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323 In some springs it is limpid and trans- may be seen entering the sulphureous parent; in others turbid, of a white or steam to cleanse themselves of filth and reddish hue. All the waters generally vermin.
N. I. deposit a blue or red clayey substance. Crystals of alum and sulphur are
AN ACCOUNT OF THE CELEBRATION found in abundance; some of which
OF THE May-GAMES, AND THE are beautiful and curious; and where
REASON OF THEIR SUPPRESSION. the vapour issues and exudes from the apertures of the rock, the crystals are
I from one to two inches in length.
for all the citizens who were able, A small river bends its course to divert themselves in the woods and through the valley; on whose edge in meadows with May-games; diversions several places are hot springs, and occa- not confined to the lower class, but sionally in the middle of the stream a equally the entertainment of persons of perceptible agitation may be observed, the highest rank; a remarkable inwhich is doubtless produced by them; stance of which is inserted in Hall's and an ochry sediment is deposited on Chronicle, under the year 1515, when the pebbles and stones of its bed, while that author observes, that King Henry the bushes on the banks are incrusted VIII. and Queen Catharine, accomwith sulphur and alum. The taste of panied by many lords and ladies, rode these waters greatly varies : in some it a maying from Greenwich to the high has a stpng impregnation of vitriolic ground of Shooter's Hill, where, as acid ; ir others carbonic; in others they passed along, they saw a company aluminous, or ferruginous; while in of 200 tall yeomen, all clothed in others i is perfectly insipid. Not far green, with green hoods, and bows from these hot springs is a hill of pu- and arrows. One, who was their mice stone, from which issue several chieftain, was called Robin Hood, springs of cold water. In their short and desired the King and all his comcouse some deposit a pale yellow ochry pany to stay and see his men shoot; to sedment, and others that of a higher which the King agreeing, he whisccour. The taste of the water is tled, and all the two hundred dischargslarp, the smell ferruginous, and the ed their arrows at once; which they ungency excessively penetrating. In repeated on his whistling again. Their
glass it sparkles like Champagne. To arrows had something placed in the the West, not quite half a mile, are heads of them that made them whistle several other hot springs, to which in- as they flew, and altogether made a loud valids resort, who seek their uses. and very uncommon noise, at which Farther on, are also others of a similar the King and Queen were greatly denature. Nearly a mile further to the lighted. The gentleman who assumed West, is a small river called Sanguis. the character of Robin Hood then de. lenta, or bloody river, from its red co sired the King and Queen, with their lour. On its banks are several cold retinue, to enter the green wood, where, springs of a strong ferruginous taste in arbours made with boughs, interand smell. About a mile South of mixed with flowers, they were plentithis river, beyond a range of moun- fully served with venison and wine, by Lains, is a cluster of hot springs, pos- Robin Hood and his men. sessing properties as various as the About two years after, an event hapothers. One of them is about twenty- pened which occasioned the epithet of four feet in length, and twelve in evil to be added to this day of rejoicbreadih. Near it are several colding. The citizens, being extremely springs in a state of agitation similar exasperated at the encouragement to the hot ones. They have a sharp given to foreigners, a priest, named taste and smell, and are highly impreg- Bell, was persuaded to preach against nated.
them at the Spital; and, in a very inThe inhabitants residing near the flaming sermon, he invited the people springs render them subservient to their to oppose all strangers: this occasionuse by placing their cooking utensils on ed frequent quarrels in the streets, for the water, or on the smoking crevices, which some Englishmen were comand thus prepare their different meals. mitted to prison. It is not io the human race alone that Suddenly a rumour arose, that on these wonderful productions are use- May-day all the foreigners would be ful, but also to the cattle, who at times assassinated, and several strangers fled :
324 May Games temp. Henry VIII.; Reason of their Suppression. [Apríl, this coming to the knowledge of the wheels, to be removed from street to King's Council, Cardinal Wolsey sent street, and from door to door. for the Lord Mayor and several of the On the 7th of May, several others City Council, told them what he had were found guilty, and received the heard, and exhorted them to preserve same sentence as the former, and soon the peace. Upon this affair a Court of after were drawn upon hurdles to the Common Council was assembled at Standard in Cheapsíde; but, when one Guildhall, on the evening before May- was executed, and the rest about to be day, in which it was resolved to order turned off, a respite came, and they every man to shut up his door, and were remanded back to prison. keep his servants at home; and this After this, the soldiers who had kept advice being immediately communi- watch in the city were withdrawn, cated to the Cardinal, met with his which making the citizens flatter approbation.
themselves that the King's displeasure Upon this, every Alderman sent to against them was not so great as they inform his Ward, that no man should had imagined, the Lord Mayor, Restir out of his house after nine o'clock, corder, and several Aldermen, went in but keep his doors shut, and his ser- mourning gowns to wait upon the vants within till nine in the morning. King at Greenwich; when, having This order had not been long given, attended for some time at the Privy when one of the Aldermen, returning Chamber door, his Majesty with sevefrom his Ward, observed two young ral of the nobility came forh: upon men at play in Cheapside, and many which, all of them falling upon their others looking at them. He would knees, the Recorder, in the name of have sent them to the Compter, but the rest, in the most humble and subthey were soon rescued, and the cry missive terms, begged that heworld have raised of “Prentices, prentices! Clubs mercy on them for their neglrence, Clubs !” Instantly the people arose: and compassion on the offenders, whom by eleven o'clock they amounted to he represented as a small number of six or seven hundred ; and the crowd light persons. His Majesty let tiem still increasing, they rescued from know that he was really displeand, Newgate and the Compter the pri- and that they ought to wail and be soners committed for abusing the fo- sorry for it; for, as they had not &. seigners; while the Mayor and She- tempted to fight with those whok riffs, who were present, made procla- they pretended were so small a num mation in the King's name; but in- ber of light persons, they must have stead of obeying it, they broke open winked at the matter: he' therefore orthe houses of many Frenchmen and dered them to repair to the Lord Chanother foreigners, and continued plun- cellor, who would give them an an. dering them till three in the morning; swer. Upon which they retired, when beginning to disperse, the Mayor deeply mortified. and his attendants took three hundred
Being informed that the King was of them, and committed them to the to be ať Westminster Hall on the 22d several prisons. While this riot last- of May, they resolved to repair thither; ed, the Lieutenant of the Tower dis- which they did with the consent of charged several pieces of ordnance Cardinal Wolsey, Lord High Chanagainst the city, but without doing cellor. The King sat at the upper much mischief; and about five in the end of the Hall, under a cloth of state, morning several of the nobility march with the Cardinal and several of the ed thither, with all the forces they nobility : and the Lord Mayor, Aldercould assemble.
men, Recorder, and several of the On the 4th of May, the Lord Common Council attended: the priMayor, the Duke of Norfolk, the soners, who then amounted to about Earl of Surrey, and others, sat upon four hundred, were brought in their the trial of the offenders at Guildhall, shirts, bound together with cords, and the Duke of Norfolk entering the city with halters about their necks ; with 1300 men. That day several among them were eleven women. The were indicted, and on the next thir- Cardinal having sharply rebuked the teen were sentenced to be hanged, Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty drawn and quartered; for the execu- for iheir negligence, told the prisoners, tion of whom, ten gallowses were set that, for their offences against the laws up in several parts of the city, upon of the realm, and against his Majesty's
Crown 1822.] May Day Collation given to the Queen of Sweden. 325 Crown and dignity, they had deserved do in three or four days at lier own death : upon which they all set up a table. piteous cry of “Mercy, gracious Lord! The entertainment was as full and Mercy!" Which so moved the King, noble as the place would afford, and that at the earnest intreaty of the as Whitelocke could make it, and so Lords, he pronounced them pardoned; well ordered and contrived, that the upon which, giving a great shout, they Queen said, she had never seen any threw up their halters towards the top like it: she was pleased so far to play of the Hall, crying, “God save the the good housewife, as to enquire how King !"
the butter could be so fresh and sweet, After this affair the May-games and yet brought out of England? were not so commonly used as before. Whitelocke, from his cooks, satisfied
W.R. her Majesty's enquiry; that they put
the salt butter into milk, where it lay ACCOUNT OP A MAY-DAY
all night, and the next day it would COLLATION,
eat fresh and sweet as this did, and Given by Whitelocke, in the English any bulter new. made, and commend
Manner (during his Embassy from ed her Majesty's good housewifery; Oliver Cromwell), to Christina,
who, to express her contentment to Queen of Sweden, and some of her
this Collation, was full of pleasantness favourile Ladies and Courtiers. and gaiety of spirits, both in supper
time, and afterwards: among other THISobeing Mayday: Wibitelocked frolicks, she commanded Whitelocke had made to the Queen, put her in tion; which, after some pretty demind of it, that as she was his mis
fences, their lips obeyed, and Whitetress, and this May-day, he was by locke most readily. the custom of England to wait upon She highly commended Whiteher to take the air, and to treat her
locke's musick of the trumpets, which with some little Collation, as her ser
sounded all supper-time, and her disvant.
course was all of mirth and drollery, The Queen said, the weather was wherein Whitelocke endeavoured to very cold, yet she was very willing to answer her, and the rest of the combear him company after the English pany did their parts. mode.
It was late before she returned to With the Queen were Woolfeldt, the Castle, whither Whitelocke waitTott, and five of her ladies. White- ed on her; and she discoursed a little locke brought them to his Collation, with him about his business, and the which he had commanded his servants time of his audience, and gave him to prepare in the best manner they many thanks for his noble treatment could, and altogether after the English of her and her company. fashion.
Our author informs us, that two days At the table with the Queen sat La after this entertainment, Mons. WoolBelle Countesse, the Countesse Ga- feldt, being, invited by Whitelocke, briel Oxenstierne, Woolfeldt, Tott, told him that the Queen was and Whitelocke; the other ladies sat tremely pleased with his treatment of in another room. Their meat was her. Whitelocke excused the meansuch fowl as could be gotten, dressed ness of it for her Majesty. Woolfeldt after the English fashion, and with replied, that both the Queen and all English sauces, creams, puddings, the company esteemed it as the handcustards, tarts, tanseys, English ap- somest and noblest that they ever saw; ples, bon chrétien pears, cheese, but- and the Queen, after that, would drink ter, neats' tongues, potted venison, and no other wine but Whitelocke's, and sweet-meats, brought out of England, kindly accepted the neats' tongues, as his sacke and claret also was; his potted venison, and other cakes, which, beer was also brewed, and his bread upon her commendation of them, made by his own servants, in his own Whitelocke sent unto her Majesty. house, after the English manner; and
W.R. the Queen and her company seemed
March 3. highly pleased with this treatment; I.ccount of the Abbey of Fonthill, some of her company said, she did ear and drink more at it, than she used to Wilts, in which the judgment and
[April, taste of the late Mr. Wyatt as an archi- through the cloister, to the great hall. tect, are rather severely dealt with. Your Opposite to this a winding staircase conCorrespondent, who signs himself“ A ducts to the apartments above, and to a Passer-by,” might rather be consider- small gallery. We now proceed to the ed a Judious Observer, for he has cer
small gallery which is above the yellowtainly given an accurate description of room; it contains costly tables, inlaid with the exterior of the building, and ex- pieces of chiña. Adjoining this is an apart
oriental alabaster, and many invaluable posed its most glaring faults; but I am
ment devoted to the use of such artists as inclined to believe that Mr. Wyatt is
are employed in directing the works now not justly chargeable with
these things, carrying on at Fonthill; it contains a collechaving understood that his judgment tion of the rarest books and prints, illustrawas not exclusively consulted in the tive of ancient costume. A passage now progress of the work. The building leads to Mr. Beckford’s bed-chamber; this has received additions at various times, room has two closets, filled with curious and tower has been added to tower, specimens of carving in ivory, and other without much regard to the structure rarities. On one side of the apartment is a as a whole. The object of my present large glazed cabinet, in which are most exaddress, however, is only to supply quisite pieces of jepan. This being the what your Correspondent regrets his South-east extremity of the building, we
return Northward through the dressinginability to accomplish, a description of the splendid interior. Mr. Storer
room, to the upper library or gallery, which the artist was allowed, a few years end of this yallery is a square room that
is vaulted by an obtuse arch. At the North since, to enter this sanctuary, and he looks through a tribune into the great octahas published the result of his observa
gon; there are two of these beautiful opentions in a volume which is enriched ings opposite to each other. The room of with several views of the building. the South tribune contains precious cabiFrom this work I have made a few nets and valuable pictures. All further proextracts, which may be interesting to gress this way being interrupted by the some of your readers. Having taken octagon, we return again through the lobby a general survey of the mansion, Mr. of the dressing-room, whence a stair-case Storer proceeds thus to describe its in- conducts to the central Eastern tower ; terior:
here is a bed-chamber hung with the finest
Brussells tapestry, an apartment over which “ The brown parlour, fifty feet in length, terminates this part of the building. The receives its appellation from the dark yellow damask room, so called on account coloured oak with which it is wainscoted. of its splendid yellow hangings, has five winIt is lighted by eight pointed windows. The dows: three of them compose the upper upper tracery of the windows is enriched part of the Western oriel, the other two with painted glass by Eginton, after the face the South. In this room are some of drawings of the late eminent artist R. Ha- the finest cabinets of japan, and Buhl work milton, R. A. representing a series of some in Europe ; one of the latter formerly adornof the most historical personages among ed the apartments of Fontainbleau, and is Mr. Beckford's ancestors. The room is remarkable for a beautiful medalliop of Louis fitted up with splendid simplicity, two large the Fourteenth. On the North-west side pieces of tapestry adorn its Northern side of the damask-room, in the small octagon Between them, over the chimney, is a whole tower, is an apartment called the green length portrait of Peter Beckford, Esq. Mr. cabinet room: it contains two frames with Beckford's great-grandfather. The windows alto relievos in ivory, of the time of Edward of the parlour are hung with two suits of the First." curtains, the inner one is of blue damask, “ We now ascend the staircase that leads bordered with the tressure of Scotland; the to the entrance of the great tower, and other suit is scarlet, which gives the light a come to the suit of rooms that surrounds rich and sumptuous effect. The ceiling the octagon. A staircase now winds up to tesselated by a neat moulding, has at each the leads of the circular tower, whence we intersection four oak-leaves entwined. At- enter the upper part of the great octagon ; tached to this parlour, is a small drawing- ascending by an inclined plane, in a circular room with a groined roof, and an appro- direction, we reach the top of this lofty priate chimney-piece of purbeck marble. structure, wbich is two hundred and seventyOpposite we remarked, upon a table of cu- six feet in beight. It would be almost endrious construction, an antique vase of the less to enumerate the interesting objects purest alabaster.
A closet in the little that are visible from this elevation; some room contains specimens of an almost un- conception, however, may be formed, when equalled collection of ancient china, which it is known that the tower has its base upon is dispersed in the various apartments of the an eminence considerably above the level of Abbey. This room leads from the parlour, the top of Salisbury spire, and there is no
1829.] King of Denmark invested with the Garter, 1582. hill in the immediate neighbourhood of suf- to Frederike the second king of Denficient consequence to bound the command- mark with the garter, whereunto he ing height of its summit. Descending had beene elected and chosen a long through the octagon on the North-east side time before, tooke his leave of the of the Abbey, we observe a tower containing Queenes Majestie at Greenewich; with bed-chamber lined with hangings of blue, whome sir Gilbert Dethicke, alias strewed with white mullets (the original
Garter principall king of armes, was arms of the house of Douglas), and drawn joined in commission, for the investtogether the form of a tent. Re-enter- ing of the said King into the order ; ing the octagon, King Edward the Third's and Robert Glover, alias Summerset gallery presents itself. This contains seven herald, was also present, and gave his lofty windows; opposite to them are por
attendance in the same voiage, as liketraits of Henry the Seventh, Edward' the wise did a competent number of genFourth, John of Gaunt, the constable tlemen and yeomen, in all to the numMontmorency, Alphonso King of Naples, ber of six and fiftie persons, besides and John of Montfort, Duke of Britanny. mariners, &c. The said lord ambasFacing the centre-window is a fire-place of sador prepared himselfe towards Kingsalabaster, composed of an arch resting upon ton upon Hull, where he imbarked columns with vine-leaf capitals. Above is a
with his whole traine on the fourteenth whole-length portrait of Edward the Third, daie of Julie, and prosperouslie arrived copied by Mr. Matthew Wyatt, from a picture in the vestry of St. George's Chapel, and twentieth daie of the same moneth,
at Elsenore in Denmarke on the one Windsor. The windows of this gallery are hung with curtains of purple and scarlet.
where he was honorablie interteined. Upon a sculptured frieze are the atchieve- On the 13th daie of August he prements of seventy-eight knights of the most sented hiniselfe before the King in his noble order of the garter, all persons of castell of Croneborough, and made his erinence in English and foreign history, and first speech unto him in Latine; which from whom Mr.Beckford is lineally descended. speech being ended, the Lord WilIn continuation of this stately apartment, is loughbie delivered unto the King hir a vaulted gallery, wainscoted with oak, and Majesties letters, and withall the comribbed with deep mouldings, partly gilt and mission for the King's investure into partly coloured; the floor is entirely cover- that honorable order of the garter ed with a Persian carpet of the most extraordinary size and beautiful texture. This
Which letters the King opened, and gallery receives a glimmering light through delivered them to Henrie Ramelis, his six perforated bronze doors, modelled after chancellor for Germanie, whom he those of Henry the Fifth's chantry in the commanded to answer my lord's formal Abbey of Westminster. These dvors are hung oration. From the King my lord was with crimson curtains, which, increasing the conveied to the Queenes
presence, solemn gloom, add to the effect of the ora- unto whome also he delivered hir Mac tory, which we are now approaching. The ora- jesties letters with salutations. The tory is part of an octagon; the roof, which is next daie, being Thursdaie, the fourentirely gilt, terminates at each angle with teenth of August, the King, roiallie delicate fan-work resting upon a slender prepared, received the robes of the column. From the centre of the ceiling is order with his owne hands, and with suspended a golden lamp, elaborately chased. The altar is adorned with a statue of St. great contentment accepted and wore Anthony, admirably executed in alabaster
the garter, the collar, and the George, by Rossi
. On each side are lofty stands, when as my lord concluded the whole upon which are placed candelabras of massive dedication with sundrie wel-wishings. silver, richly gilt. The effect of this solemn. In the end wherof, he put the King in recess must be seen to be conceived, nor
mind of the oth, and thankefull accepcan any description convey an idea of the tation of the order, to be testified by a swful sensations it inspires.” J. E. publike instrument, as was before pro
mised; whereunto the King answered, Mr. URBAN, M. Temple, Aprilg. by his chancellor Nicholas Kaas, with
"HE following particulars respect- many effectuall words : and immediinvested with the Garter, in 1582, was discharged of all the great shot in may at the present period be acceptable his castell; and the lord ambassador, to your Readers. Caradoc. with all his traine, was roiallie feasted
« On the eight and twentieth of and rewarded. On Thursdaie the sixJune, Peregrine Bartic lord Willough- teenth daie of August, the King tooke bic of Eresby, appointed ambassador my lord ambassador foorth on hunting