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Mercantile Spirit and Industry of the Russians.-Interior Navigation.--
Canal between St. Petersburgh and Moscow.-A Curious Discovery.-Peter
the Great, and the noted Financier, Law.-Proposed Asiatic Trade Com-
pany. Imperial Manufactories.-Plate Glass Zavod.-Colossal Mirror for
the Duke of Wellington.-Crystal Bed for the Shah of Persia.-Farfo-
rovoï Zavod, or China and Porcelain Manufactory.—Alexandrowsky.—
General Wilson.-English and American Machinery imitated in Russia.-
Cotton Manufactory.-Profit from the Manufactory of Playing-cards.—
Discipline and Treatment of the Foundlings employed at Alexandrowsky.
-The Kolpinskoï Zavod.-Coins.-Paper Currency.-Mons. Cancrin's
Opinions on that Subject.-Amount of Bank Notes in Russia.—The Assig-
natsionnoï Bank.-Revenue of Russia.-National Debt.-Amount of An-
nual Redemption-The Loan Bank.-The Commercial Bank.-The Lom-
bard Page 302-334
Introduction to Court.-Ceremonial attending it.-Interview with his
present Majesty and with the Empress-mother.-Ton of Society.-The fair
Sex.-Opinion of a modern French Traveller.-Soirées.-Balls.-Internal
arrangement of the Palaces and other Houses of the Nobility.-Extravagant
number of Servants and attendants.-Principal Palaces of Noblemen at St.
Petersburgh.-Fêtes priées and "at homes."-Visiting.-Birth-days. Ono-
mastic days.-Court Fêtes.-Bal Masquè at the Taurida Palace.-Imperial
Christenings.--Dinners.---Form and style of a Russian Dinner in the houses
of the great.-English Sauce and Russian Cookery.-Delicious Fish.-In-
troduction of the English fashion of Dining.-Mansion of Count Stanislaus
Potocki. Dining among the English at St. Petersburgh." Conversazioni."
-Cards.-La Mouche.-Splendour and pomp of the Russian Nobility in
former times.-Grande Société at the Palace of the late Great Chamberlain,
Naryschkine. His fortune, death, embalming, and burial.-Lion Narysch-
kine.-Midnight Suppers.-State of Society among the Russian Merchants.
-Magnificent Houses and Fêtes of some of them.-The Clubs.-The
English Club. The Commercial Club. The English Library. The Tiers
Etat? Public Walks.-The Lounge in the Nevskoï Prospekt, the Regent-
Street of St. Petersburgh.-Equipages and Pedestrians.-The English and
the Russian Quays.-The Summer Gardens, and its magnificent railing
The Theatres.-The Great Theatre.-Russian Opera.-Madame Seme-
noff. Samoïloff the Tenor.-Caratiguine, the tragic Actor.-Russian
Farces. Grand Russian Ballet at the Opera.-Mademoiselle Istomina.---
La Bertrand.-School for Singing and Acting.-The Little Theatre.-The
French Play. Madame Le Bras.-The German Comedy and German Operas. Madame Funk.-Mademoiselle Pohlmann. Monsieur Schwartz.
-The Italian Opera at St. Petersburgh.-Signora Bartolucci.-Mademoi-
selle Zamboni. Signor Tosi.—The recruited Signore, at Warsaw.-English
Theatre.-Summer Theatres at Kamennoi and Yelaguine Islands.--Astley's
of St. Petersburgh, or Cirque d'Equitation.-English Newspapers and Rus-
sian Bills of the Play.-Draps de Lit and Mouchoirs de Poche.--General
Imperial Direction of the Theatres, at St. Petersburgh.-New Company of
Italian Singers.-Mademoiselle Melas. Regulations for, and Privileges of
successful Dramatic Authors.-Musical Clubs.-Société Philharmonique.-
Colonel Lvoff and the Marchesa Pallavicini.-The Chantres de la Cour.-
Italo-Russian Church Music.-Bortniansky, the great Russian Composer.
-The Hunting Music.-Russian Dances.-The Golubetz.-The Cossack
Dance.-Popular Sports and Diversions.-The Ice-Hills.-The Montagnes
Russes, without Snow.-The Swaika. The Jumping Board.-Boxing, or
Kulatschnoï Boy.-Excess of Luxury in the Head-dress of the Women.-
Costume of the Russian Merchants.-Reform of manners.-Goose-fighting.
--Field Sports.-Hunting the Wolf.-Hunting the Bear.—Bear-Hunting
Party. Description of a Bear-hunt.-Bears-paws, a delicious dish.-Game
Laws. Horse Races.-Pleasure Boats Page 376405
The Markets. The Siennaïa, or Hay-market.—Frozen Fish and Frozen
Flesh.-Hay Sledges.-The Round Market, or Krougloï Rynok.-Fish
peculiar to Russia.-Black and Red Caviar.-The Floating Fish-markets.
-Summer and Winter Fishing, near St. Petersburgh.-Ice-Breakers.—
Phenomenon on breaking the Ice.-Market for Frozen Provisions.-Price
of Provisions during the Winter Season.-Milk and Milkmaids.-The
Miasnoï Rynok.-Ukraine Oxen.-Slaughtering. The Tolkoutchoï Ry-
nok, or Rag Market.-Voltaire in a Russian Market.-The Fruit and
Bird Market.-Live Birds.-Profusion and cheapness of Poultry.-Sbitene
and Sbitenstchick.-Kvass and other National Beverages.-Pivo.-Spiritu-
ous Liquors.-Kabacks and Gin Shops.-Drunkenness in St. Petersburgh
and Drunkenness in London.-Wines.-Water of the Neva.-The Chelsea
Dolphin.-Russian Tea-Drinking.-Shops of St. Petersburgh.-The Gos-
tinnoï Dvor. The Drug Shops.-Russian Materia Medica. The English
Magazine. -- Clothing. — Financial Regulation. - Le Tailleur par excel-
lence, and les meilleures Modistes.-The Fur Shops.-The Linen Trade.-
Expenses of Living at St. Petersburgh.-Rasnostchick.-Winter and Sum-
mer Carriers.--Appendix. Page 406-435
Conversations with eminent and impartial persons, on many important
Subjects.-Progress of Civilization in Russia.-Parallel with that of Eng-
land. Jurisprudence and state of the legal profession in Russia.-Forms
of Law; number and character of various Courts. - Administration of
Justice.-Trial by Peers.-Court of Habeas Corpus in St. Petersburgh.—
Prisons, and Prison Discipline.-The Town Gaol, on the plan of Howard.
Extraordinary number of prisoners in Russia during 1826.-Still more
extraordinary reduction in the course of a twelvemonth.-Society for im-
proving Prison Discipline. — Commission of General Surveillance.— Cor-
poral Punishments.-Whipping in the West Indies.-Flogging in the
British Navy.-The Knout in Russia.-Description of the Instrument.—
Ceremony of its Application.-The "Cat-o'-nine-tails."-The Rope's-end
-Commission for drawing up new Codes of Laws.-Monsieur Speransky.—
Monsieur Balouhiansky.—Capture of Tiflis.-Public Illuminations at St.
Petersburgh. --Watch-houses. -- Boodoschniks, or military Watchmen.---
Proclamation of New Laws.-Iron Pavilions, and Fires in the Street, pro
bono publico.—State of the Police in St. Petersburgh.-Provisions against
Fire.-New Fire Insurance Company.-Absence of Beggars.-The Mili..
tary Governor-General of St. Petersburgh.—Census and Statistics of Rus-
sia.—The Julian versus the Gregorian Calendar, or Old and New Style.—
System of Servage in Russia.—Exposé and apparent advantages of that
System.-Rectification of erroneous ideas on that subject.-Mode of recruit-
ing the Army dependent thereon.-Facility of collecting the Public Income
founded on that System.-Particulars respecting General Levies.-Corpo-
ral punishments in the Russian Army.-Succession to the Throne of Rus-
sia in 1825.-Contest of Loyalty and Affection between two Imperial Bro-
thers.-The Military Revolt of the 26th of December.-Death of Milora-
dowitch.—Firmness and bravery of Nicholas.-Detected Conspiracy.-Capi-
tal Punishment Page 436-485
Imperial Country Residences and Environs of St. Petersburgh.-Tchesmé.
-Portraits of contemporary Sovereigns with Catherine.-Sad coincidences
and recollections.-The Caprice.-Theatrical Village.-Tropheal Column
to Orloff.-La Tour des Heritiers.-Alexandrovsky.-Sophia.-The Palace
of Tzarsco-çelo.-Elizabeth and the French Ambassadors.-Catherine and
the gold scrapers.-Architecture of the Palace.-Fate of the great Archi-
tects, Rastrelli, Brenno, Dumot, Voronikhin, Cameron, and Guarenghi.—
Apartments at Tzarsco-çelo.-The Amber and Lapis-lazuli Rooms.-Parks
and Pleasure Grounds.-Ornamental Buildings, Temples, and Colonnades.
-Peter the Great and a grateful Empress, or origin of Tzarsco-çelo.—
Paulovsky. Trip to Gatchina.
Baron de Meyendorff and General
Stanger. The Emperor Paul's Establishment. - Polypharmacy.-The
School for Foundlings.-The Imperial Residence of Gatchina.-Catherin-
hoff. Strelna.-Modern Russian Paintings.-Peterhoff. The Empress
Alexandra's Cottage.-Her taste and that of the Emperor for Architec-
ture, and real domestic comforts.-Superb View of the Country.—The
Palace of Peterhoff.-Private Residence of the Emperor Nicholas.-The
Russian Versailles.-The Emperor Alexander's Private Cabinet.-Last
Visit. State Apartments.-The Great Portrait Room.-Monplasir.—Kit-
chen and Bed-room.—L'Hermitage.—The Independent Dining Table.—
Marly. The Water-works.-Peter's Sagacity.-His extensive Wardrobe.
-Oranienbaum.-The Ha!-Cronstadt.-The Islands of Yelaguine and
Kamennoï.-Preparations for Departure.-Carriage on Sledges.-Russian
Coach-makers.-Winter Travelling Equipment.-Presentation to the Em-
press Alexandra.-Adieu to St. Petersburgh Page 486-524
PART THE THIRD.
JOURNEY FROM ST. PETERSBURGH TO LONDON.
Winter Roads.-Frights and Accidents.-Delays. -Freezing of the
Dwina.-State of the Towns in the Government of Wilna.-Post Houses.
-We cast off our Sledges.-The Jews.-Roads to the Russian Frontiers.-
Kovno. Custom-house and curious regulation respecting money.-Cross-
ing the Niemen.-Bonaparte and the Sinister Omen.-Frontiers of the
Kingdom of Poland.-Appearance of the Country.-State of its Agricul-
ture. A French soldier's opinion of Poland.—An Apology for Grumblers.
-Line of Retreat of the French Army.-Napoleon at Lomza.-Ostrolenza
and Pultusk. Approach to Warsaw. More Annoyances, Political,
Fiscal, Financial, and Medical.-Crossing the Vistula.-Hôtel de l'Europe.
— General Appearance of Warsaw.--The Streets, Squares, Churches, and
Palaces. Situation of the Town.-Prague.-Parallel between Warsaw
and St. Petersburgh.-The Poles.-The Lieutenant du Roi.-Military Pa-
rade. Introduction to the Grand duke Constantine. His personal appear-
ance. His ménage and mode of living.-Conduct of the King of Poland
and Constantine towards the Poles in matters of Civil Administration.-
Popularity of the Grand-duke with the Army.-General Fanshawe.-The
Polish Army Page 525-550.
The Zameck.-Numerous and valuable Paintings, by Canaletti.-The
Ball-room. The Presentation Hall.-Bacciarelli.-The old Sovereigns of
Poland. The Hall of Assembly for the Senate and the Diet.-Radicals in
the Diet.-Polish Legislators.-Peut-on faire une Nation de la Pologne ?
-Liberty of Speech in doors.-Present Government of Poland.—The
Charte Constitutionelle.-Polish Conspiracies.-Subjects for Melodramas.
-The National Archives.-The Palais de Saxe and its Public Gardens.-
Palace of Government-A Jumble.-The President of the Senate.-The
Marieville Bazaar.-Macadam at Warsaw, and Macadam in London.---
The Catholic Churches.-The Lutheran Church.-National Monuments.—
Prince Poniatowsky. The Ujazdow.-Lazienki.-Mosaic.-Polish No-
bility-Château of Villanov.-The University of Warsaw.-Collections.—
System of Education.-Modes of electing Professors contrasted.-The
Great Russo-Polish Hospital.-Dr. Florio.-Tight Dress and Diseases of
the Heart.-Digression on Prussic Acid.-The Jews.-Ton of Society.-
Condition of the People.-Dwarfs.—Ministerial Exposé of the State of the
Nation. Count Mostowski.-Religious Worship in Poland.-Public In-
struction.-Administration of Justice.-Pain of Death.-How Inflicted.-
The Man-woman.-Landed Interest.-Remedy against low Prices.-Po-
pulation of Poland.—National Manufactures.—Internal Communication
and Navigation.-General Police.-Mines.-Finance. Page 551-579.
SILESIA. SAXONY. DRESDEN.
Departure from Warsaw.-New and excellent Road to Kalisz, through
Sochaczew and Lovicz.-Approach to the Frontiers of Poland.-Kalisz.—
Public Institutions and remarkable Buildings.-The Battle of 1706.-Polish
Table d'Hôte.-Marche-route to the Prussian Frontiers.-Silesian Roads
the worst in Europe.-Projected Road to Breslau.-The City of Breslau.—
Number of Catholic Churches.-An accelerated Post-waggon from Berlin.-
Another Table d'Hôte.-Prussian Roads and Prussian Posting.-Line of
Communication through Buntzlau, Görlitz, Lobau, and Bautzen.-Change
for the better in Saxony.-Excellent condition of the Saxon Roads.-Pic-
turesque approach to, and impressions on seeing the Capital of Saxony.—
Dresden. An Explanation -Plan and general Aspect of that City.-
Statue of Augustus in Neustadt.-The Bridge.-Mr. Russell, Marshal
Davoust, and the bronze Crucifix.-Papal Dispensation for a better Diet
during Lent.-Drowning, a capital Punishment among the Saxons.-Pic-
turesque Prospect from the Bridge. The Catholic, or Court Chapel.-The
Brühl Terrace, or Public Promenade.-View of Dresden from Neustadt.-
Mode of Living, Lodgings, and Hotels.-Saxon Society.-The English at
Dresden. Influx of Russian and Polish Families.-Doctor Kreisig.-His
Notions of Physiology.-New System of Medicine.-Hahnemann and in-
finitesimal Doses.-Miraculous Cure. Dr. Strüve.-Artificial Mineral
Waters. Chemistry of Nature.-Professor Carus.-His Publications and
Collection of Comparative Anatomy.-His Discoveries.-Streets, Houses,
and Vehicles.-The Frauen Kirche and the Kreutz Kirche.-Exposition
of the Dead.-The Dance of Death.-Monument to Adelung.-The Feast
of the Bakers. Page 580-614