at Palermo Man and wife soon address themselves to business. little influenced by modern notions of any kind. I in Sicily. Left under the weak control of a widowed For ladies, he had lotions beyond all that the imagicould not help on some occasions finding a resem mother, the youth showed an unruly and indolent nation could conceive ; and for faded gentlemen of blance betwixt them and the Dutch-a constant eye disposition in his earliest years, and greatly neglected quality, he had a Wine of Egypt, and other potions; to the main chance, not given to speculation, jealous of foreign connexion, encouragers of school instruc

even the scanty educational advantages which were that princes and nobles would be apt to deem it detion on a liberal footing, yet narrow in disposition, and afforded to him. In his fifteenth year a circumstance grading in a count to sell things for money, like a fond of going on in their own quiet way. Like the occurred, which, in part, gave the tone to his whole common quaek-salver. No such thing. The count, Dutch, also, they are great supporters of hospitals for future existence. An uncle got him placed in the generous man, never gets his own money for

them. orphans, the poor, and other purposes. One of the convent of Cartegirone, where the house apothecary would he give the precious drugs for nothing, were Grand Hospital, a large building in the environs de was charged with the task of instructing him in the it not they are brought from far at a great expense ! voted to the reception of decayed burgesses, with the arts of chemistry and pharmacy. Idle as he continued Much of this he himself really defrays, but to reiminscription over the doorway—“ Christo in pauperibus” to be, he no doubt acquired here some little knowledge burse him to a small degree he is forced to take (To Christ in the persons of the poor). Both in Berne of these sciences, and we shall see what use he finally consideration. The poor be visits gratis. Thus run and other cantons we find a trait of manners certainly made of it. After some years

' stay, he grossly insulted the

tale and

practice of the arch-quack. not Dutch. This is a practice pursued by travelling the monks of the convent, was consequently punished, pampered, however, in fortune's coach - and - four,

Cagliostro and his countess were not always all over Germany. Young men of this stamp, with and quitted the place for ever, leaving those behind to Sometimes their stores ran low; and on unwisely knapsacks on their backs, frequently pushed their hat congratulate themselves on the happy riddance. Jo attempting to figure in the eyes of old friends at into our carriage seeking for an alms, with very much seph Balsamo, now nearly in his majority, passed the Palermo, the count was sent to jail by the revengeful of the usual mendicatory whine. I do not know that few

succeeding years of his life in Palermo, acquiring goldsmith. He had the address to induce a Sicilian and Swiss travelling; and although sanctioned by by degrees

the repute of being one of the most finished prince to interfere, and he was freed. Then, again,

we hear of Cagliostro in London, in the obscure immemorial usage, surely it must have a demoralising blackguards in the place, and fully deserving it by character of a common painter, and bearing the

robbing his uncle, forging a will, and many similar title of plain Signor Balsamo. This was in 1772. * I have lately perused an excellent sketch of the political re

acts. At length, he used his address to persuade a He returned to the continent, and must again have volutions of Switzerland between the years 1830 and 1832, in the certain foolish goldsmith that a large treasure, to be climbed the ladder of fortune ; for we find him on ce who are interested in the subject of these revolutions scarcely obtained by digging, lay hidden in a cave nigh the The count here commenced as usual with his elix ir any thing is known in England, although they afford instructive city, and, on their going at midnight to the spot, and philosopher's - stone annunciations ; but it was lessons in national government. a The general principle aimed at Balsamo brought out on the dupe a band of accom- necessary to the success, both of himself and his had weighed down the country since their restoration in 1815, and plices dressed like fiends, who robbed the poor man, helpmate, that they should obtain access to society. making the cantonal governments in each case a reflex of the will and beat him cruelly. Having his eyes fully opened, them to mock lords and ladies, by whom, ere long,

A false friend undertook this task, and introduced in Berne, Vand, Zurich, and seven other cantons ; and although the goldsmith threatened to retort with the Sicilian the arch-plunderer was plundered of all his means.

A prison was the end. The count gained his freedom, changes have given universal satisfaction. Since the people of vengeance of the stiletto, and Joseph thought it necesBerne became in effect their own governors, they have, like those sary to take himself off from his native Palermo. however, and left the uncongenial air of England. of Zurich, Vaud, &c., done much to promote education on the broadest possible scale---public enlightenment, as they conceive,

With the lion's share of the booty, sixty ounces of Yet the visit was not thrown away. Far from it. He

had been initiated into some obscure mason-lodge, and being the only sure basis of public liberty. During my visit to gold, Balsamo proceeded to Messina, where he met an

the most brilliant idea of his life struck him in consepression of certain convents in Argau ; but any notice of this alchymist named Althotas, a man versed in various quence—the idea of the “Grand Egyptian Lodge of subject would be inconsistent with the character of these pages, mysterious secrets of nature, and an adept in the Masonry,” of which who so fit as himself to become

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the head, or, as he called himself, the Grand Coptha ? their calm tranquillity of mind, in the midst of po- | the citizen, more slowly—“I have no child now, and As for the female lodges, again, who so well suited for verty and privations, but impresses us the more my godson shall supply the place which has been wil. the “Grand Priestess-ship” as the fair Lorenza ? strongly with a sense of the folly of preferring a life fully vacated.” The queen was obviously pleased with Full of this new idea, the count recommenced his of splendid vice to one of humble virtue.

what had passed. As she looked on Sir John, who career on the continent. The repute of the wonder

had cast down his eyes in closing his speech, there was ful Egyptian mason, who knew all the secrets of the

a sparkle of passing pleasure in her quick dark eye. brotherhood, from the time of its institution by AN INCIDENT IN THE REIGN OF “ Farewell for the present, Sir John Spencer," said “ Enoch and Elias,” soon flew abroad. “ Arrived in


she; “ due tidings shall reach thee when it becomes any city, he has but by masonic grip to accredit him. Let us in idea go back two centuries and a half, and necessary to assume thy new duties." The knight degrees as formerly, but in one night, is introduced to step into the presence-chamber of Queen Elizabeth. stooped to kiss the hand extended to him, and the

queen passed on, leaving the citizen to follow, and all that is fattest and foolishest far and near; and in The walls are hung with rich tapestry, while the floor finally wend his way homewards. the fittest arenama gilt pasteboard masonic hall.” Mr is strewed with fresh hay. At the door leading to the Sir John Spencer, commonly called “Rich Spencer," Carlyle, to whom we are indebted for part of our in- queen's apartments stands an usher dressed in velvet, was in his day the wealthiest and most influential formation, describes the quack as having been received with a gold chain around his neck, the badge of his been both served by him more than once, we believe, hour discourses on all things fittingly unintelligible ; office. In the chamber may be seen, besides, a great He was a great favourite with the queen, being noted and as founding Egyptian lodges in all manner of number of councillors, officers of the crown, and for his public-spiritedness, and his anxiety to sustain places, with ceremonials of such a dark, death’s-head clergymen of high rank-for the queen, after giving the honour of his sovereign and his country. Such a merely to read of them. The elixirs sold now at a the day being a holiday of the church. description, that it makes one's hair stand on end passing audience to those present, proceeds to chapel, feeling was peculiarly evinced by the opulent cloth

worker, as he was by profession, on the occasion of the double quick rate ; and in consideration of the enor

Marquis of Rosny's visit to England, as ambassador mous expenses of the Grand Coptha, in correspon

The mid-doors are thrown open, and the coming of from Henry IV. of France to Elizabeth. The Mardences and the like, the money fiowed into his coffers the queen is announced. Gentlemen, barons, earls, quis (afterwards Duke of Sully) was lodged and enterin full streams.

and knights of the garter, all richly dressed and bare- tained by Sir John in the most sumptuous manner, Passing in splendour from place to place, the count headed, are the first to enter the presence-chamber at his own private cost. He was understood to be the greatest of his prizes—the Prince de Rohan, firstfrom her apartments. They are followed by the lord- daughter, his sole heiress

. Having fixed upon a sonclass peer of France, and Cardinal Archbishop of chancellor, bearing the seals in a silk purse ; and on in-law in his own rank in life, the worthy citizen had Strasburg, rich as Crøsus, and gullible to excess. each side of him walks a nobleman, one bearing the been deeply irritated by the elopement of his daughter Knowing well bis man, the count at first wrapt him- royal sceptre, and the other the sword of state in a with the young Lord Compton; and though, at the character by liberally dispensing medicine (brick-dust crimson scabbard. Queen Elizabeth follows. A small period referred to in our story, more than a year had pills, possibły) to the poor, and even showing them, golden crown is upon her head, and rests on a profu- have been increased rather than diminished by the now and then, his purse. Prince de Rohan sought an

sion of thick curled hair, of a colour too deeply san- lapse of time. Various attempts had been made to interview again and again; he was refused. His guine to countenance her early flatterers when they bring about a reconciliation, but unsuccessfully. So anxiety grew greater, and at length he was indulged. called the hue golden. The locks now worn by Eliza- stood the family affairs of Sir John Spencer, when was emptied freely-in payment, chiefly, for the pro- natural tresses were in her younger days. Rich pearls At once he became an obedient dupe, and his purse beth are, however, but a close imitation of what her good Queen Bess intimated her wish to honour him found predictions which Cagliostro gave the cardinal,

Of that honour the citizen continued to think with to serve in guiding him in all his affairs.

hang from her ears, and a necklace of fine jewels is pride, up to the time of his receiving a message from This period, 1783, may be called the brightest in thrown over her shoulders. A white silk robe, bor- the queen, requiring a second visit from him at GreenEuropean. He was asked by the Prince de Rohan to long train is borne by a marchioness of the realm. marked 'manner, his sense of the high favour bestowed the career of Cagliostro, whose reputation was now dered with large pearls, adorns her person, and the wich Palace. Thither, accordingly, Sir John wended

way, meditating how he might best show, in a go to Paris, and went ; but he staid at this time only a few days, being anxious to drain a little further the Elizabeth is now, as has been hinted, past the meri

on him by the queen. When ushered into the predupeables of Strasburg. But the enthusiasm was past, dian of her days, yet is her gait erect and majestic, sence of the latter, he found her with a goodly comand he found it advisable to try Bordeaux. Here, and her small dark eye retains its clear and vivid pany of ladies and courtiers; and in presence, also, was for the period of a year, he was so eminently successful expression. A sharpening of the lines of her natu- her majesty's household chaplain.“ Welcome, Sir at one time granted him a guard to keep his doors rally acute lineaments is all that speaks of the ad- John,"

said the queen, as the citizen paid his duty on

entrance ; "thou art punctual, yet we have been for clear. Bordeaux exhausted, he thought fit to quarter vance of years.

some time in readiness. The ceremony shall be private, himself on Paris. It might have been expected that On the occasion when this scene, here described in as best befits the condition of our poor little charge." he would have shrunk from exposing his magical pre- the present tense, was to be witnessed, foreign ministers Sir John bowed in silence; and the company, at a tensions to the eyes of the savans in Paris. Not he. were in the presence-chamber, and to each Elizabeth motion of the queen's hand, proceeded to the small He there openly professed his ability to transmute spoke in his own language, whether that were Spanish chapel

, where her majesty was accustomed to perform

her private devotions. convinced the silly and unwary: He—when well paid or Italian, French or Dutch. Whithersoever she turned

We shall suppose the child baptised, and the whole for it, for the dead would not rise for nothing-called her eye, all knelt down before her. Whosoever had ceremony over. Increasing the amount of the honour, up spirits , though they seem not to have been seen, but the honour of a word from her, remained kneeling, the queen gave to the child

the Christian name of merely to have spoken to him from under glass bells. unless the great queen raised him. She passed along “Spencer." This unexpected circumstance, and the The countess supported him ably in these deceptions. slowly through the large chamber, conversing to those uncommon beauty of the infant, seemed to determine

But Cagliostro suddenly fell in this very zenith of on one side and another, and sometimes receiving the knight in its favour.“ Madam," said he to the his glory, and fell irrecoverably. Happening to be strangers presented by the usher. She came at length queen, with tears in his eyes, “ I have resolved to show somehow involved in the celebrated necklace case of to a gentleman advanced in years, who knelt at her my sense of this honour by adopting this child, now Marie Antoinette, where one of the queen’s servants, look. He was richly dressed, but not in the robes of my name-son. He shall be my sole heir ; and, that no named La Motte, forged her mistress's name, Cagli- office or nobility. Ha !" said the queen, stretching foolish relentings may afterwards affect this resolve, I ostro, as well as La Motte and Rohan, was thrown out her hand, and raising this personage " our good here solemnly vow, before the holy altar, and in preinto the Bastile. On being brought to trial, he told citizen, Sir Jolin Spencer. Welcome! Thou wert sence of your majesty and this fair company, to settle lies of the most astounding magnitude as to his birth informed of our wish to converse with thee ?” “I irrevocably my estate by deed in this child's favour, and resources, averring for one thing that he was con had the honour,” answered the citizen, " to receive and to place it immediately in your majesty's possesstantly supplied with money by an unknown friend your majesty's commands to that effect.” “ Thou sion, if you will honour me by accepting such trust." in Arabia ; but the court paid no attention to his hast ever indeed, good Sir John, regarded our slightest The eyes of the queen sparkled with unaffected rant. La Motte and others were duly punished : as wish as a command," continued Elizabeth ;,“ and well pleasure. Tis well

, Sir John Spencer,” said she ; for our count, though he got free, it was in the state thy loyalty beseems thee. Thou hast paid dearly, too, we are witnesses to your promise, and know that it of a beggar.

for thy affectionate regard to our person.” The old will be kept.”. She then turned round, and exclaimed, The sun of the arch-quack had begun its descending citizen sighed as if involuntarily, showing well that he looking to a side door, “ Without there ! You may course, and rapid, indeed, was its downward progress. understood the queen's allusion. She went on, how- enter.”

In an instant the door was thrown open, and In England, to which he now resorted, he gained the ever, to refer more plainly to the subject, while all Sir John Spencer beheld his daughter, the Lady countenance of scarcely one man of note excepting poor around fell respectfully

back, marking her low tones. Compton, and her husband, kneeling at his feet. BeLord George Gordon; and trickery was at a discount " It was while an attendant on our train that my fore the agitated citizen could speak, the queen adnow, whether in regard to elixirs or Egyptian lodges. young Lord Compton first saw thy daughter, and the dressed bim. “ Sir John, the child whom thou hast Cagliostro was compelled to look to the Continent issue was the rash marriage which thou deplorest. here adopted is thine own grandchild. Take these his again; but, alas ! France, Germany, Russia, and the Sir John, we would remedy the evil thou hast sus parents also to your favour, and make this one of the Sardinian territory, were all closed against him by posi- tained." The face of the citizen-knight grew suddenly happiest hours in a queen's life.” “ Pardon, dearest tive royal edicts. He had been too successful in his Aushed, and then left him more pale than before. He father, pardon !" cried the weeping daughter of the magic. His wide-spread repute bad roused the long knelt down after a moment of apparently agitated knight ; " pardon,” continued she, taking her child suspicious church, and he had lost all power to contend thought, and said, in a low and hurried voice, “I hope from an attendant, and raising it in her arms—" pardon, with her. So he felt to his cost, when, after some obscure -I trust your majesty does not mean to lay your com for this child's sake!" Sir John Spencer could not and poverty-struck ramblings, he ventured at length mands on me to pardon" The queen interrupted resist these appeals. “Heaven bless you, my children !" to enter Rome in 1789, urged by his wife, who, jaded him. “ Listen to us, Sir John Spencer. Your pater- said he, embracing them by turns ; " I do forgive all and wearied out, now desired but to reach her mother's nal resentment will be respected by us. It is a farour the past; and I heartily thank her majesty, who has grave and die. Cagliostro had not been long there, which we have now to require of thee, and the grant- brought about this happy event.”. ere the Inquisition caught him founding what Mr ing of which may partly remedy the misfortune which Our anecdote is told. Many glorious acts signalise Carlyle aptly calls some feeble, moneyless ghost of you have suffered. Ản infant boy has somewhat the reign of Elizabeth, but it may be questioned if any an Egyptian lodge,” and he was thrown into the strangely fallen to our particular guardianship. He recorded deed of hers places her character in a more Castle of St Angelo. By papers, and petitions,

and ex- is of such rank and birth that we conceive thee to be pleasing light, than the little ruse by which she reconplanations, and recantations, Cagliostro still struggled a fitter person to act as his sponsor than any of the ciled Sir John Spencer and his daughter. stoutly for life and liberty. The former boon he ob- nobles of our court. Thy civic position suits thee tained ; but being doomed to perpetual confinement, much more for serving the future fortunes of this

A CHINESE PAINTER, he died in St Angelo in the summer of 1795. The boy; and, God's bread, Sir John, thou shalt have a Grand Copthess was placed for life in a nunnery. Cagliostro forms on the whole a sad monument of queen for a partner in the office.”

A Chinese who was present at the martyrdom of a

Doubt had gradually disappeared from the citizen's Christian missionary, was so struck with the firmness the miseries of a career of imposture. We have seen brow during this speech, and had been supplanted by with which he died for his faith, that he himself became here what was the end of all, and moreover, with all a feeling of the highest gratification, as was clear and bis impudent assurance, it may be doubted if the apparent in his looks. “ Your majesty,” said he,“ does and there is now here, in the church of St Guillaume,

and studied painting : he has been successful as an artist; instability of his position, and the constant risk of me an honour which kings might be proud of. And exposure, left him one happy moment even in the by my life, madam, I shall prove, by my conduct to coloured. The subject is "The Death of the Christian

a fine picture by his hand, well designed and strongly hours of his greatest success. Goethe visited his dis- the boy, that your majesty has not so honoured one Missionary,” to which he was a witness, and which claimed mother and sister; and the picture given of l who is ungrateful for it. I have no child," continued | changed his faith and his life.- Art Union,

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