Elements of chemistry: theoretical and practical, Volum 1

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Continguts

Diffusion of LiquidsMode of measuring
58
xvi
61
Adhesion of Gases to LiquidsSolubility of Gases
64
Adhesion of Gases to Solids
94
Effusion of Gases
101
Separation of Bodies by Cold or Heat
107
Change of Bulk in the act of Solidification
116
Isomorphism
128
Allotropy
134
PARAGRAPH
136
Theories of LightUndulations
140
Law of the Diminution of Light by Distance
146
Reflection from Plane Surfaces
147
TABLE OF CONTENTS xi
150
Total Reflection
153
a Dispersive Power
159
TABLE OF CONTENTS
161
Spectrum AnalysisSpectroscope
168
Projection of Spectral Lines on Screen
175
PARAGRAPH PAGE
177
In Complex Nature of Radiant Force
181
Interference
187
Influence of Crystalline Form on Double Refraction
193
Polarization by a Bundle of Plates
199
Sources of HeatMechanical Equivalent of Heat
210
Connexion of Electricity with Magnetism
214
TABLE OF CONTENTS XV
215
Expansion of Gases
217
Principle on which the Thermometer is Graduated
219
Tests of a good Thermometer
220
Different Forms of Thermometer 22 I
221
Increase in the Ratio of Dilatation with Rise of Temperature
222
PyrometersDaniells Pyrometer
225
Force exerted by Expansion
226
Anomalous Expansion of Water
227
Correction of Gases for Temperature
228
Process of taking Specific Gravity of Gases
229
Determination of the Specific Gravity of Vapours
232
On the Equilibrium of Temperature 236263
236
Inequality in the Rate of Conduction in different Directions
240
Convection of Heat
241
Ventilation
243
Trade WindsLand and Seabreezes
245
Gulf Stream
246
Radiation of Heat
247
Absorption of Heat
248
Connexion between Absorption and Radiation
249
Formation of
250
Law of Cooling by Radiation
252
Relative Absorbability of different kinds of Heat
253
Transmission of Heat through ScreensDiathermacy
254
Diathermacy of Gases and Vapours
257
Influence of Structure on Diathermacy
259
Refraction of Heat 200
262
Double Refraction and Polarization of Heat
263
Methods of Measuriug Specific Heat
264
a Causes of Variation of Specific Heat
265
Variation in Amount of Specific Heat according to Physical State
269
Relation of Specific Heat to Atomic Weight
272
Atomic Heats of Compounds
275
NO
276
PARAGRAPH PAGE
277
Disappearance of Heat during LiquefactionLatent Heat
278
Freezing Mixtures 8
280
Regelation of Ice
285
Evolution of Heat during Solidification
287
Disappearance of Heat during the Formation of Vapour
288
Ebullition
289
Influence of Adhesion on the Boiling Point
291
Influence of Solids in Solution upon the Boiling Point 182 Influence of Pressure on the Boiling Point
294
High Pressure Steam
295
Production of Cold during Evaporation
297
Measurement of the Latent Heat of Vapours
299
Wet Bulb Hygrometer
320
Liquefaction and Solidification of Gases
322
Pressure Exerted by Condensed Gases
326
Spheroidal State produced by Heat
332
Atomic Relations of Heat Evolved in Chemical Combination 334355
334
Early Experiments
336
Researches of Favre and Silbermann
339
Quantities of Heat Evolved during Combustion
340
Influence of Dimorphism
342
Heat evolved during Decomposition
343
Indirect Methods of Estimating Calorific Equivalents
344
Mercurial Calorimeter
346
Heat Evolved during Metallic Precipitation
348
Calorific Equivalents of Elements 211 Heat Evolved during the Action of Acids on Bases 212 Heat Absorbed during Solution of Salts
354
Heat Evolved during Solution of Gases
355
Magnetism 356366
356
Measurement of the Magnetic Intensity of a
362
PARAGRAPH
363
Insulators and Conductors
368
Electrical Induction
374
Electrical Machines
378
Spread of Induction
384
Measures of Electricity
390
Development of Heat
396
Convection
404
Aurora Borealis
412
Galvanic or Voltaic Electricity 413511
413
Summary of the Effects produced by the Conducting Wire
419
Energy of the Current proportionate to the Chemical Activity
427
Circuits with One Metal and Two Liquids
433
General Summary
439
Differences between a Simple and a Compound Circuit
446
The Voltameter
453
Processes of Voltaic Discharge
459
350
462
Heating Effects in Wires
467
Chemical Actions
475
Electrolysis of Salts
481
Unequal transfer of Ions during Electrolysis
488
Nascent state of Bodies
495
Electrotype or Voltatype Processes
500
Preparation of Moulds for Electrotyping
502
Electrozincing c
503
Electroplating
504
Electrogilding
506
Resemblances between Static and Voltaic Electricity
507
Delucs Dry PileZambonis Pile
508
Water Battery
510
ElectroMagnetism 5I 2529
512
Influence of a Conducting Wire in exciting Magnetism
513
Formation of ElectroMagnets
515
Molecular Movements during the Magnetization of Bars 305 Laws of ElectroMagnetism
516
Ampères Theory of ElectroMagnetism 307 Mutual Influence of Wires which are conveying Currents
519
ElectroMagnetic Rotations 52
521
Electric Telegraph
523
MagnetoElectricity 530547
530
MagnetoElectric Induction
531
Ruhmkorffs MagnetoElectric Iuduction CoilStratified Elec tric Discharge
532
Henrys Coils
539
Aragos Rotations
542
MagnetoElectric Machines ines
544
Thermo Electricity 543553
547
ThermoMultiplier
551
Reduction of Temperature by the Electric Current
552
Animal Electricity 553556
553
The Muscular Current in Living Animals
555
Diamagnetism 556572
556
Magnetism of Bodies in general 585
558
Influence of Structure on Diamagnetism
564
INDEX
573
351
574
Rumfords Photometer 146
581

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