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[April and other friends at Lynn, to Mr. H. Hol- An Epitome of Roman Antiquities; to ditch, the senior wrangler, and a similar which is prefixed an Abridgment of Roman piece of plate to Mr. M. Peacock, the second History. By C. Irving, LL.D. F.S.A. wrangler of this year, as a testimony of the Tracts on Vaults and Bridges; containing high esteem in which those gentlemen are Observations on the various forms of Vaults, held. The inscription on the back of the on the taking down and re-building London ink-stand to Mr. Holditch is — HAMNETTO Bridge, and on the principles of Arches ; HolditCH, A. B. Amici quidam Lennenses illustrated by extensive tables of Bridges. propter summos in mathesi honores ei apud A Statistical, Political, Mineralogical, Cantabrigienses A. D. 1822, dignè conlatos and Modern Map of Italy, with the New hoc qualecunque gratulationis et benevolentiæ Boundaries according to the latest Treaties. testimonium, D.D.D. A similar inscription By J. A. Orgiazzi. is on the one presented to Mr. Peacock. Letters from Mecklenburgh and Holstein,
OXFORD, April 20. Sir Sydney Smith including an Account of the Cities of Hamhas presented to the Bodleian Library, burgh and Lubeck, written in the Summer through the Chancellor of the University, of 1820. By George Downes, of Trinity a fac-simile of an ancient Greek Inscrip- College, Dublin. tion, on a gold plate, found in the ruins A Second Volume of Biblical Fragments. of the ancient City of Canopus ; and also By Mrs. SCHIMMELPENNICK. a Book printed on board a ship of the line Uriel; a Poetical Address to the Right in the Mediterranean.
Hon. Lord Byron, witten on the Continent: Ready for Publication.
with Notes, containing Strictures on the Two Prize Essays by the Rev. R. Pol- Spirit of Infidelity maintained in his works ; WHELE ; viz. “ An Essay on the Scripture and the assertion, that “if Cain is blaspheDoctrine of Adultery and Divorce," and mous, Paradise Lost is blasphemous," con“ An Essay on the state of the Soul between sidered, with several other Poems. Death and the Resurrection.”—To the one was adjudged a premium of 201.; the other, Preparing for Publication. a premium of 50l. by the Welsh Church The Essay on “ The Influence of a MoUnion Society.
ral Life, in our judgment, in matters of Institutions of Theology; or, A Concise Faith,” to which the Society for Promoting System of Divinity. With reference under Christian Knowledge and Church Union in each article to some of the principal Authors the Diocese of St. David's, adjudged its who have treated of the subjects, particu- premium for 1821. By the Rev. SAMUEL larly and fully. By AlexandER RANKEN, Charles Wilks, A. M. author of “ChrisD.D. one of the Ministers of Glasgow. tian Essays," “ Signs of Conversion and
A Letter to the Right Hon. Robert Peel, Unconversion in Ministers ;" “Claims and M. P. principal Secretary of State for the Duties of the Church," &c. Home department, upon the subject of SOAME Jenyns's Disquisitions on seveBank- note forgery ; clearly demonstrating ral Subjects, embellished with a portrait of that a Bank-note may be produced, which the Author, engraved in line by Wainshall be more difficult to be imitated than
wright, from an original picture by Sir even the metallic currency of the Country. Joshua Reynolds. By John ROBERTSON.
An Historical and Topographical View A Journey from Merut in India, to Lon- of the Wapentake of Strafford and Tickdon, through Arabia, Persia, Armenia, hill, in the County of York. By John Georgia, Russia, Austria, Switzerland, and WAINWRIGHT, of Sheffield. France, during the Years 1819, and 1820. A Tour through Sweden, Norway, and With a Map and Itinerary of the Route. the Coast of Norwegian Lapland, to the By Lieutenant Thomas LUMSDEN, of the Northern Cape, in 1820. Part II. which Bengal Horse Artillery.
will follow, will comprise a Residence at The first volume of the Rev. SAMUEL Hammerfest, in the lat. of 70 deg., and a Sayer's Memoirs, Historical and Topo- Winter's Journey through Norwegian, Rusgraphical, of Bristol and its Neighbourhood, sian, and Swedish Lapland, to Tornea; with from the earliest Period to the present Time. numerous portraits and plates. By Capi.
The concluding part of a Series of Views De C. BROOKE. in Savoy, Switzerland, and on the Rhine, The History and Antiquities of Henfrom Drawings made on the spot. By John grave, in Suffolk, in a royal quarto voDennis. Engraved in Mezzotinto, and ac- lume, with portraits and other engravings. companied with descriptive Letter-press. By John Gage, Esq.
Evenings in Autumn, a Series of Essays, The Third Volume of the Preacher ; or, Narrative and Miscellaneous. By NATHAN Sketches of Original Sermons, chiefly seDRAKE, M.D.
lected from the Manuscripts of two EmiAn inaugural Lecture delivered in the
nent Divines of the last Century, for the Common Hall of the University of Glasgow. Use of Lay Preachers and Young Ministers; By D. K. SandroRd, Esq. A. B. Oxon, Pro- to which is prefixed a familiar Essay on the fessor of Greek in the University of Glasgow. Composition of a Sermon.
349 Summer Mornings; or, Meditations and are known to you? 2. Where are they deRecollections of a Saunterer : by the au- posited ? 3. Are you acquainted with any thor of “ Affection's Gift,” “Life,” “The portion, or any whole translation of the Holy Duellist," &c.
Scriptures, in Welsh, more ancient than the The Sixth part of the Encyclopædia Me- Norman conquest, or than the art of printtropolitana, to be published in June.
4. Do you know any unpublished A Magazine in the French Language, to Welsh Triads, handed down by tradition or be published in London on the 1st of June, otherwise ? 5. What Welshmen have left under the title of Le Musée des Variétés the principality since the time of the ReLittéraires.
formation, on account of their religion, or An edition of Brotier's Tacitus in 4 vols. any other cause, whom you think probable octavo, reprinting by Mr. Valpy, combin- to have conveyed with them any remains of ing the advantages of the Paris and Edin- Welsh poetry and literature ? 6. In what burgh Editions, with a selection of Notes libraries, in England, or any other part of from all the Commentators on Tacitus, sub- the Britisli dominions, do you think it likely sequent to the Edinburgh Edition: the Li- that some of these remains are deposited ? teraria Notitia and Politica, with all the Sup- 7. In what Continental libraries do you think plements, are also added; the French pas- it probable that some of them may be found? sages are also translated, and the Roman 8. What original Welsh books, or what Money turned into English.
books, relative to Welsh literature, in any A Selection of the Poems of the Rev. language, do you know to be published ? 9. Thos. Cherry, B.D. late Head Master of Do you know any Peunillion not yet unpubMerchant Tailors' School. By the Rev. J. lished? 10. Do you know of any species W. BELLANY.
of Welsh composition, poetical or musical, Sketches of the Life and Character of Pa- corresponding with what called “Glee” in trick Henry. By William Wirt, of Rich- English, or which is known by the name of mond, Virginia.
“ Caniad tri neu bedwar ?"
11. Can you The Wonders of the Vegetable Kingdom exhibit to the Society any old Welsh tunes, Displayed.
sacred or otherwise, not yet published ? 12.
What Welsh books, and books on Welsh Welsh LITERATURE.
literature, already published, and now beThe Cymmrodorion Society in Powys, as come scarce, do you think merit to be rewell as the Cambrian Society in Dyfed, published ? (see vol. XC. ii. pp. 270, 400) is still
English LITERATURE IN Poland. adopting measures for the preservation of the remains of Ancient British Literature. The English literature is more and more
- The Committee of the Cymmrodorion So- gaining ground in Poland. During the preciety in Powys has sent a circular to the dif- ceding year there appeared in print Lord ferent members of that Society, and to the Byron's Bride of Abydos, translated by the proprietors of different collections of Welsh Count Ostrowski; and lately Sir Walter MSS. in the Province, requesting them to Scott's Lay of the last Minstrel, translated allow the Society to appoint a proper per- by Mr. Brodzinski, who is at present the son to prepa e a catalogue of them, or to most distinguished young poet in Poland. furnish the Society with such a catalogue ;
Of works that are yet preparing for publicathese catalogues are to contain a descrip- tion are, Sir Walter Scott's Lady of the tion and contents of the several MSS., ac- Lake, and Lord Byron's Corsair, both by companied with such remarks on their sub- Mr. Sienkiewicz, who last year lived for jects and supposed authors, as may be deem- some time in Edinburgh. Besides, in the ed useful with a view to publication. It would Polish periodical writings there appear very be highly desirable that the several Societies often inserted many extracts made from the having similar objects in view, should co- works of these two authors, as well as from operate in collecting and collating all the those of other celebrated English poets. Welsh MSS. extant, and in publishing from Translated into Polish are Campbell's time to time the most valuable of them. Lochiel, and O'Connor's Child; Lord ByThe two Societies, which were first esta
ron's Fare thee well, and also different Hished wth this view, are now taking effec- fugitive pieces of poetry:-Ossian's Poems tual measures for accomplishing so desirable has received a great many translations ; an object. The most valuable of these an- and since the time of Krasicki and Tymiecient remains of British literature, which niecki, who first made them known to their are now contained in old MSS. that in their countrymen, they almost daily multiply by present state are inaccessible to the public, the particular predilection of some promising or mouldering through neglect, will, it is young poets for that species of poetry. to be hoped, issue from the Cymmrodorion Such is the progress of English literature in press at convenient opportunities. The fol- Poland. The ancient stock of our literalowing are the queries which have been is- ture in that country, consisting of specimens sued : -1. What inedited manuscripts of from Dryden, Milton, Pope, Thomson, and British literature, either in Latin or Welsh, many others, gets there continually a new
350 Literary Intelligence.- Antiquarian Rescarches. [April, increase. Shakspeare's Plays are an object Glasses in the Drawing Room sold for 215 of study in Poland; and the principal ones guineas. are very often performed upon the stage at Warsaw, Wilna, Cracau, and Leopol. The
Mr. Martin's PICTURE OF THE DESTRUCPoles having cultivated for a considerable
TION OF POMPEII AND HERCULANEUM. time, and with an exclusive taste, the March 29. This Picture having been just French literature, appear at present to direct finished, was submitted to private inspection. their attention to that of the English. There is no painting on the same scale which
shews more industry in the collection of maREMARKABLE PICTURE.
terials, or a more elabo: de anxiety for corAn artist, of the name of Francia, has rectness in local details; but in the attempt brought to this country from St. Omer's, to give the disturbance of nature, under cirand has now at 27, Leicester-square, a very cumstances the most awful which the imaextraordinary altar-piece of the 15th cen- gination can conceive, the artist has not suctury, which he obtained from the ruined ceeded.--He has spread such a quantity of Abbey of St. Bertin in that city. The pain- positive verınilion over the heavens, as at ter is John Hemmilinck (of Bruges), and once catches and repels the eye. The fithe subject the life of Bertin. The execu- gures which are introduced in the foretion equals the highest finish of the Flemish ground in various attitudes of distress, are school at any period, and boasts of passages too theatrical, and Pliny, the martyr of nanot inferior to the Italian of a century later. ture, is represented in an action which afA still more interesting fact is, that the fords no distinctive trait of the hero and the original idea of Holbein's Dance of Death is philosopher. distinctly and strikingly contained in this Canova, we learn from Rome, has just picture.
finished an admirable group of Mars and
Venus, wbich is designed for his Majesty SIR William Young's SALE
the King of England. has been attended by a great portion of the The French Royal Academy of Sciences fashionable world, including his Royal High- has awarded its first prize of 3000 francs to ness the Duke of York. The collection of M. Oerstadt, for his important discoveries pictures was select and small, and the prices on the action of the Voltaic pile on the powere as follows:
larity of the Needle. The two Sea Pieces, by Backhuysen, sold The Society of Arts have adjudged a for 118 guineas; Landscape, by Poussin, silver medal to Mr. Cook, for the discovery 75 guineas; Picture, by Rosa (purchiased of a substitute for alcohol, now used for the by Lord King), 46 guineas; Adoration of preservation of anatomical objects. It conthe Shepherds, 41 guineas; Pictures by sists of a saturated solution of muriate soda Canciletti, 44 guineas ; &c. &c. &c. The or common salt for four pints of water.
have a little sanctuary towards the same .
quarter. Leaving that place, we arrived, We have before mentioned the enter- after one day's march, at Chendi; I found prising researches of M. Caillaud, amongst the army on the left bank of the river, about the ruins of Upper Egypt. We shall now three quarters of a day's march from Chendi. extract some portion of a letter, dated Se- To the North of Webete Naga are still fifnaar, July 11, 1821, lately received in Pa- teen other pyramids, but they have no sanc
tuary, nor edges at the corners, as the last “In my preceding letter from Assour," had. They were in size about the same as says M. Caillaud, “I made you acquainted the middling ones among those first menwith the discovery of forty pyramids, part tioned. After nine days march from Chendi, of 45 of which I have taken the dimensions. we arrived at the mouth of the White RiI have also seen traces of a town, the re- ver; we were the first Europeans who bad mains of a great temple with six sphinx- ever seen it, though Bruce was very close to lions cut in brown freestone. Discoveries it. Its mouth is narrow, about 4 or 500 since made confirm me in the opinion that paces wide, but about half a league more to this was the position of Meroë, and that the Southward it greatly enlarges itself. the peninsula which is formed between the This river, and not that seen by Bruce, is, Nile of Bruce and the river Atbara, is in I believe, the main branch, and in consereality the Isle Meroë of the ancients. I quence the real Nile. I am more than ever remained fourteen days there among nume- decided to follow it, and to discover all that rous pyramids, and took many plans and co- is interesting belonging to it.-Shall I sue. pies of hieroglyphics. These pyramids are ceed in reaching its source, or not? I am to thc East; all, with the exception of one, far from calculating on the success of such a
351 project. The province of El Aïze, on the other parts of the Egyptian empire. They White River, terminates at the height of are at present dispersed in the Museum, till Senaar; it is inhabited by poor Musulmen a receptacle is formed, for their classifica-fishermen. More beyond to the South is a tion and better disposition, worthy of their pagan race of people, that they say are an- merit, and adequate to the taste displayed in thropophagi, and use poisoned arrows, &c. their selection. There are in a room beWe have determined the latitude and longi- neath the building, a Typhonic statue, imtude of the White River; I have reason to perfect, in as much as the right elbow and be satisfied with our observations, to take both the feet are wanting, holds the lotus which we spared no pains. In three days sten in full blossom: remains of an elliptithe Pacha passed with his army over the cal globe crown the head.—A piece of rough White River, to follow his route on the pe- Egyptian or Ethiopian marble, apparently ninsula of Senaar. To lose nothing of the part of a frieze, covered over on one surface two banks of the Nile of Bruce, M. Letor- with hieroglyphics in the running-hand of zec continued his route with the army, and that character.-A portion of a frieze of a I ascended in a bark that I might observe temple (red granite), its interior or projectthe right bank. At one day's journey to ing underside with figures in high relief, the South of the mouth of the White Ri- among which a vessel brim full of water, ver I found, under the name of Sola, an im- dropping its contents, being super-charged mense space covered with ruins and hillocks with abundance; exterior surface covered of baked brick, the position no doubt of a with linear symbols.-Remains of a colossal great city. The name of Soba given to these female statue, in white lime-stone or marble, tuins bears an analogy with the antient including the bust, to middle of waist. A Sata. Among them I found nothing, save leaf of lotus ornaments her forehead; beaua sphinx-lion in hard freestone, tinged with tiful workınanship, and finely expressive of oxide of iron, in the Egyptian style. I have Ethiopian beauty. – A figure in Egyptian visited the mouth of the Ratte (Rahhad) lime-stone, or white coarse marble, repreand of the Dender rivers, which swell the senting a body swathed for rest or for a fustream of the Nile. Bruce is erroneous in neral.--A lower portion, containing the legs, placing the mouth of the Dender in the of a red granite statue.-A piece of yellow Ratte; both run into the Nile. The en- marble, apparently from age, which seems to tire peninsula formed on the East by the have constituted one of the sides of a votive Dender, and on the West by the Nile of altar, with a portion of three diminutive Bruce, bears the name of Gaba. I think I naked figures, in basso relievo, carved in a have found the real Ibis of the ancients. It square on its surface, imperfect, from being is very common in the Isle of Meroë: I have broken. Some Coptic characters inscribed. preserved several, for the feathers and skele- -Remains of a male colossal statue from tons. Be pot astonished if the name of Me- the head down to the bottom of thorax. roë has been given to the mountain Barkal: The root of lotus ornaments the forehead.. a colony might have descended there after A remnant of pedestal of a statue, with rethe fall of Meroë. Two Englishmen and mains of left foot, finely executed in red M. Frediani, who saw those antiquities a marble, or a very fine silicious stone: borlittle time before me, no doubt Aattered der inscribed with hieroglyphics.--A head themselves that they had found the Isle of of a finely carved female statue of large proMeroë, but they were mistaken : the real portion.—The trunk of a female figure, dediscovery belongs to me, and I arrived alone ficately proportioned, apparently the proat it fourteen days before the army. I have duce of a Greek chisel. not spoken yet of the ruins of Christian In a small court behind the chief buildchurches abandoned by the Copts; that in ing, and by the side of the Athenian Galthe best preservation is at Dongola ellery, there are fifteen remnants of female Agouz, the old Dongola. On the fine and Typhonic statues, all charged with stems of rich isle of Argo are the remains of three the blowing lotus, in the one hand, and other churches, with granite Ionic columns, having in the other hand the Tau or nilo having the Greek cross as an ornament of meter, of nearly as many different proporthe chapiters. On more than thirty rocks tions, and quite dissimilar as to remaining which form the Isles of the cataract of Wo- portions of the figure.-Two Egyptian or lad el Atfe (Wadi Holfa) are other Chris- Ethiopic graces (charities), with either of tian ruins. In the province of Chaguy there them, alternately having thrown their hands are yet some with columns of granite, and and arms behind the shoulders its fellows others in Barber and Chendi.”
(in red granite.)-A red granite head of an LGYPTIAN ANTIQUITIES IN THE BRITISH
Egyptian youth. Remnant of a very large
colossal head, perhaps a portion of a statue ; MUSEUM.
the face is about four feet long by three Several valuable remains of Egyptian sta- broad, and its members proportionate, and tuary, sarcophagi, altars, columns, friezes, delicately beautiful.—Another colossal head &c. have been recently brought to the Bri- of same material.---Four remnants of clustish Museum, from Thebes, Memphis, and tered columns, each formed of eight smaller
[April, ditto, like the pipes of an organ, ensculp- few teeth remain still fixed in broken fragtured with hieroglyphics. And various other ments of the jaws. The hyæna bones are remnants too numerous to describe.
broken to pieces as much as those of the In the Entrance Hall there are two sta- other animals. No boue or tooth has been tues of male Typhons, sitting on thrones, rolled, or in the least acted on by water, with Tau in left hand, which their knees nor are there any pebbles mixed with them. support; heads crowned with elliptical The bones are not at all mineralized, and globes (black granite.)-An immense colos- retain nearly the whole of their animal gesal head of nearly the same proportion with latin, and owe their high state of preservathat already described, of singular beauty tion to the mud in which they have been (red grauite.)—A female statue of ordinary imbedded. The teeth of hyænas are most proportion, with the head of a Jupiter Am- abundant; and of these, the greater part are mon upon her knees, her throne has many worn down almost to the stumps, as if by hieroglyphics (lime-stone apparently is the the operation of gnawing bones. Some of material of which it is made.)—An Æthio- the bones have marks of the teeth on them; pian head of large proportion, beautiful and portions of the focal matter of the hy. countenance (white marble.)-An Egyp- ænas are found also in the den. These have tiau sorceress, in a crouching attitude, sit- been analyzed by Dr. Wollaston, and found ting upon her heels; her mantle covered to be composed of the same ingredients as with symbols, or hieroglyphical figures the album græcum, or white fæces of dogs (Bysalt.) -A considerable circular vessel, that are fed on bones, viz. carbonate of lime, about three inches deep, border inscribed phosphate of lime, and triple phosphate of with symbolical characters.-A considera- ammonia and magnesia; and, on being showu ble sized Egyptian (red granite) coffin, with to the keeper of the beasts at Exeter Change, its usual lid, having a carved resemblance of were immediately recognized by him as the the person whom it contained, covered with dung of the hyæna. The new and curious hieroglyphics, very imperfect from the effect fact of the preservation of this substance is of weather.
explained by its affinity to bone.
The animals found in the cave agree in ANTEDILUVIAN Cave.
species with those that occur in the diluvian Iu p. 161, we noticed the discovery of an
gravel of England, and of great part of the antient Cave in Yorkshire. The following Northern hemisphere ; four of them, the is a minute and interesting detail extracted hyæna, elephant, rhinoceros, and hippopofrom the “ Annals of Philosophy." The pa- tamus, belong to species that are now exper was communicated by Mr. Buckland.
tinct, and to genera that live exclusively in It gives a curious account of an antedilu
warm climates, and which are found asso vian den of hyænas discovered last summer ciated together only in the Southern por: at Kirkdale, near Kirby Moorside in York
tions of Africa near the Cape. Is is certain shire, about 25 miles North-east of York.
from the evidence afforded by the interior The den is a natural fissure or cavern in of the den (which is of the same kind with ootlitic limestone extending 300 feet into that afforded by the ruins of Herculaneum the body of the solid rock, and varying from
and Pompeii) that all these animals lived two to five feet in height and breadth. Its
and died in Yorkshire, in the period immemouth was closed with rubbish, and over
diately preceding the deluge; and a similar grown with grass and bushes, and was acci
conclusion may be drawn with respect to dentally intersected by the working of a England generally, and to those other stone quarry. It is on the slope of a hill extensive regions of the Northern hemiabout 100 feet above the level of a small sphere, where the diluvian gravel contains river, which, during great part of the year, the remains of similar species of animals. is engulphed. The bottom of the cavern is The extinct fossil hyæna most nearly renearly horizontal, and is entirely covered to sembles that species which now inhabits the the depth of about a foot, with a sediment Cape, whose teeth are adapted beyond those of mud deposited by the diluvian waters. of any other animal to the purpose of crackThe surface of this mud was in some parts ing bones, and whose habit it is to carry entirely covered with a crust of stalagmite ; home parts of its prey to devour them in the on the greater part of it, there was no sta- caves of rocks which it inhabits. This analagmite. At the bottom of this mud, the logy explains the accumulation of bones in floor of the cave was covered from one end the den at Kirkdale. They were carried in to the other with teeth and fragments of for food by the hyænas ; the smaller anibone of the following animals : hyæna, ele- mals, perhaps, entire ; the larger ones pieces phant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, horse, ox, meal; for by no other means could the bones two or three species of deer, bear, fox, water- of such large animals as the elephant and the rat and birds.
rhinoceros have arrived at the inmost recesses The bones are for the most part broken, of so small a hole, unless rolled thither by and gnawed to pieces, and the teeth lie loose
water; in which case, the angles would have among the fragments of the bones ; & very been worn off by attrition, but they are not.