Petrus Christus: Renaissance master of Bruges
Maryan Wynn Ainsworth, Petrus Christus, Maximiliaan P. J. Martens, Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.)
Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1994 - 232 pàgines
This study is an important new account of the life and work of the Flemish master Petrus Christus. It is the first volume to focus specifically on the physical characteristics of his works as criteria for judging attribution, dating, and the extent to which he was indebted to Jan van Eyck and other artists for the development of his technique and style. The author's aim is to examine how certain works were made in order to solve some rather traditional questions of connoisseurship. Recent technical and archival investigations, the results of which are published here together for the first time, form the basis of a sophisticated reassessment of Christus. His relationship with van Eyck's workshop is explored. There is a careful description of his working methods, including his use of underdrawings and his exploration of perspective. The results of dendrochronological analyses of many of his panels are also given. As important as this technical and art-historical evaluation is the social and biographical background that is provided. Christus is placed in the context of fifteenth-century Bruges, a wealthy and powerful city under the rule of the dukes of Burgundy. its status as a ducal seat fostered a lively cultural life, and patrons for artistic undertakings were also found in the relatively large number of well-to-do citizens and foreign merchants who lived there. The economic, social, and political forces that affected Bruges are described, as is their impact on the city's community of artists, which included Jan van Eyck and Hans Memling.
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A Cultural Biography by Maximiliaan P J Martens
Archival Documents and Literary Sources
Dendrochronological Analysis of Panels Attributed to Petrus Christus
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aforementioned Altarpiece Angeles Antonello Antonello da Messina artists Asperen de Boer Berlin Bruges Brugge Brussels Cambrai Carthusian century chapel Christus's Christus's paintings collection confraternity copies dach detail of cat detail of fig doen donor draperies drawing Dry Tree duke early Netherlandish painting Edward Grymeston ende Exeter Madonna exhib Eyck's Eyckian figures Flemish Frick Friedlander Friedsam Annunciation Gellman Gemaldegalerie Ghent Groeningemuseum guild hand Head of Christ Holy Family inscription IRR computer assembly Italian Jan van Eyck Jan's Lamentation letter London manuscript illumination Margaret of York Martens Master Metropolitan Museum modeling Monbleru motifs Museum of Art Nativity Netherlandish Oil on oak Overtvelt painters Panofsky parallel hatching Paris perspective Petrus Christus Philip Pieter Portrait Rogier Saint Barbara Saint Eligius Saint Jerome Saint John Schabacker 1974 Schone sitter strokes suggested tion Turin-Milan Hours underdrawing Upton vanden voors Virgin and Child Weale Weyden Willem Vrelant wings workshop X-radiograph York zullen