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pointed one day in seven, for a Sabbath, to be kept holy unto him k: 'which, from the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, was the last day of the week; and, from the resurrection of Christ, was changed into the first day of the weekl, which in scripture is called the Lord's day m, and is to be continued to the end of the world, as the Christian Sab
VIII. This 21. she crieth in the chief place of doth this, and the son of man that concourse, in the openings of the layeth hold on it: that keepeth the
gates : in the city she uttereth her fabbath from pollutingit, and keep; words, saying, v. 24. Because I eth his hand from doing any evil.
have called, and ye refused, I have v. 4. For thus faith the Lord unstretched out my hand, and no man to the eunuchs that keep my fabregarded. Prov. vii. 34. Blessed is baths, and choose the things that the man that heareth me, watching please me, and take hold of my codaily at my gates, waiting at the venant, v. 6, 7. (See in letter i.) posts of my doors. Acts xiii, 42 I Gen, ii. 2. And on the seventh And when the Jews were gone out day, God ended his work which he of the fynagogue, the Gentiles be- had made; and he rested on the sefought that these words might be venth day from all his work which preached to them the next fabbath. he had made. v. 3. And God blesLuke iv. 16. And he came to Na. sed the seventh day, and fanctified zareth, where he had been brought it: because that in it he had rested up: and, as his custom was, he went from all his work, which God creinto the synagogue on the fabbath ated and made. 1 Cor. xvi. 1. Now day, and stood up for to read. Acts concerning the collection for the ii. 42. And they continued sted- faints, as I have given order to the faltly in the apostles doctrine, and churches of Galatia, even fo do ye. fellowship, and in breaking of bread, v. 2. Upon the first day of the week, and in prayers,
every one of you lay by him in VII. k Exod. xx. 8. Remember store, as God hath prospered him, the fabbath day, to keep it holy. that there be no gatherings when v. 1o. But the seventh day is the I come, Acts xx. 7. And upon the fabbath of the Lord thy God, in it firit day of the week, when the dis. thou shalt not do any work, thou, ciples came together to break bread, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy Paul preached unto them, ready to man-fervant, nor thy maid-servant, depart on the morrow, and continor thy cattle, nor thy stranger nued his speech until midnight. which is within thy gates. v. 11. m Rev. i. 10. I was in the Spirit For in six days the Lord made hea- on the Lord's day, and heard beven and earth, the sea, and all that hind me a great voice, as of a trumin them is, and rested the seventh pet. day: wherefore the Lord blessed » Exod. 1x. 8. 10. (See letterk) the fabbath day, and hallowed it. With Mat. v. 17. Think not that I lfa. lvi. 2. Blessed is the man that am come to destroy the law or the
VIII. This Sabbath is then kept holy unto the Lord, when men, after a due preparing of their hearts, and ordering of their common affairs before hand, do not only observe an holy rest all the day, from their own works, words and thoughts, about their worldly employments and recreationso; but also are taken up the whole time in the public and private
exercises prophets: I am not come to destroy, sign between me, and the children but to fulfil. v. 18. For verily I say of Israel for ever: for in six days the unto you, till heaven and earth pass, Lord made heaven and earth,andon one jot or one tittle shall in no wise the seventh day he refted, and was pass from the law, till all be fulfil. refreshed. Ifa. lviii. 13. If thou turn led.
away thy foot from the fabbath, VIII. Exod. xx, 8. (See letterk.) from doing thy pleasure on my hoExod. xvi. -23. And he said unto ly day, and call the sabbath a dethem, s is that which the Lord light, the holy of the Lord, hohath faid, to morrow is the rest of nourable, and shalt honour him, the holy Sabbath unto the Lord; not doing thine own ways, nor bake that whish you will bake, to finding thine own pleasure, nor day, and seethe that ye will seethe; speaking thine own words. Neh. and that which remaineth over, lay xiii, 15. In those days saw I in Juup for you to be kept until the morn- dah, fome treading wine-prelics ing. v. 25. And Moses said, Eat that on the fabbath, and bringing in to day; for to day is a fabbath unto sheaves, and lading alles.; as also the Lord: to day ye shall not find it wine, grapes, and figs, and all manin the field. v. 26. Six days ye shall ner of burdens, which they brought gather it, but on the seventh day into Jerusalem on the fabbath-day: which is the fabbath, in it there and I testified against them in the shall be none. v. 29. Sce, for that day wherein they fold vi&tuals. v. the Lord hath given you the fab. 16. There dwelt men of Tyre also bath, therefore he giveth you on therein, who brought fith, and all the sixth day the bread of two days: manner of ware, and sold on the abide ye every man in his place, let sabbath, unto the children of Juno man go out of his place on the dah, and in Jerusalem, v.17. Then seventh day. v. 30. So the people I contended with the nobles of Jurested on the seventh day. Exod. dah, and said unto them, What eIxxi. 15. Six days may work be vil thing is this that ye do, and prodone, but in the seventh is the fab- fane the fabbath-day? v. 18. Did bath of relt, holy to the Lord: not your fathers thus, and did not whosoever doth any work in the our God bring all this evil upon us, fabbath-day, he shall surely be put and upon this city? yet ye bring to death. v. 16. Wherefore the more wrath upon Ifrael, by prochildren of Israel shall keep the faning the fabbath. v. 19. And it. fabbath, to observe the fabbath, came to pass, that when the gates, throughout their generations, for of Jerufalem began to be dark be. a perpetual covenant, v. 17. It is a fore the fabbath, I commanded that
exercises of his worship, and in the duties of necessity and mercy p.
CHAP. XXII. Of lawful Oaths and Vows.
upon just occafion, the person swearing, folemnly calleth God to witness what he assertech or promiseth; and to judge him according to the truth or falfhood of what he sweareth b.
11. The name of God only is that by which men ought to swear, and therein it is to be used with all holy fear and reverencec: therefore, to swear vainly or rashly by that glorious and dreadful name, or to swear at all by any other thing, is sinful and to be abhorred d. Yet as, in matters of weight
and the gates fhould be shut, and charg- him guiltless that taketh his name ed that they thould not be opened in vain. Lev. xix. 12. And ye shall till after the fabbath; and some of not swear by my name falsely, neimy servants fet I at the gates, that ther shalt thou profane the name of there should no burden be brought thy God: I am the Lord. 2 Cor. i. in on the fabbath-day. v.21. Then 23. Moreover, I call God for a reI teltified againit them, and said un- cord upon my soul, that to spare to them, Why lodge ye about the you, I came not as yet unto Corinth, wall ? 'If ye do fo again, I will lay 2 Chr. vi. 22. If a man sin against hands on you. From that time forth, his neighbour, and an oath be laid came they no more on the fabbath. upon him, to make him swear, and v. 22. And I commanded the Le- the oath come before thine altar in vites, that they should cleanse them- this house; v. 23. then hear thou selves, and that they thould come from heaven, and do, and judge thy and keep the gates, to fanctify the servants, by requiting the wicked, fabbath day. Remember me, O my by recompensing his way upon his God, concerning this also, and spare own head, and byjustifying therigh. me according to the greatness of thy teous, by giving him according to mercy.
his righteousnels. pifa. lviii. 13. (See in letter o.) II.c Deut. vi. 13. Thou shalt fear Mat. xii. 1. to the 13. verse. the Lord thy God, and serve him,
1. a Deut. x. 20. Thou shalt fear and shalt swear by his name. the Lord thy God: him shalt thou d Exod. xx. 7. (See letter b.) Jer. serve, and to him thalt thou cleave, v. 7. How Thall I pardon thee for and swear by his name.
this? thy children have forsaken me, b Exod. xx. 7. Thou shalt not and sworn by them that are no gods: take the name of the Lord thy God when I fed them to the full, then in vain; for the Lord will not hold they committed adultery, and af
and moment, an oath is warranted by the word of God, under the New Testament, as well as under the Olde; so a law. ful oath being imposed by lawful authority, in fuch matters, ought to be taken
f. III. Whosoever taketh an oath, oughe duly to consider the weightiness of so solemn an act, and therein to avouch nothing but what he is fully persuaded is the truthg. Neither may any man bind himself by oath to any thing but what is good and just, and what he believeth so to be, and what he is able and resolved to perform h. Yet it is a sin to refuse an
sembled themselves by troops in the made them swear by God, saying, harlots houses. Mat. v. 34. But I Ye thall not give your daughters unfay unto you, Swear not at all; to their fons, nor take their daughneither by heaven, for it is God's ters unto your fons, or for yourselves. throne. v.37. But let your commu- Ezra x. 5. Then arose Ezra, and dication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: formade the chief priests, the Levites, whatsoever is more than these, com- and all Israel to swear, that they eth of evil. Jam. v. 12. But above should do according to this word: all things, my brethren, swear not, and they fware. neither by heaven, neither by the III. Exod. xx. 7. (See letter b.) earth, neither by any other oath: Jer. xiv. 2. And thou shalt swear, but let your Yea, be yea, and your The Lord liveth, in truth, in judgNay, nay; left ye fall into condem- ment, and in righteousness; and the nation.
dations thall bless themselves in him, - Heb.vi.16. For mer verily swear and in him thall they glory. by the greater : and an oath for con- b Gen. xxiv, 2. And Abraham firmation is to them an end of all said unto his eldest servant of his ftrife. 2 Cor. i. 23. (See letter b.) house, that ruled over all that he Ifa. Ixv. 16. That he who'blesseth had, Put, I pray thee, thy hand unhimlelf in the earth, thall bless him- der my thigh: v. 3. and I will make self in the God of truth; and he that thee fwear by the Lord, the God of sweareth in the earth, thalffwear by heaven' and the God of the earth, the God of truth; because the for- that thou shalt not take a wife unta mer troubles are forgotten, and be. my son, of the daughters of the Cacause they are hid from mine eyes.. naanites, amongst whom I dwell.
f 1 Kings viii. 31.Ifany man tref- v.5. And the servant said unto him, pass againit his neighbour, and an Peradventure the woman will not oath be laid upon him, to cause him be willing to follow me unto this to swear, and the oath come before land; mult I needs bring thy fon 2thine altar in this house. Neh. xii. gain unto the land from whence 25. And I contended with them, and thou camelt? v. 6. And Abraham curfed them, and fmote certain of said unto him, Beware thou, that them, and pluckt off their hair, and thou bring not my fon thither again.
oath touching any thing that is good and just, being imposed by lawful authority i.
IV. An oath is to be taken in the plain and common sense of the words, without equivocation or mental reservation k. It cannot oblige to sin; but in any thing not sinful, being taken, it binds to performance, altho' to a man's own hurtl. Nor is
it v. 8. And if the woman will not be for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for willing to follow thee, then thou any manner of lost thing, which fhalt be clear from this my oath; another challengeth to be his: the only bring not my fon thither again. cause of both parties shall come bev. 9. And the servant put his hand fore the judges; and whom thejudgunder the thigh of Abraham his es shall condemn, he thall pay double maiter, and sware to him concern- unto his neighbour, v. 10. Ifa man ing that matter.
deliver unto his neighbour an afs, or i Numb. v. 19. And the priest an ox, or a theep, or any beast to fhall charge her by an oath, and say keep; and it die, or be hurt, or driunto the woman, if no man have lien ven away, no man seeing it, v. 11. with thee, and if thou hast not gone then shall the oath of the Lord be aside to uncleanness with another in- between them both, that he hath stead of thy husband, be thou free not put his hand unto his neighfrom this bitter water that causeth bour's goods: and the owner of it the curse. v. 21. Then the priest shall accept thereof, and he thall not thall charge the woman with an oath make it good. of curling, and the priest thall fay IV. & Jer. iv. 2. (See letter 8.) anto the woman, The Lord make Pfal. xxiv. 4. He that hath clean thee a curse and an oath among the hands, and a pure heart, who hath people, when the Lord dotlr make not lift up his soul unto vanity, nor thy thigh to rot, and thy belly to sworn deceitfully. fivell. Nelr. v. 12. Tlen said they, li Sam. xxv. 22. So and more al. we will restore them, and will re- fo do God unto the enemies of Da. quire nothing of them; fo will we vid, if I leave of all that pertain to do as thou sayest. Then I called the him, by the morning light, any that priests, and took an oath of them, pisleth against the wall. v. 32. And that they should do according to David laid unto Abigail, Blessed be this promise. Exod. xxii. 7. Ifa mari the Lord God of Israel, who sent thall deliver unto his neighbour mo- thee this day to meet me: v. 33. ney or Ituff to keep, and if it be fto. And blessed be thy advice, and blerlen out of the man's house; if the fed be thou that hast kept me this thief be found, let him pay double. day from coming to shed blood, and v. 8. If the thief be not found, then from avenging myself with mine the master of the house shall be own hand. v. 34. For in very deed, brought unto the judges, to fee wlae- as the Lord God of Israel liveth, ther he hath put his hand anto his who hath kept me back from hurtneighbour's goods.v.9. Forall man- ing thee, except thou hadst hasted ner of trespass, whether it be for ox, and come to meet me, surely there