Imatges de pÓgina
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HA'Sketch of origin, Progress



1922.) Account of the Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb, London. 305 attributed in some degree to the mi. And if á few, by a peculiar energy of mind, nuteness of the objects, and the want may be roused to some partial exertion, of the above information.

they are almost always found to be suspiAfter the above victory, the Duke cious, discontented, and sullen, being deof Norfolk, agreeably to the habits of barred from the common enjoyments of that time, gave as a cognizance to his their fellow-creatures, and unable to comretinue a white lion, the supporter of prehend the motives for many of the actions his house, trampling on the red lion of and Dumb must be causes of unceasing sor

they behold. Thus the uninstructed Deaf Scotland, and tearing him with his

row to their afflicted parents and friends, which they wore on their left and in most cases useless and burthensome,

m. often dangerous and injurious, members of

Society. ASYLUM FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB. « Such a destitute and deprived situation (With a Plate.)

had long and generally been considered as AVING received concise entirely hopeless; the calamity being thought

not only incurable, but also without allevigai

tion. and present state of the Asylum for indigent Deaf and Dumb Children," rected among the learned by the Publica

“ This opinion was jo some degree corKent-road, near London, we have the tions of Dr. Bulwar in 1648, of Dr. Wallis pleasure of inserting an abstract in in 1662, of Dr. Holder in 1669, and of Dr. our Miscellany, conceiving it will Amman in 1700 :- and the subsequent es-be highly gratifying to our Readers to tablishment of a School at Edinburgh, afterbe put in possession of an Authentic wards removed to Hackney, made many of Historical document relative to a cha- the superior classes of Society in this country ritable Establishment, the first of the acquainted with the possibility of teaching kind formed in Europe, and which, in the Deaf and Dumb to understand written the benevolence of its object, the líbe- language. rality of its support, and the extensive “The knowledge of an instructed case utility of its effects, does so much having strongly impressed the benevolent honour to the National character.

mind of the Rev.John Townsend, it occurred

to him that the charitable zeal of his bene“ The instruction of the Deaf and Dumb volent countrymen would, if properly exhaving, at length, become a subject of very cited, willingly extend the advantages of ingeneral interest in most civilized countries,' struction to the Deaf and Dunb Children of ibe Conductors of the first Asylum establish-, their INDIGENT BRETHREN. He stated his ed in Britain for extending to the indigent ideas to that generous friend of every dea participation in this inestimable blessing, scription of human suffering, the late Henry have thought that a concise detail of the Thornton, Esq. who readily proinised his proceedings by which this interest has been support and assistance. Thus encouraged, here awakened, might not be unacceptable Mr. Townsend drew up and circulated an to the Supporters and Friends of the Insti- Address. Among the earliest friends to tution.

whom this Address was given, the Rev. “Fully to understand and duly to appre- Henry Cox Mason, then Minister of Berciate the benefits intended to be conferred mondsey, must be named. His cordial and by this Institution, it is previously necessary powerful co-operation greatly promoted the to reflect upen the dreary and affecting effect of this appeal. The zealous exertions situation of the uninstructed Deaf and Dumb. of these benevolent friends in a short time

“The power of speech, or the capacity produced sufficient subscriptions to defray
of expressing and conveying our thoughts in the expenses of taking a house and com-
the use of language, is one of the chief dis- mencing the beneficent undertaking. This
tinctive characteristics and privileges of was done in the autumn of the year 1792.
human nature; and is not only the channel A competent Master was inquired for, the
of mutual communication, but also the present able Teacher, Dr. Watson, was en-
means of giving operation to the rational gaged, and in the first year six children
faculties, and opening the mind to reason, were admitted.
science, and religion. Deaf and Dumb 5. This Asylum being thus founded, the
Children, being deprived of the usual means blessing of Providence attended these labours
of acquiring, by the ear, this distinguishing of charity. Every year the number of Sup-
faculty of the species, are, until some other

, porters increased, and every year the numchannel is opened to them, excluded, ako ber of adınissions was also proportionably from this general source of information ;t augmented. Under the able conduct and they consequently remain in a state of de- management of the Committee, a series of privation and ignorance, bordering upon, judicious and unceasing efforts were made to and often terminating in, confirmed idiotism. collect and diffuse INFORMATION ON THIS Gent. MAG. April, 1822.



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306 Account of the Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb, London. (April;
SUBJECT. Mady, who perhaps had nover curiosity is excited the instructed children
personally known any, or not more than one are questioned and examined--and chose
Deaf and Dumb person in the immediate who never before had heard of the Instito-
circle in which they lived, and who there. tion, or heard of it only to doubt its utility,
fore had reflected little upon the subject, and stigmatize it with the character of vain
have read, with surprise and astonishment, and ineffectual, now, convinced by the evi-
& succession of half-yearly Lists, containing dence of their own senses, admire its effects,
the names of nearly one bundred indigent acknowledge its utility, and subscribe to its
Deaf and Dumb applicants ; and this sur- support.
prise has been augmented, by finding that "Similar impressions are also produced
the solicitude of the afflicted parents was by inspection of the Asylum. Visitors may
not always limited to a single object, but there see Children in all the progressive
that many of them had to lament, not the stages of mental improvement, advancing
mute sorrow of one child only, but that from the dull blank of solitary ignorance, as
of two, three, four, and, in some instances, received by the Institution, to the several
of five children in the same family, suffering degrees of opening intellect in the expand-
under the same misfortune

ing mind of a communicative, useful, ra“ Connected with the useful publicity tional, moral, and religious being ; acquirwhich this Charity has thus acquired, and ing, with the use of language, a participaindeed itself forming one of the most power- tion in the comforts of social intercourse, ful and beneficial means of continuing and and in the consolations of Christian hope. extending that publicity, is the very advan- “ As the Institution became more publicly tageous method (carried into effect by the known, those poor unfriended objects who voluntary labours of the Committee) of AD- had pined in obscurity and cheerless igno

rance, were, by the hope of relief, brought

forward in such large numbers, that the lists “ The personal interest that is excited in of Candidates every half-year fær exceeded behalf of any particular individual, is not the ability of the Asylum to receive them. only useful to that individual, but is also In about 12 years, the numbers maintained most beneficial to the whole class of Deaf and educated in the house, at the same time, and Dumh, by increasing the number of had increased to about 50; and as five or subscriptions, and augmenting the ability of six only finished their education yearly, no the Institution. For the numerous and more than that number could be admitted, pressing solicitations that are made to the although the applicants were every half-year several Governors, though in some instances 70 or 80. A larger house was found absovery distressing to their feelings, are found lutely necessary. More animated exertions to extend most advantageously

the informa- were therefore resorted to, and powerful tion necessary to the support of the Charity, appeals from the Pulpit, and in every other and to convey a most impressive, irresistible, possible way, were made to the Publick, and permanent conviction, of the necessity which were strengthened and sustained by and utility of such an establishment.

the incontrovertible evidence of fact and ex“ But these active and powerful appeals perience, that RELIEF COULD BE, AND WAS, to the public commiseration would soon LARGELY AFFORDED; that the rational and lose their effect, if no adequate relief could intellectual faculties of these poor uninbe afforded to the Deaf and Dumb. The formed children of deprivation and ignorance Conductors of the Institution therefore refer might be called into action; that they with the utmost confidence to the test of might be taught to read and write; become experience, and with the most heartfelt gra- intelligent and social beings ; receive the tification direct the notice of the Public to inestimable privileges of Gospel instruction ; the present state of this Asylum, and to the and be made acquainted with their duty to blessings it confersTHE REAL AND SUBSTAN- their God and Saviour. These numerous TIAL RELIEF IT BESTOWS-- on the unfortu- . appeals were nobly, were largely answered. nate objects of its attention. When chil- The generous feelings of a Christian and dren, who had left their parents and friends British People enabled the Committee to in all the silent misery of dumb ignorance, build, and, without infringing upon the return to their homes capable of expressing Fund for General Purposes, to pay for, the their wants, their fears, and their hopes ;

present Asylum t; the first stone of which capable of speaking, of reading, of writing, was laid by its munificent Patron the DUKE of enjoying intellectual communication, and of GLOUCESTER, July 11, 1807; and into of assisting in useful labour ;- not only the which the Pupils were removed on Oct. 9, family of the individual, but the whole 1809. neighbourhood also, feels the impression - “During the first 14 years of this Charity,

ncarly ONE HUNDRED of these poor children * In twenty familes (applying to this were educated, and sent into the world useful Charity for relief), containing 155 children, members of Society: and during the subseno less than 78 were deaf and dumb! being more than half the whole nuinber,

† See it engraved in Plate II. p. 305.

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1922.) Deaf and Dumb Asylum.-Dr. Meyrick on Armour. 307 quent 14 years, about FIVE HUNDRED MORE tion are now under tuition; and, for have received the saine advantages.

the gratification of their benefactors, “ This Building was originally construce- some, of both sexes, were introduced ed for the reception of 150, and subsequently and conducted round the room, giving extended so as to receive 180 of these un specimens of their acquirements in fortunate Children, under the hope that this writing, arithmetic, speech, and knowthe calls for admission. Experience, bow ledge of language! The looks of the ever, soon proved the insufficiency of this children bespoke comfort and happiprovision. For though, since the comple- ness, while those of their benefactors tion of the New Building, the admissions beamed delight. have usually amounted to between 40 and We are happy to add, that this most so within each year, yet the applications interesting Charity is supported by have been found to increase in a still larger about 7500 Subscribers; and that the proportion. To prevent so lamentable an subscriptions announced on the preoccurrence, the Committee resolved on a

sent occasion amounted to nearly 8001. further enlargement, which has lately been Still, however, fresh exertions are necompleted, and by which they have been cessary; for, as the Institution becomes enabled, not only to afford better accommodation to the Children before in the Asylum, lief are more numerous than ever.

more known, the applications for rebut also to increase their number to Two This circumstance, if duly considered, Hundred and Seven of these mute supplicants to the benevolence of the Publick.

must prove a powerful motive to urge This number now forms the establishment a continued and increasing support of actually enjoying the benefits of instruction." a Charity, which, as its funds are aug

The Anniversary Sermon in behalf mented, extends its usefulness; and of this most interesting Charity, was which, as compassionately expressed preached on Sunday, March 17, 1822, by the Royal and Ilustrious Patron, at Curzon Chapel, by its highly re

ought to know no limit, until every spectable and benevolent Secretary, the supplicating object in the United KingRev. Dr. Yates ;--and on Wednesday dom can participate in the blessings March the 20th, the Duke of Glou- conferred by this truly Christian Insticester, the patron of the Institution,


Edit. presided, for the 15th time, at its Anniversary Festival. The company as- Mr. URBAN,

Doctors' Commons, sembled was numerous and respectable.

March 2. The first toast was “ The King!” which was received with every ex


possession of your valuable Magapression of loyalty and applause. The zine from its commencement, to induce Royal Family, and other loyal and you to give insertion to this reply to constitutional toasts succeeded. On the observations made by your Rethe health of “ His Royal Highness viewer, on a paper of mine communithe Patron” being proposed by Mr. cated to, and published by, the Society Alderman Atkins, it met with that of Antiquaries : I have merely to apenthusiastic reception which proclaim- peal to your own sense of justice. ed the heartfelt approbation of those I should not, however, have thought present, of his Royal Highness's benign it requisite to vindicate what a Council and persevering exertions in favour of of the Society have deemed worthy of objects whose relief brings satisfaction publication, were it not from a fear hone to every bosom. Nothing more that to leave unanswered the remarks cordially unanimous could be witnessed on my “Observations on Military Garthan the desire evinced by the assembly ments," may, prejudice the sale of a to promote the advancement and ex- book on antient armour, now in the tension of the benefits the Institution press. Yet, in so doing, I am not acconfers, which were feelingly and elo- tuated by self-interested motives : that quently set forth, in the course of the work is in the hands of booksellers, evening, in appropriate speeches, by the profits and expence all theirs, and the Royal and illustrious Chairman ; whether or not they sell a single copy, by the active Treasurer, William Not. can to me be neither productive of lídge, Esq.; by the founder and sub. benefit nor disadvantage. treasurer, the Rev. John Townsend ; In the first place, I am censured for and by the able secretary, the Rev. Dr. not accompanying my paper with plates. Yates. It was stated that two hundred To that I reply that the paper forms and seveu of these children of priva- but a small part of the volume, and


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