The Cambridge History of Science: Volume 4, Eighteenth-Century Science

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Former Professor of the Social History of Medicine Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine Roy Porter, David C. Lindberg, Roy Porter, Ronald L. Numbers, Mary Jo Nye, Katharine Park, Lorraine Daston, Theodore M. Porter, Dorothy Ross
Cambridge University Press, 17 de març 2003 - 912 pàgines
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This volume offers to general and specialist readers alike the fullest and most complete survey of the development of science in the eighteenth century, exploring the implications of the 'scientific revolution' of the previous century and the major new growth-points, particularly in the experimental sciences. It is designed to be read as both a narrative and an interpretation, and also used as a work of reference. While prime attention is paid to western science, space is also given to science in traditional cultures and colonial science. The coverage strikes a balance between analysis of the cognitive dimension of science itself and interpretation of its wider social, economic and cultural significance. The contributors, world leaders in their respective specialities, engage with current historiographical and methodological controversies and strike out on positions of their own.
 

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Continguts

Scientific Institutions and the Organization of Science
87
The Periodical Journal 9 5
95
Botanical Gardens
101
Science and Government
107
Science and the Popular
129
Agriculture
139
Medicine
146
Conclusion
156
Mechanics and Experimental Physics
354
Chemistry
375
The Life Sciences
397
The Earth Sciences
417
The Human Sciences
436
The Medical Sciences
463
Marginalized Practices 48 5
485
EighteenthCentury Scientif1c Instruments
511

The Godly Naturalist
162
The Civic Expert and the Future
178
Women and Gender in Science
184
Learned Venuses Austere Minervas
192
Gendered Knowledge
201
Beyond Europe
207
Students
214
European National and Provincial Communities of Science
220
Classifying the Sciences
241
Philosophy of Science
267
Natural Philosophy
285
Mathematics
305
Astronomy and Cosmology
328
Print and Public Science
536
Scientific Illustration in the Eighteenth Century
561
Science Art and the Representation of
584
Science and Voyages of Discovery
618
Islam
649
China
688
Japan
698
From Baroque to Modern
718
Science and Religion
741
Science Philosophy and the Mind
800
Science Commerce and Empire 82 5
825
Index
883
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Quant a l’autor (2003)

Roy Sydney Porter was born December 31, 1946. He grew up in a south London working class home. He attended Wilson's Grammar School, Camberwell, and won an unheard of scholarship to Cambridge. His starred double first in history at Cambridge University (1968) led to a junior research fellowship at his college, Christ's, followed by a teaching post at Churchill College, Cambridge. His Ph.D. thesis, published as The Making Of Geology (1977), became the first of more than 100 books that he wrote or edited. Porter was a Fellow and Director of Studies in History at Churchill College, Cambridge from 1972 to 1979; Dean from 1977 to 1979; Assistant Lecturer in European History at Cambridge University from 1974 to 1977, Lecturer from 1977 to 1979. He joined the Wellcome Institute fot the History of Medicine in 1979 where he was a Senior Lecturer from 1979 to 1991, a Reader from 1991 to 1993, and finally a Professor in the Social History of Medicine from 1993 to 2001. Porter was Elected a fellow of the British Academy in 1994, and he was also made an honorary fellow by both the Royal College of Physicians and the Royal College of Psychiatrists. Roy Porter died March 4, 2002, at the age of 55.

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