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Gradations in Euclid : books i. and ii., with an explanatory preface [&c ...
Visualització completa - 1858
ABCD adjacent angles Algebra altitude angles equal angular point Arith Arithmetic Axioms bisect centre chord circumference Concl COnS.l construct demonstration describe diagonal diameter difference distance draw a st drawn equilateral Euclid Euclid's Elements given line given point given rectilineal given st gnomon greater hypotenuse inch interior angles intersect isosceles triangle John Heywood join length less line A B line AC line be divided magnitude major premiss measure monad opposite angles opposite sides parallelogram perpendicular Plane Geometry polygon Prob produced Prop radius Recap rectangle rectangle contained rectilineal figure regular polygon right angles scale of equal segment side AC sides equal straight line surface Theodolite trapezium twice vertex vertical angle Wherefore
Pàgina 177 - In obtuse-angled triangles, if a perpendicular be drawn from either of the acute angles to the opposite side produced, the square of the side subtending the obtuse angle, is greater than the squares of the sides containing the obtuse angle, by twice the rectangle contained by the side upon which, when produced, the perpendicular falls, and the straight line intercepted without the triangle, between the perpendicular and the obtuse angle. Let ABC be an obtuse-angled triangle, having the obtuse angle...
Pàgina 180 - If a straight line be divided into any two parts, the squares of the whole line, and of one of the parts, are equal to twice the rectangle contained by the whole and that part, together with the square of the other part. Let the straight line AB be divided into any two parts in the point C ; the squares of AB, BC are equal to twice the rectangle AB, BC, together with the square of AC.
Pàgina 97 - If two triangles have two sides of the one respectively equal to two sides of the other, and the contained angles supplemental, the two triangles are equal.
Pàgina 161 - If a straight line be bisected, and produced to any point ; the rectangle contained by the whole line thus produced, and the part of it produced, together with the square...
Pàgina 104 - IF a straight line fall upon two parallel straight lines, it makes the alternate angles equal to one another; and the exterior angle equal to the interior and opposite upon the same side; and likewise the two interior angles upon the same side together equal to two right angles...
Pàgina 184 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference, are equal to one another.
Pàgina 232 - IF a straight line be divided into two equal, and also into two unequal parts ; the squares of the two unequal parts are together double of the square of half the line, and of the square of the line between the points of section.
Pàgina 20 - Pythagoras' theorem states that the square of the length of the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides.