Imatges de pÓgina
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176
Births. - Marriages.

[Feb.
Gregory-Osborn-Page-Turner, bart. a son. taker Maitland, esq. a daughter. - At her
- 25. At Thornton Hall, Lady Petre, a father's, in Southampton-street, the wife
daughter. - 26. In Gate-street, the wife of of Samuel Platt, esq. a son.
John Mitchell, M.D. a daughter. - At Iro- Lately. At Clontarf, the Lady of the
ham Hall, Lincolnshire, Hon. Mrs. Clifford, Hon. John-Prendergast Vereker, a son. -
a son. --- 29. In Jermyn-street, the Lady of At Toppesfeld Rectory, Essex, Mrs. Lewis
Sir Fred. Baker, bart. & son. - In Upper Way, a daughter.—The wife of Col. Coch-
Guildford-street, the wife of William-Whi-

rane, 3d Reg. of Guards, a son.

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MARRIAGES. 1821, June 27. At Port Louis, Isle of 26. William Newnham, esq. to Emma, France, David Shaw, esq. Surgeon, to the dau. of the late Nathaniel Newnham, esq. daughter of Win.Spears, esq. Chief Searcher 29. G. George Hodges, esq. of Lambeth, of Customs of that island.

to Eliza-Maria, daughter of Nicholas Power, Dec. 23. At Rome, Robt. Manners Lock- esq. of Queen-square. wood, esq. eldest son of Thos. Lockwood, Thomas-Henry-Algernon Stephens, esą. esq. of Dan-y-Graig, co. Glamorgan, to to Maria-Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. the Right Hon. Lady Julia Gore, daughter Richard Brickenden, and niece to the Earl of the late Earl of Arran, K.P. and sister of Cavan. of the Marchioness of Abercorn.

Beaumont, son of John Marshall, esq. of 1822, Jan. 8. Capt. Wilson Braddyll High Holborn, to Mary, daughter of the Bigland, R. N. to Emily, daughter of late late Thos. Clarke, esq.

of Park-street, GrosSamuel Leeke, esq. of Havant.

venor-square.
Rev. Thomas Boys, only son of Admiral The Earl of Bective, to Olivia, relict of
Boys, to Miss Somers, of High Wycombe, the late Edward-Tuite Dalton, esq. and
Bucks.

daughter of Sir John Stevenson.
17. W. Hodges, esq. of Newman-street, Feb. 1. John Farey, jun. esq. Civil En-
to Mary-Anne, daughter of Mr. Thomas

gineer, to Miss Taylor, both of HowlandHartley, of Tadcaster, in Yorkshire. street, Fitzroy-square.

19. Tatton, son of Sir Christopher Sykes, 2. Mr. Arthur Windus, of Lewes, to bart. of Sledonere, Yorkshire, to Anne, dau. Anne, youngest daughter of Thomas Roof the late, and sister of the present, Sir gers, esq. William Foulis, bar

3. William Boyd, jun. esq. of Sham21. At Edinburgh, John Dalyell, esq. of rock Lodge, county of Down, Ireland, to the 5th Dragoon Guards, to Jane, daugh-' Jane, eldest dau. of the Right Hon. Christer of the late Brig.-gen. Anstruther, of topher Magnay, Lord Mayor of London. Balcaskie.

Sam. Barlow, jun. esq.

of Mitcham-house, 22. Wm. Johns, M.D. late Surgeon at Surrey, to Mary-Anne, only daughter of Calcutta, to Mary, daughter of the late E. Wm. Slark, esq. of Clapton. Blakemore, esq. of Birmingham.

H. Bettesworth, esq. of the county of Count Martin d'Aglie, Minister Pleni- Cornwall, to Sophia, second dau. of Peter potentiary from the King of Sardinia, to Dobree, esq. of London, and grand-dau. of Louisa, dau. of the late Hon. Chas. Finch. P. Dobree, esq. of Beauregard, Gurnsey.

Richard, son of Daniel Gill, esq. Banker, Peter Brown, esq. surgeon, Salisbury. at Rye, tu Sophia, daughter of Wm. Rab

square, to Susanna, second daughter of the beth, esq. of Bedford-street.

late Christopher Edelman, esq. of Clapton, James Guest, jun. esq. of Birmingham, and Queen-street, London. to Martha, only child of W. Whitworth, 12. The Rev. Jas. Williams, B.D. Felesq. of Hornsey.

low of Jesus College, Oxford, and Rector George, only son of John Walmsley, esq. of Llanddeusant, in the county of Anglesey, of Castlemeeer, Lancashire, to Harriet, to Frances, second dau. of Thos. Lloyd, esq. youngest daughter of the late James Hill of the Stone House, Shrewsbury. ton, esq.

of Pennington Hall and Smedley, Roger Smith, esq. of Southfields, Glouin the same county.

cestershire, to Henrietta, youngest daugh24. Richard Fothergill, esq. of Caerleon, ter of the late Rev. Francis Colman Negus, Monmouthshire, to Charlotte, daughter of Rector of Brome and Oakley, Suffolk. Merrick Elderton, esq. of Brixton, Surrey. Charles-Corbett Wilson, 'second son of

Capt. Charles King, 16th Lancers, to the Rev. Ww. Corbett Wilson, of HardCharlotte, daughter of Thomas Oliver, esq. wick Priors, co. Warwick, to Mary, third of Devonshire-place.

daughter of the late Anthony Benn,
Robert, son of Robert Berkeley, esq. of Hensingham, Cumberland.
Spetchley, Worcestershire, to Henrietta- 16. Matthew Munro, esq. of Loperwood
Sophia, dau. of the late Paul Benfield, esq. House, Hants, to Philadelphia, eldest daugh-

25. John Pem Timney, esq. of Salisbury, ter of the late Lieut.-gen. Monro, of Edto Charlotte, relict of the Rev. Arthur May. mondesham House, Dorset.

OBITUARY.

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OBITUARY.

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LIBUT-GEN. SIR HENRY AUGUSTUS able series of services, fell by the hands
MONTAGU Cosby, KNT.

of the rebels, at Glandillough, 1590.
The antient, bonourable, and noble of A direct descendant from this Francis
fapily of Cosby, is of Saxon origin, and, Cosby was Alexander Cosby, who, at an
previous to the Norman conquest, pos- early age, obtained a Company in the
sessed the Lordship of Cosby in Leices. Ordnance Regiment of Foot, command-
shire, and where they continued to re- ed by the Duke of Montagu, and served
side until the reign of Richard the 2nd. with credit and distinction during the
They afterwards acquired, by marriage, rebellion of 1745, and afterwards in se-
the manor of Great Leake, in the county veral Staff situations until 1753, when,
of Nottingham, which descended, in the upon an application from the East India
time of Henry the 8th, to Richard Cosby, Company to Government for some of-
whose brother Francis, being expert in ficers of experience to new form and
arms, passed over to Ireland, where, discipline their troops in India, then not
distinguishing bimself against the rebel regimented, he being on half pay in his
O'Neil, received a grant of a canton in Majesty's service, was selected as one
bis escutcheon, containing the O'Neil for that purpose, and proceeded in the
arms. He was appointed by Queen course of the same year to India, and
Mary, July 14, 1558, General of the was first employed on the coast of Coro.
Kern, a sort of light-armed infantry, mandel (then the seat of war), under
furnished for the public service by those Major General Lawrence; and proceed-
who held land by feudal tenure : at the ing afterwards to Bombay, was sent as
bead of these he attacked the great rebel second in command on an expedition to
Roderick O'More, a descendant of the reduce to the English power the im-
antient Kings of Leix; and driving him portant City and Castle of Surat; in
out of his chief residence of Sıradbally i, the capture of which, baving distin-
established himself there; and for the guished himself, he was appointed to
better governing the country, obtained the Command in 1759, but where he
a patent from Queen Elizabeth, Jan. 24, died shortly after, leaving three chil-
in the first year of her reign, granting dren-Henry Augustus Montagu, Eliza-
him the power to exercise the martial beth Grace, and Charlotte Jane Emma.
law in the territory of Leix, which he Henry Augustus Montagu Cosby, the
exerted with so much ability, that Sir subject of this memoir, was born in
Henry Sydney, when Lord Deputy, re- 1743, in the Island of Minorca, where
ported to the Queen, that is it was his father was on duty at the time. He
hardly necessary for him to interfere in entered the army, and served with it at
that county, so great was the care of a tender age, and it is said was the 17th
Francis Cosby." The General served in succession from father to son who
in Parliament for the borough of Tho- followed the military profession. In
mastown; and after a long and bonour. 1756 he attended bis father, and was

present and acting as a volunteer, at

ihe capture of Geriab, on the coast of General Cosby's death is recorded Malabar. in p. 94. We have entered into the In the year 1759 Mr Cosby went to numerous details, connected with the the coast of Coromandel, soon after the life of this gallant soldier, with a mi- siege of Madras bad been abandoned by huteness unusual in our pages; but his the French under General Lally. He active services were so intimately con- joined the British force under Colonel nected with the protracted warfare of (afterwards the celebrated Sir Eyre) the Indian Peninsula, doring the last Coote, as Ensign, being then a youth century, that a relation of them cannot between fifteen and sixteen years of age. bat afford ample satisfaction to our The English army, by way of retaliareaders. EDIT.

tion for the French attempt on Madras, + Dudley Alexander Sydney Cosby, advanced, in 1760, to the siege of Poncreated a Baron of Ireland June 25, dicherry. Cosby was posted to the first 1768, by the style and title of Lord company of Grenadiers, and witb them Sydney of Leix, Baron Stradbally. was employed in the attack of the

This elegant place, with an im- Bound Hedge, when the division he proving rental from 80001. to 10,0001. a served jo, commanded by Major Joseph year, still belongs to the Cosby's, though Smith (afterwards General Smith), connor of the senior branch.

sisting entirely of Company's troops, Gent. Mag. February, 1822.

carried

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178

Memoir of Lieut.-Gen. Sir H. A. M. Cosby, Knt. (Feb. carried the principal post, defended by Cosby's sending in a message, that if the French regiments of Lorraine and they did not immediately lay down their Lally, and then captured ten pieces of arms, the field-pieces should open their cannon, with a number of prisoners. fire; the Killidare, astonished at this The main body of the enemy made a obstacle and derangement of his plan precipitate retreat into the town. On (which was nothing less than to make the investment of the place, Ensign himself master of the place), lost all Cosby was appointed to the charge of confidence, and immediately surrenthe Ariancopong Redout, the souther- dered, making a variety of excuses for most one of ibe Bound Hedge, a silua- bis conduct. Mr. Cosby having, howtion of much importance, as it was that ever, reasons for suspecting the ploc by which the enemy expected to receive deeper laid than even appeared, sent an supplies, but which, though often at- express to Mr. Pybus, Chief of Musulitempted, they were prevented from patam, with a full account of the affair. effecting by the assiduity of Mr. Cosby. This brought a strong reinforcement,

Soon after this service, he was em- wbich secured the place until matters ployed at the siege of Villere, under Ge- were finally settled between the English neral Calliaud ; and being promoted to Government and the Soubah of the the rank of Lieutenant, was sent on Decan, who assumed the right of disduty to Musulipatam. Soon after his posing of those Provinces, wbicb were arrival there, he was appointed to com- completely ceded to the English; and mand a detachment of 200 Sepoys, with Lieut. Cosby had the bovour of being two six-pounders and twelve artillery- the first to hoist the British Colours in men, to assist the then temporary Nabob the Fort of Rajabmundry, on the Bank of Rajabmundry against some refractory of the Gadaverie. It still continues Poligars, who resisted his authority. an integral part of the East India ComThey were soon brought to terms. pany's territory North of the Kistnab. Lieut. Cosby returned to Rajahmundry, Lieut. Cosby was soon after appointed where bis situation became peculiarly to succeed Captain Lang in the military delicate, there being at the time differ command of Musulipatam, where he ent claimants for the possession of the continued till 1764, when, officers being Northern Circars ; consequently a great greatly wanted for the siege of Madura, degree of jealousy existed respecting the then obstinately defended by the cele English interest at Rajahmundry; and brated Isoof Cawn, who had rebelled there being at that time in the fort a against the Nabob of Arcot, such was near relative of one of the candidates, Lieut. Cosby's zeal for the service, and nominal Killidar or Governor, who though then most advantageously si. coinmanded a fine corps of 500 Arabs, tuated, that he tendered his services, which he had brought with him from which were readily accepted, and he the North of India, and who displayed proceeded to join the army in the field, evident marks of discontent at the mea- under Colonel Charles Campbell. This sures now adopted. Lieut. Cosby felt it officer was so well pleased with Lieut, necessary to keep a watchful eye upon Cosby's conduct, that he gave bim the bim, and which precaution was justified command of eight independent compaby subsequent events, for he was one nies of Sepoys, stationed on the south night awakened by a confidential per side of attack, where he continued till son, and informed, tbat most of the the fall of the place; after which he Arabs had in the course of the evening was appointed to the command of War. been secretly collected into the Fort riorpallam, a place then recently taken from the Pettah, and were then in the from the Rajah of that name. During very act of having ball cartridge issued his residence there he was indefatigable to them by their commander in the in his endeavours to make the Sepoys court of his own residence. Not a mo. under bis command submit to a more ment was to be lost. The quarters of regular system of discipline than they the English Sepoys were fortunately bad bitherto been accustomed to; and close to Lieut. Cosby's house ; the two was the first officer who got the natives field-pieces were in front of his door, to conform to an unisormity of dress, and the artillery.men in a shed adjoin- and many other regulations, which graing. They were under arms in an in- dually became adopted through the serstant; and with port-fires lighted, this vice, and bas long since rendered them small body proceeded directly to the what they now are-a most estimable Killidar's residence, which was sure body of troops, losing little by coolrounded by a high wall, and taking pos. parison with the best of Europe. In session of the ewo approaches, obtained 1767 Lieut. Cosby was promoted to the an advantage which the smallness of rank of Captain, and the Sepoys being his force rendered essential. On Lieut. then formed into battalions, under the

command

1822.] Memoir of Lieut.-Gen. Sir H. A. M. Cosby, Knt. 179 command of Captains Commandant, with it for Baillie's camp; and as the Cosby was appointed to the command of whole route lay through the enemy's the 6th battalion.

country, and the high road within sight The Government of Madras having of several of Hyder's garrisons, particu. about this period entered into a treaty Tarly Bangalore, he was directed to proof alliance with the Soubab of the Decan ceed with as much caution as possible. for the reduction of the power of Hyder This delicate service was performed Alli Cawn, which at this time bad risen with admirable success, Captain Cosby to an alarming height, Captain Cosby's baving so skilfully evaded the corps debatcalion, now completed to a thousand tached to intercept him, as to return firelocks, was selected to form a part of with the loss of only one man, who dethe English contingent, which was sti- serted, having performed a circuitous pulated to consist of 500 European in- march, guided chiefly by compass, of fantry, five battalions of Sepoys, 30 350 miles in 13 days, including two European dragoons, sixteen pieces of days occupied in delivering his charge artillery, twelve and six pounders, under and refreshing his troops. The Soubah the immediate command of Brigadier and Hyder having soon after settled General Joseph Smith, the Commander matters, and with more bonour than in Chief at the time of the British at was expected, permitted our three bat. Madras. Owing, however, to the trea- talions to retire, determined on tbe incherous policy so common among Na- vasion of the Carnatic; and General tive Powers in India, it was soon sus- Smith, by orders from the Madras Gopected, and discovered a very little while vernment, began his retreat from the after our little army's arrival in the ene- Biramaul, in order to cover our own my's country, that the Mahrattas, being frontiers, there to wait for the reinforcethe first on the field, had (after plunder. ments, the wbole of the English force ing every tbing they could), made a se- being at this time 800 European inparate peace with Hyder; that the fantry, 30 European dragoons, 16 pieces Soubab was on the point of imitating of cannon, twelve and six-pounders ; this conduct; and that the British were and 1000 irregular cavalry belonging to likely to be made a sacrifice to this per- the Nabob of Arcot. The enemy's army, fidious arrangement. Precautions were consisting of 42,000 horse, 28,000 inadopted by the Madras Government to fantry, and 109 guns, came up with the guard against events, and General small force of the English on the 28th Smith received orders to retire by slow Sept. 1767, just as they had got through marches into the Carnatic, with the the Changama Pass, which divides the greater part of bis force, leaving three Carnatic from Hyder's dominions, and battalions, under Col. Baillie, with the had, early in the morning, with a large Soubah, who had then advanced to Se- body of cavalry and light troops, taken ringapatam. This was no doubt a risk possession of a village and hill comof tbe three battalions, but our Govern- manding a narrow defile through which ment bad not as yet sufficient grounds the British had to pass. General Smith, to withdraw entirely from the league. baring made the best possible disposiIn order, however, that there should be tion, began to move forward with

the some pledge or indemnity, a detachment line, and the corps commanded by Capunder Major Bonjour, possessed itself of tain Cosby * being one of those in ad. the Biramaul Country, laying between vance, was ordered to dislodge the the Carnatic and Mysore.

enem from the village, which he efThe anxiety for the three battalions fected at the point of the bayonet; and under the Soubah increased, as they finding himself annoyed from the bill, became in arrears of pay; and ap- proceeded with equal success to drive prebensions were entertained, that in them from that position likewise, while consequence they might mutiny, and ad. the advance pursued its route, and vantage be taken of the circumstance, cleared the difficulties of the pass. From either by Hyder or the Soubab, to get this hill Captain Cosby perceived the them over to their service ; and, as of rapid approach of Hyder's regular intheir description, they were among our fantry at some distance on the right best troops, their relief became an object flank of the English line, and reporting of serious consideration to the General. his observation to Major Bonjour (in He therefore detached Captain Cosby, command of the advance), requested with 500 of his own corps, and cwelve and obtained bis permission to call up dragoons, with a sum of money in tbe leading corps of the army, comspecie, made up in bags, it being in- manded by Captain Cowley, to occupy tended, in case of extremity, that the the hill before he quitted it to join the money so prepared should be divided among the dragoons to make a last push

* See Wilks's South of India.

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180

Memoir of Lieut.-Gen. Sir H. A, M. Cosby, Knt. (Feb. van, to which he belonged; a judicious joining him, an action took place be. suggestion, which essentially contributed tween that officer and Hyder Ally in to the success of the day. The con- person, near Arlier, in which Captain federates were entering this position, Cosby received a severe contusion from but had not completely occupied it, a cannon ball. In 1769 a peace was when General Smith, on approaching concluded with Hyder, and tbe army the hill and hearing the report of Cap- went into quarters ; Captain Cosby's tain Cosby, perceived the necessity of battalion constituting a part of the garquickening his march, and by so doing rison of Vellore. got up in time, and by securing the bill In 1771 the army being ordered to and village, gained an advantage that take the field under General Joseph enabled him completely to repulse every Smith, against Tanjore, Captain Cosby's subsequent attack, and ultimately battalion formed a part of the force, but obliged the enemy to draw off, leaving proceeded no farther than Vellum, a bim master of the field, and at liberty, strong fort belonging to the Rajah, and soon after dusk, which was fast ap. about nine miles from Tanjore, which it proaching, to continue his march, as was desirable to possess. A breach was ihe pecessity and situation of the Bri- effected, and Captain Cosby's battalion tish obliged them to march all night to being then on duty in the batteries, reach a depot at Trinomally, where Ge- under the orders of Colonel Bonjour, neral Smith expected to be reinforced by the latter about midnight observing the troops from Trichinopoly. The enemy fire of the enemy to slacken near the suffered so severely as to prevent their breach, and thinking it a favourable following during the night; and Hyder moment to carry the place, directed himself was slightly wounded. The loss Captain Cosby with a few of his men, to of the English was of course consider. try how far it might be practicable, able. The battle of Trinomally, or which he accordingly did ; and having, Errour, soon followed that of Changama, with some difficulty, reached the top, and proved so decisive, that the confe- and being followed close by more of his derates lost the greater part of their men, the enemy, panic-struck, were cannon and baggage, blew up their am- soon driven from the ramparts, and munition, and went off in the greatest abandoned the fort by the Tanjore gate, confusion, abandoning a strongly for- on the opposite side. This gate he had tified camp, and ultimately left the just time to gain possession of and seCarnatic. In this action, Captain

Cosby, cure, when it was approached by a reat the head of his corps, the 6th Sepoys, inforcement of some of the best troops was particularly mentioned by the Com- from Tanjore, with orders to defend it mander in Chief for having borne a con- to the last; but they were only in time spicuous part in the bonvurs of tbe day. to receive a discharge of musquetry

The retreat of the enemy gave but a from the new masters of the place, and short respire to the toils of the British, which the enemy did not wait to bave for our army soon after resented the ag- repeated. The General was pleased imgression by entering the Mysore. In mediately to appoint Captain Cosby to 1768, Captain Cosby was again actively the command of the fortress. The Rajah employed, being detached with bis own of Tanjore having at last been brought corps, a detachment of Grenadier Sepoys, to terms, but not before General Smith and a troop of dragoons, against one of had proceeded some lengih in the ape Hyder's most active partisans, Muctum proaches, the army went into cantonSahib, whom he defeated and dislodged ments. Vellum was, however, detained from under the guns of Bangalore. The in our hands as a security for the fulfilPolligar, or Chief, of this place, he ment of the Rajah's engagements; and obliged to accompany him to the British the garrison being increased, Captain head-quarters. Captain Cosby was after. Cosby was appointed to the permanent wards placed in advance of the army, command. in command of a force, consisting of bis In 1772 Captain Cosby was appointed own battalion, a company of European Brigade-Major to the Army, that being grenadiers, a corps of Sepoy grenadiers, then the highest staff situation on the some European cavalry, and a field Coast, and as such served under General train, with orders to reduce the Forts of Smith at the reduction of the Forcs of Amicul and Dencanicotah, in the Mysore Ramnadaperam and Calicoil, in the Country, wbich service be completely Southern Provinces of the Carnatic. accomplished. He was soon after or. In 1773 he was raised to the office of dered to reinforce a division of the Adjutant-General, with the official rauk army under Col. John Wood. Soon after of Lieutenant-Colonel, being the first

appointed to that situation in India, and * See Wilks's South of India. in that capacity was head of the Staff

under

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