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Pope. 4. A kind of expletive, expressing wonder
DETRUNCA'TION...s. (from detruncate.] 1. The act of quitting the ..ght way; The act of lopping or cutting.
errour; wandering: DETRU'SION. n. s. [from detrusco, Latin.] These bodies constantly mave round in the The act of thrusting or forcing down. same tracks, without making the least decistist. From this detrusion of the waters towards the
Cornies side, the parts towards the pole must be much 2. Variation from established rule. increased.
Keil against Burnet, Having once surreyed the true and prope: DETUR B A'TION, n. s. [deturbo, Latin ) natural alphabet, we say easily discover the la The act of throwing down; degrada.
victions from it in all the alphabets in use, isher tion.
by defect of single characters, of letters, or by Dict. confusion of them.
Holder DEVASTA'TI0X. 1. s. [devasto, Latin.] Waste; havock; desolation; destruction
3. Offence; obliquity of conduct. By devastation the rough warrior gains,
Worthy persons, if inadvertently drawn iss
a deviation, will endeavour instantly to recover And farmers facten most when famine reigns. their lost ground, that they may not bring error Garth. into habit.
Clariss. That flood' which overflowed Attica in the Devi'CE. 2. s. [devise, French; devica, days of Oxyges, and that which drowned These saly in Deucalion's time, made cruel havock and
Italian.] devastation among them.
1. A contrivance; a stratagem. DEUCE. n. s. (deux, French.]
This is our device; 1. Two: a word used in games.
That Falstaff at that oak shall meet with
He intended it as a politick device to lesen am sure, you know how much the gross sum of deuce ace amounts to.
their interest, and keep them low in the world Shakspeara
Aterbery, 2. The devil. See DEUSE. To DEVE'LOP..v. a. (developer, French.]
2. A design; a scheme formed; project ;
speculation. To disengage from something that en. Touching the exchange of lsws in practice folds and conceals; to disentangle ; to with laws in device, which they say are better clear from its covering:
for the state of the church, if they might take Take him to develop, if you can;
farther we examine them, the greater And hew the block off, and get out the man.
cause we find to conclude, although we continue
Dunciad. the same we are, the harm is not great. Hisoker. DevE'R GENCE. n. s. (devergentia, Lat.]
His device is against Babylon, to destroy it
. Declivity; declination.
Dict. TO DEVE'st. v. a. [devester, French;
There are many devices in a man's heart;
vertheless, the counsel of the Lord shall stard. de and vestis, Latin.] 1. To strip; to deprive of clothes. 3:
The emblem on a shield ; the ensiga Friends all but now,
armorial of a nation or family. In quarter and in terms like bride and groom
Then change we shields, and their device Deresting them for bed.
Hibernia's harp, dreice of her command,
And parent of her mirth, shall ebere be seen. 2. To annul; to take away any thing good.
They intend to let the world see what party What are those breaches of the law of nature
they are ct, by figures and designs upon these and nations, which do forfeit and devest all right
fans; as the knights-errant used to distinguists and title in a nation to government? Bacon,
themselves hy devices on their sields. Aldina. 3. To free from any thing bad.
4. Invention; gcoius. Come on, thou little inmate of this breast,
He's gentle; never schooled, and yet learned; Which for thy sake from passions I devest. Prior.
full of noble device; of all surts enchanting) DEVE'X. adj. [devexus, Latin.] Bending
Shadspears down; declivous ; incurvated down DEVIL. 7. s. [d10ful, Saxon ; diabeus ward.
Latin. It were more properly written DEVE'XITY. n. s. [from devex.] Incur divel.] vation downward; declivity.
1. A fallen angel; the tempter and spiri. T. DE'VIATE.V. 1. (de via decedere, Lat.]
enemy of mankind 1. To wander from the right or common way. The rest to some faint meaning make pre
Which might appal the devil. tence,
2. A wicked man or woman. But Shadwell never deviates into sense. Dryden. Thos Pegasus, a nearer way to take,
Proper deformity seems not in the fiend May boldly deviate from the common track.
So horrid as in woman. Whats makes all physical and moral ill?
Pope. 3. A ludicrous term for mischief.
A war of profit mitigates the evil; There nature devietes, and here wanders will.
But to be taz'd, and beaten, is the desil. Grary Besides places which may deviate froin the sense of the author, it would be kind to observe
or vexation. any deficiencies in the diction.
rare; 2. To go astray; to err; to sin; to of
But wonder how the derw they got there! Patio fend. DEVIA’TION. n. sa [from deviate.]
5. A kind of ludicrous negative in ag ada
-Ay, and a bold one; that dare look on that
See thyself, devil!
The things, we know, are neither rich 29
The devil was well, the devil a monk was he. 2. To plan; to scheme.
Proverb. Behold! I frame evil against you, and devix a DE'Vilish. adj. [from devil.).
device against you.
Ferem. 1. Partaking of the qualities of the devil; To DEVI'SE. 2. n. To consider; to con
diabolical; mischievous ; malicious; trive ; to lay plans; to form scheines : destructive.
anciently with of. Gynecia mistrusted greatly Cecropia, because Her merry fit she freshly 'gan to rear; she had heard much of the devilish wickedness And did of joy and jollity devise, of her heart.
Sidney. Herself to cherish and her guest to chear. For grief thereof, and devilish despight,
Fairy Qiseen. From his infernal furnace forth he threw
But sich now safe ye sçized have the shore, Huge flames, that dimmed all the heaven's And well arrived are, high God be blest! light,
Let us devise of ease and everlasting rest. Enroll'd in duskish smoke and brimstone blue.
Fairy Qiseer. Spenser. Since we are so far entered, let us, I pray He trains his devilish engin'ry, impal'd you, a little devise of those evils by which that On ev'ry side with shadowy squadrons deep: country is held in this wretched case, that it can
Milton, not, as you say, be recured. Spenser's Ireland. %. Having communication with the devil. Devise but how you 'll use him when he cornes, The duchess, by his subornacion,
And let us two devise to bring him thither. Upon my life began her devilisb practices. Shak.
Sbakspeare. 3. An epithet of abhorrence or contempt. DEVI'S E. n. s. [devise, a will, old Fr.]
A devilish knave! Besides, the knave is hand 1. The act of giving or bequeathing by some, young, and blyth: all those requisites are will, in him that delight.
Sbakspeare. This word is properly attributed, in our com4. Excessive: in a ludicrous sense.
mon law, to him that bequeaths his goods by his Thy hair and beard are of a different dye, last will or testament in writing; and the reason Short of a foot, distorted of an eye;
is, because those that now appertain only to the With all these tokens of a knave complete, devisour, by this act are distributed into many If thou art honest, thou'rt a devilish cheat. Addis.
Cowell. DE'VILISHLY. adv. [from devilish.] In
The alienation is made by devise in a last will a manner suiting the devil; diabolically:
only, and the third part of these profits is there demandable.
Locke. Those trumpeters threatened them with contiDual alarnis of damnation, if they did not ven
2. Contrivance. See Device. ture life, fortune, and all, in that which wickedly God hath omitted nothing needful to his purand devilisbly chose impostors called the cause of pose, nor left his intention to be accomplished God.
Hooker. DE'VILKIN. n. s. [from devil.] A little To Devi's E. v. a. [from the noun.] To devil.
Clarissa. grant by will. A law term. DE'vious. adj. [devius, Latin.]
DEVISE E', n. s. He to whom something 3. Out of the common track.
is bequeathed by will. Creusa kept behind: by choice we stray Devi'ser, these [from devise.] A conThrough ev'ry dark and ev'ry devious way. Dry. In this minute devious subject, I have been
triver; an inventer. necessitated to explain myself in more words
Being divided from truth in themselves, they than may seem needful,
are yet farther removed by advenieni deception; 2. Wandering; roving ; rambling.
for true it is, if I say they are daily mocked into errour by devisers.
Brogun. Every muse,
The authors of useful inventions, the devisers And every blooming pleasure, wait without
of wholesome laws, as were the philosophers of To bless the wildly devious morning walk.
ancient times, were honoured as the fathers and Thomson. prophets of their country.
Grezu. 3. Erring; going astray from rectitude.
DEVI'SOUR. n. S. He that gives by will. One devious step at first setting out, frequently,
See DEVISE. leads a person into a wilderness of doubt and
Clarissa. DEVITABLE. adj. [devitabilis, Latin.] Some lower muse, perhaps, who lightly treads Possible to be avoided; avoidable. Dict. The devious paths where wanton fancy leads.
DEVITA’TION. n. s. (devitatio, Lat.] The
Rowe. 4. It is used likewise of persons. Roving; Devo'id. adj. [vuide, French.]
act of escaping or avoiding. Dict. idly vagrant ; erring from the way. To DEVI'SE. v. a. (deviser, French; as of
1. Empty ; vacant; void.
When l'awoke and found her place devoid, devisare, to look about. Skinner.]
And nought but pressed grass where she had 3. To contrive; to form by art; to in
lyen, vent; to excogitate ; to strike out by I sorrow'd all so much as earst Ijoy'd. F. Queen. thought.
* 2. Without any thing, whether good or Whether they, at their first coming into the evil; free from ; in want of land, or afterwards, by trading with other na He Aung it from bim; and, devoid of dread, tions which had letters, learned them of them, Upon him lightiy leaped without heed. Fairy 2. or dervised them among themselves, is very doubc That the soul and angels arc devoid of quantity ful.
Spenser's State of Ireland, and dimension, and that they have nothing to do He could by his skill draw after him the with proper locality, is generally opinioned. weight of five thousand bushels of grain; and de
Glanville, wise those rare engines which shot small stones The motion of this chariot will still be easier at hend, but great ones afar off. Peacham. as it ascends higher; till at length it shall become
Ye sons of art, one curious piece devise, utterly devoid of gravity, when the least strength From whese constructure motion shall arise. will be able to bestow upon ita swift motion.
Wilkins' Mutbemutical Magisk.
His warlike mind, his soul devoid of fear,
Aliens were devoted to their rapine and des His high-designing thoughts, were figur'd there; spight.
Decay of Pinoy As when, by magick, ghosts are made appear,
Ah! why, Penelope, this causeless fear,
Dryderi. To render sleep's soft blessings insincere!
Alike devote to sorrow's dire extreme
The day reflection and the midnight dream, DEVO'IR. 1.so (devoir, French.] 1. Service. A sense now not used.
4. To addict; to give up to ill. To restore again the kingdom of the Mama.
The Romans having once debauched their lukes, he offered him their utmost devoir and
senses with the pleasures of other nations, they service.
devoted themselves unto all wickedness. Gru. 2. Act of civility or obsequiousness.
s. To curse ; to execrate; to doom to Gentlemen who do not design to marry, yet
Those wicked tents devoted, lest the wrath
Millar. I. To roll down.
To destruction sacred and devots,
He with his whole posterity must die. Miten
Goddess of maids, and conscious of our hearts, maze, Now wanders wild through solitary tracts
So keep me from the vengeance of thy darts, Of life-deserted sand.
Which Niobe's devoted issue felt
Tbomson. 2. To move from one hand to another.
When, hissing through the skies, the feather'd
deaths were dealt. Dryder. Upon the duke of Ormond the king had wholly Let her, like me, of every joy forlorn, devolved the care and disposition of all affairs in Devote the hour when such a wretch was born; Ireland.
Like me, to deserts and to darkness run. Rowe. Because they found too much confusion in Devo'TÉ. adj. For devoted, such a multitude of statesmen, they devolved
How on a sudden lost,
Miltes. The whole power, at home and abroad, was devolved upon that family.
DEVOPTEDNESS. %. s. ' [from devote.] The matter which devolves from the bills The state of being devoted or dedi. down upon the lower grounds, does not conside cated; consecration; addictedness. rably raise and augment then. Woodward, Whatever may fall from my pen to her disTo DevO'LVE, V. n.
advantage, relates to her but as she was, or may 1. To roll down.
again be, an obstacle to your devotedness to sera
Boyle 2. To fall in succession into new hands. Supposing people, by wanting spiritual blesse
The owning of our obligation unto virtue, ings, did lose all their right to remporal, yet
may be styled natural religion; that is to say, a that forfeiture must devolve only to the supreme
devotedness unto God, so as to act according to his will
Decay of Piety. Devotee'. n. s. [devot, French.) One DEVOLUTION. n. s. (devolutio, Latin. į 1. The act of rolling down.
erroneously or superstitiously religious; The raising of new mountains, deterrations,
a bigot. or the devolution of earth down upon the valleys DEVOTION. n. so (devotion, French ; from the hills and high grounds, will fall under devotio, Latin.] our consideration.
1. The state of being consecrated or dedi. .2. Removal successive from hand to hand.
cated. The jurisdiction exercised in those courts is derived from the crown of England, and the last
2. Piety; acts of religion; devoutness.
Mean time her warlike brother on the seas devolution is to the king by way of appeal. Hale. DEVORA'TION. n. s. [from devoro, Lat.}
His waving strean.ers to the winds displays,
And vows for his return with vain deoction pays. The act of devouring. Dict.
Dryds. 7. DEVOTE. v. a. [devoveo, devotus, 3. An act of external worship:
Latin.] 1. To dedicate ; to consecrate; to appro
publick devotion priate by vow.
For as I passed by and beheld your devetior, No deveted thing that a man shall devote unto
I found an altar wiih this inscription, To the
unknown God. the Lord, of all that he hath, both of man and beast, and of the field of his possessions, shall
In vain doth man the name of just expect,
Deaba be sold or redeemed.
If his deviations he to God neglect.
An aged holy man,
That day and night said his devotion,
No other worldly business did apply. Fairy L. 2. To addict, as to a sect or study.
Your devotion has its opportunity: we must While we do admire This virtue, and this moral discipline, Let's be no stoicke, nor no stocks, I pray; Or, so devete to Aristotle's checks,
voutness; piety, As Ovid be an outcast quite abjur'd.
Sbal. If persons of this make should ever devote themselves to science, they should be well as
eyes sured of a solid and strong constitution of body.
Directed in devotion, to adore
Watts. à. To condemn; to resign to ill.
Of all his works.
Religious minds are infamed with the love of
4. Prayer; expression of devotion.
pray always, but chiefly at certain times. Spratt
. 3. The state of the mind under a strong sense of dependance upon God; de
Grateful to acknowledge whence his good, Descends; thither with heart, and voice, and
And worship God supreme, who made him chie?
From the full choir when loud hosannas rise, ment; and, though continually fed upon, And swell the pomp of dreadful sacrifice;
never devoured. Amid that scene, if some relenting eye
Death stalks behind thee, and each flying hour Glance on the stone where our cold reliques lie, Does some loose reianant of thy life devour. Devotion's self shall steal a thought from heav'n,
Dryden. One human tear shall drop, and be forgiv'n. 4. To enjoy with avidity.
Pope. Longing they look; and, gaping at the sight, Devotion may be considered either as an ex Devour her o'er and o'er with vast delight. orcise of publick or private prayers at set times
Dryden. and occasions; or as a tem, er of the mind, a DevOU'RER. n. s. [from devour.] A state and disposition of the heart, which is rightly affected with such exercises. Luw.
consumer ; he that devours; he that 6. An act of reverence, respect, or cere
Rome is but a wilderness of tygers; mony. Whither away so fast ?
Tygers inust prey, and Rome affords no prey
But me and mine : how happy art thou, then, Upon the like devotion as yourselves;
From these devourers to be banished! Sbak. To gratulate the gentle princes there. Sbaks.
Since those leviathansare withdrawn, the lesson 7. Strong affection; ardent love, such as
er devourers supply their place: fraud succeeds makes the lover the sole property of the to violence.
Decay of Piety.
Carp and tench do best together, all other fish Be opposite all planets of good luck
being devouters of their spawn.
Mortimer, To my procedir:5, if, with pure heart's love, DEVOU'T. adj. (devotus, Latin.) Immaculate devotion, holy thoughts,
1. Pious; religious; deroted to holy I tender not thy beauteous princely daughter. duties.
Sbakspeare. We must be constant and devout in the worHe had a particular reverence for the person
ship of our God, and ready in all acts of bene of the king; and the more extraordinary devotion
volence to our neighbour.
Rogers. for that of the prince, as he had the honour to be trusted with his education. Clarendon.
2. Filled with pious thoughts. 3. Earnestness; ardour; eagerness.
For this, with soul devout he thank'd the god;
And, of success secure, return'd to his abode. He seeks their hate with greater devotion than
Dryder. they can render it him; and leaves nothing un
3. Expressive of devotion or piety. done that may fully discover him their opposite.
Anon dry ground appears: and from his ark
The ancient sire descends with all his train; 9. Disposal; power; state of dependance
Then with uplifted hands, and eyes devout, on any onc.
Grateful to heav'n.
Milton, Arundel castle would keep that rich corner of Devou'TLY. adv. (from devout.) Pithe country at his majesty's devotion. Clarendon.
ously; with ardent devotion ; religiDEVO'TIONAL. adj. [from devotion.]
ously. Pertaining to devotion; annexed to
Her grace rose, and with modest paces worship; religious.
Came to the altar: where she kneel'd; and saintNor are the soberest of them so apt for that
like devotional compliance and juncture of hearts, Cast her fair eyes to heav'n, and pray'd devoutly. which I desire to bear in holy offices to be per
Sbakspeari. formed with me.
One of the wise men having a while attenThe favourable opinion and good word of men tively and devoutly viewed and contemplated comes oftentimes at a very easy rate; by a few this pillar and cross, fell down upon his face. demure looks, with some devotional postures and
Her twilights were more clear than our midDEVO'TIONALIST. n. s. [from devotion.]
day: A man zealous without knowledge, or
She dreamt devoutlier than most use to pray.
Donne superstitiously devout. To DEVOU'R. v. a. (devoro, Latin.]
Think, O my soul! devoutly think,
How, with affrighted eyes, 1. To eat up ravenously, as a wild beast
Thou saw'st the wide-extended deep or animal of prey..
In all its horrors rise!
Addison. We will say, some evil beast hath devoured him. To second causes we seem to trust; without
Genesis, expressing, so devoutly as we ought to do, our We've willing dames enough: there cannot be dependance on the first.
Atterbury. That vulture in you, to devour so many
Deuse. r. s. (more properly than deuce, * As will to greatness dedicate themselves,
Junius, from Dusius, the name of a cerFinding it so inclin'd.
Shakspears, So looks the pent up lioa o'er the wretch
tain species of evil spirits.] The devil: That trembles under his devouring paws. Shak.
a ludicrous word. 4. To destroy ur consume with rapidity
'T was the prettiest prologue, as he wrote it ;
Well! the deuce take me if I ha'n't forgot it. and violence.
Congreve. A fire devoureth before them, and behind them
DeuterO'GAMY. 1. s. a fame burndth.
[SEU TEPS and How dire a tempest from Mycenæ pour'd,
yápo.] A second marriage. Dict. Our plains, our temples, and our town, devour'd! DEUTERO'NOMY..s. (drútie@uand vou] It was the waste of war.
Dryden. The second book of the law; the fifth Northstanding that Socrates lived in the
book of Moses. time of this divouring pestilence at Athens, he
DEUTERO'SCOPY. never caught the least intection. Addison,
1. s. [deutip and 3. To swallow up; to annihilate.
0x071w.] The second intention; the He seein'd in swiftness to devour the way. meaning beyond the literal sense. Not
in use. Such a pleasure as glos fresher upon enjoy Not attaining the deukroscopy, or second in
tention of the words, they are fain to omit their
pound is doubtful. Perbaps it alludos Brown's Vulgar Errours.
to the sparkling of dew. DEW.n.s. [deap, Saxon; daaw, Dutci..]
He now, to prove his late renewed might, The moisture upon ihe ground.
High brandishing his bright derw-burning blade,
Upon his crested scalp so sore did smite,
of dew which sparkles at sunrise. being above the horizon, taking it at the surface
I must go seek some dewdrops here, of the carth, and rapidly mounting it up into
And hang a pearl in every cowslip's car. Shala the atmosphere, it was not discernible: the sun
An host being now gone out, the vapour stagnates at and
Innumerable as the stars of night, near the earth, and saturates the air till it is so
Or stars of morning, dewdrops, which the sun thick as to be easily visible therein: and when
Impearls on ev'ry leaf, and ev'ry flower. Mil at length the heat there is somewhat further
Resi, sweet as derudraps on the low'ry lawns, which is usually about the middle of the
When the sky opens, and the morning dasms! night, it falls down again in a dew, alighting upon DE'W LAP. n. s. [from lapping or licking
Tilda herbs and other vegetables, which it cherishes, cools, and refreshes.
the dew.] Never yet one hour in bed
1. The fesh that hangs down from the Did I enjoy the golden der of sleep,
throat of oxen. But with his time rous drcams was still awak'd.
Large rowles of fat about his shoulders sling,
Sbakspeare. And from his neck che double dewlap hung. That churchman bears a bounteous mind, in
Adrian deed; A hand as fruitful as the land that feeds us;
2. It is used in Shakspeare for a lip fracHis dew falls ev'ry where. Sbakspeare.
cid with age, in contempt. She looks as clear
And sometimes lurk I in a gossip's bowl,
In very likeness of a roasted crab;
And when she drinks, against her lips I boby
Bacon. vapours condensed.
And on her wither'd dewlap pour che ale.
at 'em As it had derved been with timely rain. Fairy Q. Wallets of flesh?
While burning love ferments in ev'ry vein. Gay.
De'w.worm. n. s. [from dew and worm.] weeds.
A worm found in dew.
For the trout, the dew worm, which some call
From the earth a drevy mist
Went up; and water'd all the ground, and each
Plant of the field.
Where two adverse winds,
Engage with horrid shock, the ruffled brine In Gallick blood again
2. Moist with dew; roscid.
The joyous day 'gan carly to appear;
And fair Aurora from the dewy bed
Of aged Tithone 'gan herself to rear,
With rosy cheeks, for shame as blushing red.
The bee with honied thigh,
That at her flow'ry work doth sing,
With such consort as they keep,
Entice the dewy feather'd sleep.
the left. A term used in heraldry.
Bounds in my sire's.
The rocks of Hernicus, and dewy fields. Drydeno
My mother's blood
Sbalspara [dexteritas, Lat.]