Imatges de pÓgina
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458 Proceedings in the present Session of Parliament. [May, sian Court, Count Capo d'Istria, and the ne- tion upon the subject of Mr. Wynn's Miphew of Prince Talleyrand, filled the stations sion to the Swiss Cantons. The motion was of Ambassadors from their respective nations rejected by a majority of 274 to 141. to the Swiss Cantons. He distinctly denied Mr. Goulburn submitted a motion for that Mr. Wynn stood in more advantageous placing at the disposal of the Lord Liencircunstances than his predecessors; affirm- tenant of Ireland, 50,000l. to be expended ing, on the other hand, that the salary of in the districts now suffering from famine. his mission had been reduced 10 per cent. The money was to be bestowed in the enton his appointment. The large salaries of ployment of the labouring poor, in making the French and Belgian Ministers his Lord- roads through those hitherto impervious ship defended as necessary, to enable those tracts of mountain and boy, which have for Ambassadors to maintain becoming hospita- centuries served as the nurseries and retreats Jity towards the English abroad, of whom, of insurrection and outrage. 'Mr. Goulburn's he said, no less than 8000 reside at Brussels. proposition met with the cordial approbation With respect to the motion immediately be- of all parties in the House. fore the House, he deprecated the doctrine that the foreign relations of the country May 17. The House was occupied with should be yearly exposed by an annual in- a long debate upon the West Indies and vestigation of the diplomatic department American Trade Bill, in the course of which of the Civil List; and declared, that if the the respective doctrines of monopoly and Committee were granted, he would never free trade were discussed at ample length, meet it as a Minister.-Sir J. Mackintosh and and Mr. Brougham asserted, in the most Messrs. Tierney and Creevey spoke in sup-' unqualified terms, that the present sufferport of the motion, and ridiculed the Noble ings of the West India Proprietors are much Marquis's threat of resignation, which was, greater than those of the Agriculturists of however, justified by Mr. C. Wynn, as per England. fectly accordant with the Constitution. Upon a division, Mr. Lennard's motion was reject- May 20. The question of Irish Tithes ed by a majority of 274 to 147.

was introduced incidentally upon the pre

sentation of a petition from a Mr. Carew, May 16. Sir T. Lethlridge presented a a lay impropriator in the Queen's County. Petition from the City of Bath, complaining Mr.Goulburn took the opportunity of stating, of the injury resulting to the country from that he had in preparation a measure to re the emigration of the higher and iniddle medy the hardships sometimes practised by classes to the Continent, and praying for a the present system of collecting tithes. Mr. tax to be imposed upon Absentees. The S. Rice and Sir John Newport professed their Hon. Baronet estimated the number of dissatisfaction at any thing short of an aboBritish families at present resident abroad lition (or, to use the delusive term employin Europe at 10,000; their daily expendi- ed, a “commutation") of Tithes. ture at five guineas each family; and the The House went into a Coinmittee upos annual amount drained from the country Dr. Phillimore's Marriage Act Amendment consequently at 18,200,000 guineas !! This Bill. The measure was vehemently opposed calculation was however received with loud by Mr. Wetherell; but it received the warm laughter by the House.—Mr. Ricardo assert- support of Sir James Mackintosh and the ed that the effect of an Absentee Tax would Marquis of Londonderry, the latter expressbe to diminish in a serious degree the capital ing a deep abhorrence of the existing marof the kingdom ; since the absentees who riage code. now generally draw only the annual profits Mr. Wallace moved for a Committee of of their capital, would, in the event of such the House upon the Trade and Navigation a tax, remove their property altogether. Bill. The object of the Bill, he said, was The Hon. Member seemed to be of opinion, to simplify the Navigation Law of the counthat the present taste for emigration would try, and to extend and improve our comnot be permanent. A revision of our com- mercial intercourse with foreign countries. mercial system would, he said, render Eng. There were three classes of Acts prior to land the cheapest country in the world. the 12th of Charles II. which he proposed The payment of the national debt, which to repeal—those which had fallen into total was to form a part of the revised system, he disuse—those which were contradictory to considered as by no means impracticable.- the principle of Navigation Laws, as they The Chancellor of the Exchequer concurred existed at present ---and those which had in Mr. Ricardo's views of the evils of an ab- been rendered unnecessary by subsequent sentee tax; and stated, that the only effec- enactments. The Bill was read clause by tual means of repressing emigration, was by clause, and some verbal amendments prorendering home cheap and comfortable. posed and negatived without discussion. The Petition was read and ordered to be On a verbal amendment proposed by Mr. printed.

Wodehouse, the House divided; the amendMr. Harre brought forward a specific mo- ment was lost by a majority of 67 to 14.

FOREIGN

FOREIGN NEWS.

SPAIN.

accounts published by the conquering party From a proclamation issued by the poli- admit a loss of eight killed and sixteen tical chief of Gerona, it appears that the wounded; but the number was thought to band of Misas, after having been beaten by be much more considerable. Domiciliary some regular troops and the militia, fed in visits were making to endeavour to find out different directions, but afterwards rallied to the leaders of this attempt at insurrection, the number of 300. On the 1st inst, this but they had not yet been discovered. There band was attacked by Brigadier Llobera, and has also been a serious disturbance at Carcompletely defeated. The rebels took refuge thagena ; but owing to the unexampled pawithin the French territory. They were, hy tience of the military, no lives were lost oa order of the French authorities, placed in a either side. state of quarantine, and their arms and mu

ITALY. nitions burnt in presence of the Spanish Rome. On the 7th February, a Columtroops. In consequence of the communica- barium, in perfect preservation, with beautions which took place, it was agreed that tiful paintings and 200 inscriptions, was these refugees should be sent into the inte- discovered in the Vigna Ruffini on the Via rior of France.

Nomentana. Among the inscriptions, one According to the Quotidiénne, the dis- only belongs to a person of the age of eighty. turbances in Spain are daily increasing. The (Vixit Annis LXXX.) Friends have scratchtown of Lorça is represented as having been ed their names on the monument, which the seat of a serious affray between the mi- therefore furnish a remarkable addition to litary and the people. Several individuals, the specimens of Roman running hand. The charged with a conspiracy against the Con- proprietor means to leave the whole as it stitutional system, had for some time been was found, and to build a shed over it. confined in the prisons of that place. On Lord Byron and four other Englishmea the goth of April, several placards were put returning on horseback to Pisa, on the 24th up, in which all good Spaniards were invited of March last, a serjeant-major of dragoons to set the prisoners free. These placards rudely forced himself through them, at full were torn down by orders from the town speed, so as to endanger their safety-recommander, and several companies were put monstrance with him led to abuse, and his under arms, and drawn out. These threat- Lordship's servant following the dragoon ening dispositions served only to augment amongst the people, the dragoon got woundthe popular effervescence: multitudes as- ed--the Englishmen grossly insulted, and sembled in various places, and a troop of la- his Lordship's servant put under arrest bourers and peasants, armed with " trabu- the whole affair is under investigation at cos," forced the guard, and set the prisoners Pisa. free. The public authorities immediately

TURKEY, GREECE, &c. called out the whole garrison, but the im- Accounts from Constantinople to the 11th pulse given was already too strong; crowds ult. relate fresh excesses there against the collected round the house of the Judge of Greeks, occasioned by the news of the reFirst Instance, exclaiming, “ Long live the volt in Scio. Two Greeks had lost their King! Long live Religion! Down with the lives, and the Franks were loudly menaced. Constitutional Inquisition !" The soldiers A council was assembled to deliberate upon attempted to disperse the people, but in vain. measures for preserving order, to which the The house of the Judge was entered by main Aga of the Janissaries was summoned, and force, and all the papers supposed to relate enjoined, on his personal responsibility, to to the proceedings against the prisoners prevent their recurrence. In consequence, were burnt. The house itself caught fire, he patrolled the streets with a strong force, and was destroyed with the furniture it con- and took 240 “vagabonds into custody, tained. Fresh detachments of troops arrived, 80 of whom he caused to be strangled, and and the order was given to fire on the peo- sent the others on board the feet. In conple; but its execution only served to render sequence of the revolt in Scio, seven more the populace more furious and more daring. Greek merchants were added to the hostages A desperate struggle ensued, in which many previously in confinement, and of whose liwere killed on both sides. The military com- beration, through the intercession of Lord mander, however, having directed his men Strangford, great hopes had been entertainnot to spare their shot, they ultimately re- ed before the arrival of the intelligence from mained inasters of the field of action; but Scio. Exactions the most severe were also it was not till two e'clock, p. m. that trau- levied on the persons connected with Scio, quillity was restored. Reinforcements were who had been compelled to a contribution procured the next day from Murcia, but of 150,000 piastres per month, for the much alarm still continued to be felt. The Pacha, Governor, and garrison of that island, 460 Foreign News,

[May, independently of the extortions practised by AMERÍCA, and WEST INDIES. the Pacha.

A report to the House of Representatives The Greeks are besieging the 'Turks in respecting the Navy, states, that there has the citadel of Athens, the temples of which been built and equipped one ship of the are dreadfully injured, and will probably be line; that there have been built and launchwholly destroyed — the town is a heap of ed three ships and one frigate ; ready to ruins. What will the revilers of Lord El- launch, one ship; nearly finished, one ship gin say to this, who hoasted so greatly of and two frigates ; half-finished, one ship; the indignant feelings of the Greeks at being prepared to be put on the stocks one ship robbed of their treasures by the Narthern and three frigates, and materials nearly colGoth ? Had not his Lordship saved what lected for building one ship, three frigates, we now possess, not a frayinent would have and two steam batteries. The question of remained, and we should have had to la- the recognition of the independence of the inent the truth of his prognostications, for Spanish South American provinces was carthe sake of the polished Atheniuns' love of ried in the House of the Representatives by ancient art.

167 to 1. Extract of a Letter from Tunis, from the St. Domingo.- The Spanish part of this Austrian Consul, dated 1st May :-“A island having thrown off its allegiance to vessel has just arrived in eighteen days the Mother Country, the Haytian Presideut, from Constantinople, bringing information Boyer, it will be remembered, marched upua that all the differences between the Porte and took possession of the same.

We now and the Russians had been amicably settlece learn, by advices from that quarter, that a The former are immediately to evacuate Wal- number of French colonists in the city of lachia and Moldavia. The Ottoman feet, St. Domingo, on hearing that Bover was consisting of five ships of the line, and as coming to claim the supremacy of the Spamany frigates and transports, had landed at nish part of the island, sent up an invitathe land of Scio 7,000 men, which, to- tion to the French Admiral at Martinique, gether with 4,000 that were shut up in a offering him the allegiance of the country, fortress, had made a massacre of the Greeks, and assuring him that they had a large force and afterwards sailed for Samos."

to withstand Boyer. On the 13th of Fe

bruary, a ship of the line, three frigates, three RUSSIA.

transports, four brigs, and four schooners, A dispute of a singular, but of a serious having on board two thousand men, and fifty description, is now in agitation between the pieces of field artillery, left St. Pierre's, Russian and American Governments :-Rus

Martinique, in consequence, with an intensia claims the whole of the North-west coast tion to take the Spanish part of St. Doof America down to the 51st degree of la- mingo.—Boyer had obtained quiet possestitude, and prohibits the entrance of sion of the Spanish part of the Ísland, when reign ships into the seas within that lati- the French Admiral, with his fleet, arrived tude, or within 100 Italian miles of the

off St. Domingo, to whom the Haytian Chief shore ; declaring, also, that she shall con- sent a message, informing him, that if he sider all vessels as knowingly contravening landed a single man on the Island in enmity, this her claim, which have left an European he would order a general massacre of all the port since last March, or shall leave an Ame- French whites in the island, and some acrican one after the 1st of July. To this the counts state, that the whites of other counAmerican Government answers by expressing tries were also included in the threat, and the utmost surprise at such a proceeding that he had also prohibited them from holdThe territorial line separating the two coun- ing property in the island. The French Adtries ought to have been drawn by commis- miral bore up, and it is said, sailed for Puerto sioners on both sides ; and, at all events, the Rico. Other accounts say, he landed his claims of Russia ought not to descend be- troops at the Peninsula of Samana, and that low the 55th degree of latitude, that being Boyer had marched against him. This afthe positiou of her Southernmost settle- fair has excited great interest and anxiety ment. The reply to this reasoning by the among those connected with the trade in Russian negotiator is this : 'That Russia had no occasion to settle the territorial boundary

CHINA. by means of commissioners, as she knew very Extract of a letter froin Cantoo, dased well of herself how far her right extended, Dec. 28:4" We have had a sad fracas here and therefore needed not to trouble any other between Captain Blackwood, of his Britannation with an inquiry on the subject; and nic Majesty's frigate Topaz, and the native that the situation of the Russian settlement Chinese. It appears that Captain Blackof Nov-Archangelsk, at latitude 57 degrecs, wood had sent the frigate's boats on shore is no proof that that point was the utmost to water, when a dispute arose between the bound of the Russian discoveries, as they boat's crew and the Chinese inhabitants of had been carried much farther under a num- the village of Linton, near which they had ber of well-known and celebrated captains. landed. The natives attacked the sailors

any fo

that quarter.

1922.)
Foreign News.--Domestic Occurrences.

461 with bamboos, &c. and the men, it is said, has yet been obtained. Since this the frigate were in imminent danger from the immense and a large English country ship were lying superiority and the violence evinced by their off Linton with their boarding netting up. antagonists. Captain Blackwood, observing Daily consultations have been held with the peril of his seamen in the unequal com- each other by the chief men of this place hat, opened a fire upon the village to cover and the Officers of Government, and every their retreat to the boats, and it is said idea is entertained here that the trade benine Chinese were killed and four wounded, tween Great Britain and China will be susalthough no accurate or positive account pended by order of the Chinese Government."

DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES.
IRELAND.

the ceremony concluded with the national The Irish Papers contain some cccounts anthem, and a loyal acclamation from asof outrages; but neither very nunerous sembled thousands, of “ health and long nor atrocious. These papers abound with life to King George the Fourth, Duke of grateful and joyous panegyries on the bene- Lancaster." The workmen were then feasted volence of the English nation, which has so at the expence of Mr. Johnson, and the munificently stepped forward to the relief evening was closed with private hospitalities of the starving peasantry of the sister island. and public festivity. There are few situaA meeting has been held at the Mansion

titns to which the benefits of the National

Fund could have been extended with more house, Dublin, for the purpose

of promoting a subscription for the relief of the distressed propriety than Tildesley. It is seated in labouring poor in the South and West of

one of the most populous districts of LanIreland. Amongst the eminent personages

cashire, and from the numbers drawn topresent were - The Duke of Leinster, the gether by extended commerce and manuLord Chancellor, the Master of the Rolls, factures, the want of accommodation at pubJudge Johnson, the Bishop of Kildare, Mr.

lic worship, for members of the establishEllis, M. P. and Admiral Oliver. The Lord

ment, has long been severely felt. The Mayor presided. A Committee of twenty-one of four miles from the parish Church of

entire township (which averages a distance was appointed to receive subscriptions, and to communicate with the London Commit- Leigh) contains a population of 4575 souls, tee, established for the samne laudable object. and the Tildesley Banks estate alone (which

on descending to its present proprietor Mr. The Belfast Irishman says, “ Our paper Johnson, before-mentioned, was divided of to-day contains the proudest record of into two farms only, now contains 540 the human heart:—a whole nation, strangers . houses, and 2350 inhabitants. In point of to the sufferers,-fellow-subjects, it is true, situation also, with reference to Architecbut still strangers,-giving out their utmost tural effect, the Church will enjoy peculiar means to mitigate the agony of their sorrows. advantages. It will rise from a hill comGenerals, officers, soldiers, clubbing their manding a view of seven counties, and prepay--erecting their military bank, on which senting itself conspicuously to the surroundthe starving Irish may draw! Why, this ing parts of Cheshire and Lancashire. All is a spectacle of human benevolence, which the fabrick will be of close-grained white is sufficient to obliterate whole ages of stone, and the designs (which have been oppression."

supplied by Mr. Smirke) are formed on the

purest models of lancet-arch or acutelyVARIOUS PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. pointed Gothic. A spire, of 150 feet in

April 23. On this day the foundation- height, will crown the effect of the whole. stone of one of the new Churches erecting Tithes and Poors' Rates.-At the adjournby the National Commissioners was laid at ed Quarter Sessions for the county of NorTildesley Banks, Lancashire, the commemo- folk, held at Holt, on Friday, the 26th ult. ration-day of the Patron Saint (St. George appeals were entered into against the Poorthe Martyr) having been selected for the rates of eight different parishes, in consepurpose. All usual ceremonies were ob

quence of the decision at the Norwich Sesserved on the occasion. A procession was sions, on Dr. Bulwar's appeal against the arranged at the seat of Thomas Johnson, Cawston rate. The Doctor had been rated Esq. the donor of the site, and advanced to at 5501. for his tithes, against which he the ground at one o'clock. The stone was appealed upon the ground “ that it exceedthen laid, with a silver trowel, over a glass ed a fourth of the Assessment upon the case containing coins and medals of the titheable property in the Parish, which he reigning Sovereign, after which an appro- contended was the proportion at which tithes priate prayer was offered up by the Vicar of should be assessed to the Poor-rate." The ihe parish. Selections from the Psalms Court dismissed the Appeal, being unanimouswere sung by the attendant Choristers, and ly of opinion, that there was no rule in law

for

ou

402
Domestic Occurrences.

[May, for fixing a proportional assessment LONDON AND ITS VICINITY. Tithes coinpared with land, and that the only principle was, to assess all real pro- New CHURCH OF Sr. Pancras, perty according to the productive valve or profit which it yielded. The object of the populous parish of St. Paucras, in the gene

This splendid Church, erected for the appellants in these cases was to obtain new

ral plan of the exterior, is founded on a model Assessments in their several parishes, upon

of the ancient Temple of Erectheus at the principle established by that decision,

Athens. The portico is formed by eight viz. that of rating both tithe and land at the profit they respectively yield, to do beautiful description. There are three

Ionic pillars of great magnitude, of the most which the present assessment upon land

entrances under the portico, the centre one must be very considerably reduced. The appeals which had been entered into against the Greek Temple ; the rich ornaments and

an exact representation of the entrance to the Poor-rates of Great Snoring, Cley next

mouldings have been executed from models the Sea, Edgefield, and Docking, were, on Mr. Cooper's motion, then ordered to be by Mr. Rossi, in “ terra cotta." The side

doors are in the same classical taste. A: respited. Mr. Preston said, he must claim

the Eastern end of the Church are two prosome share of the melancholy proceedings jecting wings, the one designed for a reof the day, being instructed to make two motions of the same kind as those which gistry, and the other for å vestry-roon. had been made by his Learned Friends. He They are formed upon the model of the

Pandeseum, which was attached to the accordingly moved to respite appeals against the Poor-rates of Stanhoe and Burnham Temple of Erectheus, and are richly deco

rated with mouldings, pateræ, and other or Westgate.

naments. Beneath these wings are the Disturbances in Monmouthshire.-On Sa- entrances to the catacombs ; above the enturday morning, the 11th inst. a large party trances emblematical figures in Grecian cosof Colliers assembled at Gellyhaw colliery, tume are to be erected, with inverted torches stopping by force and chaining together 19 in their hands. There will likewise be sar. waggons laden with coals for the Tredegar cophagi on each side of the doors, and the works. Intelligence of this outrage and poppy and cypress branches will be introcomplaint having been made to J. H. Mog- duced. The Eastern end is semi-circular, gridge, esq. the neighbouring Magistrate, and in this particular only, differs from the he instantly repaired to the spot, accom- original, which is square. On the summit panied by Captain Lewis's troop of Yeo- of this end are what are termed Grecisa manry Cavalry, who were at the time break- tiles, standing at about two feet distance fasting at Woodfield. In less than 20 mi- from each other. These, like the other nutes, however, a general attack was made

ornaments, are composed of terra cotta, and on the waggons in the rear, and the coals are the common finish to all the Grecian were thrown out; upon which, hoping to roofs. They are to be continued all round avoid the painful alternative of ordering the the Church; and give an air of lightness to cavalry to charge, the Magistrate seized one the upper part of the structure which it of the ringleaders ; but, after some re- would not otherwise possess. sistance, he was rescued, and the cavalry The steeple is also from an Athenian were then ordered to clear the ground, which model, the Temple of the Wind, said to be was effected in a few minutes, with equal built by Pericles, which has been followed as celerity and humanity, not a single indivi- closely' as circumstances would permit

. Its dual being even wounded. The waggons elevation from the ground is 165 feet. It were then forwarded under guard of the is of an octagonal form, and consists of two cavalry, and, together with 55 others (maks stories, each supported by eight pillars. ing in the whole 74 waggons), were con- There is an ornamental roof, and the whole veyed, notwithstanding repeated attempts to surmounted by a cross. The original was break up the roads in advance, to within surmounted by a figure which turned on i three miles of the Tredegar works, where pivot, and indicated the quarter from whence they were met by a detachment of the Scots the wind blew; hence the title of " The Greys, under Captain Wyndham, accompa- Temple of the Wind.” nied by the Vicar of Abergavenny. On The interior of the Church in extremely Sunday morning last a most intlammatory neat and elegant. hand-bill, containing the most horrid The vestibule is a correct representation of menaces, was found stuck up in a level be- the interior of the “ Temple of the Wind." longing to Messrs. Lee, George, and Smith, Above the communion table, and detached pear Pontypool ; and we understand the from the wall, are six splendid verd antique collieries of those gentlemen are so com- Scagliola columns, with bases and capitals pletely deserted, that not only must the of white statuary marble; copied from the furnaces at Blaendore be speedily blown out, " Temple of Minerva." The galleries are but it is expected a supply for their tin- supported by pillars of no determinate order

, works will not be to be obtained.

taken from the casts of the Elgin mables

The

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