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Art. 49.- Alfonso, King of Castile : a Tragedy, in Five Acts. By
M. G. Lewis. 800. 25. 6d. Bell. 1801. With no inconsiderable portion of modesty Mr. Lewis offers this piece to the public - not as a good play,' says he, but as the best that I can produce. Very possibly no body could write a worse tragedy ; but it is a melancholy truth that I cannot write a better.' P.iv. - In regard to the plot, we have assuredly no right to examine it by the light of history, because the author candidly confesses that he has departed from it. He has however, we must acknowledge, not diminished the interest which the reader feels in the fate of his characters. The versification is in general bold and spirited, but the thoughts are frequently too high-flown and overstrained. The course of Mr. Lewis's reading may be traced in this, as well as his other works; all his passions are expressed in ungovernable language; and the wild impetuosity of Schiller and the German dramatists is visible in every page. It appears as if the author were laying great violence on his inclinations in keeping the ghosts off the stage in the fourth and fifth acts, for he cannot forbear making them visible to Otcilia and Amelrosa. We, beg leave to congratulate him on this victory over his prejudices, and to remind him, that true fame consists in the approbation of the discerning few, not in the shouts of the yulgar,
- Eripe turpi Colla jugo. Liber, liber sum, dic ! age.--Horace. Art. 50.-Holiday Time ; or, the School-boy's Frolic : a Farce in Two
Acts. As performed by his Majesty's Servants of the Theatre-Royal Norwich, with universal Applause. By Francis Lathom. 8vo. Is. 6d. Longman and Rees.
The mind of Mr. Lathom may be perceived here, as in other works, to be capable of considerable invention ; but this farce is not of consequence enough to merit much investigation. Although it be not in our power to bestow upon it any great share of praise ; yet, to use his own words, he shall not in us - meet with critics suf. ficiently sour to frown upon a School-boy's Frolic.'
NOVELS. ART. 51.-Letitia ; or, the Castle without a Spectre. By Mrs. Hunter
of Norwich. 4 Vols. 12mo. 11. is. Boards. Longman and Rees. 1801.
A fitter title for this work would have been · The Letitias,' for it is the history of three-the grandmother, mother, and daughter. Miss Letitia Dashmore marries Mr. Marchmount; their daughter Letitia marries Mr. Rushwood; and, again, their daughter Letitia marries Alfred Langstone. The first of these ladies is but seventeen when her story commences, and the novel is not concluded till the last has presented her husband with two boys. It is a pity that Mrs. Hunter did not make one of them a girl, and then she might have gone on with the history of Letitia ad infinitum. The work
however is not destitute of merit ; but the continuation from ge. neration to generation' cannot fail to tire a reader's patience, Art. 52.-Helen of Glenross; a Novel. By the Author of Históric
Tales. 4 Vols. 12mo. 165. Boards. Robinsons. 1801. . The author of the volumes before us is of the penseroso school. The tale does not end, like the generality of novels, in a happy wedding, but in the death of those who had married unhappily
In the common tales of devoted beauty, a delicate mind finds so little syinpathy, that it hardly serves for warning against errors too broad to require much caution to avoid. But the purest may sympathise in Helen's fate-may learn diffidence from her story, and be convinced it is easier to avoid imprudence, than to prevent or remedy the evils that follow it.' Vol. iv. P. 264.
The story is an interesting one, and the incidents are pathetic. The writer also evinces some poetical merit in the ballad style, by a reverie on the daisy, in the second volume. Art. 53.–Ariel; or the Invisible Monitor. In Four Volumes. 12mo.
18s. sewed. Lane. 1801. There is a peculiar cast of character assigned to one of the personages in this novel, which, although extravagant, will gain it the favour of the fair, and which is indeed a much more pleasant piece of machinery than ghosts and goblins—the attendance of the cheva. lier St. Alvars upon Rosaline in the guise of an aërial spirit. Notwithstanding that this circumstance is a little too fanciful, we can. not refuse our approbation to the work in general. The incidents are, such as to interest the reader continually; and the fortitude of the heroine is dignified and constant. We were sorry, however, to see that Sir Walter's conduct did not rise equally high with her own; for Adolphus's head might have been turned by anxiety, and Rosaline's heart broken by grief, had not the baronet's folly been gratis fied by her proving in the end a sprig of nobility. ART. 54.-The History of Netterville, a Chance Pedestrian; a Novel.
2 Vols. 12mo. 85. Boards. Crosby and Co. 1802. We cannot say much in favour of these volumes. The cata. strophe is not badly brought about : but there is hardly an event or an expression in the work that may not be met with in former works of this nature.
MISCELLANEOUS LIST. Art. 55.-An acçurate and impartial Narrative of the Apprehension, • Trial, and Execution on the gth of June 1798, of Sir E. W. Crosbie,
Bart. ; including a copy of the Minutes of the Proceedings of the CourtMartial which tried him; together with authentic Doi uments relating to the whole of his Conduct, and the Proceedings against him. Publisbech, in Justice to his Memory, by his Family. 8vo. 35. Hatchard, 1801. The family of the deceased publish these proceediags to vindicate the memory of their relative'; and, as far as we may credit the accountand we see no reason to doubt any part of it-Sir Edward suffered unmerited punishment. The publication is a very extraordinary one. Transactions are made known scarcely to be paralleled in the horrors of the French revolution ; and we could not have believed it possible that a circumstance which lady Crosbie has established upon oath that she heard from the sufferers, and which they were ready to con. firm on their affidavit, actually took place by the order of the president of the court-martial, if we had not heard an Irish gentleman of high rank vindicate the bloody, barbarous, and absurd mode of extorting evidence by the torture of flogging. It is said that, previous to the trial, two day-labourers, and the postillion of Sir E. Crosbie, were offered their choice—either to criminate the unfortunate baronet and be set free, or be Aogged. They refused to criminate, as they said, an innocent man. They were then severely flogged, and questioned again ; and persisting in the same conduct, the barbarous order was issued-Lay on the rascals fifty more! It is to be hoped that due inquiry will be made into the conduct of the late courts-martial in Ireland ; from which, we presume, it will appear, that if there ever be a necessity for their use, except in the army, they are at least totally disqualified to judge in civil transactions; and no circum. stances whatsoever can require the adoption of them, if the trial be to last, as in this instance, more than a day.
Art. 56.- A Narrative of the Life of Sarah Shade, born at Stoke Edith in the County of Hereford; containing many well-authenticated and curious Facts, more particularly during her l'oyage to the East Indies, in the New Devonshire Indiaman, in the Year 1769, and in traversing that Country in company with the Army, at the Sieges' of Pondicherry, Velore, Negapatam, &c. &c. Together with some extraordinary Ac. counts of the Ferocity of Tigers, Jackals, Piah Dogs, Vultures, &c. Taken down by some Gentlemen, and published for her Benefit. 8vo. 25. Hatchard. 1801.
Sarah Shade, now living at No 5, Little Chesterfield-street, Maryle-bone, the subject of this Narrative, has gone through many very strange adventures, which are recorded in this work. Some of them border 30 nearly on the incredible, that we might be almost justified in withholding our assent from them till a more exact inquiry into thie truth has been instituted; but the number of names mentioned in the work, of persons, many of whom must now be living, lead us to be. lieve that there is sufficient evidence for the chief part of the history. We are the more inclined to place a reliance on the credibility of the publishers, as some facts relative to the tiger, inserted at the end of the narrative, have been related to us by other and most unquestion. able testimony. As the Narrative is said to be published by some gentlemen for the benefit of the poor woman who has been such a sufferer, we have given the place of her abode, that the curiosity of some of our readers to hear from her own mouth her strange adven*țures may be gratified, and she may be assisted in return by their be. pevolence,
ART. 57.-Hints for increasing the Splendor of Illuminations, securing
rbe Pleasure of the Spectator, and the Convenience of the Householder} with some Remarks for the Prevention of Tumult and Disorder. Par. ticularly adapted to the Illuminations expected to take place on the Preclamation for Peace with the French Republic. By Photopbilos. 8vo. Is. Jordan. 1801.
There cannot be a more pleasing sight than a general illumination upon a cessation of war; and the benevolent author of this publica. tion seems to be impressed with an idea which we should be glad to see realised, that an illumination may be made a heart-enlivening spectacle to all, both rich and poor.' For this purpose he has suggested several hints which merit the attention of the public. He considers the object, the restoration of peace, as worthy to be celebrated in the most solemn manner; he deprecates a state of war with a truly Christian spirit, and reprobates our perpetual interference in continental politics with the ability of a statesman. The attention of the police is called upon to prevent those scenes of riot and tumult which too frequently disgrace our streets; and it cannot be doubted that with very little effort the quiet of the metropolis might be preserved, and squibs, crackers, and the firing of blunderbusses, confined, as the author suggests they should be, within their proper limits. District committees are recommended for the purpose of illuminating objects best adapted to the occasion ; and the housekeeper is instructed how to enrich, at very little expense or trouble, the brilliancy of the scene. The opulent are called upon to produce their statues and their vases, their chandeliers, and many other orna. ments of their mansions--the tradesman to display in his drawingroom the best productions of his art or manufacture. The vulgar are not forgotten , and proper places for their bonfires and more clamorous diversions are pointed out. The pamphlet is worthy the perusal of such public-spirited men as would wish to see the metropolis gratified by a spectacle in which elegance and magnificence may be combined at the smallest expense ; and the hints suggested to housekeepers may afford the younger branches of their families op. portunities of displaying their taste, as well as much innocent and useful amusement. Art. 58.-Analytical Hints relative to the Process of Ackerman, Suardy,
and Co.'s Manufactories for Water-proof Cloths, and Wearing Apparel, at Belgrave-Place, Chelsea, and at Messrs. Douglass and Co.'s Ma. rzufactory, Cuper's Bridge, Lambeth. 8vo. Is. Hurst. 1801.
We have reviewed this subject in many a heavy shower, and, on the whole, think well of the invention. We have seen the rain stand in pools on the skirts of the coat thrown over the saddle, but we have also found it penetrate : it is not, however, an objection to a valuable invention that it is not infallible. The method is highly ingenious: it renders a light flexible cloth capable of resisting very heavy showers; nor is it, as the patentees observe in their very candid de. fence now before us, warmer than other cloth, by confining the per. spiration. Let us however advise them not to remit in their atten. tion to the manufacture : from some complaints, we are led to su. spect that it is sometimes unequally prepared.
20 denominator of 2y + Rx
Art. 59.-Animadversions on Dr. Dickson's Translation of Reflexions
on tbe Theory of the Infinitesimal Calculus (the Doctrine of Fluxions). From the French of C. Carnot. By Henry Clarke. Sva. 6d. Hurst. 1801.
The translator of Carnot has, it seems, fallen into an error in the transformation of an equation, which has procured for him some very pert and, we may add, illiberal insinuations from the writer. The equation is, "TP+TT 2y +RZ
20—2x-M2 which Carnot transformed very properly into
· TP. y TT yMz taRZ-RZ
y 4-X y .am% X 2a-2x-MZ" This is shown to have been rightly done by our author; namely, by multiplying the numerator and denominator of Me into Q~*; whence we have 2y xa-x+aRx-xRx.
=; but 4-* * 24-2x— Mx
3. yMz (-* a-* x 2a-2x - MZ' *
M7 and whence Carnot's transformation is justified. Having settled this point, our author gives the trans. lator a lesson on the subtraction of algebraïcal quantities, which, hc says, ' will be evident to every one who can conceive that a negative quantity subtracted is in effect an affirmative one added.' We see no difficulty in the subtraction of the terms ; but an author who could write the sentence we have just quoted might have had more compassion for the translator, notwithstanding his error. We set his nonsense on the subtraction of a negative quantity against the transe lator's mistakes; and the two mathematicians will now, we hoper shake hands and be friends ;--at the same time we are persuaded that the translator will avail himself of the remarks of this writer on the first opportunity. Art. 60.–The Case of the Farmers ; with an Appendix, and a Dedication
to the Board of Agriculture ; and an Address to all present and future Writers on Agriculture. By.a Hertfordshire Farmer. 8vo. 1S. : Badcock. 1801. · A strong remonstrance in favour of farmers, but in a much superior style. The object is to lengthen in general the period of leases : and this period is by no means an improper or an unreasonable one, viz. nineteen or twenty years. Our experience differs, however, from the author's. We have not known any profession in which fortunes have been more certainly acquired. We call it a profession; for the farmer must be regularly bred, and continue to superintend every part, or we fear that fortune will be, as usual, fickle. If the landlord look forward to the improvement of his estate, he will not find our farmer's requisition improper.