Imatges de pÓgina

A bet

Together with pure beings will come pure habits. ter body shall be built up from the orchard and the garden. The outward frame shall beam with soul; it shall be a vital fact in which is typically unfolded the whole of perfectness. As he who seizes on civil liberty with the hand of violence would act the tyrant, if power were entrusted to him, so he whose food is obtained by force or fraud would accomplish other purposes by similarly ignoble means. Tyranny and domination must be overcome, when they first take root in the lust of unhallowed things. From the fountain we will slake our thirst, and our appetite shall find supply in the delicious abundance that Pomona offers. Flesh and blood we will reject as "the accursed thing." A pure mind has no faith in them.

An unvitiated generation and more genial habits shall restore the Eden on Earth, and men shall again find that paradise is not merely a fable of the poets.

Such was the current of our thought; and most of those who were present felt delight in the conversations that followed. Said I not well, that it was a happy day? For though talk is never more than a portraiture of a fact, it may be, and ours was, the delineation of a fact based in the being of God.



[Whilst the foregoing article was preparing for the press, the following biographical notice of the great man, to whose name and character we had just called the attention of our readers, was sent us from England. Timely and welcome! The Memoir comes from a dear friend of Mr. Greaves, who had long lived under the same roof, and who strictly sympathized with his thoughts and aspirations. There is a certain grandeur about the traits of this distinguished person, which we hardly know where to parallel in recent biography. At the same time we are struck with his singular felicity in finding such an observer and reporter of his life. We rely on our honored correspondent to send us, with the least possible delay, the papers alluded to in the close of the Memoir. EDITOR OF THE DIAL.]

PROPHECY is a Nature in Man. It is not merely an action either in or on the mind, but an ever present element. Neither is it a peculiar gift, unknown to all save the few.

For it is by reason of its presence in one, that it is comprehended as a possibility in another. It is rather the universal revelation, varying endlessly in power, in development, in consciousness. In degrees so endlessly varying, that the less receiver is apt to venerate the larger receiver, as a heavenfavored existence. Such largeness of reception belonged to the late James Pierrepont Greaves. Of those who enjoyed the advantage of numbering him amongst their human acquaintances, few will forget the vivacity, the force, the constancy, with which he was enabled to bring before the mind a vivid representation of the eternal power at work within him. Or rather, should it not be said, that the fervor in and from him was so strong, as to effect a kindling within the bosom of every auditor of that fuel, which till then had never been ignited. Somewhat of this result occurred to all with whom he was brought into contact. Either in anger or love, for animosity or friendship, deep, sincere, unqualified, was he distinguished in the category of every one with whom he was held in any moral relationship whatever. There was no coolness, no indifference; for the pungent power, the capacity for touching another soul in the very point of its being, was so strong and so universally exercised, that the result at the moment was sure to be either the vivifying of hopes to an extent never before experienced, or the stirring up of gloomy elements which renew the war within. The happy consequences fell, we need scarcely remark, mostly to the young, the pure, and such as were free of sectarian holdings; the unhappy ones to the fixed and stiffened doctrinal mind, the sectarian, the selfish.

In himself was remarked a youthful spirit, which physical age could not conceal, even from the common observer. The formality in expression, the framework of antiquated terminology, the imposition of precedent literature, which so frequently and so dreadfully stamp the signet of bald age upon the youthful brow, never weighed down the juvenile vigor in him. The spirit so living, so loving, and so potent, acted freely in all modes, like an elastic human body in flexile garments. Authors, as well as speakers, found, in reflections from him, a value put upon their words far greater than they intended, or of which they considered them susceptible. He thus deepened every thinker to a

moral sensibility beyond the ground of mere thought or contemplation, whence moral improvement has so long been viewed, but on which it never can be actualized.

To discover a critic, not himself an author, yet far more authorized than any author; to encounter a friend, not involved in individual sympathy, yet greatly more loving than the nearest kin; are incidents so uncommon to the writer, and to the soul, that they are marked as white days in the mind's calendar. These are moments, æsthetic moments, afterwards ever present; for they are not alone pencilled on the memory by pleasure, but engraven in the heart by love.

A being favorably organized mentally for this work of approved education, and of manners and external aspect more than "passing fair," who shall, either spontaneously or in some unpremeditated circumstances, be induced to throw himself inward in the prophetic nature to the antecedent power which breeds and develops it, becomes a real blessing, or at least a most blissful circumstance to his progressive fellow beings. With a strong tendency from these advantages to an indigenous exposition of this moral nature, Mr. Greaves appears to have been detained in little above a refinement of old notions, until circumstances favorable to the elimination of the higher were brought about. There was doubtless always a readiness to flow forth in this direction; but the nature must be strong indeed which can burst through every impediment which education, and institutions, and living society carefully pile around it; and in Mr. Greaves it did not resplendently shine forth, until events took place, usually called adverse, but which in his case, having been followed by results the most happy for himself and beneficial for his fellow man, may truly be termed fortunate, or providential.

Mr. Greaves was born at Merton, in the county of Surrey, a few miles from the great metropolis, on the night of the first of February, 1777. His parents, who moved in a thoughtful sphere, had several other children. Two of the sons were brought into the Church; but both have subsequently, in a better understanding of that which is to be revered, ceased to place the term "Reverend" before their names; and in other particulars have shown that the manifestations, for which James was remarkable, were not




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the result of acquired opinions and doctrines, but consequences flowing naturally from an inborn nature, correspondingly organized, and at length happily emancipated. Alexander is now in America, where his mind finds a more free scope, and where he endeavors to work out his measure of utility.

James P. Greaves was educated to a mercantile life, which he pursued in partnership with some success; and the capital which he inherited was, in the ordinary sense of the term, profitably employed for many years. The establishment in King's Arms Yard, Coleman Street, London, was remarkable for its order, its selection of well conducted assistants, its liberality, and attention to the comforts of every person engaged, and the wise economy of an abundant yet temperate expenditure.

Under this barren serenity of commercial respectability so valuable a mind was not to remain buried. The French nation, then thrown into an actively hostile position to the old European system, of which England became the champion, cast itself about for other warlike weapons than guns and bayonets, and by an attack upon the English commercial system sought to undermine its political power.

One consequence of the Berlin and Milan decrees of 1806 was the bankruptcy of our friend's house. He was certified by consent of his creditors, to whom he conscientiously rendered up every particle of his property, and thus, having no incumbrance, became a free man.

Frequently it happens that one lesson is not sufficient for the pupil. Inapt or sullen, he wills to abide by his error, and does not easily suffer it to be eradicated. James P. Greaves was not so unwise; he appears to have discovered, upon this lively intimation, that the commercial was not his appropriate order amongst men; and he waited not for the second hint, which the disappointed suitor at the court of wealth so commonly requires. Nor was he rendered ill at ease by this discovery. He was neither discontented nor disconcerted.

When one, who has been the most fondly caressed of a numerous circle, whose lips have been regarded as the channels of affectionate wisdom, whose visits have been marked by the most spontaneous deference, suddenly finds all these external signs of respect reversed, the caresses

changed to coldness, the reception transformed into doubt, the deference into contempt, how deeply poignant must be the sufferings in such a soul! Fortunate is it for the individual who in such circumstances thinks not of looking for a fresh circle of admiring friends, but is in harmonic seriousness driven to the discovery in his own mind of a more permanent and protective solace.

There are some beings so delicately constructed, that in the bare possibility of such a contingency shrink, in the reverse hour, from all outward contact. Even in cases where no such abatement of friendship would occur, there is frequently not faith enough for the experiment. When such minds at the same crisis undergo an inward transmutation from the ordinary routine of mental imitative discipline to that of real original thought, they are not only saved from the pain which falls on the mere exteriorly minded, but they come forth again amongst men from a new ground, regenerated beings, capable of aiding with joy and happiness the conditions for regeneration in others. Then does the past appear in its actual vanity or emptiness. The process, previously called "thought," is discovered to be unworthy of that noble title. Thought, primitive, generative, generic thought, becoming conscious, the imitative, repetitive, lifeless mode, no longer burdens.

How enriched does man then become, enriching all others too! Poverty is at least the signet, if not the test of virtue. None but the outwardly poor can be truly great; the truly great are always outwardly poor. Upon the breaking down of his worldly fortune, and the total surrender of his worldly wealth to its legal claimants, Mr. Greaves did not noise his adversity abroad, nor make a wailing as if overtaken by calamity. Some observing friends, however, were not wanting, who supplied his urgent necessities, and with a few pounds in his pocket he went to Germany. At the same time also some thoughtful friends directed his attention to that which is in a certain degree, though faintly, expressed in the deepest written books.

In a mood, then, such as may best be imagined from these circumstances and facts, he departed for a short season, as was supposed, to new external scenes. Not a mere animal man, in search of amusement, was thus liberated from the city's routine, but a mind went forth in love, duly

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