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111 and remains brought from the Eu- There do not present data enough phrates, no one symbol appears of a to class the Theban Sphinx with figure as the Egyptian Sphinx-and Temple decorations, and lastly the Babylon, as a kingdom and empire, material, Purbeck or Swanage, proves arose to grandeur under Nebuchad- that whatever hands sculptured it, the nezzar. At which time, Egypt had group is of British workmanship, sun for centuries a long career in the and was executed in this island. How Arts and Sciences, and was then far its appearance warrants the conadorned with those very edifices we clusion of its high antiquity; and also now contemplate with astonishment if any similar statue in character and and admiration. Under the wonderful appropriations exists among the multiconduct of Prophecy, we know that tudinous collections of Italy and EuNebuchadnezzar possessed himself of rope in general, is very well worth inall Egypt, and all her treasures ; which vestigating. No one would wish to were costly enough to be termed, by throw a slur or imputation upon the God himself
, the rewards of his labor subject as handled by Mr. Hay; notagainst Tyre, and that he arrayed him- withstanding there are possibilities self with all her spoils. The ap- that the figure, excellent as in many pearance, therefore, of Egyptian gems, parts it manifestly is, may be of far bearing the Sphinx as an Egyptian different origin 'than its Historian monument, can far more reasonably claims for it, and care should be taken be inferred to have originally passed to ascertain these dubious points, ere from Egypt to Babylon, among her it be admitted to rank as an unquesspoils, than to afford any proof demon- tionable specimen of Roman sculpture. strative, that the mythological symbol
E. was used at Babylon, no trace of which P. S. Since penning the foregoing can be discovered in any other way, remarks, the Writer has observed a nor do we hear of the Babylonians Sphinx, No. 84 of the Greek and Robeing such engravers, as History and man Sculptures, in the British Muthe Divine Writings prove the Egyp- seum, markedly resembling the featians always to have been. That Ba- tures and size of the subject of Mr. bylon copied from Egypt, is more pro- Hay's memoir, but without any combable, from the Colossus set up by Ne. pound association of victim. The pobuchadnezzar in imitation of the sition is very similar, and it is desigEgyptian Statues in the plain of nated as part of a Candelabrum, which Gournou.
appropriation was most probably the It would be unfair to embarrass this true one of the Colchester Sphinx, question with captious objections ; but whether a genuine Roman subject, or certain propositions laid down by Mr. a mere modern copy. Hay do not appear conclusive. Instead of proof that the Egyptians copied Mr. Urban,
Feb. 4. their hieroglyphic Sphinx from the
of Persepolitan Sculptures, there is every Established Church have been thing to say against it; and there are placed on a much more respectable sufficient grounds in the respective footing than they were heretofore, by mythologies of those countries for the the statute passed during the late Mr. origin of both. Instead of the proba- Pites administration ; by which statute bility of Egypt borrowing her symbols their stipends are proportioned to the from the kingdom of Babylon, there population of the respective parishes, are grounds to consider Babylon adopt- and the annual value of the benefices; end some usages from Egypt, and pos- yet when we take into consideration sessed herself of all her treasures and ihe previous expences of an universitymonuments of costly value.
education, and the funds subsequently There do not appear sufficient traces necessary for upholding themselves as of ruins remaining of a Temple at gentlemen, and maintaining an interColchester on the presumed scite, and course with the best society, it must yet the Sphinx was found so slightly be acknowledged that their present covered, that if it had lain there un- provision (where the parties have no disturbed all the ages supposed, such private income) is not adequate to traces most probably of building must their station. appear also to confirm its associated It may be said that they have always character.
a resource in the education of youth ;
112 On improving the Condition of Curates.-British Museum. (Feb. but this is a mistake. Such numbers pose. The Librarians and Attendants of the unbeneficed Clergy are engaged deserve all praise. in this useful service, that in many There are yet circumstances which places there is no prospect of success are not unworthy the notice of the for others in the same line; or, if Trustees; and nuisances which, in the there were that prospect, the want of common law phrase, they might be proper accommodation is often an in- induced to abate. superable bar. Again, objections may I am a reader of many years standbe made to the situation, as a residence ing, and when I quit my hermitage in for pupils, on the score of unhealthi- the country, for a few weeks residence ness:--or, it may be incompatible with in town, my object is a laborious inthe discharge of extensive parochial vestigation of the rich MS stores which duty, or with the health of the parties abound in the grand National Reposithemselves, to undertake this addi- tory. Judge then, Sir, of my annoytional labour.
ance, when I describe to you what Hence it is much to be desired, that Mr. Dibdin would call the locale" some plan were devised for a further of the reading-room; or perhaps I amelioration of the condition of might more happily imagine the auCurates; the promotion of whose in- thor of the “Miseries of Human terests would be followed by additional Life” placed for once in the said strength and support to the Church reading-room. Establishment itself.
“ Extract from my Diary, Jan. 15, 1822. With this view, it is proposed that “ Wind N. E. At half-past eleven A. M. an accurate Register be kept by every arrived at the reading-room in the British Bishop, of the Curates residing in his Museum, in a glow from my walk of three diocese, annexing to each name the miles-the weather sharp and frosty. Room age; whether a bachelor or married ; a cube of 40 feet, with enormous sashthe length of time he has served in the windows—whistling in the wind-take my Church, either in that or any other
seat at the board of Green-cloth. Look diocese—to the end that when a, living the fire-place, descry a circle of chairs
about for a clock-none :-look about for becomes vacant, in the Bishop's gift,
drawn round, and occupied ; above them, he may, at least sometimes, bestow it
close to the wall, two very tall automatons, upon ihat individual in the aforesaid roasting fillets of veal, and holding books Curacy Register, who has laboured bent quite backwards, up to their chins. the longest and most diligently in his Before the said chairs, 1 perceived, being calling. I say sometimes, for I am determined on a nearer inspection, some not for depriving the Hierarchy of a Bond-street Dandies, enveloped in fur and fair proportion of bias or favouritism lamb's-wool, and the chairs filled by tall towards friends and connexions. That school-boys, at home for the holydays, is no more than natural. Only let with dictionaries on their laps, and V'irgils not the Church-benefices always or
in their hands !" for the most part go in that manner. And thus (said I to myself) is this As in the Army and Navy, so in the 'proud National advantage extended to Church, let the subordinate officers, me! who must spend at least four who have no family-interest-nothing hours a day upon a tough manuscript, to depend upon but their own exer- or never aspire to the fame of Gruterus. tions, be encouraged in their career by I must endure positive starvation, inthe hope of receiving, within a rea- dependently of certain feelings which sonable time, a due reward for their every gentleman has, when restrained services. On the proposed plan, a from taking immediate redress, he portion of the Curates in every diocese sees others persevering in the inwould be certain of preferment. dulgence of selfishness, however offenYours, &c. A LAYMAN.
sive it may be.
The Reading-room ought not to be Mr. URBAN,
Feb. 5. used merely as a library at a waterTH VE British Museum is become a ing-place, notwithstanding, ignorant
subject of National consideration, young men may so conduct themselves. not only because large sums have been I should be glad to see the followvery properly granted by Parliament ing notice placed by authority, above for its extension and improvement, the fire-place :-" Gentlemen (I repeat but because the Trustees have, in in- Gentlemen) are requested not to burn tention, done much towards rendering the backs of the books- nor their it fully answerable to its original pur- own."
1822.] Rievaulx, Abbey, co. York.-Michel Dean, co. Gloucester. 113 Rievaulx ABBEY, YORKSHIRE. with the buttresses between them in the
same of course. There were three doors at forded us by the Author of a small the North end, entering into the body of and very interesting book, entitled “A the Nave, and no doors to the side Ailes. Description of Duncombe Park, Rie. The piers of the arches might be either
square, circular, or octagonal, according to vaulx Abbey, and Helmsley Castle,”
the architecture of that time, and are there&c. of laying before our Readers a
fore left as doubtful. The internal dimenground plan of the beautiful remains
sions of the Nave are 166 feet 6 inches, by of Rivals Abbey, of which Views
59 feet 2 inches.” and Descriptions appeared in vol.
“ The Refectory is 125 feet by 37 feet 6 LXXIV. p. 613, LXXX. i. 601. ii. inches. The dotted lines show the vaults 307, 629; LXXXII. i. 105; XCI.i.297. which formerly existed beneath, seen by
We make the following extracts the remains of the arches round the wall. from the above-named book, which These arches were supported on 18 columns we recommend as an excellent guide in two rows. The dotted lines in the part to the different places of which it marked (K) in the plan show the same treats. It is elegantly written, and thing: the arches supported on 14 columns.” abounds with valuable observations on Our Correspondent “). C. 3." our ecclesiastical, domestic, and cas- requests us to correct an error which tellated Architecture.
appeared in his remarks on the recent Explanation of the annexed Plan : discoveries among the ruins of Rivaulx
Abbey, in our number for April last. “ A. Choir of the Church. B. Site of the Nave.
It was stated that the foundations of C.C. Site of the Transept.
the Nave were disclosed by the “perD. Quadrangle between the Church and
mission” of the Noble Owner, whereas Refectory.
all the improvements which have E. E. Site of the Cloisters, which ex- taken place among these fine remains tended along two sides of the Quadrangle. of art and magnificence, were at the
F. Entrance from the Cloisters into the suggestion and sole expence of Charles Transept.
Edit. G. "The Refectory.
H. Anti-Room to Ditto.—by some supposed to have been the Buttery.
ACCOUNT or Michel Dean, 1. Music Gallery (or Reader's Pulpit)
GLOUCESTERSHIRE. in Ditto.
(Continued from p. 19.) K. A Fragment, shewing part of a range N the floor at the East end of the of large round-headed Windows.
LL The Kitchens (as supposed) to stone with two brass figures of women, the Refectory
and there has been another figure of a M. M. M. M. Supposed site of the Dormitory.
man between them; also five coats of N. An
arms, one at each corner of the stone, Court.
open 0, 0, 0, 0, 0. Supposed site of the Ab- and one hanging from a tree over the bot's House with its passages, and other man's head, and a border round the Appendages.
stone. Round the outer part of the P. Part of a large arched entrance.
stone is the following inscription : Q. Lodge, &c. adjoining."
*« Here lyeth the body of Mrs. Elizabeth, " In the plan, those parts are shaded the wife of Thomas Tomkyns, gent. the black, where enough remains to trace dis- daughter of Edward Machen, Esq. who detinctly the walls, windows, doors, &c. parted this life the 17th day of December, Other parts are left in plain lines, as doubt- 1712." fal; being merely traced from certain in- Below the feet of the figures is the equalities in the level of the ground, which following: Eppear like the foundations of walls.
“ Here lyeth the body of Thomas Ton"The fragment of the Nave, at its Northern termination, gives one half of the kyns, gent. who departed this life 5 June,
1711." end of the Church, with the thickness of
Near the same place is another one of the side walls ; and the darkened parts of that side wall
, shew one of the stone, which once had a brass figure Windows and two of the flat Norman but- on it, and bearing the following intrenses, from a careful measurement of scription: streh, and of the corresponding distances, “ Here lyeth Richard Pyrk, of the Dun$ is found to admit of nine such windows ston, geut. son of Robert, who lyeth with Gest. Mag. Feltuary, 1822.
(Feb. his father in Abinghall Chancel. The said delight of all :but weep not, ye surviving Richard left issue Richard, Jonathan, La- relatives, siuce the superior qualifications of zarus, Anna, and Elizabeth. Here lyeth her mind have at an early period secured, in also the said Richard his son, who died bliss immortal, a reward more than adequate anno 1712, leaving issue Mary and Eliza- to the sufferings of a shortened life. beth. Here also lyeth the said Mary his “Sleep soft in dust, wait the Almighty's will, daughter, who married with Thomas Wil- Then rise unchanged, and be an Angel still." kins, gent. and died March ye 3, 1722." “ Near this place also are interred Charles
There are several monuments on the Markey Blunt, Elizabeth and Thomas Blunt, floor and against the North wall of Blunt, who died in their infancy.”
sons and daughter of Thomas and Mary the Church,
of the Sargeaunts of HartsBarn, in the adjoining parish of Long- Opposite to the pulpit, on the South hope and of this place, some as far side, is a monument to the memory of back as 1632. Arms: Arg. a chevron John Palmer, joiner and citizen of between 3 dolphins Sable, impaling, London, late of this town, who died Arg. a canton Ermine on a fess Sab. 18th June, 1784, aged 08; and also 3 etoiles of the field.
of his widow, who died 20 July, 1791, On the same North wall is a mo- aged 77. Arms: Arg. a chevron benument belonging to the family of tween three purses Sable, stringed, Lane, of this town, of whom the first bound, and tasseled Or. there mentioned died May 7, 1748. Also a neat gallery with the followArms defaced.
ing inscription : In the Chancel, on the right hand “ This gallery was erected by the Gentleof the altar-piece, is a monument to men of the Committee of the Charity-schools, the son of a Rector of the parish, with for the use of the school founded by William the following inscription:
Lane, esq. and also for the use of the school “ Hic conditur sub terræ cumulo Ri- supported by voluntary contributions, Anno
Domini 1790." chardus Stringer, filius Ricardi Stringer, hujus Ecclesiæ Rectoris, et Elizabethæ There are also various other monuuxoris, natus Deane Magnæ, educatus scholæ
to the families of Stephens, Colegiæ Glostriensis, nec non morte pe- . Lewis, Cross, &c. which I forbear to remptus, Aprilis 12, anno salutis 1647, trouble you with, as they are mostly ætatis suæ 15."
printed in Bigland's “Collections for “Inspice, perlege, respice, plorave, condito, Gloucestershire." lector
[mori. The Font is a large massy stone, Vivere et hinc discas, hinc quoque disce carved in the Gothic stile, without Nuper eram viridis, nunc nil nisi pulvis et date, the name “Sarah Hartley" rudely
umbra, Est mihi sic hodie, cras tibi forsan erit."
carved on one side.
In the South-east corner is a niche “ The vernall spring-tide of my youthfull for the purpose of holding water for prime
[time, ablution. Death's winter night, and laid to sleepe beSoon thro' the Zodiacke of life I ran,
There was a small chantry dedicated Yet was in science, though not years, a man;
to the Holy Trinity, whereof Henry My life was short, not short but long my
Hooper was the last incumbent. paine,
Five small parcels of land and some Christ was my hope, my death not losse but cottages are given for the repair of Resuryam. Resplendescam.”
the Church, and for the use of the poor. The father of the young man just ter contains 225 baptisms, and 150
In ten years from 1699, the Regisnoticed is buried in the Chancel. On the left side of the Chancel is a
burials ; and in ten years from 1760, handsome marble monument:
188 baptisms, and 143 burials; and
there were in 1779, 590 inhabitants. “ Sacred to the memory of Catherine In ten years, ending 31st December, Blunt, daughter of Thomas and Mary Blunt, 1816, there have been 229 baptisms, of Abinghall in this county. She died the including, since the commencement of 1st day of November, 1793, aged 15 years. the year 1813, 40 from the neighbourIf a pleasing form, unspotted innocence, an amiable temper, engaging manners, calming
Forest, and 126 burials, including fortitude, and pious resignation under the from the same time 8 from the Forest, pain of a lingering illness, could have arrest
The population taken accurately in ed the rude arm and softened the savage October 1816, including women and violence of Death, long would she have children, was 448. lived to the joy and consolation of her The poor rate in January 1817, was parents, the admiration of her friends, the nearly equal to the rental.
1822.] Mrs. Gaskin.-The Spoliation of Antient Vaults censured. 115
The Forest of Deane contains about Coast, with purpose of embarking 33,000 acres, and the oak it produces shortly for the Continent, upon an is so excellent for the use of ship- Antiquarian tour, 1 employed the building, that among the directions time in inspecting the ancient Church. given to the famous Spanish Armada I was much gratified with its general in the time of Queen Elizabeth, one appearance, as, although some modern was to destroy the timber in the Forest innovations have crept in, there is, of Deane. Large inclosures and plan- throughout, an air of neatness and tations of oak trees have lately been good keeping highly creditable to the made. W. H. Rosser. parishioners. The tombs of the Smyth
family, once of considerable note in MR. URBAN,
Feb. 6. Kent, who, amongst other domains, I N Vol. XCI. i. p. 647, you have re- were lords of Leeds Castle, interested
corded the death of Mrs. Gaskin, me much. They are in excellent preof Stoke Newington, and have de- servation, and very fine specimens of scribed her as one of the two daugh- the taste prevalent in monumental ters of the Rev. Mr. Broughton, his architecture during the 16th and early (Dr. Gaskin's) immediate predecessor, part of the 17th centuries. Whilst as Secretary to the Society for pro- viewing these records, I was naturally moting Christian Knowledge.” This led to ask where the mortal remains statement is incorrect ; for she was rested which they were raised to comthe second of Mr. Broughton's four memorate, and I was not a little sur. daughters, of whom one only now prised to learn, that the sanctuary in survives; and Dr. Gaskin was not the which they were reposited had been immediate successor of Mr. Broughton, profaned, their mouldering relics in his official connexion with that thrust into a corner, and the whole Society, for Mr. Broughton died in vault divided between two families December 1777, when the Rev. Michael resident in the town. Without ad. Hallings was elected Secretary, who verting, Mr. Urban, to the manifest dying in the spring of 1786, Dr. Gaskin indecency of this appropriation, I then became his successor.
should be much inclined to question It is but doing justice to the charac- its legality. The Church and Churchter of the excellent and amiable per- yard are both, I know, deemed the 800, whose departure from this world freehold of the incumbent for the time you have noticed, to say that she was being, and he can dispose of them as one whose chief characteristics were-a he pleases ; but that disposition, I fervent piety towards God, exemplified conceive, to be binding upon every in a devout and constant discharge of successor, and that the purchaser of every religious duty, both in public the soil acquires an inherent right to and in private-reverence, and cordial it which cannot in future be invaded; love for her husband, to contribute to for, were it otherwise, there is not a whose comfort, during a period of family burial-place in the kingdom nearly 43 years, was her first earthly which may not be violated by cupidity concern-boundless attachment to her or malevolence. I am the more earnest children and her children's children- upon this subject, as, I am sorry to and a sincere benevolence to all, espe- say, it is not the first time it has fallen cially to her relatives, friends, and con- under my observation; for I rememnexions, shewing itself by endearing ber hearing the incumbent of a place, expressions and acts of kindness; and, not a hundred miles from the metropoto the poor around her, by good advice, lis, coolly stating, that he had broken and alınsgiving to the utmost extent of into the vault of an extinct family, her power. She is gone to an infi- because he wanted it for one of his nitely better state of existence, through own relatives, and that in case of more the merits of that gracious Saviour, in deaths he thought he should knock whom she trusted; but the memory up" the old coffins, send their conof her remains, and is precious. tents to the bone-house, and assume Yours, &c.
G. G. the whole space to himself. That no
doubt might remain of his intention Ashford, Kent, in this respect, he had actually put up MR. URBAN,
Jan. 23. a tablet over the vault, purporting that AVING occasion to rest here it belonged to his family, though made