Imatges de pàgina

496 View of the Editions and Commentators of Shakspeare. (June, woundings are so corrupt, that they re- hope should have been made a subquire fresh dressing. Assuredly our au- stantive, and preceded by the definite thor wrote “the indented woundings.” article. What has led to this error in What part is wounded? the heart! Can both instances was, that they and the a lent be applied to an internal wound? sound exactly alike. No! What occasions the indented I will not extend these quotations woundings? a heavy pressure of afflic- of comparative emendation and contion. Then as Goneril is the imme- jecture, fearing that they might become diate cause of Lear's anguish, so pro- tedious; but confine the subject in the ceeds his curse from the affected part. remainder of this disquisition to cerSee act xii. scene 4, where Lear makes tain instances, in which Mr. Jackson known his distress to Regan:

has shewn much sagacity, and without “O Regan ! she hath tied

assuming any high tone with respect Sharptoothed unkindness, like & vulture, to his numerous predecessors, may be here."

allowed to have placed some hitherto The transcriber's ear deceived him; obscure passages in a clearer light. untented and indented are nearly alike “I will give treason his payment into blows." both in sound and characters.

K. Henry 1. 4. LEAR.

“ Meaning, I have received one blow from “ A sovereign shame so elbows him." him, but I will pay it with interest, he shall

have two from me. Since I wrote this note, Unnoticed by all the first commentators. Seymour proposes "awes him.” reading. It is most extraordinary that the

I find that Mr. Heath proposed the same Jackson, “ soul-bows him."

most injudicious alterations have been made A sovereign shame so oppresses the in our author's text, and conspicuous restosoul of Lear for his unnatural treat rations refused.” p. 229. inent of the virtuous Cordelia, that he cannot command sufficient resolution Mr. Jackson's candour, when he dis

I cite this, as an usual instance of to behold her.

covers that his remarks have been thus 5.“ Ten masts at each make not the altitude."

anticipated. Pope says,

“ attached.” Theobald, Of the efficacy of the typographical “ at each. “ Ten masts on end,” test, we offer only this last example. Johnson. “At reach," Steevens. Jackson remarks, that there is nothing more

“ Sleep kill those pretty eyes."

Troilus and Cressida. common with compositors than to oinit the first word, where two immediately

There is no great difficulty in acconnected begin with the same letter. counting for the present error. The Such, I believe, has been the case in letter-case, called 'the upper-case, in the present passage. I am strongly of which the “k” has its compartment

, opinion, that our author wrote

is next to that of the “st,” those sorts “ Ten masts at end make not the altitude.” frequently visit each other. We should

read Thus imagination forms the picture

“ To bed, to bed : sleep still those pretty at once, one mast after another, to that

eyes." altitude which ten masts produce.

“ The invocation is addressed to sleep, 6. “ As those that fear they hope and know that sleep may still,' i. e. may compose her their fear." -As you like it.

eyes, and thereby free them from that glor“ As those that fear they hap.”_Ou Copies. ing animation with which passion disturbs

“ Their hap."-Warburton. them; that every sense may be tranquillised,

« Their hope."-Steevens. and that she may be lulled into that soft re« Feign their hope."-Blackstone. pose which infants, empty of all thoughts,

“ Fear, then hope."--Musgrave. enjoy." p. 265. “ As those that fear, they hope and know they fear,"Henley.

A merit, almost peculiar to Mr. “ Fear their hope and know their fear.”

Jackson, in comparison with his com

M. Mason. petitors, if I am competent to forin “ As those that fearing hope—and hoping one, is, that he does not alter words fear."

merely to make that sense which was

before nonsense, but by explaining the “ As those that fear the hope, and know principles on which

he proceeds, he the fear."

often induces a belief that Shakspeare Hope has been made a verb, and the himself originally wrote the words proplural pronoun they made to precede it; posed; and is thus, as it were, a com

Jackson proposes,


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daubt, there is too frequently apparent A MONESTunde numerous cha

1822.) Schools of Benevolent Society of St. Patrick.

497 mentator upon himself. It is a merit There he solaced himself for the loss of the same description and value as of liberty, by recollections of his fathat of Canova, or some of his emis vourite Bard; and, being without nent modern predecessors, who might books of his own, a kind friend lent restore a fragmented statue of Phidias him a few volumes of Johnson and or Praxiteles, and deceive us by hap- Steevens's edition of Shakspeare; and py adaptation of parts into a belief that in the ninth year of his captivity, he ihe original work had never suffered resolved upon publishing the 700 cormutilation. Of this observation, the rections he had made, whenever he proof would be by no means difficult, should be restored to his country. This if space were allowed for stating the design he has completed, in the cheap several instances. Yet, if we were and very amusing volume lately precalled upon to prove the precise num- sented to the publick. ber of instances in which we might I can only adopt the quaint language confidently say, that Mr. Jackson had of the Players in their address to the been decidedly successful out of the readers of their edition of Shakspeare, seven-hundred first proposed, we might in 1623:—“ The fate of all bookes debe induced to allow, with due critical pends upon your capacities, and not of acumen and candour, not more than your heads alone, but of your purses. half. The remainder are ingenious, Well! it is now publique, and you and suggested by an acute and ardent will stand for your privileges we know, mind, enthusiastically pursuing the to read and censure. Do so, but buy idea first presenting itself, and not al- it first--that doth best commend á ways sufficiently reflecting whether booke, the stationer saies.” such be original, anticipated by ano- Yours, &c. e... $. ther, or, in fact, borne out in all its relations to the sense and real meaning of the corrected passage. Without


May 1.

ritable foundations which the supposed exclusive and primary fostered within this Metropolis and its discovery of many hidden meanings, precincts, permit me briefly to record but these must not be judged of upon your valuable pages that of “the harshly ; because the subject has not Benevolent Society of St. Patrick ;" been successfully treated by cold and

an institution raised and endowed with correct Commentators only, who have the donations of individuals who are gone before him; and because a very never weary in well doing - patrosanguine man always expects to do nized and annually supported by that more by a stock of genius (whether gracious Sovereign, whose bounty* is possessed or not) than one who slowly extended to all establishments which marches in the trammels of regular enlighten the ignorant, and succour criticism, and depends, not upon hap- the

distressed. py conceits, but profound erudition. This Society was formed in 1784, Shakspeare and his present Commen- by a number of Noblemen and Gentator have both of them written in tlemen, natives of, or connected by their own way,” unequally but forci- property or alliance with Ireland, for bly, and at all events with no com- the purpose of educating and clothing mou interest.

children, born within the bills of niorSome of your readers may not be tality, of Irish, parents. For many indifferent as to Mr. Jackson's real si- years these children were placed at tuation; and may listen with candour schools dispersed in different parts of to his own little bistory of himself. London, but through the continued He was once considerable, as a printer liberality of the supporters of this chain Dublin, and was so singularly cir- rity, the Committee, who superintend cumstanced as to have three editions of its administration, have been enabled to Shakspeare passing through his press

erect a structure ( see Plute II.) in Stamat the same time, and subjected to his ford -street, Blackfriars - road, where daily revision.

He was afterward found among * His Majesty has contributed nearly those so long and unjustly detained at 30001. to the funds of this charity, since its Verdun, by the order of Buonaparte. formation. GENT. Mag. June, 1822.



Account of the Apothecaries' Garden, Chelsea. (June, four hundred children of either sex prising that this tree is not more cultiare now educated. Of these, the whole vated in this country, for as it grows are partially, and the greater number naturally upon the coldest parts of completely clothed once a year, besides Mount Libanus, where the snow conbeing supplied with additional shirts, tinues most part of the year, there can shoes, and stockings at the commence- be no fear of its being hurt by frost in ment of the winter season. Having England. During the month of Jabeen educated, a fee is paid for placing nuary 1809, an unusual quantity of them apprentices, and they receive a snow fell in this part of the country, premium, if they faithfully serve which lodging on the spreading through the period for which ihey are branches of these Cedars, and rising in bound.

the shape of a cone, by its weight The book annually published by the broke off their massy limbs, and very Committee (to be had gratis at the much disfigured these noble trees. schools) contains a list of those by Lysons says, that Sir Joseph Banks whose unbounded liberality this Insti- made an accurate adıneasurement of tution has been formed, supported, and these trees in the month of August endowed. Its patrons, and the Com- 1793, and found the girth of the larger mittee (who to their subscriptions, add to be twelve feet eleven inches and a their constant and gratuitous labours half, that of the smaller, twelve feet in the promotion of its welfare) would and half an inch. disregard any eulogium from mé. The The apprentices of the Company, Institution altogether, forms one of during the summer season, make those unparalleled monuments of na- monthly herborizing excursions in the tional philanthropy, which, when ex- vicinity of London, accompanied by amined, excites in the spectator a ve- a person belonging to this establishneration for that country, where the ment, called the Botanical DemonMonarch graciously unites with his strator, whose office is to explain to People in promoting their real happi- his pupils the classes and medicinal ness and interests — where the oppor- use of the plants. tunity is afforded to talent and industry Mr. Philip Miller enjoyed the situa(however obscure their origin) to aspire tion of Gardener during nearly half a io, and frequently to attain, the highest century, but it is to be lamented that honours of the State. M. G. his latter days were clouded by the

dissatisfaction which subsisted between

the Society and him on the affairs of ACCOUNT OF THE BOTANICAL the Garden. However, upon his re

GARDEN AT Chelsea. signation, the Society granted him a (Continued from p. 389.)

pension of 50l. annually, which pro

duced on both sides a cordial reconciTHE Garden is laid out in divisions, liation, though he survived only a

; trees are arranged systematically. On was born in London in 1691, and by the North side of the Garden, adjoin- diligence and perseverance, raised himing Paradise-row, a spacious green- self to the highest reputation in his house was erected in 1732, by a sub- profession. He died on the 18th of scription of many members of the December 1771, and was buried in Society. The Library, which is placed Chelsea Church-yard, where a monuover the Green-house, contains a va- ment has been since erected to his luable collection of works on Natural memory, by the fellows of the LinHistory, a variety of specimens of dried nean and Horticultural Societies of plants, and a curious cabinet, contain- London *. ing many thousand specimens of seeds, In order to aid the enquiries of such the growth of this garden; the whole visitors of the Botanical Garden, who collected and arranged in their present may not have leisure to examine the form by the late Mr. Isaac Rand. collection generally, we subjoin a list

At each end of the Green-house, of the most remarkable plants, which, are two Hot-houses of smaller dimen

as objects of curiosity or utility, are sions, the whole of which are kept in particularly worthy of notice :admirable order. On the side of the Garden, facing the Thames, stand two

* See this engraved in vol. LXXXV. ii. large Cedars of Libanus. It is sur


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