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And on the wager lay two earthly women,
Lor. Even such a husband
Jef. Nay, but ask my opinion too of that.
Lor. No, pray thee, let it serve for table-talk;
А ст IV.
and Gratiano, at the Bar.
DU K E.
Ant. Ready, so please your Grace.
Ant. I have heard,
Duke. Go one, and call the Jew into the Court.
Shy. I have poffefs’d your Grace of what I purpose.
Masterless (24) Cannot contain their urine for affection.
Masterless passion fways it to the mood
Mafterless paffion fways it to the mood
Cannot contain their urine; for affection,
Mistress, And then it is govern'd of paffron: and the two old Quarti's and Folio's *Tead. - Masters of passion, &c.
It may be objected, that affection and passion are synonomous ternis, and mean the same thing. I agree, they do at this time. But I observe, the writers of our author's age made a sort of distinction: confidering the one as the cause, the other as the effect. And then, in this place, affection will ftand for that sympathy or antipathy of soul, by which we are provok'd to fhew a liking or diljuft in the working of our passions, B. Johnson, in his Sejanus, seems to apply the terms thus :
He hath ftudied
Which way, and whither they will work. So much, in support of Dr. Thirlby's regulation of the passage. My ingenious friend Mr. Warburton is for pointing, and writing it, as in the old editions: but for giving it a different turn in the poet's drift and meaning. I come now to his reading and opinion.?
Cannot contain their urine for affection. i?
Of what it likes, or loarbs, « Observe, he is here only speaking of the different power of sounds, " and the influence they have upon the human mind; and then con. «cludes, the masters of passion (for so he finely calls musicians) sway • the passions, or affections, as they please: Our poet then having, no • doubt, in his mind the great effects that Timotheus, and other ano cient musicians, are said to have wrought by the power of musick, • This puts me in mind of a passage of Collier, in his effay on mufick; « who füpposes it possible by a righe chosen composition (not, concord) o of sounds to inspire affright, terror, cowardise, and confternation;
in the same manner that, now, chearfulness, and courage, is affifted " by contrary compositions'.
Thus far Mr. Warburton. I shall submit the passage, for the prefent, to the opinion and determination of the publick; upon which, I may hereafter venture with more fafety to ascertain it. G2
Muft yield to such inevitable fhame,
Bal. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man,
. Do all men kill the thing they do not love? Shy. Hates any man the thing he would not kill? Baff. Ev'ry offence is not a hate at first. Shy. What, would't thou have a serpentfting thee twice ?
Ant. I pray you, think you question with a Jer.
Baf. For thy three thoufand ducats here is fix.
Shy. If ev'ry ducat in fix thousand ducats
Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rend'ring none ?
Shy. What judgment shall I dread, doing no wrong? You have among you many a purchas'd llave, Which, like your asses, and your dogs, and mules, You use in abject and in llavish part, Because you bought them. Shall I say to you, Let them be free, marry them to your heirs.? Why sweat they under burdens ? let their beds Be made as soft as yours, and let their palaces
Be feason'd with such viands ; you will answer,
So do I answer you:
Duke. Upon my pow'r I may dismiss this Court,
Sal. My Lord, here stays, without,
Duke. Bring us the letters, call the messenger.
Baf. Good cheer, Anthonio; what, man, courage yet: The Jaw shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and ali, Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood.
Ant. I am a tainted weather of the Hock, Meetest for deach : the weakest kind of fruit Drops earlieft to the ground, and so let me. You cannot better be employ'd, Basanio, Than to live ftill, and write mine epitaph.
Enter Neriffa, dress'd like a Lawyer's Clerk. Duke. Came you from Padua, from Bellario? (25) Ner. From both, my lord : Bellario greets your Grace. Bal. Why doft thou whet thy knife so earnestly? Shy. To cut the forfeit from that bankrupt there. Gra. Not on thy foale, but on thy soul, harín Few, (26)
Thou (25) From borb: my lord Bellario greets your Grace.] Thus the two old Folio's, and Mr. Pope in his 4to, had inaccurately pointed this pafo fage, by which a doctor of laws was at once rais'd to the dignity of the peerage. I set it right in my SHAKESPEARE reffer'd, as Mr. Pope has since done from thence in his last cdition.
(26) Not on tby foale, but on tby foul, barsh Jew,] I was obliged, from the authority of the old Folio's, to restore this conceit, and jingle opon two words alike in sound, but differing in sense. Gratiano thus, rates the Jew; 'Tho' thou thinkest, that thou art whetting thy knife • on the Joale of thy shoe, yet it is upon thy soul, thy immortal part, " that thou do'ft it, thou inexorable man! There is no room to doubt,