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306 Dr. Meyrick on Armour and Military Garments. [April, the number of plates (for number except metaphorically, ever applied to there must have been, as the originals the cuirass. from whence they would necessarily When I mentioned the slit-part of be taken, would each supply but a a Saracen’s gambeson, I used the expart of the subject) would have been pression of the translator of Joinville, so disproportionate an appropriation in my worthy friend the late Colonel the volume, as might have induced Johnes, because his translation is of the Council to have declined the pub- easier access than the original manulication of the paper altogether. But script, and I wished to shew that by drawings were not presented to them, those words were meant what Rayfor the very reason given by the Re- mond de Agiles calls culcitræ de gam. viewer

, that “the dissertation merely basio, "the cushions of the wambais." implies a nomenclature of different But with respect to the plate in Montparts of military costume;" or rather faucon, to which the Reviewer is that its object was to explain from pleased' to refer me, I will inform different writers the meanings of such him, first, that the painted glass from names as were given to them. But which it purports to be taken, was not suppose, I had given plates, and said, set up till near one hundred years after this is the Hauqueton, this the Gam- the event commemorated ; and next, beson, and so forth ; would not the that that plate of Montfaucon's may, question have been put —" how do from those of the Tapestry, be inferred you prove it?" If so, I must have, in to be but a

very

inaccurate the first instance, quoted the descrip- fortunately, after the most diligent entions of antient writers, and then I quiry among the Savans in Paris, I reshould be doing just what I have gret to say, this glass no longer exists

. done ; and if the Reviewer does not The Reviewer is very kind to inunderstand them because they did not form me, that the Hauqueton is older with their descriptions give delinea- than the year 1478, but surely that is tions, the fault is surely not mine. implied in my words which he quotes,

Every critical antiquary well knows for by "seenis to have taken the form” that no dependence is to be placed on is shewn an alteration, and conseany manuscript, painting, or sculptural quently that the thing must have had representation which is not of the pe- a previous existence. But by the statue rind to which it refers. I will ask of Childeric I. I rather think he means then, if Maillot is to be inore relied on his portrait engraved on his gold ring, than myseif, unless he produces better found in the grave attributed to him, authorities. His “ ten different kinds which has on it a pectoral of small of mail” are taken from Montfaucon's plates similar to what is represented faulty plates of the Bayeux tapestry; on that of Charlemagne ; for the so faulty that the Society of Anti- statues of the early kings of France are quaries employed, at a considerable not of prior date than the 13th century. expence, the late Mr. C. Stothard, to But I assigned the year 1478, as the make fresh drawings of that curious time when the Hauqueton was the fragment of antiquity. Engravings name given to a species of gorget. from these are now in a course of There are three papers of mine on publication, and I will venture to as- the subject of

rmour and military sert, in opposision to Maillot, that garments in the XIXth volume of the but two different kinds of mail, the Archæologia, and though the Remascled and Hat-ringed, are all that can viewer has been pleased greatly to be found in them, the mascles being eulogize the first, he would have done sometimes lozenge-shaped and some- me more justice, as they are intimately times square.

connected, by criticizing the whole I am aware that targe was some together * times employed to signify the circular Though he has not seen “any thing plates that protected the arm-pits; and, like Saracen armour on English monuwhat at first seems extraordinary, to ments," I will venture to assert, that imply a weapon of offence, but in this with the exception of plate, all Eurocase as the diminutive of semitarge"a pean armour has been copied from the scymitar.” But the “ on donnoit” of Asiatics. Maillot is not sufficient to convince

The remainder of the Reviewer's stricme, without some contemporary

evi

tures on the subject, will be found in our dence, that the word " targue” was, present Number, p. 334. EDIT.

I there

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1922.] Symbols of the Evangelists.-" Dives et Pauper." 309

I therefore, in my turn, recommend more isight & vnderstondynge in the this gentleman to look again not only godhede, than the other euāgelistes. at English monuments, but at my Seint luke is peynted i the lyknesse “ dispatch," where he will find the of a calf, or an oxe, bicause that he key with "the cypher,” in the refe- spekith moost openly of the passion rences to illuminations and sculpture, of cryste that was offryd vp to the accessible to such as may deem it worth fadre of heuen on the altre of the their while to examine them.

crosse un gode fryday, as the oxe or I agree with him in one thing, that the calf was offryd on the aulter in the subject requires a volume, if not the teple, by the lawe, for saluacion more, and acquaint him that in the of the people, which offrynge was forthcoming work he will find eighty toknynge of cristes passion. And for plates and twenty-seven vignettes, that seint luke spekith moste openly which I hope will give him more satis- of cristes passion, whiche was betoknfaction than they do

ed by the sacrifice of the oxe. ThereYours, &c. S. R. MEYRICK. fore he is paynted & presentyd by the

lyknes of an oxe. Seynt marke is Mr. URBAN,

Retford, March 7. peynted i lyknesse of a lyon, bicause form your Correspondent “C." resurrection, how he rose fro dethe at what period of the Christian æra, to lyf. For whan the lyonesse hath the symbols of a lion, a calf, a man, whelpid they lye dede iii daies & iii and an eagle, were first applied to the nightes, til on the thridde day, the Evangelists. I possess several books lyon their fader cometh, & maketh an printed in the fifteenth century, in hidous cry ouir them. And anoon we which they appear as appropriated ye voice & crye they quyckne and wa-. emblems; and it is proved, as well by ken, & in manner ryse from deth to Turner's Tour as by other volumes, lyue. And for this skille is seint mark that many Churches of early date were p'esented by the liknesse of a lyon, for ornamented with these symbols. Any he spake more openly of cristes resurcertain or rational account of the ex- recton. And therefore his gospel is act time may probably be despaired of; rede on ester day. Also thou shalt vnbut I cannot resist the opportunity derstonde ye Criste was god & man & which this question affords, of giving preest & kyng. Mathewe spake moost you, out of the earliest English im- openly of his manhode, and began att pression of the Book called " Dives et his manhode, and therefore he is payntPauper,” (printed by Pynson in 1493) ed in the likeness of a mā. Seint John the following very far-fetched Rea- spake moste of his godhode, and began sons for the practice; and I shall, in at his godhode, And therefore he is my turn, be glad to have the truth as- painted in the liknes of an egle, as I certained as to its origin, and whether said firste. Seynt luke spake mooste or not emanating from the See of of his presthode, and therefore he is Rome. INVESTIGATOR. paynted in the likeness of an oxe, or

of a calf, For that was the principalle Extract from the Book called Dives sacrifice that the prestes by the olde et Pauper."

lawe offryd i the temple. Seynt mark Diues. Why ben the ijii euāge- spake most of his kingdome, shewing listes peynted in such diverse liknes him kynge of alle thinge, And theresith they were mo al iiii. Pauper. fore he is paynted in the lyknesse of a Fur diverse manner of writig' & te. lyon, that is kynge of vnreasonable ching, Mathew is peynted in lyknesse bestes." of a man. For he principaly wrote

Mr. URBAN,

March 12. & tauzt the māhode of Criste, and TOUR tolde howe he bicame man ; and been most specially and most opēly wrote directing the hand of charity to suchis genologie. Seint John that wrote, cour meritorious want, as well as to • In principio erat verbū,' is peynted lead unobtrusive genius up the steps in lyknesse of an egle, whiche of alle of fame, I know it will gratify your foules Aeeth highest, & in sighte good heart to co-operate with me in is sharpest, & may se the ferthest. the honest endeavour, at least, to acSo Seynt John spake and wrote complish both these objects, in the highest of the godhode, and hadde person of one, who forms too hum

ble

Yleen Magazine having frequently

lark sprung,

310 Dr. Booker's Recommendation of Millhouse's Poenis.. [April, blo an estimate of his own talents or And May, light floating in a cloud of flow'rs, of his own deserts, to claim kindness Will cause thee to re-bloom with magic for himself.

hand. At present I have no other know- “But, on my Spring, when genial dew-drops

fell, ledge of the individual whom I wish to

(with frost; serve, than what is derived from a small

Soon did Life's north-wind curdle them volume of Poems, with which, some

And, when my Summer-blossom op'd its

bell, time since, he was pleased to present

In blight and mildew was its beauty lost." me, accompanied by a modest letter, expressive of his fears that it would not prove worthy of my acceptance.

SONNET; The contrary, however, was the case.

Written in Spring. I found much in it to admire, on ac- “When, in my happy vernal day of life, count of its genuine poetic character, Succeeding autumns ravag'd Nature's and much also to applaud, for a sound- bloom, ness of religious and moral principle.

Oft have I felt a transitory gloom, From that volume many extracts And, anxious, wish'd an end to wintry strife, might be made, confirmatory of this

Seen, with new joy, the green hill break

the tomb impartial judgment : but I prefer a transcription of two short pieces (be Of melting snows,--whence the gay skycause they are short) which he has,

And, mounting up:

his morning carol sung, this day, sent me in a letter of too

While violets sigh'd away their first pergrateful acknowledgment, for a trifling

fume. return I made for the present, with But now, tho' flow'rs are all around me Aung which he was pleased to favour me. Tho', into anthems, burst forth ev'ry grove, Sincerely wishing to serve a man, ap- Sad, mid the varied sweetness do I rove, parently so deserving of patronage, he And, melancholy, stray the groves among! will pardon me if I introduce the short For, ah! what charm has Nature for the

breast specimens, by, quoting a part of his

(opprest?" last letter. After feelingly stating the

That holds a throbbing heart with want failure of a subscription to indemnify These two witnesses, if I mistake him for publishing his little volume, not, will speak more forcibly to the at a time when sickness had reduced generous feelings and elegant minds a wife and infant child to the borders of your readers, Mr. Urban, in behalf of the grave, and a stagnation in that of the stricken Bard, than any friend branch of business to which he is de. can speak for him. The fresh green roted, he says, “ I am now labouring leaves of the hawthorn, expanding in under indisposition both of body and the bright sunny showers of April; and mind; which, with the united erils May, with the lightness of an Ariel, of poverty and a bad trade, have foaling on a cloud of flowers,-the brought on me a species of nervous green hill of Spring, as at the great melancholy that requires the utmost resurrection-day, breaking the tomb of exertions of my philosophy to en- melting snows, in which it had been counter. Begging pardon for thus ob- imprisoned,- the lark, rising from it truding myself upon your retirement, to 'sing his choral at the gate of heaand throwing myself at the footstool ven, the pristine violets sighing away of Divine PROVIDENCE, I am, Rev. their virgin perfume,-the groves burstand much-venerated Sir, your very ing forth into anthems, at the return of obedient humble servant, R. Mill- that glad season,—these are expressions HOUSE, Mole-court, Milton-street, uttered by the very spirit of Poësy; Nottinghamshire.

while the dark and melancholy con

trasts, with which each picture is conTO A LEAFLESS HAWTHORN;

cluded, must be felt by every one not Written in Autumn. Hail, rustic Tree! for, tho" November's unsusceptible of the finest impressions

of human nature. wind

[ground; Has thrown thy verdant mantle to the

Should a humane and enlightened Yet Nature, to thy vocal inmates kind,

publick be disposed to aid this mentallyWith berries red thy matron-boughs has endowed child of Nature (his sole encrown'd.

dowment) perhaps the promptest way “ Thee do I envy: for, bright April show'rs of befriending him may be the best-vis Will bid again thy fresh green leaves ex

dat, &c.; and that would be by speedily pand;

purchasing the remaining sets of his

publication,

an

1829.) White-birda Presage of Death.-Crown-livings want Improving. 911 publication, or by encouraging a re- taining an intercourse with the best priut of it, with such additional Poems society, it must be acknowledged that as he may have written.

their present provision (where the Luke Booker, Vicar of Dudley. parties have no private income) is not P.S. It may interest the friends of adequate to their station.” their country to be informed, that the In fact, however, very many Curates man thus respectfully introduced to never had “ an university education;" their compassionate consideration, has and I agree in opinion with

your filled with credit the post of Corporal Oxford correspondent D. N. (vol. in a Provincial Regiment.

LXXXIV. part

ii. p. 335) that for many years before Lord Harrowby's bill passed,

“ the stipend was far from Mr. URBAN, Hampton Court,

mean or inadequate," and that “

March 15. MONG other plagiarisms idly might be made, without disparagement

augmentation of the poorer livings A

charged against that gifted poet of the rank or dignity of the higher Lord Byron, is the incident of the ecclesiastical orders." White-bird, recorded in Don Juan,

In
your

vol. LXXXIV. part ii. p. hovering over a death-bed. Permit 337, á Correspondent observes, that me to observe, that if his Lordship is

none of the small Crown livings have liable to censure on this account, so

been « must the author from whom he is said bounty, in conjunction with the Pa

augmented by Queen Anne's to have derived it.

tron's benefuction; and consequently The White-bird, in presage of death, they have, in fact, been less improved is a traditionary agent that superstition than many benefices in private patrohas made use of for centuries; and nage, which have been augmented by Lord Byron, in his boyish days, may the bounty, assisted by the benefachave often heard of ii, especially in tions (of money, lands, or tithes) of the the families of sea-faring people, respective patrons." This is certainly no

In Howell's Letters, you will per inconsiderable defect in our Church esceive one, bearing date July 1, 1684, tablishment. It may, however, be easily from which I have made the ensuing remedied. Several large tracts of waste extract.

M. E.

land (comprising many thousand acres) “Near St. Dunstan's Church, Fleeto belong to the Crown. "To enclose some street, I stepped into a Stone Cutter's; and of those large tracts of Crown land, casting my eyes up and down, I spied a huge would be highly advantageous in many marble, with a large inscription upon it, respects; and 'if one hundred acres which was thus:

were allotted to each Crown living, 1. “ Here lies John Oxenham, a goodly the clear yearly income of which does young man, in whose chamber, as he was

not exceed 1501. it would not only struggling with the pangs of death, a bird with a white-breast, was seen Auttering improve the value of those livings, and

ameliorate the condition of the respecabout his bed, and so vanished!"

2. “Here lies also Mary Oxenham, sister of tive incumbents, but (as your Correthe above John, who died the next day, and spondent justly observes) 'it “ would the same apparition was in the room.' tend to the honour of his Majesty's

“ Another sister is spoken of then." Government, and the Good of the EstuAnd the fourth inscription is as

blished Church." And it may not be follows:

improper to add, that I am fully per

suaded that the appropriation of part “ Here lies, hard by, James Oxenham, son of the said John, who died a child in

of the Crown lands abovementioned, his cradle, a little after, and such a bird was to so good a purpose as the augmentaseen futtering about his head a little before tion of small Crown livings, would be expired, which vanished afterwards." afford great pleasure to our most gra

cious and beneficent Sovereign. Mr. URBAN,

March 5. Yours, &c. CLERICUS. YOUR Correspondent, “a Layman” (p. 111) observes respect

Mr. URBAN,

March 14. ing Curates, " when we take into con

READ with much pleasure your sideration the previous expences of an

I

additional biographical remarks on university education, and the funds my late learned friend Dr. Whitaker, mhsequently necessary for upholding and the interesting anecdote of him, themselves as gentlemen, and inain when he was, some years ago, on a 312 Anecdote of Dr. Whitaker and Bp. Watson.--The Ant. [April, visit at Mr. Parker's of Browsholine, an hour, he possessed such a copia verin company with Dr. Watson, late borum, and such a degree of Auency Bishop of Landaff, and some other and propriety of expression, that the Clergymen. His Lordship, your friend learned Clergyman never observed that informs you, was then so much struck it was an extempore address. by the Doctor's profound learning in ... Finding that the Methodists began Divinity, that he afterwards observed to increase in his neighbourhood, and to Mr. Parker, “though I have so that some of his Aock were seduced by long filled the Professor's chair, yet I their zeal, or by their extempore though was obliged yesterday to go to my uncouth harangues, he was deterinined fourth, nay even to my-fifth shelf, to to become all things to all men, in order cope with the Doctor's knowledge of to gain the more. His first model of the old and learned authors of Divi- preaching, he told me, was the plain nity.

and pious Bishop Wilson. Afterwards, Now, not long after this visit, Dr. when use had rendered extempore Whitaker gave me a particular account preaching familiar to him, his custom of the conversation which he had with was, to retire into his library about Bishop Watson. His Lordship having half an hour before the service began. advanced some doctrine, a little hetero- Having selected his text, he seated doxical, the Doctor thought himself himself in his arm chair and closed bound to confute his assertion, by ad- his eyes ;-in this manner he arranged ducing various passages from the Fa- and divided his Sermons. After so thers and Orthodox Divines of the short and peculiar mode of preparaChurch of England. So forcible and tion, it was truly wonderful lo hear appropriate were the Doctor's argu- with what pathos, correctness, and ments, that the Bishop was absolutely energy he addressed his attentive auposed, and though he might have re- dience.

P. W. course to the fourth or fifth shelf, he was unable to cope with the Doctor, Mr. URBAN, March 23. but gently took him by the

barned and Y have pages for read the earliest periode argument by saying, “my good friend, cumstances and anecdotes illustrative when you come to see me at Calgarth, of Natural History ; and this is a I shall be happy to resuine the subject.” branch of inquiry so rational and so Notwithstanding Dr. Watson's exces- entertaining, that to apologize for sive vanity, he was a most pleasant noticing the most minute particnlars companion. I will now, said Dr. in the organization, faculties, or habits Whitaker, give you one example of it. of the smallest insect, would be to in. “I never," remarked his Lordship, sult former Correspondents, and offend

expect to rise higher in the Church, my good old friend the Editor. though all the world knows it is not for The Ant is perhaps one of the most wunt of abilities." I have reason to curious of the insect tribe, and the suppose that the severe, though just eye of Philosophy and Religion concritique on the “Life of Bishop Wat- descend to look upon it with admirason,” in the Quarterly Review, was tion and surprise for instruction and written by Dr. Whitaker.

example. In most of the actions of Some idea may be formed of Dr. this little creature, there appear conWhitaker's powers of extempore elo- trivance and a degree of instinct oftenquence, from the following narrative. times bordering closely on man's Some years ago I went to pay a visit to boasted reason — in others there is a my late respected friend at Holme. I power and ingenuity exercised, not so there met with a neighbouring Clergy. readily ascribed perhaps to any rational man. Soon after my arrival, there was motive, but still amusing and intea funeral of a very respectable pa- resting to a contemplative observer of rishioner. Supposing that an eulogy Nature and her works. over the remains of so virtuous a cha- Here in the country it is frequently factèr might have a good effect on his an amusement with young persons, hearers, he preached a funeral sermon aye and old ones too, Mr. Urban, to on the occasion. I sat at some distance breed pheasants and partridges, and from the pulpit, and observed that the the food best adapted to rear them is Doctor's address was entirely extempore. found to be the eggs of Ants. The Though he preached more than half nests of these little creatures are made

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