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X XI.

ALEXANDER SELKIRK.1 I AM monarch of all I survey,

My right there is none to dispute ; From the centre all round to the sea

I am lord of the fowl and the brute. O Solitude, where are the charms

That sages have seen in thy face? Better dwell in the midst of alarms

Than reign in this horrible place. I am out of humanity's reach;

I must finish my journey alone; Never hear the sweet music of speech

I start at the sound of my own. The beasts that roam over the plain

My form with indifference see; They are so unacquainted with men,

Their tameness is shocking to me. Society, friendship, and love,

Divinely bestow'd upon man, O had I the wings of a dove,

How soon would I taste you again ! My sorrows I then might assuage

In the ways of religion and truth; Might learn from the wisdom of age,

And be cheer'd by the sallies of youth. Religion ! what treasure untold

Resides in that heavenly word! More precious than silver and gold,

Or all that this earth can afford,

But the sound of the church-going bell

These valleys and rocks never heard-
Never sigh'd at the sound of a knell,

Or smiled when a Sabbath appear’d.
Ye winds that have made me your sport,

Convey to this desolate shore
Some cordial endearing report

Of a land I shall visit no more.
My friends, do they now and then send

A wish or a thought after me?
O tell me I yet have a friend,

Though a friend I am never to see. How fleet is a glance of the mind !

Compared with the speed of its flight, *The tempest itself lags behind,

And the swift-winged arrows of light. When I think of my own native land,

In a moment I seem to be there; But, alas ! recollection at hand

Soon hurries me back to despair. But the sea-fowl is gone to her nest ;

The beast is laid down in his lair; Even here is a season of rest,

And I to my cabin repair.
There's mercy in every place;

And mercy, encouraging thought !
Gives even affliction a grace,
And reconciles man to his lot.

W. Cowper.

XXII,

ROBINSON CRUSOE AND FRIDAY. AFTER I had been two or three days returned to my castle, I thought that, in order to bring Friday off from his horrid way of feeding, and from the relish of a cannibal's stomach, I ought to let him taste other flesh; so I took him out with me one morning to the woods. I went intending to kill a kid out of my flock, and bring it home and dress it; but as I was going, I saw a she-goat lying down in the shade, and two young kids sitting by her I caught hold of Friday. "Hold," said I, "stand still;" and made signs to him not to stir. Immediately I presented my piece, shot, and killed one of the kids. The poor creature, who had, at a distance, indeed, seen me kill the savage, his enemy, but did not know, nor could imagine how it was done, was surprised, trembled and shook, and looked so amazed that I thought he would have sunk down. He did not see the kid I shot at, or perceive I had killed it, but ripped up his waistcoat, to feel whether he was not wounded; and, as I found presently, thought I was resolved to kill him ; for he came and kneeled down to me, and embracing my knees, said a great many things I did not understand; but I could easily see the meaning was, to pray me not to kill him.

I soon found a way to convince him that I would do him no harm; and taking him up by the hand, laughed at him, and pointing to the kid which I had killed, beckoned to him to run and fetch it, which he did; and while he was wondering, and looking to see how the creature was killed, I loaded my gun again. By-and-by I saw a great fowl, like a hawk, sitting up on a tree within shot; so, to let Friday understand a little what I would do, I called him to me again, pointed at the fowl—which was a parrot, though I thought it had been a hawkpointing to the parrot and to my gun, and to the ground under the parrot, to let him see I would make it fall, I made him understand that I would shoot and kill that bird; accordingly, I fired and bade him look, and immediately he saw the parrot fall. He stood like one frightened again, notwithstanding all I had said to him; and I found he was the more amazed, because he did not see me put anything into the gun, but thought that there must have been some wonderful fund of death and destruction in that thing, able to kill man, beast, bird, or anything near or far off; and the astonishment this created in him was such as could not wear off for a long time; and, I believe, if I would have let him, he would have worshipped me and my gun. As for the gun itself, he would not so much as touch it for several days after ; but he would speak to it and talk to it, as if it had answered him, when he was by himself; which, as I afterwards learned of him, was to desire it not to kill him. After his astonishment was a little over, I pointed to him to run and fetch the bird I had shot, which he did, but stayed some time; for the parrot not being quite dead, had fluttered away a good distance from the place where she fell: however, he found her, took her up and brought her to me; and as I had perceived his ignorance about the gun before, I took this advantage to charge the gun again, and not let him see me do it, that I might be ready for any other mark that might present; but nothing more offered at that time : so I brought home the kid, and the same evening I took the skin off, and cut it out as well as I could ; and having a pot fit for that purpose, I boiled some of the flesh, and made some very good broth. After I had begun to eat, I gave some to my man, who seemed very glad of it, and liked it very well ; but that which was strangest to him was to see me eat salt with it. He made a sign to me that the salt was not good to eat: and putting a little into his own mouth, he seemed to nauseate it, and would spit and sputter at it, washing his mouth with fresh water after it: on the other hand, I took some meat into my mouth without salt, and I pretended to spit and sputter for want of salt, as much as he had done at the salt. But it would not do; he would never care for salt with his meat or in his broth; at least, not for a great while, and then but a very little.

Having thus fed him with boiled meat and broth, I was resolved to feast him the next day by roasting a piece of the kid : this I did by hanging it before the fire on a string, as I had seen many people do in England, setting two poles up, one on each side of the fire, and one across on the top, and tying the string to the cross stick, letting the

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