Imatges de pÓgina
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488 Dean Clarke.Plenty a Blessing.--Adm. Benbow. (June, gyman who visited my neighbourhood reasoning will be the same, if any one some five and twenty years ago, applied chooses to put 30 bushels, or 20 to me for information respecting that bushels for a good crop, and 15 or 10 Gentleman, and upon inquiry I found for a bad one; but for myself, I conhis name among the Cantabrigienses fess, I believe, as I was taught by a Graduati as “S. T. P. per literas re- very sensible man and attentive obgias 1661 :" he was installed Dean of server, more than 40 years ago, that an Winchester, Feb. I, 1665, which dig- abundant crop is best for the owner, as nity he retained till his death, which well as for the consumer. I shall, must have taken place in Sept. 1679 ; therefore, I trust, now as heretofore, for in the Chancel of the Church of not cease to pray " that it may please St. Peter in St. Alban's hangs a wooden God to give and preserve to us the tablet, with an inscription reciting that kindly fruits of the earth, so as in due he was “ born in this parish, dyed at time we may enjoy them," and be Stepney, in co. Middlesex, was bu- truly thankful for them. R.C. ried here 22 Sept. 1679, and gave to the poor of this parish 10l.;" also, that P. 200, a. 1. 31, for exceeds," read "exnear him lay “Mrs. Anne Windsor, ceed;" and col. b. 10th line from botton, lale of St. Giles in co. Middlesex,

for "one," read “ some." who was here buried 13 Jan. 1704,

P. 300. line 46, for " apologies," read and gave to the poor of this parish 201.

“ apologues.I saw his Will in the Prerogative Office, (but took no copy or extracts of

Mr. URBAN, Shrewsbury, May II. it) proved in March 1679–80, in 36 "HE following lines were cut with Bath, which is very long, in which he diamond on a desires to be buried with his ancestors a window of ove of the bed-rooms bein the Chancel of St. Peter's, leaves to longing to the house in which the rehis " dear friend Anne Windsor 3001.". nowned Admiral Benbow was born, mentions relations of the name of Pres- at Cotton Hill, Shrewsbury. (See a ton, and has a world of disquisition view of the house in vol. LXXIX. p. about the Augmentation of poor Livings, 1097, and a portrait of the Admiral

, in principally in large and populous towns, vol. LXXXIX. p. 9.) and among the rest leaves to the Rec

“Then only breathe one prayer

for me, tor of the Abbey Church of St. Alban 301. per ann. The then rector told me, The heart that would have bled for thee

That far away, where'er I go, that the estate had been so well and

May feel thro' life no other woe. conscientiously managed, that he then I shall look back, when on the main, received 701. per ann. and the trustees Back to my native isle, talked about a hope of improvement. And almost think I hear again If the above imperfect information That voice, and view that smile. should lead your Correspondent to the Then go, and round that head, like banners acquisition of better, it will be a satis

in the air, faction to

J.B.

Shall float full many a loving hope, and

many a tender prayer." Mr. URBAN,

May 17. At what time, or by whom these W , in existence izja

HEN I stated Sp. 200) “ the lines were written, posed " to deny" (p. 290), of an acre wards of sixty years ago, and at that of land producing 40 bushels of wheat, time were spoken of by the then occuI did not allude to “newly broken piers of the house, as referring to the land,” but land which had been in- Admiral. closed 50 years, and, I believe, under At three different periods the winthe plough all that tiine, except being dow had been blown out, and every occasionally laid down with seeds for a

pare broken, except that alluded to; year or two. Land of similar descrip- but on the very stormy night on the rion, in the same parish, produced last 25th of November, 1821, it was blown year, I believe, full 40 bushels per acre out a fourth time, when it was en. of spring wheat. The statement, how- tirely annihilated. ever, which I offered, does not, as I You will probably deem this worth conceive, depend on the quantity, but preserving among your literary curioon the proportion of produce; and the sities.

P.
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« SENATVS.

DIVO. TITO. DIVI. VESPASIANIF

ap

1892.)
Arch of Titus at Rome.

489 Arch Of Titus.

of grief, under a palm-tree, with the

words JUDEA CAPTA; and on the other, THIS Monument may be consider, the head of Vespasian or Titus. Upon

ed as one of the most curious and the attic appears the following inscripinteresting of antient Rome, both in tion : regard to the superior style of the sculpture, the singular objects it repre

POPVLVSQVE. ROMANVS . sents, and the importance of the event it was designed to commemorate. As

VESPASIANO. AVGVSTO." descriptions of its bas-reliefs are rarely From Divus never being affixed to to be met with, the annexed sketch the names of the Roman emperors till will be acceptable, in giving some idea after their decease, it is inferred that of its present state, and of those objects this Monument was not finished till which relate more particularly to its some time after the death of Titus, history. The Emperor Titus having which is corroborated by a bas-relief conquered Judea and taken Jerusalem, upon the vault of the Arch within, the Senate decreed this Arch to be where, in the symbol of his apotheosis, erected to his honour. It is situated he is represented mounted upon an on the Eastern declivity of the Pala- eagle. The most part of writers seem tine mount; and, according to Nar- to be of opinion that it was not comdini and other Antiquaries upon the pleted till during the reign of Trajan. antient Vico Sandalurio. On Upon entering the Arch (which is proaching it from the South (being about 14 or 15 feet wide), on each side ihe side least injured by time), its ori- are rectangular spaces seven feet in ginal form is lost in ruins at each ex. height, by nearly fourteen in horizonirenity; but the Arch itself, a column tal length, containing a representation on each side of it, with the frieze and of the triumph of Titus. On the East attic, are still pretty entire. The build- side appears the Emperor in a triuming, in its original form, must have phal car drawn by four horses; Victory been nearly an exact square ; and, be is crowning him with laurel; Rome, persides the columns above mentioned, sonified as a female figure, conducts the had one at each extremity, which are horses, and citizens and soldiers, crownnow entirely destroyed. The othered with laurel, compose the crowd that side of the Arch presents the same ap- attends him. On the opposite side, pearance, only the column on each from which the drawing was taken (see side of the archway are in a much Plate I.*) is another and more intemore ruinous state, and its superstruc, resting part of the procession, exhibitture, is greatly defaced. The columns ing the spoils taken from the temple are of the composite order, and project of Jerusalem—the golden candlestick one half of their diameter from the with seven branches, the golden table, wall of the building. The whole is and the silver trumpets, carried and constructed of white marble. Critics accompanied by many figures crowned have remarked, in the profusion of with laurel, and bearing the Roman ornaments and other smaller defects, standards. The work is now too much some departure from the purer taste of defaced to distinguish those figures the ancients; a failure which is fully with their hands tied behind their compensated by the extraordinary backs, representing Jewish prisoners, beauty of the sculpture, than which which is mentioned by some writers. artists are agreed that finer specimens During the time these sculptures were do not exist. In the space formed by in execution, the objects themselves the curve of the Arch, with the top of must have been under the eye of the the columns, there are winged figures artist, as the accidents to which their personifying Fame, of very superior loss is attributed, happened long after workmanship. Upon the frieze is a the Arch was completed. The same representation of a sacrifice, with a sacred vessels, constructed under the figure at one extremity of the proces- immediate direction of Moses, did not sion carried upon a litter, supposed to represent Judea in captivity; a conjec. engraved in F. Perrier's Bas-Reliefs, 1645,

This Bas Relief in its perfect state is ture which is fully justified by similar pl. 1.; and also in “ Veteres Arcus Bellorii,” representations upon the medals struck. Pl. V.; from the latter of which it appears on that occasion; on one side of which to be copied in Taylor and Cresy's “Archithere is a female figure in the attitude tectural Antiquities of Rome," PI. IX. ED17. Gant. MAG. June, 1822.

490
Bas Relief on Arch of Titus.

(Jane, exist in the Temple at the time it was As to the Law or Pentateuch not destroyed; those brought back from appearing upon the Arch, it may be Babylon were carried off by Antio- accounted for, from its not being an chus Epiphanes, but they were imme- object very suitable for such represendiately replaced by those well ac- tations, or that it has been destroyed quainted with their forın, and it is by the many accidents to which the still easy to trace the general outlines sculpture has been exposed. The of these objects in Exodus xxv. 3–36. heads of all the figures in alto relievo,

In the following passage, Josephus, except three, are entirely gone, and an eye-witness of the triumph of Ves- the lower parts of most of them are pasian and Titus, distinctly mentions likewise destroyed, for the purpose, it these objects as making a conspicuous would appear, of making holes in the figure in the procession. After men- wall, probably for receiving beams of tioning some other particulars, he says: wood for the construction of apart“ But for these (spoils) that were taken

mients in it; for it was inhabited oc. in the Temple of Jerusalem, they made

the casionally during the troubles in Italy, greatest figure of them all; that is, the and was at that time known under the golden table of the weight of many talents ; name of Turris Cartularia. the candlestick also that was made of gold, It is probable, likewise, that part of though its construction was now changed these injuries may be attributed to the from that which we made use of; for its antipathy which the Jews have to this middle shaft was fixed upon a basis, and the Monument of their final overthrow. small branches were produced out of it to & The lapse of eighteen centuries has great length, having the likeness of a tri- not effaced the memory of that caladent in their position, and had every one a mity from the minds of the modern socket made of brass for a lamp at the top Jews. None of them, I have been of them. These lamps were in number told, will pass under this Arch, whatseven, and represented the honour in which he number seven was held among the Jews. ter in avoiding it.

ever inconvenience they may encounHe then adds :

Alittle more than a thousand paces « And after these triumphs were over,

from this Monument, there is another Vespasian resolved to build a Temple to and more affecting memorial of their Peace; he also laid up therein these golden subjugation. vessels and instruments that were taken out In what is called the Ghelto Elrei, of the Jewish Temple as ensigns of his from five to six thousand of them are glory. But still he gave orders that they confined every night, from an hour should lay up their law and the purple veils after sun-set till an hour before sun. of the holy place in the Royal palace itself, rising, in a few narrow aud dirty and keep them there.”

streets that have been allotted to them. This passage is from Mr. Whiston's In every Catholic country of EnTranslation of Josephus, and to which rope, the sufferings inflicted on this he has subjoined the following note*. people have long been considered the In addition to the first remark made natural and laudable expression of the in that note, it may be noticed, that horror excited by their tenets, and the on each of the Aat sides of that piece sins of their forefathers. It must have upon which the candlestick is placed, been from this prevailing sentiment, there are ornaments composed of ani- that Pope Paul IV. assigned them mals, and though much defaced in the their present habitation, aggravated by uppermost square in front, there may a decree compelling them to carry a be traced the remains of two eagles, distinguishing badge, in order that no with a wreath between them ; all individual might escape his due share which has more the character of of public derision. But eighteen cenJewish than of Roman ornament. turies of persecution have only served to

“ See the representation of these Jewish vessels, as they still stand in Titus's Triumphal Arch at Rome, in Roland's very curious book · De Spoliis Templi' throughout. But the things to be chiefly uoticed are these : 1st, that Josephus says the candlestick here care ried in the triumph was not thoroughly like those used in the Temple, which appears in the number of little knops and Aowers on that of the Triumphal Arch not well agreeing with Moses's description, Exod. xxv. 3–36. 2d, The smallness of the branches in Josephus compared with those of the Arch. 3d, That the Law or Pentateuch does not appear on that Arch at all, though Josephus, an eye-witness, assures us it was carried in this procession."-Whiston's Translation of Josephus, Book VII. chap. v.

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