Science in Medieval Jewish Cultures
Science in Medieval Jewish Cultures provides the first comprehensive overview by world-renowned experts of what we know today of medieval Jews' engagement with the sciences. Many medieval Jews, whether living in Islamic or Christian civilizations, joined Maimonides in accepting the rationalist philosophical-scientific tradition and appropriated extensive bodies of scientific knowledge in various disciplines: astronomy, astrology, mathematics, logic, physics, meteorology, biology, psychology, science of language, and medicine. The appropriated texts - in the original or in Hebrew translation - were the starting points for Jews' own contributions to medieval science and also informed other literary genres: religious-philosophical works, biblical commentaries, and even Halakhic (legal) discussions. This volume's essays will provide readers with background knowledge of medieval scientific thought necessary to properly understand canonical Jewish scientific texts. Its breadth reflects the number and diversity of Jewish cultures in the Middle Ages, and the necessity of considering the fortunes of science in each within its specific context.
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The History of Science in Medieval Jewish Cultures
part i The GreekArabic Scientic Tradition and Its Appropriation Adaptation and Development in Medieval Jewish Cultures East and West
part ii Individual Sciences as Studied and Practiced by Medieval Jews
part iii Scientic Knowledge in Context
14th cent Ab¯u Abraham Ibn Ezra alchemy Arabic Arabic Anonymous Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s Ashkenazi astral magic astrological astronomical Averroes Bar H.iyya biblical Book Brill Cambridge chapter Christian culture discussion dreams edition encyclopedia exegesis Ezra’s fifteenth century fourteenth century Gad Freudenthal Galen Gersonides grammarians grammatical h´eb Hebrew translation History Ibid Ibn Rushd Ibn Rushd’s Ibn Tibbon idem IMHM F intellectual Isaac Islamic Italy Jacob Jerusalem Jews Judah kabbalah kabbalists Karaite Kit¯ab knowledge L´evy Langermann language Latin Anonymous Leiden Levi ben Gershom linguistic literature logic Long Commentary Maimonides manuscripts medicine Medieval Hebrew Medieval Jewish Meteorology Middle Ages Middle Commentary Moritz Steinschneider Moses Ibn Nahmanides ofJewish ofthe Physics Provence Qalonymos ben Qalonymos Rabbi rps Arabic Saadia Saadia Gaon Samuel Ibn Samuel Ibn Tibbon Scholastic Scholasticism scientific Sefer segullot Shem T.ov Solomon sources Spain Steinschneider Studies thirteenth century Torah tradition trans translated from Arabic treatise University Press