Imatges de pàgina

Hom, adv. home, homewards, F

435. A. S. hám, a home, house,

village; G. heim, Gk. Kwuos.
Homicyde, s. homicide, assassin,

B 1757. Lat. homicida, a man-

Homlinesse, s. homeliness, domes-

ticity, E 429.
Homward, adv. homeward,

1739. A. S. hamweard, ham-

Hond, s. hand, B 3393, 3506 ;

pl. Hondes, 3214, 3542. A. S.

hond, hand; cf. hentan, to grasp.
Honest, adj. honourable, worthy,

B 1751, E 333. F. honnête, O.F.

honeste, Lat. honestus.
Honestee, s. honour, dignity, B

Honestetee, s. honourableness,

honour, E 422.
Honoureth, imp. pl. honour ye,

370; pp. Honoured, wor-
shipped, B 3753. O. F. honourer,

Lat. honorare.
Honurable, adj. honourable, E

Hony, s. honey, B 3537, F 614.

A. S. hunig.
Hoo, interj. ho! B 1174. See

Hoode, s. dat. a hood, B 2101.

See Hode.
Hool, adj. whole, E 861; well, F

A. S. hál, cognate with
Gk. kalós, good, excellent.
Hoom, adv. homewards, B 3548.
Hope, s. hope, F 487. A. S. hopa.
Hors, s. a horse, B 15, E 388; pl.

Hors, horses, B 1823, 3294. A.S.
hors, a neuter noun, with pl. hors;
Icel. hross, pl. hross, sometimes
spelt hors; O.H.G. hros; whence
G. ross.

Hors occurs as a plu-
ral in Trevisa, Spec. of English,
xviii a. 108. Cf. Sanskr. hresh,

to neigh.
Horsly, adj. horselike, like all that

a horse should be, F 194.

Hosen, s. pl. hose, B 1923. A. S.

hose, a stocking ; pl. hosan.
Hoste, s. host, B 1, 39, 1625, 3970,

Ei. F. hôte, O.F. hoste, Portu-
guese hospede, Lat. hospidem.
Hote, adj. hot, an epithet of Aries,

as supposed to induce anger and
heat of blood, F 51. A.S. hát,

G. heiss
Hous, s. a house,' or 'mansion,'

in astrology, F 672 ; a house-

hold, 24. A. S. hús.
Housbond, s. a husband, E 698;
Housbonde, B_3502.

A. S. hús-
bonda; Icel. húsbondi, which is
a pres. part. contracted from hús-
bóandi, or hús-buandi, the inhabi.
tant or occupier of a house; from
búa, to inhabit. The sense is there-
fore that of the possessor of a
farm or master of a house. No

connection with bond or bind.
Houndes, s. pl. dogs, E 1095.

A. S. hund, Icel. hundr, Lat.

canem, Gk, kúva.
Humanitee, s. kindness, E 92.

From Lat. humanus, kind.
Humblesse, s. humility, B 1660,

F 544. Cotgrave gives this form,
which he says has the same sense

as F. humilité.
Humilitee, s. humility, E 1143.

O.F. humiliteit, Lat. humilitatem.
Hunte, v. to hunt, E 81. A. S.

huntian, to hunt; cf. hentan,

to catch.
Huntyng, Hunting, s. hunting,

B 3496, 3995; on huntyng=a-
hunting, for the purpose of the
chase, E 234. A.S. huntung, a
hunting, sb.; quite distinct from

huntiende, pres. part. of huntian.
Hurtes, s. pl. hurts, F 471. O. F.

hurt, a stroke, hit, from hurter, F.
heurter, to strike, hit; whence E.

Hy, adj. high, learned. E 18; dat.

Hye, great, 135; def. Hye, F 85,
98; pl. Hye, high, E 45; comp.

Hyer, F 387. A. S. heáh, Icel.

hár, G. hoch.
Hyde, v. to hide, used intransitively,

i.e. lie concealed, F 141; gerund,
to hide, B 3732. A.S. hýdan,

cognate with Gk. Keúd Elv.
Hye, adv. high, aloft, B 3592, F

411,671. A.S. heage, high, adv.;

heáh, high, adj.
Hye, v. or gerund, to hasten, to

bring hastily, F 291. A. S. higan,
higian, to haste; cf. Lat, citus,

quick, Gk. kivuar, I go.
Hyghte, s. height, B 12. A.S.

Hyghte, pt. pl. 2 p. promised, E

496. A. S. hátan, to promise ;

pt. t. ic heht, pl. héton.
Hyghte, pt. s. was called, was

named, B 3373, E 32,
See Highte. A. S. hátan, to
be named, pt. t. ic hátte. This
verb and the preceding were

often confused.
Hyred, pp. hired, B 1757. A.S.

hýrian, to hire; pt. t. hýrode,



Iapen, v. to jest, B 1883.
Ich, pers. pron. I, B 39. A. S. ic.
Idus, s. pl. ides, F 47. The ides

is a name given to the fifteenth
day of the months of March, May,
July, and October, and the thir-

teenth of other months.
Iewerye, s. Jewry, jew's quarter,

B 1679, 1741, 1782. See the

note, p. 145.
Ilke, adj. same; that ilke, that

same, B 3663.
Impertinent, adj. not pertinent,

irrelevant, E 53.
Importable, adj. intolerable, in-

sufferable, E 1144. Lat. impor-
tabilis, that cannot be carried;

from portare, to carry.
Impression, s. impression,

membrance, F 371.
In, s. inn, lodging, B 1632. A. S.

in, inne, an inn, house, chamber.
In, prep. into, B 119. A. S. in, G.

in, Lat. in, Gk, év.
Infortune, s. misfortune, B 3591.

F. infortune, Lat. infortunium.
Inne, adv. in, B 3193; as prep. in,

F 578. A. S. innan, adv. within,

Instrumentz, s. pl. instruments of

music, F 270.
Inwith, prep. within, B 1794, E

Iogelours, s. pl. jugglers, men who

exhibit feats of legerdemain and
pretended magic, F 219. F.
jongleur, O. F. jogleor, Lat, acc.
ioculatorem, one who makes sport;

from iocus.
Ioie, s. joy, B 3964; loye, F 368.

F. joie ; from Lat. gaudium.
Iolitee, s. amusement, B 2033 ;

enjoyment, F 344; joviality, 278.
Ioly, adj. pleasant, F 48 ; festive,

B 1185. F. joli, from a Scandi-
navian source; Icel. jól, Yule, a

great feast held in midwinter.
Iolynesse, s. festivity, F 289.
Iourney, s. journey, F 783. F.

pp. hýrod.

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journee, a day's time, jour, a day;
from Lat. diurnus, daily, dies, a

Ioye, s. joy, F 368; Ioie, B 3964.

See Ioie.
Ire, s. anger, B 3221. F. ire, Lat.

Is, pr. s. (used with two sbs.), F

Iuge, s. a judge, B 3266. F.juge,

Lat. iudicem.
Iugement, s. judgment, decision,

B 36; opinion, E 53; pl. luge-
mentz, decisions, E 439.


Kembde, pt. s. combed, F 560;

pp. Kembd, E 379. A.S. cemb-

an, to comb; pt. t. ic cembde.
Kene, adj. keen, bold, B 3439, F

57. A. S. céne, G, kühn.
Kepe, s. heed, E 1058; taken

kepe=take heed, F 348.
Kepeth, pr. s. keeps, E 1133;

observes, F 516; pt. s. Kepte,
kept, E 223; pres. part. Keping,
keeping, tending, F 651; PP.
Kept, E 1098. A. S. cépan, pt.

t. ic cepte.
Kerue, v. to carve, cut, F 158.

A. S. ceorfan.
Kesse, v. to kiss, E 1057; pt. s.

Keste, kissed, F 350; Kiste, B
3632, 3746, E 679. A. S. cyssan,
pt. t. ic cyste ; Icel. kyssa, G.

Kin, s. kin, kindred, B 3121. A. S.

cyn, Icel. kynni, Meso-Goth.

kuni, Lat. genus.
Kinges, s. pl. kings, B 3558.

A. S. cing, cyning, Icel, konungr,

G. könig.
Kitte, pt. s. cut, B 1761. M. E.

cutten, to cut; not in A. S. Cf.
Welsh cwta, short; cwtau, cytio,
to shorten; Gael. cutaich, to
curtail, cutach, docked, bobtailed;
cut, a bob-tail.

Knaue, s. boy, male, E 444, 447;

Knaue child, man-child, boy,
6121; pl. Knaues, boys, lads, B
3087. A.S. cnápa, cnáfa, a boy,

youth; G. knabe.
Knewe, i p. s. pt. subj. could know,

F 466; pt. s. Knew, 131; PP.
Knowe, known, 215; Knowen,
E 689. A. S. cnáwan; pt. t. ic
cneów, pp. cnówen; cf. Lat. gnos-

cere, Gk. γιγνώσκειν.
Knit, pp. knit, B 3224. A.S.

cnyttan, to knit.
Knokked, pt. s. knocked, B 3721.

A. S. cnocian, to knock.
Knotte, s. knot, principal point of

a story, gist of a tale, F 401, 407.

A. S. cnott, Lat. nodus.
Knowe, pp. known, F 215;

Knowen, E 689; 2 p. pl. pr.

Knowen, ye know, B 128.
Knowes, s. pl. knees, B 1719.

A. S. cneow, pl. cneowas, Lat.

Knowing, s. knowledge, F 301.
Knyghthode, s. dat. knighthood,

B 3832. A. S. cnihthád.
Konnen, 2 p. s. pr. ye know, F

3. See Can.
Konning, s, cunning, skill, F 251.

See Conning, sb.
Kynde, s. dat. nature, B 1840 ;

the natural world, creation, F
469; nature, natural bent, 608,

619. A. S. cynd, nature.
Kyte, s. a kite, F 624. A.S.

Kytheth, pr. s, makes known, dis-

closes, shews, F 483. A. S.
cýðan, to make known, whence
cúð, known (cf. E. un-couth); cýð,
knowledge; cunnan, to know.


Labbing, pres. part. blabbing, bab-

bling, E 2427. Cf. Du. labben,

to tell tales, labbei, gossip.
Ladde, pl. s. led, carried, B 3338;

conducted, 3747; pt. pl. Ladde,
led, 3920, E390; pp. Lad, B
3552, 3570, F 172. A. S. lédan,
pt. t. ic. lædde; Icel. leiða, G.

Lady, s. lady, B 1637. A.S.

hlæfdige, Icel. lafdi.
Lafte, pt. s. ceased, B 3496; pt.

pl. Lafte, left, 3388; pp. Laft, F
186, 263. A. S. lééfan, pt. t. ic

leéfde; Icel. leifa.
Lake, s. a kind of fine white linen

cloth, B 2048. Halliwell notes
that shirts were formerly made of
it, and quotes a passage containing
the phrase "white as lake.'

word probably was imported from
the Low Countries, as laken is a
common Dutch word for cloth;
the Dutch for 'a sheet' is also

laken or bedlaken.
Lakke, s. dat. lack, want, loss, F

430, 443. Cf. Icel. lakr, lacking,

Lakked, pt. s. wanted, lacked;

him lakked = there lacked to
him, i. e. he lacked, F 16. See

Langage, s. language, F 100. F.

langage; from Lat. lingua, a

Langour, s. languishment, slow

starvation, B 3597. F. langueur,

Lat. languorem.
Lappe, s. lap, fold of the dress, F

441; a_wrapper, E 585: dat.
Lappe, B 3644, F 475. A. S.
læppa, a lap, border, hem; Du.

lap, a remnant, shred, rag.
Lasse, adj. pl. smaller, of less rank;
lasse and

more, smaller and
greater, i. e. all, E 67; cf. F 300.

A. S. læssa, less.
Last, s. pl. lasts, i. e. burdens, loads,

B 1628. See the note. A. S.
hlæst, a burden, load, a ship's
freight, from hládan, to lade; cf.
Icel. hlass, a cartload, from hlaða,
to lade.

Last, pr. s. lasteth, extends, E

266; pt. s. Laste, lasted, B 1826;
pt. pl. Laste, 3390, 3508. A. S.

Lat, imp. s. let, B 1633, E 163 ;

imp. pi. B 2156. See Lete.
Latitude, s. latitude (in an astro-

nomical sense), B 13.
Laton, s. latten, or latoun, a mixed

metal, closely resembling brass,
B 2067. See Halliwell. F.
laiton, O. F. laton, Low Lat.

Laude, s. praise, honour, B 1645,

3286. Lat. laudem, from laus.
Laughe, v. to laugh, E 353. A. S.

hleahan, hlihan, Icel. hlæja, Goth.

hlahjan, G. lachen.
Launcegay, s. a kind of lance, B

1942, 2011. See note to l. 1942.
Laureat, adj. laureate, crowned

with laurel, B 3886, E 31. From
Lat. laureatus; from laurus, a

Lawe, s. law, B 1189, 3870.

A. S. lagu, Icel. lag, lög ; cf. Lat.

legem. See below.
Lay, s. religious belief, creed, F 18.

From O. F. lei, F. loi, law; cog-
nate with A. S. lagu, whence

M. E. lawe, E. law.
Lay, s. a song, lay, B 1959. O. F.

lai, of Celtic origin ; cf. W. llais,
voice, sound (Brachet). We find

also A. S. leo8, G. lied, a song.
Lay, pt. s. lay, B 3630, F 467.
Ledene, s. (dat.) language, talk, F

435, 478. A. S. leden, a corrup-
tion of the word Latinus, meaning
(1) Latin ; (2) any language or
speech. Not to be confused with

G. lied, which=A. S. leo8.
Leef, adv. dear; comp. Leuer.

dearer, liefer, F 572. See Lief,

Leef, s. a leaf, E 1211. A. S. leaf,

Icel. lauf, G. laub.
Leet, pt. s. let, E 82; caused, as in

leet don cryen=caused to be pro-

9. v.

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claimed, f 45; leet make caused to be made, B 3349 ; leet bynde caused to be bound, 1810. A. S. latan, to let. See

Lete. Lefte, i p. s. pt. I left off, F

670. Legiouns, s. pl. legions, B 3544. Lemman, s. sweetheart, B 3253.

A. S. leof man, lit. a dear person, man being of either gender; as in wifman, a woman. Cf. Lammas

for loaf-mass. Lene, adj. lean, B 4003. A. S.

hláne, lean, meagre, thin. Lenger, adj. longer, E 300; adv.

B 2122, 3709, F 381 ; euer lenger the more = the longer, the more, E 687, F 404. A. S. len

gra, comp. of lang. Lente, s. Lent, E 12. A. S. lencten,

the springtime. Lenuoy, s. l'envoy, i.e. the epilogue

or postscript addressed to the hearers or readers, E 1177 (rubric). F. l'envoi, lit. a sending,

from envoyer, to send. Leonyn, adj. lionlike, B 3836.

F. léonin, Lat. leoninus. Leoun, s. a lion, B 3106, 3215,

3288, F 491; pl. Leouns, B 3451; Leon, the sign Leo, F 265.

F. lion, O. F. leon, Lat. leonem. Lepardes, s. pl. leopards, B 3451.

From Lat. leopardus. Lere, s. flesh, skin, B 2047. This

is quite a different word from M.E. lere, the face, countenance, from A.S. hleor. Properly it means the muscles, especially the muscles of the thigh, which special sense is perfectly suitable here. It is the A. S. lira, flesh, muscle, Icel. lær, the thigh, the leg above the knee, the ham, Danish laar, the thigh.

Halliwell gives— Lire (1) flesh, meat; [swine's flesh), Ord. and Reg. p. 442; lyery, abounding with lean

flesh; North of England; (2) face,

countenance;' &c. Lere, v. to learn, B 1702 : pr.

pl. Lere, learn, F 104. Chaucer uses the word wrongly ; it properly means to teach, from A.S. idran; the contrary error, of using learn in the sense of to

teach, is common still. Lerned, pp. as adj. learned, B

1168. Lese, v. to lose, E 508, F 691 ; imp. pl. Leseth, B 19; pp. Lorn,

A. S. leósan, Meeso-Goth. fra-liusan. Lesing, s. losing, loss ; for lesinge,

for fear of losing, B 3750. See

above. Lest, s. desire, E 619. See Lust. Leste, adj. sup. least, E 966; at

the leste weye=at any rate; atte
leste=at the least, at least, B 38;
pl. Leste, F 300, cf. E 67.
the leste way, au moyns;' Pals-
grave's French Dict. fol. 438,

back. Leste, pr. s. subj. impers. it may

please, E 105, F 125; it may (i. e. can) please, F 380; pt. s. it pleased, E 716, 986, F 605. A. S. lysłan, to choose ; generally

used impersonally. Lete, v. to let, B 3524; 1 p. s. pr.

Lete, I leave, B 96, F 290, 344, 651; pt. pl. Lete, let, B 3898; imp. pl. Lete, let, E 98. See

Lat, Leet. A.S. létan, to let. Lette, v. to hinder, B 2116; to

oppose, stay, 3306; pt. s. intrans. Lette, delayed, E 389. A. S. lettan, to hinder; Du. letten ; Icel.

letja, to hold back; cf. E. late. Lette, s. let, impediment, hindrance,

delay, E 300. Cf. Icel. leti, laziness, sloth; from letja, to hinder.

See above. Letterure, s. literature, B 3686.

O. F. letreure, from Lat. litera

swynes lire


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