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328 Pastime of the Progresses 9"-Letter from E. of Leicester. [April, two leagues from Elsenore, and there health, which, God be thanked, ys as good in the dinner time uttered many loving as I have long known yt ; and for her lyking speeches. And, after, to wit, on the of this House *, I assure your L. I think she one and twentith of September, the never came to place in her lyfe she lyked lord ambassador, with all his traine, better, or commended more ; and synce ber imbarked at Emden, and arrived at

coming hither, as oft as wether serves, she Bromeholine, in Norffolke, on Thurs

has not been within-dores. The bowse daie, the 27th daie of September."

lykes her well, and her owen lodgings spe

cyally. She thinks her cost well bestowed, Mr. URBAN,

she sayth, yf it had been five times as much : April 10.

but I'wold her Majesty wold bestowe but IN N a short Preface to Gascoigue's half as much more, and then I think she

“ Princely Pleasures at the Court should have as pleasant and comodyus : at Kenelworth,” 1576, the printer howse* as any in England. I am sorry (Richard Jones), after noticing the your L. ys not here to se yt. Even by and great curiosity expressed by the pub- by her Majesty ys going to the Forest

, to lick at large to see a true representa

kill some bucks with her bowe, as she hath tion of those entertainments, adds,

done in the Park this morning. God be " And these I have (for thy amusement,

thanked, she is very merry. But at ber gentle reader) now published: the rather, her coming hither, not one drop of good

first coming, being a marvelous hott day at because of a report therof lately imprinted, drink for her, so ill was she provyded for, by the name of The Pastime of the Pro- notwithstanding her oft telling of her coming gresse;' which in deede) doth nothing hither; but we were fain to send to London touch the particularitie of euery commen

with bottells, to Kenelworth, to divers other dable action, but generally reherseth hir

Her own here was Majestie's cheerefull entertainment in all places where ale was. places where shee passed : togither with such, as there was no man able to drink it;

yt had been as good to have drank malmsey; the exceeding ioye that her subiects had to see hir: which report made verye many the

and yet was it laid in about three dayes bemore desirous to have this perfect copy :

fore her Majesty came. Hit did put her for that it plainelye doth set downe every

very farr out of temper, and almost all the

company beside so: for none of us all was thing as it was in deede presented, at large : and further doth declare who was the by chance, we have found drink for her to

able to drink either bere or ale here. Synce, aucthour and deviser of every poeme and her lykyng, and she is well agayn : but I invencion."

feared greatly, two or three dayes, some Though this “ Pastime” does not sickness to have fallen by reason of this profess to give the Prose and Poetry of drynk. God be thanked, she is now perfect Gascoigne, it probably contains many well and merry; and I think, upon Thursparticulars respecting the Queen's en- day come se'nnight, will take her journey iertainment at the great houses which towards Kenelworth, whear I pray God she were honoured by her presence when may lyke all things no worse than she hath going through Northamptonshire to

done here: I hope the better by the good Long Ichington, Warwick, and Kenel- newe

For the graunt of her Majesty worth; and the communication of a

touching the Concealed Wards, &c. as I copy of it would be esteemed as a very ings, so will I be no whit the less thankfull

have to thank your L. for the friendly dealessential favour by J. NICHOLS.

than I have promised; and therof

your P.S. The following letter to Ld. Bur- fer it to my consideration. "It shall be even

assure yourself, though it please you to releigh, June 18, 1575, thongh it does as I offered your L. at first, and so shall not specify the precise place, shews your own dealers be the doers as myne. that the Queen rested some days at And as I know your L. charge to be as one of her own palaces, in her road to myne, and as your place required, so wold it Kenelworth,

did lye in me, or may lye in me, to help to • My good L. The great expectation I better yt ; as you shall sone find, when the had of your being here before this tyme,

occasion shall offer, that I will deal no less, hath caused me to be more sylent to you

but more earnestly than for myself; for so then ells I had been ; but finding your com

I may do; and what your L. 'shall impart ing yet doubtfull (albeyt I hope Kenelworth

unto me at any time for the accomplishshall not mysse you), I will lett your L.

ment hereof, ye shall se how willingly and understand such newes as we have, which ys

carefully I will deal in yt: And so wishing only and chefely of her Majesties good you good health, and alway well to do, with

my most hearty commendations, will byd Which of the Queen's Houses was this? your L. farewell. In some hast, reddy to - Probably either Havering in Essex, or ryde, this Tuesday toward evening, (June 18] Grafton in Northamptonshire.

Your assured friend, R. LEYCESTER.

newes.

L.

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

50. Index Monasticus; or, the Abbeys and natural offspring of riches and super

other Monasteries, Alien Priories, Friaries, fuous production, and if we have now Colleges, Collegiate Churches, and Hospi- do Monks, we have more lounging tals, with their Dependencies, formerly estal·lished in the Diocese of Norwich, and diers.

gentlemen, professional men, and solthe antient Kingdom of East Anglia, systematically arranged and briefly described, Nuns, in a society of high civilization,

That the institution of Monks and according to the respective Orders and Denominations in each County, and illustrated is a pernicious mischief of the most by Maps of Suffolk, Norfolk, and the City serious kind, cannot be disputed; but of Norwich, and the Arms of Religioris in the barbarous ages, such associations Houses. By Richard Taylor, of Norwich. grew out of the desire of peace and

Lond. fol. pp. xxxii. 164. Rodwell, &c. self-preservation. The Augustan hisHEN (ENRY the Eighth, in the dis- tory exhibits this origin ; but our preeased appetite of his sacrilege,

sent concern is not with the thing in considered the Monastic buildings as

a general view. We have only, as eatables, and gormandized with his Pilgrims, to visit in reverence the conostriches * of Courtiers, upon stones,

secrated spots which our ancestors relead, and bell-metal. The pretence garded with the feelings of the Israel. was, that the Birds or Monks, whom

ites towards the holy ark; and, as phihe treated as sparrows, might not be losophers, to execrate the tyrant who reinstated in their nests by popular pulled down the houses, because the violence; but the magnificence of the

tenants were obnoxious to him. Monastic Churches was in general so

The elegant and well-digested work superior to the Parochial, that an ex

before us, is ushered in with an explachange might well have taken place, natory and elaborate preface. Mr. and the latter have been pulled down Taylor well illustrates the nature of instead. Thus these beautiful inonu

the communities formed by the ments of our National Architecture British Saints, with the exception of would have been preserved (like the the first sentence, which is not prefine Church of Tewkesbury and others) cisely correct, for they were not asby the mere veneration of the Laity. semblies of Christian families,” in our Self-interest has, however, neither ears

sense of that term, viz. marrying, nor feelings ; and the Sovereign, in his children-getting, fagging hard for a fanatical rage for hunting Ecclesiastics, maintenance, domestic quarrels, and turned whipper-in, and dealt out him other disagreeable et ceteras, annexed self the flesh to his hounds, and wielded

to living in the family stile. These the whip instead of the sceptre. Ad

Monks avoided all this, and mitting that Popery and Monachism

“ Lived together, for the advantages of were bad things, a better King might society, of instruction, and of civilization, have permitted the existing generation barbarous times, it was no wonder that perof Monks to have died off, and pro

sons of all ranks should be disposed to enbibited renewal. This might have

ter or to found those retired societies, been accompanied with that proper where science first began to appear; where disposition of the revenues, by which truth, the most interesting truth, was to be pluralities would have been abolished. heard; and where civilized manners preAs to Society, that has been no gainer, vailed,' instead of the brutal roughness which poor's-rates having been instituted characterized those ages. The habits of the through loss of the Monastic charities; members of these Christian communities difand with regard to unproductive la- fered little from those of the common classes bourers, there can be no doubt but of persons in their respective countries, and, that the Funding system has mul

in the long course of ages, became singular tiplied them ten-fold more than ever

only by their retaining, without alteration, any particular forms of religion pos- simple; their manuers peaceful ; their so

the antient mode. Their habitations were sibly could do. Lazy fellows are the ciety instructive; their retirement volunWe are aware that this property, as

tary. Subjecting themselves to no unnes cribed to the Ostrich, is fictitious.

cessary and unsocial restrictions, binding

themselves with no vows of poverty, of GENT. MAG. April, 1822.

chastity,

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330
REVIEW.-Taylor's Index Monasticus,

[April

, chastity, or of obedience, they yet observed These mistakes are Mr. King's, not these points more scrapulously than those Mr. Taylor's: who quotes the former who, in after times, ceremoniously vowed verbatim. The distinction between to practise them. Fanaticism alone intro- Monastery and Convent (p. ix.) is duced, in later times, restraint, severity, and merely that of the earliest æras. Mooppression.” Introd. p. i.

nasterium was not limited by the Some very curious matter, from Mr. Monks themselves to the recluse orKing, is also inserted, bearing the ti- ders. William of Malmsbury, for intle of Monastic Prisons. Under the

stance, applies the term Monasterium authority of Mr. Fosbroke, (Glouces- to the Benedictine Abbey of Gloucester City, p. 264), we observe, that the ter, a society living in community. Monastic Prison was annexed to the Very judicious remarks are made Infirmary; that the pretended prison concerning Leper or Lazar houses, at Gloucester was the Vestiary (Id. p. and the frequency of the disease, 259), and that, in our opinion, the in- owing to “ 'inattention to personal stances below quoted reler to different cleanliness.”. things.

“ In all the numerous military castles “ This place at Worcester Cathedral was after the Conquest, the garrison and sertolerably convenient, and had a remarkable vants slept upon trusses of straw, and were pipe cut through the wall, sloping towards crowded together without any external comthe altar, to enable the person confined to munication with the light or air." p. xii. see the celebration of mass in the south

Of the Hospitals, Mr. Taylor obtransept beneath.” p. vi.

serves, This, we conceive, was a mere Con

“ As the reception of pilgrims and poor fessional, as was, we think, also, the travellers was formerly one of the principal following.

uses of the Hospitals, they were generally “In the Church of St. Alban's Abbey, situated by a road side." p. xiii. was a cell within one of the pillars, called From Mr. Fosbroke's “Berkeley Ma. the Prison pillar, in the nave, and had a small loop-hole to afford light and air, and Inns by Travellers was rare.

nuscripts,” it that the use of

appears to admit of the imprisoned monks seeing the

The article on Conventual Seals is celebration of mass at a certain altar.” p. vi. The last instance, quoted as a mo

very instructive. nastic prison, is this,

« Previously to the time of Edward III.

the convent seals represented the patron At Ewenny, a Benedictine Priory in saints and the abbots seated upon thrones; but Glamorganshire, under the touer of the South

after this period they constantly exhibited gate is as singular a dungeon as has ever been found in any religious house. Passing nopies and arches."

these figures sitting or standing beneath cathrough a strong door-way, and along a gallery only one foot and a half wide, by two

We must now take our leave of this turnings at right angles, you arrive at a very

standard and valuable work, and refer deep dungeon, only six feet in diameter, our readers, for further particulars, to placed directly within the centre of a very

Mr. Taylor's own account in our Ma

gazine for last Sept. p. 208, and that This prison, it is to be observed,

of a Correspondent, in June, p. 518. was under the South gate; and it is

We have, however, one merit in well-known, that the Porter's Lodge particular to notice, viz. that the work in castles and abbeys had a dungeon.

informs us where views of existing or Thus in the description of Thornbury

once existing remains of the fabricks Castle (Leland's Collect. i. p. 658)

are to be found. is the following paragraph:

The paper, printing, and plates, are « On the left hand thereof is a Porter's

in a style worthy the work. Lodge, containing three rooms, with a Dungeon underneaih the same for a place

51. Kenilworth Illustrated; or, the His. of imprisonment."

tory of the Castle, Priory, and Church of In the Survey of Bridlington Priory Kenilworth. With a Description of their (article Gatehouse) is this item :

present State. 4to. pp. 178. Merridew, « In the Northe syde of the same Gatehouse ys there a prison for offenders," (Ar- FOR this elegant volume we are chæologia, xix. 271) i.e.common delinquents, indebted to Messrs. Merridew and Son, as the black hole in watch houses.

of Coventry, its spirited Publishers,

P. xxii.

strong tower.'

p. vi.

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Coventry

d as

REVIEW.-Kenilworth Ilustrated.

331 and T. Radcliffe, Queen Elizabeth; from a coeval Tranm3, at Birming- script, in a Volume of Manuscript

Vaverley has Collections, by Henry Ferrers, esq. it can be col- of Baddesley Clinton, co. Warwick; lebrated place,

now in the possession of Williain to the reader; Hamper, esq. F.S. A. of Birmingham, 1. III. p. 80) has from whose able assistance, and that of k now under re- Thomas Sharp, esq. of Coventry, the hance, with pecu- whole of this excellent Publication

It is indeed well owes much of its Literary merit. being got up (as the It may reasonably be conjectured, {very attention to the without disparagement to his literary :pography, and the ele- reputation, that they are from the mbellishments. It is il- pen of the well-known and ingenious nearly 20 Plates, includ- writer, George Ferrers, whose proortrait of the Earl of Lei- ductions raised him to a conspicuous ious Views of the Remains station among the poets of the Elizaistle, Priory, Church, &c.; bethan age. Of the celebrated Lord cautiful Monument by West- of Misrule, see our last Volume, part to the memory of Mrs. Gres- ii. p. 321. - The occasion on which

the first Part of these Masques was .e History of the Manor, Priory, performed is supposed to have been Castle, seems to have been com- on the Anniversary of the Queen's

an accompaniment to the Accession in 1590, when Sir Heury stes, but it is drawn with great care, Lee, her Majesty's personal chamed is a very considerable enlargement pion, resigned his office, through age from Sir William Dugdale by a mas- and infirmity, to George Clifford, terly hand, of congenial taste with the Earl of Cumberland. The Second original author, bringing the descrip- Part was probably acted when the tion down to the present period. “The Queen, either in continuance of the actual Survey of the Castle in 1821,” same fête, or soon after, visited the illustrated as it is with an accurate plan, aged Knight at his own habitation, and some exquisite engravings, is an ab- ai Quarendon, near Aylesbury. solute treasure-trore. In our last vo- For an account of Sir Henry Lee lume, (part i. p. 247) we gave the his- and his family, with their epitaphs, tory of this antient Castle, with a View and description of their burial-place of it as it appeared in 1620, copied at Quarendon, see our vol. LXXXVII. from a fine print published by Messrs. part ii. pp. 106. 115. 290. 489; vol. Merridew, from a drawing by Henry LXXXVIII. part i. pp. 116-120. Beighton in 1716, of a curious fresco painting then existing upon a Wall at Nuneham Padox, the Seat of the Earl The Martyr of Antioch; a Dramatic of Denbigh.

Poem. By the Rev. H. H. Milman, ProIn the Appendix are biographical

fessor of Poetry in the University of Oxu Memoirs of Robert Laneham and

8vo. pp. 168. Murray. George Gascoigne ; with Reprints THE subject of this poem is of the of Laneham's “ Letter,” and Gas- most elevated description. It is particoigne's “ Princelye Pleasures at Ke- cularly calculated to inspire the mind nilworth.”. Having so recently given with ihe deepest veneration for that ample details of these splendid page- religion which was sealed and attested ants (see pp. 50, 151), we shall merely by the blood of its early promoters ; state that these tracts are here care- and for which, in later times, a Cranfully and literally reprinted from the mer, a Hooper, and a Latimer bled. original editions in the possession of Mr. Milinan may be considered as a William Staunton, esq. accompanied champion of the sacred muse. The with judicious notes and observations. purity of his religion and the elegance The reprint of Gascoigne contains the of his numbers may, in some degree, Printer's Address, and various Readings, administer an antidote to the baneful from an unique copy formerly belong- effluvia of the “Satanic School." He ing to Dr. Farmer. To these are add- has already acquired considerable ce. ed, some unpublished Masques, of lebrity by " The Fall of Jerusalem," great literary merit, performed before and other poems of a similar tone,

ford.

which

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332

Review.-Milman's Martyr of Antioch. [April, which bear the impress of genius, at- bus, near the end of the third century, tended by religion and virtue. His lan- when persecutions against the Chrisguageaccords with the devout sublimity tians were carried to the most relentof the subjects. It is not so much calcu- less intolerance. Olybius, the Prefect lated to astonish the mind, as to excite of the East, then resided at Antioch. the emotions of the heart. The fer- He is enamoured of Margarita, the vour of imagination and the brilliancy daughter of Callias, priest of A pollo, of imagery which distinguish the epic and wishes to obtain her in marriage. bards of classic lore, it is true,' are She had been secretly converted to the not to be discovered. The theme Christian belief; and therefore rejects which inspires the Christian's muse his offer. She is so determined against needs not the glowing numbers of the the abjuration of her faith, that she Chian bard. The one breathes the ultimately receives the crown of mar. soft strains of eloquence and truth; tyrdom. the other dazzles with the vivid glare The piece opens with a choral hymn in of poetic fire, as the thundering tide praise of Apollo. The scene is in front of battle rolls along.

of the temple. At the conclusion CalThe author has evidently introduced lias, the chief priest, Macer, govermany fictitious embellishments from

nor of the city, Olybius, the prehis own imagination; notwithstand- fect, and several Roman citizens, ening, the piece is an admirable tout ter into the most extravagant eulogies ensemble. It has been the writer's ob- on the lovely Margarita, the priestess ject to represent a young and beautiful of Apollo. female labouring under the internal

First Priest. and mental agonies to which converts

I once beheld her, when the thronging to Christianity were primarily exposed.

people She, like thousands, had to surrender Prest aound, yet parted still to give her way; life when it appeared to be endowed Even as the blue enamour'd waves, when first with the highest blessings of Provi- The sea-born Goddess in her rosy shell dence ; and to abandon this world Sail'd the calm ocean. when all its pleasures, its riches, and

Second PRIEST. its glories were in her power. It was

Margarita, come,

Come in thy zoneless grace, thy flowing locks froin such trials as these that the meek

Crown'd with the laurel of the God; the lyre religion of Christ came forth trium- Accordant to thy slow and musical steps, phant. As a contrast to this, the wor- As grateful 't would return the harmony, ship of A pollo is introduced, which was That from thy touch it wins. the most dazzling and alluring of all the Pagan superstitions. The Temple This long, this bashful, timorous delay

THIRD PRIEST. Come, Margarita. and Sacred Grove of Daphne, at An

Beseems thee well, and thou wilt come the tioch, were renowned for their splen

lovelier, did magnificence. Strabo, Chrysos- Even like a late long-look'd for flower in

[spring. tom, and other ancient writers, have transmitted elaborate descriptions to

One of the priests then enters the posterity. The colossal figure of Apollo forth the tardy maiden” to join in their

sanctuary, and “in Apollo's name calls almost filled the capacious sanctuary solemnities; but she appears not. erected to his honour. The temple was enriched with gold and gems,

CALLIAS. and superbly adorned by the skill of Shame upon the child, the Græcian artists. During the reign That thus will make th' assembled lords of of Julian the Apostate, the temple of Antioch, Daphne and the statue of the god of And sovereign Rome's imperial Prefect, wait light were burnt to the ground, and Her wayward pleasure. the walls of the edifice were left a Fourth Priest (returning from within.) naked and awful monument of ruin.

Callias ! This Poem is founded on a Legend,

Callias. recorded in the Roman Calendar, of

Ha! what now! St. Margaret. She is stated, by the

FOURTH PRIEST. legendary historians, to be the daugh

Callias ! ter of a heathen priest, who officiated

Callias. in the temple of Apollo, in the splen

Hath lightning smitten thee to silence ? did city of Antioch. The period of Or hath some sinister and angry sign, time is the reign of the Emperor Pro. The bleeding statue of the godo or birds

Obscene

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