Imatges de pÓgina
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on herself. Soon afterwards the king, in. It is very cold this morning, is it Charles I., coming into the nursery, and not??--- Very cold, sir.'— Very cold seeing his boy's legs without the boots, indeed, isn't it?'— V'ery cold indeed, angrily demanded who had done it? “ It sir.'— More than usually so, isn't it, was 1, sir," said the rocker, “ who had even for this weather?' (Here the serthe honour, some thirty years since, to al- vant's wit and good nature are put to a tend on your highness, in your infancy, considerable test, and the inquirer lies on when you had the same infirmity where- thorns for the answer.) Why, Sir ... with now the prince, your very own son . . I think it is.' (Good creature! There is troubled; and then the lady Cary, is not a better, or more truth-telling ser(afterwards countess of Monmouth) com- vant going.) 'I must rise, howevermanded your steel-boots to be taken off, Get me some warm water.'—Here comes who, blessed be God, since have gathered a fine interval between the departure of strength, and arrived at a good stature.” the servant and the arrival of the hot Clare, chaplain to Charles II., at the time water; during which, of course, it is of the affair happened, related this anecdote 'no use' to get up. The hot water to old Fulter, who in 1660, contemplating comes. "Is it quite hot ??— Yes, sir.' “ the restoration," tells the story, and - Perhaps too hot for shaving : I must quaintly exclaims, the nation is too wait a little ? — No, sir; it will just do.' noble, when his majesty shall return from (There is an over-nice propriety someforeign parts, to impose any other steel times, an officious zeal of virtue, a little boots upon him, than the observing the troublesome.) « Oh — the shirt — you laws of the land, which are his own stock- must air my clean shirt :-linen gets very ings, that so with joy and comfort he may damp this weather.'— Yes, sir. Here enter on what was his own inheritance." another delicious five minutes. A knock The nation forgot the “ steel-bouts,” and at the door. “Oh, the shirt—very well. Charles forgot the “ stockings."

My stockings—I think the stockings had 1801. January 1. The Union of Great better be aired too.'— Very well, sir.? Britain with Ireland commenced accord- -Here another interval. At length every ing to act of parlianient, and the event thing is ready, except myself

I now was solemnized by the hoisting of a cannot help thinking a good deal—who new royal flag on the Tower of London, can ?-upon the unnecessary and villainaccompanied by the firing of guns there ous custom of shaving; it is a thing so and in St. James's Park. On the 3d the unmanly (here I nestle closer)—so effeking received the great seal of Great minate, (here I recoil from an unlucky step Britain from the lord chancellor, and into the colder part of the bed.)-No woncausing it to be defaced,

presented to him der, that the queen of France took part a new great seal for the United Kingdom. with the rebels against that degenerate On the same day, January 1st, 1801, king, her husband, who first affronted her Piazzi, the astronomer at Palermo, dis- sinooth visage with a face like her own. covered a new primary planet, making an The emperor Julian never showed the eleventh of that order: he called it Ceres, luxuriancy of his genius to better advanfrom the goddess of that name, who was tage thar in reviving the flowing beard. highly esteemed by the ancients of Sicily. Look at cardinal Bembo's picture-at

Michael Angelo's—at Titian's—at Shak. speare's—at Fletcher's--at Spenser'smat

Chaucer'sat Alfred's—at Plato's. I Usually at this period the rigour of cold could name a great man for every tick of is severely felt. The indisposition of lie-a- my watch. Look at the Turks, a grave beds to face its severity is pleasantly pic- and otiose people—Think of Haroun Al tured by Mr.Leigh Hunt, in a paper in the Raschid and Bed-ridden Hassan—Think Indicator. He imagines one of those of Wortley Montague, the worthy son of persons to express himself in these terms: his mother, a man above the prejudice of

“ On opening my eyes, the first thing his time-Look at the Persian genuemen, that meets them is my own breath rolling whom one is ashamed of meeting abont forth, as if in the open air, like smoke out the suburbs, their dress and appearance of a cottage-chimney. Think of this are so much finer than our own- -Lastly, symptom. Then I turn my eyes side- think of the razor itself-how totally opways and see the window all frozen over. posed to every sensation of bed-how Think of that. Then the servant comes cold, how edgy, how hard ! how utterly, different from any thing like the warm may help you to cut yourself, a quivering and circling amplitude, which

body, a frozen towel, and an ewer full of Sweetly recommends itself ice; and he that says there is nothing to Uato our gentle senses.

oppose in all this, only shows, at any rate, Add to this, benunbed fingers, which that he has no merit in opposing it.”.

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Gymnastics for Youth. Tus engraving represents simple me- plates to his work, for teaching which thods by which, at this season especially, his explanations are numerous and clear. the health of young persons may be maintained, and the constitution invigorated. Two round parallel bars at two An unseasonable occurrence in the feet distance from each other, on round cellar of the late sir Joseph Banks may be standards three or four feet high, firmly acceptable in the mention, and excite fixed in the ground, will afford boys the particular sympathy in persons who reineans of actively exerting their limbs and create with the juice of the vine: as a fact, muscles : and if the ends of a pole be let it may tend to elucidate the origin and into opposite walls or fastened to trees, nature of vegetable fungi, particularly of the boys may be taught to climb single that species termed mushroom. The ropes, and hold on while swinging by worthy baronet had a cask of wine rather them. The engraving is placed before too sweet for immediate use; he therefore the eyes of parents and teachers with the directed that it should be placed in a celhope of directing their attention to gym- lar, in order that the saccharine matter it nastic exercises, as diversions for youth, contained might be more perfectly decomand they are referred to a practical trea- posed by age. At the end of three years, he tise on the subject by Mr. Clias, that may directed his butler to ascertain the state of be safely used. His judicious reasoning the wine, when, on attempting to open the must convince every reader of their im- cellar door, he could not effect it, in conseportance to the rising generation, and quence of some powerful obstacle. The that it is within the means of all classes door was cut down, and the cellar found of persons to let boys acquire a know- to be completely filled with a firm fungous ledge of the feats represented in the vegetable production—so firm that it was



necessary to use the axe for its removal. anticipate with calm delight the entrance This appeared to have grown from, or of the new year, and lift his eyes to the have been nourished by, the decomposed living lustres of the firmament with grateparticles of the wine : the cask was empty, ful feelings. They shine cut their prismatic and carried up to the ceiling, where it colours through the cold thin air, keeping was supported by the surface of the watch while man slumbers, or cheering fungus.

him, who contemplates their fires, to purAt the close of this day he who can poses of virtue. In this season reflect with satisfaction on the past, may

The night comes calmly forth,
Bringing sweet rest upon the wings of even :
The golden wain rolls round the silent north,
And earth is slumbering 'neath the smiles of heaven.


January 2.

the devil answered, to give drink to the

hermits; and that the phials contained a St. Macarius; St. Concordius ; $t.

variety of liquors, that they might have Adalard or Alard.

a choice, and so fall into temptation. On St. Macarius. A.D. 394. Alban Butler the devil's return, the saint inquired how says he was a confectioner of Alexandria, he had sped; and the devil answered very who, in the flower of his age, spent evil, for they were so holy that only one upwards of sixty years in the deserts in Theodistus would drink : on this informlabour, penance, and contemplation. “Ouration Macarius found Theodistus under saint,” says Butler,“ happened one day the influences of the phial, and recovered inadvertently to kill a gnat, that was biting him. Macarius found the head of a pagan, him in his cell; reflecting that he had lost and asked where the soul of its body the opportunity of suffering that mortifi- was: in hell, said the head: he asked the cation, he hastened from his cell for the head if hell was deep ;-the head said marshes of. Scete, which abound with deeper than from heaven to earth : he degreat flies, whose stings fierce even wild manded again, if there were any there boars. There he continued six months, lower than his own soul the head said exposed to those ravaging insects; and to the Jews were lower than he was: the such a degree was his whole body dis- saint inquired if there were any lower figured by them, with sores and swellings, than the Jews—the head answered, the that when he returned he was only to be false Christian-men were lower than the known by his voice.” The Golden Legend Jews, and more tormented: there the relates of him, that he took a dead pagan dialogue between the saint and the head out of his sepulchre, and put him under appears to have ended. Macarius seems, his head for a pillow; whereupon certain by the Golden Legend, to have been much devils came to affright the saint, and called annoyed by the devil. In a nine days' the dead pagan to go with them; but the journey through a desert, at the end of body under the saint said he could not, every mile he set up a reed in the earth, because a pilgrim lay upon him, so that to mark his track against he returned ; he could not move; then Macarius, no- but the devil pulled them all up, made a thing afraid, beat the body with his fist, and bundle of them, and placed them at Matold him to go if he would, which caused carius's head, while he lay asleep, so that the devils to declare that Macarius had the saint with great difficulty found his vanquished them. Another time the way home again. devil came with a great scythe on his Št. Adalard, according to Butler, was shoulder, to smite the saint, but he could grandson of Charles Martel, brother to not prevail against him, on account of his king Pepin, and cousin-german to Charlevirtues. Macarius, at another time, being magne, who created him a count: he left tempted, filled a sack with stones, and his court in 773, became a monk at Corbie bore it many journies through the desert. in Picardy, died in 827, aged seventySecing a devil before him in the shape of three, and wrought miracles, which pro

dressed like “a herawde," with cured his body to be enshrined with great his clothing full of holes, and in every hole pomp in 1010, a history of which solema phial, he demanded of this devil whither nity is written by St. Gerard, who combe went; and why he had so many phials? posed an office in St. Adalard’s honour, be

a man,

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cause through his intercession he had mission to return to Rome. Whatever been cured of a violent head-ache.- subject Ovid wrote on, he exhausted; he The same St. Gerard relates seven other

painted nature with a masterly hand, and sviracles by St. Adalard of the same nature. his genius imparted elegance to vulgarity; Butler says, his relics are still at Corbie, but he defiled the sweetness of his numin a rich shrine, and two smaller cases, bers by impurity, and though he ranks except a small portion given to the abbey among the splendid ornaments of ancient of Chelles.

literature, he sullied his fame by the

grossest immorality in some of his finest The first Monday after new year's day

productions. is called Handsel Monday in some parts

Livy, the Roman historian, died at Padua of Scotland, and is observed by merry, Ovid. His history of the Roman Empire

on the same day and in the same year with making. In sir J. Sinclair's “ Statistical Account," it is related of one William which only thirty-five are extant.

was in one hundred and forty books, of

Five of Hunter, a collier, that he was cured in these were discovered at Worms in 1431, the year 1758 of an inveterate rheumatism or gout, by drinking freely of new

and some fragments are said to have been ale, full of barm or yeast.


lately discovered at Herculanæum. Few

poor man had been confined to his bed for a

particulars of his life are known, but his year and a half, having almost entirely his history has rendered him immortal


fame was great even while he lived, and lost the use of his limbs. On the evening He wrote some philosophical treatises of Handsel Monday, as it is called, some of his neighbours came to make merry the merit of authors, which Dr. Lem

and dialogues, with a letter to his son on with him. Though he could not rise, yet he always took his share of the ale, 'as it priere says, ought to be read by young passed round the company; and, in the end, became much intoxicated. The consequence was, that he had the use of his limbs the next morning, and was able to

In the Literary Pocket Book there are walk about. He lived more than twenty

some seasonable facts which may be years after this, and never had the smallest transplanted with advantage to the reader, return of his old complaint.” This is a and, it is hoped, without disadvantage to fact worth remembering, as connected the writer of the articles. He says that with chronical complaints.

a man is infinitely mistaken, who thinks there is nothing worth seeing in winter

time out of doors, because the sun is not CHRONOLOGY.

warın, and the streets are muddy. “ Let On the 2d of January, A. D. 17, Ovid him get, by dint of good exercise, out of the celebrated Roman poet died; he was the streets, and he shall find enough. In born at Sulmo on the 20th of March, the warm neighbourhood of towns he may forty-three years before the Christian era. still watch the field-fares, thrushes, and His father designed him for the bar, and blackbirds; the titmouse seeking its food he became eminently eloquent, but every through the straw-thatch; the red-wings, thing he wrote was expressed in poetical field-fares, sky-larks, and tit-larks, upon numbers; and though reminded by his the same errand, over wet meadows; the father, that even Homer lived and died sparrows and yellow-hammers, and chafin poverty, he preferred the pleasures of finches, still beautiful though mute, glean-. imagination to forensic disputation Heing from the straw and chaff in farmgained great admiration from the learned. yards; and the ring-dove, always poetical, Virgil, Horace, Tibullus, and Propertius, coming for her meal to the ivy-berries. were his friends, and Augustus became About rapid streams he may see the vahis liberal patron, till he banished him for rious habits and movements of herons, some unknown cause. In his exile he wood-cocks, wild-ducks, and other waterwas cowardly, and prostituted his pen to fowl, who are obliged to quit the frozen fatter baseness; and though he desired marshes to seek their food there. The the death of the emperor, he fawned upon red-breast comes to the windows, and him in his writings to meanness. He died often into the house itself, to be rewarded at Tomos on the Euxine sea, the place of for its song, and for its far-famed 'painnis banishment, under the reign of Tibe- ful' obsequies to the Children in the rius, who had succeeded Augustus, and Wood." was deaf to the poet's entreaties for per


January 3.

they found there. They did so till two

swineherds came by, one of whom said St. Genevieve. St. Anterus, Pope. St. to the other, “ I went yesterday after one Gordius. St. Peter Balsam.

of my sows and found a bed of lime;" St. Genevieve, Patroness of Paris. the other replied that he had also found Alban Butler affirms that she was one under the root of a tree that the born in 422, at Nanterre, four miles from wind had blown down. St. Genevieve's Paris, near the present Calvary there, priests of course inquired where these and that she died a virgin on this day discoveries were made, and bearing the in 512, and was buried in 545, near the tidings to Genevieve the church of St. steps of the high altar in a magnificent Denis was began. During its progress church, dedicated to St. Peter and St. the workmen wanted drink, whereupon Paul, began by Clovis, where he also was Genevieve called for a vessel, prayed over interred. Her relics were afterwards it, signed it with the cross, and the taken up and put into a costly shrine vessel was immediately filled; “ so," says about 630. Of course they worked mira- the Legend, “the workmen drank their cles. Her shrine of gold and silver, belly full,” and the vessel continued to covered with precious stones, the presents be supplied in the same way with “drink" of kings and queens, and with a cluster for the workmen till the church was of diamonds on the top, presented by the finished. At another time a woman stole intriguing Mary de Medicis, is, on cala- St. Genevieve's shoes, but as soon as she mitous occasions, carried about Paris in got home lost her sight for the theft, and procession, accompanied by shrines remained blind, till, having restored the equally miraculous, and by the canons shoes, St. Genevieve restored the woman's of St. Genevieve walking bare-foot. sight. Desiring the liberation of certain

The miracles of St. Genevieve, as re- prisoners condemned to death at Paris, lated in the Golden Legend, were equally she went thither and found the city gates numerous and equally credible. It relates were shut against her, but they opened that when she was a child, St. Germaine without any other key than her own presaid to her mother, “Know ye for certain

She prayed over twelve men in that on the day of Genevieve's nativity that city possessed with devils, till the the angels sung with joy and gladness, men were suspended in the air, and the and looking on the ground he saw a devils were expelled. A child of four penny signed with the cross, which came years old fell in a pit and was killed ; there by the will of God; he took it up, St. Genevieve only covered her with and gave it to Genevieve, requiring her her mantle and prayed over her, and the to bear in mind that she was the spouse child came to life and was baptized at of Christ. She promised him accordingly, Easter. On a voyage to Spain she arand often went to the minster, that she rived at a port“ where, as of custom, ships might be worthy of her espousals. “Then,” were wont to perish.” Her own vessel says the Legend,“ the mother was angry, was likely to strike on a tree in the water, and smote her on the cheek—God avenged which seems to have caused the wrecks; the child, so that the mother became blind," she commanded the tree to be cut down, and so remained for one and twenty months, and began to pray; when lo, just as the when Genevieve fetched her some holy tree began to fall, “two wild heads, water, signed her with the sign of the grey and horrible, issued thereout, which cross, washed her eyes, and she recovered stank so sore, that the people that were her sight. It further relates, that by the there were envenomed by the space of Holy Ghost she showed many people their two hours, and never after perished ship secret thoughts, and that from fifteen there; thanks be to God and this holy years to fifty she fasted every day except saint.". Sunday and Thursday, when she ate At Meaux, a master not forgiving his beans, and barley-bread of three weeks servant his faults though St. Genevieve old. Desiring to build a church, and prayed him, she prayed against him. He dedicate it to St. Denis and other martyrs, was immediately seized with a hot ague; she required materials of the priests for on the morrow he came to the holy

“ Dame," answered the virgin, running with open mouth like a priests, we would ; but we can get no German bear, his tongue hanging out chalk nor lime." She desired them to go like a boar, and requiring pardon." She to the bridge of Paris, and bring what then blessed him, the fever left him, and

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