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338
Review.- Archæologia, Vol. XIX.

[April, (Edipus? The symbols on the Intag- Science; merely, that it is not suflia are indubitable, and most ably and ficient for the character of an Antiingeniously illustrated. We think that quary to know only that initiatory acDr. C. speaks too severely (p. 394) of cidence of his profession. But gratiMariette's work.

fied as we are, our eulogium cannot The remainder of the Volume con- be unqualified, so long as we are comsists of the usual dessert of Selections, pelled to dine upon fish without sauce; which, we are happy to say, does not and read without eyes, i. e. to underconsist of skinny shrivelled walnuts, or stand objects of vision by verbal deputs without kernels. The first article scription only. Communicators should is an iron Axe, presumed to be Roman. be required to accompany their Essays The account says, “It is more parti- with Drawings, or, if the objects are cularly remarkable for the great length well-known, to refer us to the authoof the cutting edge, and the extraordi- rities. nary thinness of the metal," p. 409. It is in our opinion more remarkable for having that edge bulging out upwards

54. Some Passages in the Life of Mr. Adam in the form of a wedge, and the iniddle

Blair, Minister of the Gospel at Crosspart concave. We shall explain this

Meikle. Edinburgh. pp. 337. Blackwood. construction. Montfaucon has en- THIS is a very touching and beaugraved an axe of this form, published tiful tale, so entirely novel in its conand explained by M. Misson. He ception, and powerful in its execution, calls it the Securis, or are to dismem- that we are hardly aware of any work ber the victim (Antig. Expl. ii. 93.

of fiction with which it can with

proEd. Humphreys); and the wedge-like priety be compared. It has little of edge and thinness are evidently favour- the stirring incident which characteable to such a purpose. — The second rizes the Novels of the Author of Wa. is a Vase, with figures, which groupe, verly, but it has all the tender pathos, from the masks, seems, like a paint the intense and overwhelming interest ing at Pompeii, intended to represent by which they are so peculiarly dis. a scene in a play.—The third is an ac- tinguished. There is nothing to starcount of a presumed Roman Station at

tle or surprise, no “ hair-breadth esa Harlow in Essex.—The fourth is a capes,”, por “ perilous adventures by British Urn, found in a Pictish Cairn, sea and land,” to arrest the attention at Crakraig, co. Sutherland, and sin- of the reader, and hold him in breathgularly tasteful and elegant in the fas- less expectation from page to page. ciæ and ornaments of the rim.-The The story, composed of the every fifth is a Ring with a posy, allud- day incidents of domestic life

, winds ing to the supposed amuletical proper.

its way in one quiet stream of beauty ties of gems.—The sixth gives an ac- and tenderness (bearing on its tosom count of clay moulds for casting Ro- the flowers of elegant reflection, which man coins, one of which was found are every where scattered by the narbetween them.

rator), now stealing in gentle sinuosiWe sincerely congratulate the So- ties among the sweet humanities of ciety upon the high improvement of life; anon darkening beneath the storm its periodical volumes... Archæology of passion and of crime; and finally has been too long lean and phthisicky, Aashing on the sight, purified and balcoughing ont "perhapses and proba- lowed by the " thousand tears of agony blys;" we now see her fattening with and repentance.” learning, and as plausible and as ra- “ Seldom (says our author) has the earth tiocinative as an English counsellor. held a couple of human beings so happy in - Her character will undoubtedly end each other as were Mr. Adara Blair and his

in inveterate blue-stockingism; but it wife. They had been united very early in love will be one of most agreeable taste and and wedlock. Ten years had passed over their elegance, that of referring to the edifica- heads since their hands were joined cogetion and beauty derived from antient ther; and during all that time their beartlearning and art, not the mere tomb. strings had never once vibrated in discord. stone literature of humble topography, these innocent; their sorrows had been all

Their pleasures had been the same, and simply A. B. C. and spelling of sin

in common; and their hours of affliction gle syllables, to be acquired in a month. had, even more than their hours of enjoy, We speak in no disrespect of the in

ment, tended to knit them together. Of dispensable conservative part of the four children whom God had given them,

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three

1822.]
Review.–Life of Rev. Adam Blair.

339 three had been taken speedily away ;-one Hope expects his Promisesand Charity girl only, the first pledge of their love, had loves his Excellencies and Mercies. Taybeen spared to them. She was now a beau- lor. tiful fair-haired creature, of eight years old. In her rested the tenderness and the living

IT is with particular pleasure that

we introduce this volume to the nodelight of both; yet often at the fall of evening would they walk out hand in hand tice of our readers, to many of whom with their bright-eyed child, and shed to the Author's former work of “ Pietas gether tears, to her mysterious, over the Londinensis" is, doubtless, well small grassy mounds in the adjoining vil- known; to such the present publicalage cemetery, beneath which the lost blos- tion is peculiarly valuable, as formsoins of their affection had been buried."

ing a sequel, commencing nearly at « The long melancholy summer passed the period to which that work was away, and the songs of the harvest reapers brought down. To all who interest were heard in the surrounding fields ; while themselves in the cause of Religion all, from day to day, was becoming darker and Benevolence, or who are connectand darker within the manse of Cross-Meikle.

ed with any of the numerous ChariWorn to a shadow-pale as ashes-feeble as

table Institutions here reviewed, such a child-the dying mother had, for many

a compilation is highly desirable ;—the weeks, been unable to quit her chamber; and the long-hoping husband at last felt his utility of it must indeed be obvious to spirit faint within him; for even he per

all. And it is gratifying to find the

zeal and abilities of the author in unceived that the hour of separation could not much farther be deferred. He watched

relaxed exertion, keeping pace with he prayed by her bed-side — he strove even the “unceasing and increasing" tide yet to smile and to speak of hope, but his of British benevolence. It appears lips trembled as he spake ; and neither he that in the Metropolis alone the" ]npor his wife were deceived, for their thoughts stitutions of Charity extend in numwere the same, and years of love had taught ber to nearly 500," and we are here prethem too well all the secrets of each other's sented with a concise but animated looks as well as hearts. Nobody witnessed

account “of more than 60 additional their last parting; the room was darkened, Societies, which, in the short interval and no one was within it but themselves and of 12 years, have emanated from the their child, who sat by the bed-side, weeping in silence she knew not wherefore--for ihe whole together forming a stand

same source of active benevolence; of death she knew little, except the terrible name ; and her father had yet been, if not ing record to the honour of my nabrave enough to shed no tears, at least

tive city, too nearly allied to the nastrong enough to conceal them. — Silently tional character to be suffered to pass and gently was the pure spirit released from unregistered to posterity.” (Dedicaits clay ; but manly groans were, for the tion, p. 4). But the Author's plan is first time, heard above the sobs and wailings best given in his own energetic words. of the infant; and the listening household

“ In endeavouring to present a concise shrunk back from the door, for they knew

view of each Charitable Institutiou to the that the blow had been stricken; and the voice of humble sympathy feared to make hasty search of the more desultory inquirer,

reader's notice, or readily to satisfy the itself be heard in the sanctuary of such af- I have stated first its design and object; fliction."

then its history and character; and lastly Such is the exquisite picture with its terms for contributions, and its official which this book opens; and beautiful conductors ; in all which it has been my as are the various delineations that are principal care to let each speak in its own to be found in its pages, there is per- language from the documents committed to haps no other point which could give my inspection, with such additional remarks the reader so just an idea of the power

or observations as they excited. The reader ful interest and delightful simplicity of must not therefore be surprised to find the thought which pervade the whole com- merits of some institutions which differ in

their system or principles well spoken of; position.

he must conceive them all to be pleading

for themselves, rather than to have adopted 55. Philanthropia Metropolitana ; a View the Author to advocate their cause. I have

of the Charitable Institutions established also conceived, that as in my former publiin and near London, chirfly during the cation, so likewise in this, it will afford a last Twelve Years. By A. Highmore, Esq. satisfactory view of our liberal Metropolis, Author of Pielas Londinensis,&c. &c. to see its many charitable establishments in The increase of Foith, Hope, and Charity a connected arrangement, which presents a - Faith believes the Revelation of God- correct delineation of their respective fea

turcs

[April

,

340 Review.--Highmore's Philanthropia Metropolitana. tures and characters, and engage the at- The National Society Schools. tention of many a well-disposed and gene- The London National Auxiliary Schools. rous heart, to grant their patronage to those The British and Foreign Schools. whose annual reports they might probably The Bedford Free School. never have occasion either to seek or to ex- The Caledonian Asylum. amine."-(Preface, p. 25.)

The London Orphan Asylum. While, however, we exult with the St. Swithin's Sunday School. Author in this “ increase of Faith, The Jews' Free School. Hope, and Charity,” we would ex

The Jews' Hospital. hort every one to lay to heart the prin- The Jews Ladies Benevolent Institution

.

The Jews' Charity for Bread, &c. ciples inculcated in the following ju- The Jews' other Charities, Aid for the dicious sentence.

Sabbath, &c. “ It is admitted that in a natural sense, The Licensed Victuallers' School. theré can be no charity among any people III. Societies for Local Charity. unless there is a general love flowing through- The Maritime Cambrian Society. out their common intercourse ; a prompt The Cumberland Benevolent Society. desire to help each other by advice, by in- The Islington Dispensary. struction, by physical strength, in health, The South London Dispensary. in sickness, in prosperity, and in adverse

Surrey Institution for Discharge of Debtors. fortune ; & spirit of forbearance, a readiness The Wiltshire Society. to bear each other's burthens, and to forgive to the uttermost. If any man frus

IV. Societies for Visiting, &c. trates these duties, yet gives alms to any

General Philanthropic Society, Clerkenwell.

Female Friendly Union Society. individual, or to any Institution for Charity,

The Mother and Infants Friend Society.' his inconsistency manifests his want of true

The Ladies' Benevolent Society for Lying. benevolence.”-(Preface, p. 13.)

in-Women. The whole of the interesting con- The Dorcas Society for the like. tents of this volume afford abundant The Misericordia Society. proof that the vivifying principle of The Widow's Friend and Benevolent Society. genuine Christianity is constantly at The Spitalfields Benevolent Society. work amongst us; and although we have

V. Dispensaries. much to deplore in the frequentinstances Royal Universal Dispensary for Children. of vice, ignorance, and folly, which sur- Royal Dispensary for Diseases of the Ear. round us, yet we are cheered with the The General Dispensary. consciousness, that a large portion of

The Institution for the cure of Glandula the community, without distinction of and Cancerous Diseases. sect or party, is engaged in the Chris

VI. Infirmaries. tian work of administering to the spi- Asylum for the Recovery of Health. ritual and temporal wants of their more

For Asthma, Consumption, and Lungs. needy brethren, and in the practice of For Cutancous Diseases.

For Diseases of the Eye. the new commandment, « To love

The West London Infirmary and Lying-in one another!” We subjoin a list of

Institution. the Charities classed according to the Author's arrangement.

Royal Metropolitan for Sick Children.

The Floating Hospital for Seamen. 1. Societies for Religious Purposes. VII. Societies for Philanthropic purposes. Prayer Book and Homily Society.

Artists and their Families. St. Swithin's Association for distribution of Pensions for Artisans, Mechanics, and their the same and Tracts.

Widows. Merchant Seamen's Auxiliary Bible Society. For Poor Clergymen. Port of London Society.

Guardian Society and Asylum for Publie Bethel Seamen's Union.

Morals. Relief and Instruction for poor Africans and Hayes's Trust. Asiatics.

Philanthropic Harmonists. Baptist Missiouary Society,

Hervé's National Benevolent Institution. London Association in Aid of Moravian

Nightly Shelter, &c. to the Houseless. Missions.

Law Association for Widows and Families. The Continental Society.

Medical Benevolent Society. Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society. Suppression of Mendicity. Home Missionary Society.

Permanent and Universal Peace. The like for London and Vicinity.

Encouragement of Industry and Reduction
The Missionary and Tract Society of the of Poor Ratcs.
New Jerusalem Church.

Improvement of Prison Discipline.
II. Societies for Education.

The Theatrical Funds.
The City of London School of Instruction Registry of Female Servants.
and Industry

Waterloo Subscription.

Addenda. 341

1822.]

Review.-Walpole's Memoires.
Addenda.

next day wrote him a letter to notify that The Ladies' Royal Benevolent Society he would go on no longer. Newcastle, Southwark Female Society.

thunderstruck with having accomplished City of London Lying-in Institution. what he had projected, reached the letter

(he received it at the Board of Treasury)

to Nugent, and cried, “What shall I do? 56. Walpole's Memoires of the last Ten and then hurried to Lord Granville, and Years of the Reign of George II. told him he would resign his place to him. (Continued from p. 238.)

I thought,' said Granville, I had cured THE last portion of the First Vo

you of such offers last year :' 'I will be lume refers to the years 1752, 3, and 4, hanged a little before I take your place, ra

ther than a little after.' Fox too went to vent and contains, among garbled extracts froin the Parliamentary Register, some

his woes on Lord Granville, and prefacing

them with a declaration of bis unambitious anecdotes and sketches worch preserv- temper, that shrewd jolly man interrupted ing. We cannot be expected in our him, and said, Fox, I don't love to have narrow limits to follow the author in

you say things that will not be believed all his details through two such pon. if you was of my age, very well, I have put derous volumes, neither can we afford on my night cap; there is no more dayto extract accounts of any material light for me but you should be ambitious : length. We quote a few anecdotal I want to instil a nobler ambition into you ; fragments.

to make you knock the heads of the Kings « Fox

of Europe together, and jumble something now found it was time to consult his own out of it that may be of service to the security: he saw Newcastle throwing up country.' However, he had too much exworks all round himself; and suspected that perience of Newcastle, to think it possible Pitt would be invited to defend them. He for Fox to go on with him, or to expect that saw how little power he had obtained by his Newcastle would let him." last treaty with that Duke ; he saw himself

“CHARACTER OF GEORGE THE SECOND. involved in the bad success of measures on which he had not been consulted, scarce

“The King had fewer sensations of resuffered to give an opinion ; and he knew venge, or at least knew how to hoard them that if Pitt and Newcastle united, he must

better than any man whoever sat upon a be sacrificed as the cement of their union.

throne. The insults he experienced from Indeed his Grace, so far from keeping terms,

his own, and those obliged servants, never had not observed common decency with him. provoked him enough to make him venture A few instances which Fox selected to jus- the repose of his people, or his own. If tify to the King the step he was reduced to any object of his hate fell in his way, he take, shall suffice. Early in the summer,

did not pique himself upon heroic forgiveNewcastle complaining of want of support,

ness, but would indulge it at the expence Fox told him that if it would facilitate his of his integrity, though not of his safety. Grace's measures, he would resign Secre- He was reckoned strictly honest; but the tary of State to Mr. Pitt, and take an in- burning his father's will must be an indeferior place. This at the beginning of Oc- lible blot upon his memory, as a much later tober The Duke recollected, and told Lord

instance of his refusing to pardan a young Barrington that if Fox would not take it man who had been condemned at Oxford ill, he would offer his place to Pitt the for a most trifling forgery, contrary to all next day : so far from not taking it ill, Fox example, when recommended to mercy by made it matter of complaint that his Grace the judge, merely because Willes, who was had dared to think him sincere in the offer. attached to the Prince of Wales, had tried In the list of the Prince's family, Fox saw

him, and assured him his pardon, will stamp the names of eight or ten members of Par- his name with cruelty, though in general liament, of whom he had not heard a word, his disposition was merciful, if the offence till the Duke of Newcastle told him all was was not murder. His avarice was much less settled with the King; and which, though equivocal than his courage : he had distinmeant to soften, was an aggravation by the guished the latter early; it grew more doubtmanner; at the same time acquainted him ful afterwards : the former he distinguished that the King would let Lord Digby (Fox's very near as soon, and never deviated from nephew) be a Lord of the Bedchamber to it. His understanding was not near so dethe Prince, preferably to the other compe- ficient as it was imagined; but though his titors : “But it was at my desire,' said the character changed extremely in the world, Duke, for his Majesty was very averse to

it was without foundation; for, whether he do any thing for you. Fox replied coldly, deserved to be so much ridiculed as he had

Lord Digby is not likely to live.' 'Ohľ been in the former part of his reign, or so said Newcastle, with a brutality which the respected as in the latter, he was consistent burry of folly could not excuse, • then that in himself, and uniformly meritorious or abwill settle it." Fox made no reply, but the surd. His other passions were Germany,

the

342
Review. - Walpole's Memoires.

[April, the Army, and Women. Both the latter the First. Without the particular features had a mixture of parade in them. He of any Stuart, the Chevalier has the strong treated my Lady Suffolk, and afterwards lines and fatality of air peculiar to them all. Lady Yarmouth, as his mistresses, while he From the first moment I saw him, I never admired only the Queen ; and never describ- doubted the legitimacy of his birth—a beed what he thought a handsome woman, but lief not likely to occasion any scruples in he drew her picture. Lady Suffolk was sen- one whose principles directly tend to apsible, artful, and agreeable, but had neither prove dethroning the most geuuine prince, sense or art enough to make him think her

whose religion, and whose maxims of goso agreeable as his wife. When she left vernment are incompatible with the liberty him, tired of acting the mistress, while she

of his country had in reality all the slights of a wife, and “ He never gave the world very favourno interest with him, the Opposition affected able impressions of him : in Scotland, bis to cry up her virtue, and the obligations the behaviour was far from heroic. At Rome, King had to her, for consenting to seem his where, to be a good Roman-catholic, it is mistress, while in reality she had confined by no means necessary to be very religious, him to mere friendshipa ridiculous pre- they have little esteem for bim: it is not at tence, as he was the last man in the world home that they are fond of martyrs and conto have taste to talk sentiments, and that fessors. But it was his ill-treatment of the with a woman who was deaf! Lady Yar- Princess Sobieski, his wife, that originally mouth was inoffensive, and attentive only to disgusted the papal court. She, who to zeal pleasing him, and to selling peerages when- for popery, had united all its policy, who ever she had an opportunity. The Queen was lively, insinuating, agreeable, and enterbad been admired and happy by governing prizing, was fervently supported by that him by address ; it was not then known how court, when she could no longer endure the easily he was to be goverued by fear. In- mortifications that were offered to her by deed there were few arts by which he was Hay and his wife, the titular counts of Innot governed at some time or other of his verness, to whom the Chevalier bad entirely life; for not to mention the late Duke of resigned himself. The Pretender retired to Argyle, who grew a favourite by imposing Bologna, but was obliged to sacrifice his himself upon him for brave ; nor Lord Wil- favourites, before he could re-establish himmington, who imposed himself upon him self at Rome. His next prime minister was for the Lord knows what; the Queen go- Murray, nominal Earl of Dunbar, brother verned him by dissimulation, by affected of the Viscount Stormont, and of the cetenderness and deference: Sir Robert Wal- lebrated Solicitor-general. He was a man pole by abilities and influence in the House of artful abilities, graceful in his person and of Commons, Lord Granville by flattering manner, and very attentive to please. He in his German politics; the Duke of New- had distinguished himself before he was of castle by teazing and betraying him ; Mr. age, in the last parliament of Queen Anne, Pelham by bullying him, the only man by and chose to attach himself to the unsucwhom Mr. Pelham was not bullied himself

. cessful party abroad, for whose re-establishWho indeed had not sometimes weight ment he had co-operated. He was, when with the King, except his children and his still very young, appointed governor to the mistresses ? With them he maintained all young princes, but growing suspected by the reserve and majesty of rank. He had the warm jacobites of some correspondence the haughtiness of Henry the Eighth, with- with Sir Robert Walpole, and not entering out his spirit; the avarice of Henry the Se- into the favourite project of Prince Charles's venth, without his exactions; the indigni- expedition to Scotland, he thought fit to ties of Charles the First, without his bigo- leave that court, and retire to Avignon, try for his prerogative ; the vexations of where, while he was regarded as lukewarm King William, with as little skill in the ma- to the cause, from his connexion with the nagement of parties; and the gross gallan- Solicitor-general here, the latter was not at try of his father, without his good motive all less suspected of devotion to a court or his honesty: he might perhaps have been where his brother had so long been first honest, if he had never hated his father, or minister." had ever loved his son."

In the close of the account of the The Scotch Court at Rome is thus year 1755, there is an attempt made to described.

pourtray some of the most eminent “ The Chevalier de St. George is tall, but it deserves no serious considera

Parliamentary characters of the day, mcager, melancholy in his aspect. Enthusiasm and disappointment have stamped a

tion, as it seems executed in the same solemnity on his person, which rather cre

spirit of abuse which distinguishes the ates pity than respect: he seems the phan- whole work. tom, which good-nature, divested of reflec- The style of the Second Volume, tion, conjures up, when we think on the and indeed the matter, is pretty much misfortunes, without the demerits, of Charles of a piece with the First; where it is

original,

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