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1822.]
Review.-Walpole's Memoires.

343 original, a string of calumnious asser- forth at Arthur's on his anxiety to have Mr. tions, unsupported by any testimony Byng spared; and even went so far as to at all likely to weigh with the reader; break forth abruptly to Lord Halifax, the and where it is not, an interlopated

Admiral's relation by marriage, 'Good God! transcript of Parliamentary Proceed

my Lord, what shall we do to save poor Mr. ings from books in every body's hands.

Byng?'. The Earl replied, “My Lord, if In this volume he enters into a mi- you really mean it, no man can do so much nute, and to us an interesting detail

towards it as yourself.' Keppel, a friend of of the circumstances attending the

Anson, and one of the judges, grew restless

with remorse. Lest these acts of conscience trial and judicial assassination of the

should be contagious, the King was plied gallant but unfortunate Admiral Byng. with antidotes. Papers were posted up with It was in the year 1756 that this most paltry rhymes, saying, detestable act of cruelty and injustice • Hang Byng, was perpetrated, and for once we are Or take care of your King.' pleased to be able to sympathize with Anonymous letters were sent to terrify him our Historian in the indignation he ex- if he pardoned; and, what could not be presses on the subject.

charged too on mob-libellists, he was threat“ From Portsmouth (says Walpole) Byng,

ened that unless Mr. Byng was shot, the

city would refuse to raise the money for strictly guarded, at once to secure him from

Hanover." the mob and inflame their resentment, was transferred to Greenwich. His behaviour

He then proceeds to relate the procontinued so cheerfully firm and unconcern- ceedings of the Court, the defence, ed, that those who thought most moderately

and the sentence. of his conduct, thought full as moderately of his understanding. Yet, if he could be

57. A Dictionary of French Homonymes ; allowed a judge, Lord Anson had, in the

or, a New Guide to the Peculiarities of year 1755, given the strongest testimonial

the French Language. By D. Boileau. in Byng's favour, recommending him par

8vo. pp. 330. Colburn and Co. ticularly for an essential service, as whose head and heart would always answer.

THE French language is now so As a forerunner to the doom of the Admi

generally extended, that it

may

be ral, so much demanded from, and so much truly said to keep pace in every counintended by the Ministry, General Fowke try with its native tongue. In fact, in was brought to his trial for disobedience of what part of Europe is it not in use? orders in refusing the regiment for Minorca. But to what cause shall we ascribe He pleaded the latitude and discretion al- this universality?

What has contrilowed to him by his orders, and the immi- buted to give it this preeminence over nent danger of his important government. the living languages? Why has it beThough the danger of that was increased by

come the language of Courts, and the the probability that France would either of

medium of communication between fer Minorca to purchase the alliance of Spain, or assistance to recover Gibraltar,

Sovereign Princes? yet Fowke found neither efficient to save

It would be, perhaps, difficult to him; no, nor the diversity of opinions in

answer these questions in such a manhis judges : yet it was plain from their sen- ner as to satisfy the different opinions tence, that they by no means thought he

of Scholars upon

these came under the rigour of the law, condemn- ever, let us here only advance the opiing him only to be suspended for a year for nion most commonly admitted, and let having mistaken his orders.”

us say that the lustre and politeness Of the numerous Addresses forward- of the Court of Louis XIV. which ed from all parts of the country against since that period has served as a moByng, the most violent was that of the del for other nations, very much conCity of London.

tributed to this end. The author notices with much feel- No one will deny that his age was ing the interest generally felt in the the glory of the Literary world. The Admiral's unfortunate affair.

rewards granted to learning and merit,

awakened the energies of mankind, As the day approached for the execution of the Admiral, symptoms of an extra

and produced an infinity of learned ordinary nature discovered themselves. Lord persons, who by their talents and writHardwicke had forgot to make the Clergy ings reflected immortal honour upon declare murder innocent, as the lawyers had that celebrated age. been induced to find law in what no man

These splendid results did not reelse could find sense. Lord Anson himself, main long confined within the narrow in midnight fits of weakness and wine, held limits of France; science, learning, and

genius, all in attendance, with the Dean, the Subor in which the subject has been so children, in their habits; an organ also satisfactorily and so ably treated.

points

. How

Wright.

344

Review.Boileau's French Homonymes. [April, genius, know no bounds, but soon 'ex- man of his Majesty's Chapels Royal, Detend, and overcome every obstacle puty Vicar Choral of St. Paul's Cathewhich are opposed to them.

dral, and of Westminster Abbey, and SeCorneille, Racine, Boileau, Moliere, cretary to the Glee Club.

8vo. Pp. 208. La Fontaine, and a great number of transcendant geniuses, produced THIS eminent Musical Composer works, which not only astonished, (to whom the Publick are indebted for but excited the admiration of the the favourite pieces of the Glee Club, learned world. A reputation so justly reviewed in our vol. LXXXIV.1.41.) acquired, soon expanded among all has now produced, by patient invesclasses of society. Every one was eager tigation, from an apparently minute to read these productions ; but to draw question, a series of entertaining hisfrom them all the fruits which they torical facts, to which, it is gratifying contained, it was necessary to under- to us to perceive, the Correspondence stand them in their native dress. For iv our various Volumes has in no small it is generally acknowledged, that degree contributed. Translations resemble their originals The best and shortest way of introjust as much as the day does the night. ducing the present Volume to our An infinite number of persons then Readers, will be the transcribing a part felt the necessity of familiarizing them- of Mr. Clark's Dedication to “the selves with these regenerators of Litera- Master, Wardens, and Court of Assistture and Taste. Such was the first and ants of the Worshipful Company of most powerful molive which induced Merchant Tailors ;" enlightened people to study the French language.

“ In writing the History of our justly

celebrated National Anthem, “God sare ine The less enlightened classes of so

King,' which, by your kind permission, is ciety, upon whom a less laudable mo

dedicated to you, I beg to assure yon that tive perhaps, but not less powerful, this account has been the result of loug and operated, equally applied themselves

most assiduous research, during which do to this study, fascinated by the beau- expense has been spared to render it in all ties of this language, and the smart- respects worthy the Patronage of your Loyal ness of its expressions, which appears and Worshipful Company, as well as inteto adapt itself in a peculiar manner to resting and acceptable to the Public. I beg conversation and society in general. also most respectfully to thank you for your

Every reader will find in this work kindness in permitting me to search your the means of surmounting a great num

ancient Records respecting the grand and ber of difficulties which this language Loyal Company to His Majesty King James

sumptuous entertainment given by your presents, especially fof the understand

the First, on Thursday, July 16, 1607, coaing of conversation and narrative, of which foreigners often lose the thread gratulating him on his happy and wonder

ful escape from the Powder Plot, for which and connexion.

occasion the Anthem was written. This treatise of Homonymes will be 6. These records have been of the most particularly useful to the student in

essential service to me, as they have been this respect; he will find here a great very instrumental in proving what I asserted number of expressions which offer the in my prospectus, that the words of the Ansame sound to the ear, but quite a dif- them were written at the particular request ferent meaning to the mind.

of the Merchant Tailors' Company by that Perhaps there already existed works celebrated poet Ben Jonson, that the music which treat of this matter, but we be

was composed by Dr. Bull, and that it was lieve we may say with truth, that there

first sung in your Hall by the Gentlemen are none which have so well attained

and Children of the Royal Chapel, who were the object which the author proposed, Dean, the Organist, and Master of the

being placed there on that occasion only.

It also appears from the same records that 58. An Account of the National Anthem en

Non nobis Domine

was first titled God Save the King ! with aulhorities taken from Sion College Library, the An- * “The composer, Mr. Byrde, being precient Records of the Merchant Taylor's sent as one of the Gentlemen of the King's Company, the Old Cheque-Book of his Ma- Chapel. No other grace is known, and that jesty's Chapel, &c. &c. &c. Selected, edited, has been handed down to us from the same and arranged, by Richard Clark, Gentle- period, viz, 1607."

sung

the grace

your

1822.]

Review.- Lady Jane Grey, and her Times. 345 sung on the same occasion by the said child- “ Dulce Domum,” with its history; ren, standing at the King's Table *; and a particular account of the several Oráathat the reason why such difficulty and ob- torios of Handel; and the words of scurity have so long hung over the history nearly Fifty Glees. or origin of the above Anthem, must be, that the grace, songs, sonnets, and music, which were composed and sung, and the 59. Lady Jane Grey; and her Times. By speeches made at

Hall
upon
that

great George Howard. Pp. 390. Sherwood occasion, were all lost, or purposely destroy- and Co. edt, or burned in the great Fire of London,

THE dawn of the Reformation, that in 1666, when part of your Hall was consumed. however, justly claim the honour of having beth inclusive, is in many respects the Your worshipful Company, may, gious Liberties, from Henry to Eliza

only sure basis of our Civil and Reliset the example to succeeding ages of true and genuine loyalty, by having caused to be most interesting period of English an written at your particular request, and first nals; and deserving of illustration far sung in your Hall, the most loyal and popu- beyond what the pages of general hislar Anthem that ever was composed : for tory can possibly afford. this Anthem not only prays to the Almighty To fill up the outline of the earlier for the safety and future protection of the and middle divisions of that period, King, but for that of our holy religion, laws, appears to have been the object of the and people, thereby embracing every thing Author of the work before is, in adthat is sacred to us as Protestants, and dear dition to a most minute biographical to us as Englishment. It is also worthy sketch of the unhappy Lady herself, of notice, that the present Court of Assist- forced to become an Usurper through ants follow, most religiously, the example the influence of filial obedience, paset them by their predecessors : the same beautiful and solemn grace, “Non nolis Do- rental ambition, and conjugal solicimine,' and the incomparable anthem, “God tation, and to expiate that usurpation save the King,' are invariably sung at the of nine days on the scaffold. pablic festivities given at your Hall."

. For this extended view of the The Historical Introduction con.

“ Times” of Lady Jane, he has

availed himself of the connexion of cludes with “ a song written in honour of his late Majesty King George dons, with the Court, the politics,

her ancestors, the Greys and Branthe Third, but applying equally to our most gracious Sovereign George

and the manners of the country, from the Fourth, and all the glorious House Henry's reign downwards; and the of Brunswick, whom God for ever work itself bears ample testimony to

the Author's industry, and to the truth preserve! and

of his assertion that he has endeavour“ Send them victorious !

ed to draw from the dust of antiquity Happy and glorious ! Long to reign over us !

every important anecdote or illustraAround let acclamations ring,

tion referring to, or delineative of that Bless the true Church, and save the King!"

Those Illustrations, especially in This loyal Song, which we need not copy, as it is well-known to most of original Letters and other documents, our Readers, begins thus :

are, accordingly, very numerous, and

highly interesting ; many of them, “Here's a health to old honest John Bull.” tending to correct our opinions as to

In this Volume are some good Por- the characters of men, and our knowtraits; much original Music; some ledge of the manners of that day. Anthems on the Gunpowder Plot; a There are many of those original Loyal Scotch Song; a Translation of extracts which coincide most curi

era.

“ Stowe and Howe's Chronicle," p. 891, 1615. † “ Jonson might probably have destroyed them himself, for after he had killed Chris. Marlow, in a duel, he was committed to prison, and made a convert to the Church of Rome, in whose communion he steadily persisted for twelve years."-Biog. Dram. p. 414.

1 “This Anthem being addressed to the Divine Being for protection, should be performed in a much slower and more solemn manner than it is usually done ; and it is worthy of commemoration that the Inte much respected and truly lamented Duke of Kent, (the great friend and patron of public charity, wherever he presided,) commanded that it should be so performed.' GENT. Mag. April, 1892.

ously

unto."

946 Review.- Report of the Royal Humane Society. (April, ously with passing, or past events of We have no doubt but his exertions the present day; more particularly the will tend most effectually to promote report delivered to Henry the Eighth the interests of the Institution. by Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, the Earl The objects of the Royal Humane of Sussex, and other Commissioners ap- Society are so well known, that it is pointed to divest Katharine of Arragon unnecessary to recapitulate them here. of her regal state after sentence of di- They are particularly explaiñed, and vorce, “whereunto the said Princes illustrated with graphic representations p’systynge in her great stomacke and in vol. XCI. ii. 305,to which we refer obstynacye, made answere with an our readers. We shall simply conopene voyce, saying,” among other fine ourselves to the Registrar's statethings, when directed to remove from ments, in which he gives an interesther royal residence to Somersham, thating view of the concerns of the Soalthough the King had directed her ciety from its infant state to the preremoval, “she may ne will in any sent time. He observes that the“ Royal wise followe ys Grace's pleshur there- Humane Society in its past history exin, unless we shall bynd her with hibits all the criteria of future prosropes, and violently enforce her ther- perity; every year gives new confirma

tion to this cheering prospect, and the Our limits forbid any extracts re- last by no means the least flattering." specting Lady Jane herself; but we The life of that zealous and indefatimay record two or three very curious gable promoter of the Institution, Dr. passages of general interest. At p. Fothergill

, forms a prominent feature i93, is an extraordinary letter from of the Report. The statements are the Bishop of London to Cecyl, call- chiefly gleaned from Nichols's “ Liteing for the charitable establishment rary Anecdotes." He was a Life Diof Bridewell; and at p. 252 a more rector of the Society for upwards of extraordinary one, copied from the thirty years; and the Reports were original draft of a circular dispatch in frequently enriched by his communiNorthumberland's own hand writing, cations. Many valuable friends of the with all its interlineations and erasures, Institution, who have recently paid written by him in the Tower, and the debt of nature, have received the preserved in the British Museum.

tribute of grateful remembrance. The Every justice has been done to the Society have particularly to lament the work both in paper and printing. There loss of the Rt. Hon. Lord Henniker, is a very well-engraved portrait of Lady Admiral Sir John Colpoys, Dr. Barry, Jane, and the wood-cuts are neatly exe- B. Hawes, J. Burgess, P. Guillebaud, cuted.

J. Newby, and J. Perry, esqrs. The

Society still express their sanguine 60. The Forty-Eighth Annual Report of the hopes that these losses will only serve Royal Humane Society, for the Recovery

as a stimulus to the living friends of of Persons apparently Drowned or Dead. the Institution to use their influence

in procuring new supporters. HAVING experienced a fellow

The following is a brief statement feeling in the prosperity of this laud- of the number of Cases that have come able Institution from its early estab- under the Society's notice. We exlishinent, and having uniformly de

tract the words of the Report. voted our humble efforts to the pro- “ The Cases which have come under the motion of its interests, we cannot but notice and consideration of the Society durnotice, with peculiar pleasure, the ing the past year amount to 149, of which progressive improvement of its con- number 134 were successful, and 15 unsuccerns. Some years ago the annual cessful. Among the 149 were 20 attempted Report of the Society consisted of a

female suicides, and 3 attempted male suiof comparatively uninterest

cides; and two unfortunate individuals, one ing matter; but the present one as

man and one woman, who fell victims to the sumes the appearance of a respectable ber of successful cases, added to that of for.

desperate act of self-destruction - The nonoctavo volume. The acknowledgments of the Society are certainly due to their ber of claimants rewarded, added to the total

mer years, amounts to 5154; and the nomable Registrar and Secretary, Dr. Mar- of former years, amounts to 20,535. It is tin, for the improvements he has intro- pleasing to announce, that the proportion duced, and the ability he has displayed. of cases of resuscitation, set against those

of

1822.

few pages

1822.]
Reviews. - Literary Intelligence.

347 of rescue from imminent danger, continues tain Manby's invention, for rescuing to decrease, owing to the Society's preven- Shipwrecked Seamen, is fully illustrated tive means."

in this year's Report. The plan indeed Many interesting cases of resusci- richly deserves the Society's consideratation are recorded, in which anima- tion; its object being the relief of suftion had been totally suspended. fering humanity. Capt. Manby's me

Among other distinguished commu- thod of Saving Shipwrecked Persons nications, is a letter from Lord Sid is recorded in vol. XCI. ii.; which acmouth on behalf of his Majesty, and count Dr. Martin has copied, with another from Count Nesselrode, ex- due acknowledgment. The represenpressing the sentiments of the Empe- tation and description of a curious ror of Russia, in approbation of the Raft for the purpose of landing from a Society's objects.

wreck, invented by Lieut. Rodger, are We are happy to observe that Cap- given in p. 354.

61. Of Mr. Rattenlury's Poems, the tempt to ascertain their Author, fully answer small pieces are the best. In pp. 48, 49, the

purpose for which they are intended, by some Radical politicks threw us into such a proving what we before never doubted, of fit of sneezing and coughing, that we were which The Pirate has since given much corafraid to take up the book again, and com

roborative evidence, and which before was as plete our investigation of it.

clear as the Sun at noon-day, that the Au

thor is either Sir Walter Scott or Diabolus. 62. The Literary Gossip is a series of original Essays and Letters, Literary, His- 66. The Skelches from St. George's torical, and Critical, Descriptive Sketches, Fields, by Georgiani di Castel Chaiso, of Anecdotes, and original Poetry, published which the first series appeared in 1820, and in XXI weekly Numbers, from March to the second in 1821, abound in witty reflecAugust 1821 ; and the greatest fault we tions and pleasant raillery; and are evidently perceive in them is their cheapness. They the production of a man of real talent. He are written with much spirit, and with some calls himself “ an unknown author;" but we few marks of juvenility; but they should fancy that we trace the features of an intellihave been printed in a larger type, and on gent young traveller. The volumes are better paper.

handsomely printed, and contain several 63. Olservations chiefly in Reply to Re

beautiful vignettes. marks made in Parliament during the last Session, by a Clerk, is a Painphlet of 78 67. In the Confidential Memoir and pages, in answer to the observations of Lord Adventures of a Parrot, a Greyhound, a Cai, Milton, Mr. Hame, Mr. W. Barrett, and and a Monkey, by Mary Ellcott, late BelMr. Creevey, well worthy the attention of son, the Juvenile Reader will find both the Legislature.

amusement and edification. 64. Mr. W. H. White's Complete Course 68. The Story of Pigon, a Malay Boy, of Arithmetic, Theoretical and Practical, containing all the Incidents and Anecdotes of is well adapted to the use both of the pub- his real life, by William Gardener, is a lic and private scholar.

pretty interesting story, showing that in

dustry and real integrity will prove the 65. The Letters to Richard Heber, Esq. surest means of promoting even temporal containing Critical Remarks on the Series of welfare; and will never fail to produce peace Norels veginning with Waverley, and an Al- of mind in the hour of death.

LITERARY INTELLIGENCE. CAMBRIDGE, March 18.-At a congrega- the Apostles in the original Greek, Paley's tion on Wednesday last, a grace passed the Evidences of Christianity, one of the Greek, Senate to confirm proposals for the institu- and one of the Latin Classics. — The first of tion of a previous examination of candidates these annual examinations to take place in for the degrees of Bachelor of Arts, Bache- the Lent term of 1824. lor in Civil Law, and Bachelor in Physic. Oxford, April 6. The whole number of That there shall be, every year, a public degrees in Lent Term was, D.D. 2; D.C.L. examination in the Senate House, in the 2, B. D. 4; B. C. L. 1; M. A. 45; B. A. last week of the Lent term, to continue for 49; Determiners 231; Matriculation 115. three days : the subjects of examination to CAMBRIDGE, April 12.-A handsome silver be one of the four Gospels or the Acts of ink-stand has been presented by the Mayor

and

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