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1822.) Buonaparte contrasted with the Duke of Marlborough. 413 capable of resistance, by watching all merely personal, they would not have territhe enemy's motions, by intercepting fied. His Dachess set fire to the fuse, betheir convoys, attacking their advanced cause she had not self-command, through posts, and harassing them continually her overpowering enthusiasm: a sensation with their numerous cavalry, to ruin which induces persons to think, that others them with the length of the war, or to

will feel like themselves. She thought, and beat them by piece-meal. Id. anno 1529. justly thought, that her husband was the

Defertion of his Oficers. Upon greatest man of the day, and that his glory fluctuation of the fortunes of the Chief- like lightning. But she forgot that she extain, the officers begin to waver, be- cited alarm, and that confidence and friendcause they know, that they according ship cannot exist, where there is apprehento their rank shall proportionally be sion. Anne was not insensible of the serthe victims; and the common soldiers vices of Marlborough, but his greatness renand vulgar escape, because they have dered her afraid of him. He however had little concern for the future. "Tacit. no treasonable designs, and well knew, that Ann. iii. 31.

revolutions for the mere sake of individuals, His abdication, necessity of. A man appertain only to elective monarchies. Still may be in the end neither capable of be felt, that he was the first General and commanding or forbidding, but only tion, but of the whole world. Had be at

the first Statesman, not only of his own nathe cause of war. Tacit. Ann. iii. 70. His submission. Shame renders per- that of supreme arbitrator of events in Eu

tained the situation to which he aspired, sons more placable. Id. Annal, ü. 18.

rope, the balance of power would have saved Capture of Paris, and return of the his country two thirds of our present NaKing. In civil discords advice is given tional Debt, for no country single-handed, by all, danger and risk are incurred by hut France, candistress the European powers. few. In ruined affairs, all order and Parties however annoyed the Minister, and none execute. Tacit. Hist. iii. 69, 73. Marlborough, a real patriot, with no other His cxile. When a person is too

selfish views than those of making a fortune popular to be cut off, and yet by re- by his profession, and being the factotum, taining or pardoning him discord would fell a victim to nonsense, no better than an ensue, exile is the measure to be taken. Ostracism, to Sacheverell and Mrs. Masham, Tacit. llist. iv. 18.

and pulling chairs froin the bottoins of His return and favourable reception. together in childish fully, it seems, that

Statesmen, that they might all tumble down A nation, given to change, as it is slow disputations have been held in colleges, to incur risques, so it is faithless under about the merits and faults of Marlborough, opportunities. Tucit. Ann. xiv. 23.

and determined in condemnation of him. Authority and respect for the gene- It has in similar style been said, that Eclipse ral may overpower treachery and infi- was a bad-tempered horse. Moral qualifidelity in the soldier. Id. I)ist. iii. 80. cations are a fair test, applied to a Saint,

His advance against Wellington. but what have they to do with the public Cæsar, when in imminent danger of services of a General? These last are expowerful attacks, considered everything cellences of the highest order, and can any to consist in specd. Bell. Gall. L. vii.

wise man say, that a single victory, gained Having made these extracts, of course by an officer, is not far more serviceable to

his country than all his regularity in private impartial, because written with no re

life, for one serves a whole country, the ference to Buonaparte, I beg to offer latter only individuals ?" in contrast, the character of Marlbosough, deduced from the elaborate me

Adam Smith says of Marlborough, moirs of Mr. Archdeacon Coxe. " that such uninterrupted and such

splendid successes, as scarce any other “ Marlborough was a man of pure ambi- General could boast of, never betrayed tion, bred in a profession which required him into a single rash action, scarce only a situation fitted to display the una- into a single rash word or expression.” voidable results of calculation and judgment. Coxe, vi. 404. A General. must have the qualities of a cautious Merchant, an able Ganbler, and a that his successes were uninterrupted,

It cannot be said of Buonaparte, deep Jockey. With his ambition, he united the idea not of the throne, but of rendering or that he was never rash in word or it a Temple, of which he was to be the

action. It may therefore be justly

perpetual High Priest. His Duchess by her affirmed, notwithstanding the idolatry violence, ruined the plan. Marlborough's of thousands, who puff him, as if he dark conduct, and jacobite tamperings might was a relative, from whom they dehave excited suspicion, but, as they were rived honour, that what Lord Boling414 The Rev. William Atkinson, and Rectory of Hillington.

broke

[May, broke (Coxe, vi. 405-406) said of Marl- much astonished at the biographical borough, viz. that he was the greatest sketch you

have given in

your number General and greatest Minister ever for March, p. 278, of the late Rev. known, cannot be applied to Buona- William Atkinson, rector of Hilparte, though the professional merits lington. of the latter were of the first order. Had you confined yourself to a

A Philosopher thinks, that if we panegyrick upon the character of the know the situation in which a man is reverend gentleman, I should have placed, we may, by the aid of History, allowed it, however undeserved, to als know the principles by which, have passed without notice, but having through that situation, he must be un. reflected upon the memory of my late avoidably actualed; and if so, guard honoured and much respected father, I against possible future mischief, by take leave to send you the following prudent anticipation, or adopt mea- statement of facts. sures suited to circumstances, of sure Mr. Atkinson, as you observe, was effect. The Roman policy is, upon educated at Emanuel College, Camthe whole, the best the world ever bridge. He there formed a friendship knew, and Tacitus ought to be the with Sir Martin Browne Folkes, Bart. bible of every statesman. A strong then Mr. Folkes. After the usual testimony of this

has recently been ex. time spent in College, they separated, hibited. Your Reviewer, Mr. Urban, but the friendship did noi end here, in his notice of Mason's “ Dublin,” for Sir Martin promised to present his observed, that the vexations proceeding friend to the living of Millington, from Ireland are owing to the neglect when it inight become vacant. In of Roman policy, in not incorporating the year 1782, the incumbent died, the conquered with the victors. So and Mr. Atkinson took possession of just was the remark, that Mr. Goul- the promised rectory: In 1784, he burn, in his speech in Parliament, advanced the composition for the tithes April 22, 1822, concerning Sir J. of the parish 301. a year beyond what Newport's motion, respecting the state his predecessor had taken, and, in conof Ireland, observes, “ that all the sideration of that advance, he agreed misgovernments or rather conquests of to grant to the parishioners a lease for Ireland caused most of the evils under twenty-one years. No long time, howwhich that country suffered. Ireland ever, had elapsed, before the Rector had been conquered, as no other coun- regretted the bargain he had made, try had ever been conquered. There and the agreement not being drawn had been no disposition to amalgamale on stamped paper, he declared his inthe people.(St. James's Chronicle, tention of not abiding by it. The April 20-23, 1822.). Among the Ro- penalty, however, was paid, and the inmans (says Mad.de Stael, Literature, ii. strument stamped, by the parishioners, 183, Engl. Transl.) “Historians were and the Rector was bound by it with so correct, as

to have been some of them to the completion of the equalled by the Moderns; and so accu- term intended. For another unsucrate were the Ancients in their judg- cessful attempt which the Rector made ments of human nature, that Hogarth to set aside this agreement, I beg to has absolutely arranged his Ethical refer you to the case, Atkinson r. prints “ upon Aristotle's division of Folkes, and others, which was heard in Tragedy, though probably he did not Trinity Term, 32 Geo. III. It may be know that such a man ever existed.” seen, with the decision of the Barons, (Clavis Hogarthiana, p. 6.)

in Anstruther's Reports, vol. I. p. 67.

At the expiration of the twentyFrom the respectable signature affixed

one years, the Rector required such to the following Letter, we hesitate not a

exorbitant composition (more moment as to its admission ; and shall only than half the rental of the land in the observe, that the article on which it com- parish), that it was impossible to comments, was sent to us by an old Correspon- ply with his demands, and consedent whom we have for many years known quently the tithes have from that time and respected. Edit.

been taken in kind. Mr. URBAN,

Congham Lodge, By his own act he thus incurred

April 24. expences,” and voluntarily brought I As well as your other readers in upon himself the “ vexation and this neighbourhood, have been anxiety of mind" complained of.

By

never

an

1892. Rev. W. Atkinson. --Account of the Lane Family.

415 By whom “ the farmers and the the following particulars relative to poor were industriously set on to in- the subject of his enquiries. sult him on all occasions” does not In Shaw's “ Staffordshire," vol. II. appear; but that a Clergyman, who had p. 97, is the pedigree of the Lane quarrelled with his Patron, who took family, who were seated at Wolverthe tithes of his parish in kind, and hampton in the time of Edward II. who wished at one time to take ad- and afterwards at Bentley near that vantage of a revenue law, and at an- town. The lineal descendants of Coother time his own illegal act, to set lonel John Lane (who with the aid of aside his own agreement, should not his sister Mrs. Jane Lane; afterwards meet with much respect from his pa- the wife of Sir Clement Fisher, prerishioners, is not surprizing.

served Charles II. after the battle of It is not my business here to deny Worcester), and representatives of the the great qualities attributed to him; † family, are John Lane of King's Bromshall therefore make no remark upon ley in Staffordshire, Esq. formerly Fel“ his endless charities,” nor upon his low of Queen's College, Cambridge, and general deportment in his parish. Barrister-at-law, and his brother, Tho

“This parish and that of East Wol- mas Lane, Esq. of Leyton Grange, ton, ought never to forget his exertions Essex, both now living. in a petition to the Lord High Chan- The mansion-house and estate at cellor, by which” the parish of Hil- Bentley, was sold by the late John lington have lost all benefits from the Lane, Esq. King's Bromley was the charity since the proceedings com- property of John Newton, Esq. formerly menced about five years ago ; nor will of Spettisbury, in Dorsetshire, who they receive any till the law expences dying without issue, devised his estates are paid. The lands were in the hands to his sisters Elizabeth, and Sarah, of Sir M. B. Folkes, and two other widow of Sir Lister Holte. Elizabeth, country gentlemen, as trustees for the the survivor, died Dec. 24, 1794, and poor of the two parishes. They had devised King's Bromley, among other let the lands, and the rents were paid property, to her cousins John Lane, to the Church wardens, who distributed and Thomas Lane, Esquires. a moiety to the poor of each parish. « On the North side of the collegiate The Master in Chancery, to whom Church in Wolverhampton, is a Chapel the matter was referrel, gave it as his antiently called St. Catherine's, but now opinion in his report, that the lands Mr. Lane's Chancel, in which, among several had been properly let, and the Vice memorials of the Lane family, is erected a Chancellor ordered that Sir Martin's noble monument to the memory of that expences should be paid out of the most loyal and valiant Commander, Colonel funds of the charity. Sir Martin's John Lane, having his coat of arms and Counsel proposed that each party should

crest engraved upon the top of it, an addipay their own expences. Mr. Atkin- tional canton of the arms of England being son's Counsel would not accede to the fidelity to King Charles II.” Shaw's “Staf

added, in rememembrance of his loyalty and proposal.

fordshire," vol. II. He also rebuilt the parsonage. house," but with money borrowed

The arms now borne by the Lane upon the living, and to which the family are:-Per fesse Or and Azure, a Patron did not withhold his consent. chevron Gules, between 3 mullets The house has been finished about counterchanged; on a canton Gules, sixteen years, and is in a state of decay

3 lions passant gardant, the arms of from the materials and workmanship

England. emploġed.

Crest :-Out of a wreath Or and As I have confined myself to a bare Azure, a demy horse, strawberry colour, recital of facts, which 1 am prepared bridled Sable, bitted and garnished Or, to substantiate when called upon, I supporting an imperial crown, gold.

Motto :-“ Garde le Roy." rely upon your candour to give this letier a place in your next number.

The crest was granted to Thomas WM. BROWNE FOLKES.

Lane, I believe the nephew of Mrs. Jane Lane. If that lady really made

à request relating to the coat of arms, Mr. URBAN,

April 17. nothing could be more appropriate, DERHAPS your Correspondent but of the truth I am not informed. “R.I.L."' may be gratified by Yours, &c.

Mr.

T.R.

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416
Remarks on the Distresses of the T'imes.

[ May Mr. URBAN,

April 30. every thing to hope for in the wis-
TH
THAT Agriculture is suffering, and dom of that Government, which justly

that many poor creatures are con- boasts itself to be the purest system of
sequently reduced from reasonable af- ethics the ingenuity of man did ever
fluence and comfort to absolute or re- form upon the model of Divine Le-
lative want, is a truth greatly to be de- gislation; then we should have peace
plored; but, in the midst of this dis- in the land, and time would restore to
tress, how dreadful it is to observe a us all the blessings —which God for
number of heartless politicians, urging wise purposes has suspended, but not
the miserable to acts of desperation, and utterly taken from us. Alas! these
encouraginga bold spiritof rebellion and state physicians, at a moment when
anarchy throughout the land! O! that the disease is at its climax, in the very
men would be of one mind in this hour fervour of a feverish paroxysm, feed
of fearful irritation. O! that the rich, the mischief, and stimulate the rest-
the great, and the good, would fear- less spirit to acts of phrenzy. If wise
lessly unite to remedy the evil, not to and good men do not now unite and
increase the affliction ! -- Alas! they teach the ignorant to be reasonable
do not so; on the contrary, there are in their wants and just in their de-
a number of able, wealthy, and we mands, the evil of to-day will be in-
are called upon to presume, well-mean- creased tenfold to-morrow, and the
ing men, who coinbine all the strength end will be, God only knows how,
which rank and riches, and ability, can horrible!
call forth, to calumniate and to de- All things in this world take their
grade that Government, and to infiame course under the ruling hand of Pro-
the minds of the people, to believe, vidence, which can alone controul
that all the hardships, which an ex- them, and the alterations and vicissi-
pensive, but necessary war, inclement tudes which attend all the various con-
seasons, defective harvests, and sedi- ditions of life, are matters of deep re-
tious traitors, by their unceasing and gret and complicated anxiety. "No
wicked exertions, have produced, are rank - no slation- no kind or degree
but the natural consequences of a no condition whatsoever is exempt,
wicked conspiracy amongst the mem- or entitled to be exempt, from the oc
bers of Administration against the casional visitations of calamity and
rights, the liberty, and the happiness loss. Commerce at one time exalted
of mankind,

her children to the loftiest eminence, If the same persons, many of whom and our merchants towered above the arrogate to themselves a character of highest summits of practicable prospe; superior philanthropy, would only do rity-she withdrew her support and that justice to others, which they exact

countenance, and her children then when they imagine their own privi- fell back and down to the depths of leges have been injured, we should unforeseen affiction. Our manufacnot hear of insurrections, or rumours tures at one time bore an exalted preof domestic disturbances, -we should ference in every market in the known not have the sacred tranquillity of our world; at another, every port was shut homes broken by fears, or harrassed against them, or they were warehoused by coutinual watchings. If instead a worse than useless, unprofitable drug, of crying aloud to the lowest, the most and the poor labourer, by whose ingeignorant, and the most wicked, and nuity they had been wrought, was prostituting a free press, by publishing urged by want, and the evil advice and daily to the world, that the ministra- wicked'influence of miscreant trailors tion of Government is in the hands into open rebellion. The ports again of fools or knaves — that ruin is

are open — the markets free -- compe, inevitable; -and reform, even in revo- tition has revived, and British skill and lution, a premise, and the only pre- British industry have again turned the mise of better times-if instead of manufacturer to his loom and his ansuch conduct, they would recommend vil, tired if not ashamed of his seditia pious submission to the will of Pro

ous associates, and anxious to retrieve, vidence, and a patient waiting for that with the comforts of domestic security benevolence, which in England will and peace, his integrity of character, not suffer a poor man to ask relief in and his character for integrity. vain; and at the same time endeavour

The wheel of Time is Þurthened to convince the people, that they have with continual vicissitudes ;. a few

years

1999.) Select Vestries and Perpetual Overseers recommended. 417 years only have passed away since administration of parochial affairs, (in agriculture was the golden idol of uni- which, by the way, from the oppresversal adoration. Men

were mad in their sive operation of the poor laws, the devotions, and sacrifices were made chief interests of the agriculturalists with a zeal as blind as that with which are mainly concerned,) will justify a the votaries of Brahma or Vishnu bend piece of admonition, grounded upon before the presumed omnipotence of no wild theory, no extravagant prejutheir imaginary deities. But common dice, no unknown uncertain data. sense has discovered the foolishness of Let every parish in the kingdom bethis idol worship, and the insufficiency come the seat of Government for its of the god. His want of power to own security; a few provisions from give the promised or the hoped - for the statute book will be sufficient to good, have turned men back to more invest with power to do such good sober and more rational conclusions. the most opulent, the most interested,

To use a plainer phrase, suited to and the most benevolent of those who the most ordinary comprehension, we are from their wealth, the stake they may say, that commerce and agricul- have at issue, and their charitable disa ture are equally liable to the vicissi. positions, justly entitled to take the tudes, which in this life attend upon lead, and efficiently to administer the all the concerns of man. One may suf- laws made for the common welfare of fer, and the other thrive, and still they all classes and every description of permay have but one common interest. sons. Nor are we to suppose that when trade There may and must be wisdom in is slack, the manufacturer is ruined, or the multitude of counsellors; but there when the season is unpropitious, the is likewise so much of pride and envy, agriculturer is undone. "Prosperity and ignorance and uncharitablenes, ostenadversity are the extremes between tation and folly, where great numbers which the fortunes of all who specu- assemble, even for the best of purposes, late in marketable commodities must that the few in these cases will always oscillate with a very unequal force, have an advantage over the many; and and to pretend to offer methods by more useful business will be done, and which to prevent or remedy the evils it will be better done, in a Select than to which our farmers or merchants are in a General Vestry. Let then the apequally exposed, arising as these evils pointment of this beneficial institution do froin a complication of causes, not take place every where: be the good as always controulable at the will or by universal as our wants ! the power of human agency, were a The 43d of Eliz. although conceived mischievous abuse of common sense, in wisdom, and fraught with bean insult put upon the understanding, nevolence, according to that period, only to rex and perplex it with in- came forth to the world, impregnated creased and increasing difficulties. with the seeds of many grievous cala

But if no general rule or principle mities. It is scarcely too much to afof action be applicable to all cases and firm, that the greater part of the disall circumstances, certainly there are tress which bears so heavily upon Agrilocal means of ameliorating the hard- culture in the present season of her afo est of fortunes, and of suspending ac- fiction, arises out of the necessary, untual or threatened evils until better avoidable, and as it is too probable, the times give more than a prospect of re- unalterable operation of the poor laws. turning prosperity.

Be this, however, as it may, some beneI shall not attempt to discuss what ficial grafts have sprung from the parent are the means which the legislative stock, and it will be wise to profit in wisdom of Parliament may think fit to the assurance of some certain good, to adopt for the relief of our present dis- counteract very serious and accumulattress ; nor will I say what is the im- ing evils. pression upon my mind as to the wig- By this Act of Elizabeth, the admidom of any legislative interference nistration of all parochial matters, as whatsoever, in a matter so simple in relating to the relief and employment the estimation of many, in the opinion of the poor, is placed in the hands of of others big with the fatal seeds of certain officers, who, from their precivil discord, revolution, and ruin; but sumed occupations, were properly styled long habits of experience in the minor overseers. But too little discretion has Genr. Mag. May, 1822.

been

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