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ment of superintending officers of courts of requests.
Young officers are invariably to attend these courts, that they may become familiar with their forms and mode of procedure.
As young officers, from the paucity of officers with regiments, are frequently entrusted with escort duties before they have had much experience of detachment duty, I will transcribe a few regulations which they would do well to study attentively:—
1st. Whenever on Treasure Escort, invariably keep your arms loaded; you cannot be too cautious or vigilant on such duties. Post the sentries yourself, and ascertain that every man understands the duty he is placed on, and the orders he has received. Never allow more than a fourth of your party to be absent during the day, and never permit one to be absent after sun-set. Have the arms examined every evening at sun-set, that the flints are well fixed and in good order, and fresh prime your loaded muskets. Post your sentries within sight of each other, and at night post them double, near enough clearly to distinguish any man who might attempt to pass between them; one half of your men should be ready to act on the shortest notice, therefore should lie down in their ranks with accoutrements on and arms grounded.
The sentries should be visited every half hour
by a native commissioned, or non-commissioned officer, and once or twice in the night by yourself.
In encamping, choose the clearest spot you can find, away from brushwood, buildings, ruins, &c, unless you can possess yourself of an old ruin— isolated, so that you may be able to observe any approach of an enemy. Recollect, the slightest neglect or wanting of vigilance on your part, may endanger the lives of your whole detachment, and the loss of the treasure you are escorting. The slightest neglect on the part of a sentry should be immediately noticed, and reported to the commanding officer. Never leave a sentry posted for more than two hours; if the weather is severe, and you have men enough, relieve them every hour.
Never allow a sentry to put down his arms, on any pretence whatever, or to talk to any body whilst on duty.
When arriving at any station or cantonment with a detachment, send an orderly on the day before with a letter addressed to the station-staff, for the information of the commanding-officer, stating your destination, number of men, the duty you are on, and requesting permission to enter the cantonment or station, and to remain such time as you may deem necessary to recruit your men, &c.
Medical Gentlemen obtaining an appointment in the Company's service, are placed on the same footing as Cadets, but take rank on their landing in India with Lieutenants. On their appointment, they will be required to undergo an examination and furnish the necessary certificates, &c. &c. (Vide Appendix.) The uniform of the AssistantSurgeon differs from the Regimental Officer; but all other matters relating to his passage, outfit, &c, will be the same as the Cadet, excepting in certain cases where he engages to perform the medical duties of the ship, in payment of the whole or two-thirds of the regulated passagemoney. It is not very frequent that such opportunities occur, as shipowners have generally their own friends dr acquaintances, who of course obtain the preference.
Promotion is regulated by seniority alone, therefore, if he lives, the youngest Assistant-Surgeon must arrive at the head of the list.
The highest grade in the Medical Service is the Medical Board, composed of three surgeons on the list.
In India, no distinction is made between the practice of medicine and surgery; every officer must act in either capacity, as circumstances demand; in fact, the medical man, in India, must exercise his profession in the most comprehensive sense of the word.
The study of the native language is of still greater moment to the medical officer of the Indian army than its regimental one; and that man who cannot converse familiarly in the native tongue, is surely totally unfit to be placed in the medical charge of a native regiment. For his own sake I should conceive he would use his utmost exertions to obtain an accurate knowledge of the native names of each particular drug, an ignorance of which has, no doubt, and must continue to lead to many fatal mistakes, where the lives of hundreds depend upon the correct translation in language of their feelings and complaints, that man must be dead to every feeling of humanity, who would still continue wilfully ignorant of this most necessary adjunct to a correct knowledge of what should or should not be administered.
The Assistant-Surgeon, on his arrival, reports his arrival at the Adjutant-General's Office; and to the Secretary to the Medical Board Office, to whom he presents the certificate which he received at the India House. He is immediately directed to do duty at the General Hospital; and, during his stay at the Presidency, he mav render himself, in a few months, by an unremitting perseverance, fully capable of undertaking a native practice; and thus not only gratify his own feelings, but he will also, in all probability, be much sooner placed in a situation which gives him a much higher salary. His pay, &c., in the General Hospital, is about 230 rupees per mensem, with quarters. So soon as he is qualified, and receives charge of a regiment, his allowances will amount to 450 rupees and upwards. Surgical instruments are, I believe, furnished by Government; I should certainly recommend the medical gentleman to possess a complete set of his own.
The Assistant-Surgeon's life in India should be one of continued action; his professional duties will, no doubt, occupy a great portion of his time, the remainder cannot be better employed than studying all subjects connected in any shape with the science of medicine. Botany opens a wide field for the medical student's operations. The investigation of the properties of drugs totally new to the English practitioner, but in common use by the natives, will be of the greatest utility. Chemistry, with its thousand experiments, must ever afford unwearied amusement to the inquiring mind; and doubly so to a man whose profession should give him a zest for such knowledge. In fact, the varied products of an Eastern clime, in its vegetable and mineral king