Imatges de pàgina

F 259

Organis, harpe, and other gleu,
He drou thaim ut music neu.'

Cursor Mundi, ed. Morris, G 1519.
Glood, pt. s. glided, went quickly,

B 2094, F 393. A. S. glidan,

to glide ; pt. t. ic glád.
Glose, s. glosing, comment, F 166.

F. glose, a gloss, from Lat. glossa,
Gk. yu@ooa, the tongue; also a
language ; also, a word needing
explanation ; hence, an explana-

Glose, v. to flatter, B 3330 ;

Glosen, to comment upon, 118o.
Glyde, v. to glide ; vp glyde=to

rise up gradually, F 373 ; pt. s.

Glood, q. v.
Gnow, pt. s. gnawed, B 3638.

A.S. gnagan, to gnaw; pt. t. ic

Goddes, gen. sing. God's, B 1166,

1169, 1175.
Gold-thred, s. gold thread, golden

twine, B 3665.
Gon, v. to go, proceed, F 200,327;

Goon, E 847 ; 2 p. s. pr. Goost,
goest, walkest about, B 3123;
pr. pl. Goon, go, proceed, E 898;
pp. Goon, gone, B 17, E 774;
goon is many a yere = many a
year ago, B 132. A. S. gan, also
gangan; G. gehen, Moso-Goth.

gaggan (pronounced gangan).
Gonne, pt. pl. did; gonne arace =

did tear away, removed, E 1103.

See Gan.
Goode, adj. voc. good, E 852 ;

nom. def. B 3084. A. S. god,

Icel. góðr, G. gut.
Goodly, adj. good, proper, pleas-

ing, right, B 3969; good-looking,

portly, 4010. A. S. godlíc.
Goon, Goost. See Gon.
Goost, s. a ghost, B 3124; spirit,

E 926, 972; the Holy Ghost, B
1660; yaf vp the goost = died,
1862. A. S. gást, G. geist, the

breath, a spirit.
Goshauk, s. goshawk, B 1928.

A. S. gós, a goose; góshafoc, a
goosehawk, a hawk used to chase

wild geese ; cf. gos-ling.
Gospel, s. gospel; here, a text from

a gospel, B 1180. A. S. gódspell,
from gód, good, spell, a story; a
translation of the Gk, eủayyér.
Lov; afterwards corrupted to god-
spell, i. e. the story of God, and
in this form it gave rise to Icel.

Gossomer, s. gossamer,
Goth, pr. s. goes, B 1698, F 392;

imp. pl. Goth, E 568; Gooth, B

3384. See Gon.
Gouernaille, s. management, mas-

tery, E 1192. Properly it means
the steering, management of the
helm; from F. gouvernail, Lat.

gubernaculum, the helm of a ship.

s. providence, E
1161 ; arrangement, plan, 994 ;
Gouernaunce, control, E 23;
sovereignty, B 3541 ; his gouern-
aunce=the way to manage him,

F 311.
Gouerne, v. govern, control, B

3587; imp. pl. Gouerneth, ar-
range, E 322. F.gouverner, Lat.

Gouernour, s. governor, master,

principal, B 3130. F.gouverneur,

Lat. gubernatorem.
Grace, s. favour, kindness, F 458 ;
Gras, grace,

B 2021; of grace,
out of favour, in kindness, F

161. F. grâce, Lat. gratia.
Grammere, s. grammar, B 1726.

F. grammaire, Low Lat. gram-
maria; from Low Lat. gramma,
Gk. γράμμα, a letter; γράφειν,

to write.
Gras, s. grace, B 2021. See

Gras, s. grass,


græs, Icel. gras, G. gras.
Graue, v. to bury, E 681. A.S.

grafan, to dig; Icel. grafa, G.


Graunt mercy, interj. many

thanks, E 1089. F. grand merci.
Graunten, v. to grant, fix, name,

E 179; pt. s. Graunted, 183;
imp. s. 3 p. Graunte, may he
grant, 842. O.F. granter, to
grant, confused with O. F.
cranter, to caution; the latter
is from the Lat. credere, through
a form credentare; the former
seems to retain the g of the
Lat. gratus, pleasing. See Wedg-

Grayn, s. dye; in grayn=in dye,

i.e. dyed of a fast colour, B 1917.

See Greyn.
Gree, s. gratitude, good part, E

1151. F. gré, inclination, from

Lat. gratus, pleasing.
Greet, adj. great, B 3403. See

Grene, adj. def. green, E 120;

of a green colour, F 646; as sb.
greenery, greenness, F 54. A.S.

grene, Icel. grænn.
Gret, adj. great, F 463; def.

Grete, B 1181; voc. Grete, B
1797; pl. Grete, 382. See

Grette, pt. s. greeted, E 952. A. S.

grétan, pt. t. ic grette.
Gretter, adj. comp. greater, E

Greuaunce, s. grievance, hardship,

O. F. grevance, pain,
hardship, grever, to grieve, weigh

down, from Lat. grauis, heavy.
Greue, v. to grieve, vex, B 1638;

pr. s. impers. Greueth, it vexes,
it grieves, E 647. F. grever,

Lat. gravare, to weigh down.
Greyn, s. a grain, B 1852, 1855;

in greyn=in grain, i. e. of a fast
colour, 511. F. graine, Low

Lat. grana, Lat. granum.
Grisly, adj. terrible, B 3299.

A. S. grislic, grisly, horrible ;
agrisan, to shudderat; cf. G.
grässlich, terrible, grausen, to


shudder. Distinct from grizzly,

Gronte, pt. s. groaned, B 3899.

A.S. gránan, to groan; pt. t. ic

Grucche, v. to murmur, E 170;

grucche it = to murmur at it,

354; O. F. groucher, grocer, to
Gruf, adv. grovellingly, all along,

flat down, B 1865. Cf. Icel.
phrase á grúfu, said of one who
lies grovelling, or who lies face
downwards; from grúfa, to cower,

crouch down.
Gyde, v. to guide, lead, E 776.

Gyden, to guide, B 1670; imp.
pl. Gydeth, guide, direct, 1677.
O. F. guider, another form of

guier. See Gye.
Gye, v. to guide, rule, B 3587, E

75. O. F. guier, to guide, Ital.
guidare; Old Saxon witan, to
observe, O. H. G. wizan, to ob-

Gyse, s. guise, wise, way, manner,

F 332, 540. F. guise, from o.
H. G. wise, G. weise, a manner,
cognate with E. wise, from A. S.


B 3703

Habergeoun, s. a habergeon, hau.

berk, B 2051. 0. F. haubergon,
hauberjon, a small hauberk; dimin.
of hauberc or halberc, from 0.
H.G. halsberc, the same as A.S.
healsbeorga, lit. a neck-defence,
from heals (G. hals), the neck,
and beorgan (G. bergen), to hide,
protect. The ending -on should
rather signify augmentation, as in
the Ital. -one, which is seen in
E. balloon, an augmentative of

Habounde, v. to abound, B 3938.

F. abonder, O. F. habonder, Low
Lat. habundare, written for abun-

Habundance, s. abundance, plenty,

E 203

The proper

Habundant, adj. abundant, E 59.
Hadde, pt. s. had, possessed, E

438, F 29, 32; took, E 303 ; pt.
pl. Hadden, had, kept, E 201; I
hadde leuer =I would rather, B

3083 .
Halle, gen. sing. of the hall; halle

dore =door of the hall, F 80;
dat. Halle, 86. A. S. heall, a

hall, a fem. sb.; gen. healle.
Halp, pt. s. helped, B 3236. A. S.

helpan, pt. t. ic healp, pp. holpen.
Hals, s. neck, B 73. A. S. heals,

G. hals, Icel. háls.
Halse, i p. s. pr. I conjure, B

See note.
meaning of A.S. healsian is to
clasp round the neck (A. S. heals),
and thence to beseech, supplicate;
but the word seems to have been
influenced by the Icel. heill, omen,

good luck, heilla, to enchant.
Halt, pr. s. holdeth, F 61.
Han, v. to have, B 1176, F 56;

pr. pl. Han, have, E 188, 381.
Handle, v. to handle, touch, E

376. A. S. handlian.
Hap, s. good fortune, luck, B 3928.

Welsh hap, luck, Icel. happ, luck,

Happeth, pr. s. chances, F 592.

See above.
Harde, adj. def. hard, cruel, F

499. A.S. heard, Icel. harðr,

G. hart.
Hardily, adv. boldly, without

doubting, without question, E

Hardinesse, s. boldness, B 3210,

3440, E 93.
Harding, s. hardening, tempering,

F 243. A. S. heardian, to hard.
Hardy, adj. bold, sturdy, F 19.

F. hardi, from M. H. G. hert-
en, O. H. G. hartjan, to make
strong, from adj. hart, strong=E.

Hare, sb. a hare, B 1886, 1946.

A. S. hara, G. hase.
Harme, s. harm, injury, suffering

(dative), F 632. A. s. hearm,

Icel, harmr.
Harpe, s. harp (dat.), B 2005-

Icel, harpa.
Hastif, adj. hasty, E 349. O. F.

hastif, from haste, F. hâte ; of

Germ. origin ; cf. G. hast, haste.
Hastily, adv. soon, F 471; Hasti-

lich, quickly, E 911.
Hatede, pt. s. hated, E 731. A. S.

hatian, Icel. hata, G. hassen.
Hauberk, s. a hauberk, B 2053.

See Habergeoun.
Haue, v. to have, B 114; imp. s.

Haue, hold, consider, F 7; receive,
E 567 ; 3 p. Haue, let him have,
B 3915; 2 p. pl. Haue ye, may
ye have, B 33; imp. pl. Haueth,

hold, F 700.
Hauk, s. a hawk, F 446; gen.

Haukes, 631. A. S. hafoc, Icel.

haukr, G. habicht, Welsh hebog.
Hauke, v. to hawk, E 81.
Haukyng, s. hawking; an haukyng,

=a-hawking; lit. on hawking, B

Haunt, s. abode, B 2001. F.

hanter, to haunt.
Hawe, s. a haw; with hawe bake,

with baked haws, with coarse fare,
B 95. See note.

A.S. haga, a
haw, a hedge.
Hede, s. care, heed, B 3577, F

612. A. S. hédan, to take care of.
Heed, s. a head, B 2060, 2073, F

411, 643; pl. Heedes, F 203,
358; Heuedes, B 2032; maugre
thyn heed=in spite of thy head,
in spite of all thou canst do, B
104, contracted from E. E. heued,
A. S. heafod; cf. Icel. höfuð,
Moso-Goth. haubith, O. H. G.
houbit, G. haupt, Lat. caput, Gk.
keparń; cf. Sanskr. kapala, a

skull (Curtius).
Heeld, i ps. pr. held, considered,

E 818; pt. s. Heeld, held, B Her, pron. poss. their, B 3284,
1760, 3374; possessed, 3518; pl. 3390, 3536, E 185. A. S. heora,
Helde, held, B 3506; considered,

gen. pl. of he.
E 426: A. S. healdan, pt. t. ic Herbergage, s. lodging, abode, E

201. O. F. herberage, herbergage,
Heep, s. a heap, i. e. a great num- lodging (Roquefort); from her-

ber, quantity, B 1687, E 2429. berge (F. auberge), a lodging ;
A. S. heápi note the use of the O. H. G. heriberga, cognate with
G. haufe, a heap, a great number, A. S. herebeorga, a station where
a throng.

an army rests on its march; A.S.
Heer, adv. here, B 1177, 1180, here, an army, beorga, a shelter ;
E 36. A. S, hér.

the modern spelling of herebeorga
Heer-vp-on, adv. hereupon, here- is harbour.
on, E 190.

Herbes, s. pl. herbs, E 226, F
Heigh, adj. high, lofty, B 3192. 470, 640. F. herbe, Lat. herba.
See Hy.

Here, v. to hear, B 98, 133, 1642;
Heir, s. heir, B 3833; pl. Heires, Heren, 3963; pt. s. Herde, heard,

3534 0. F. heir, hoir, Lat. 1708; pp. Herd, 2146, 3823.

A.S. héran.
Hele, v. to heal, F 240, 471; Heres, s. pl. hair, B 3248, E 379,

Helen (gerund), 641. A.S. hélan, 1085. A. S. hér.
to make whole; from hél, whole; Herieth, pr. s. praises, B 1808 ;
cf. Icel. heill, hale.

2 p. Heriest, praisest, worshippest,
Helde. See Heeld.

3419; pr. pl. Herie, E 616;
Helle, s. (dative), hell, B 3292. Herien, B 1868. A. S. hérian,

A. S. hell, gen. and dat. helle. to praise, from hére, fame.
Helmed, op. provided with a Herkne, v. to hearken, listen to,

helmet, B 3560. A.S. helm, a B 3159; imp. s. Herkne, 113;
helmet; lit. a covering, from imp. pl. Herkneth, B 1174, 2083,
hélan, to cover.

2155, 3173, E 1141, 1163; Herk-
Help, s. help, F 459. A. S. help, eneth, B 1164 ; pt. s. Herkned,
Icel. hjálp, G. hülfe.

B 1711; pres. part. Herkning,
Hem, pron. pl. acc. them, B 51, listening to, F 78; pp. Herkned

52, 56, &c.; dat. E 614, &c. after = listened for, expected, F
A. S. him, acc. and dat. of he.

403. A. S. heorcnian, to listen
Heng, pt. s. (transitive), hung, B to.

1824. A. S. hón, to hang ; pt. t. Heronsewes, s. pl. hernshaws,
ic heng, pp. hangen.

young herons, F 68. Cotgrave
Hennes forth, adv. henceforth, F has— Hairon, a heron, herne,

658. The A. S. form is heonan- herneshawe.' The spelling hern-

shaw is to be found in Spenser,
Hente, pl. s. seized, caught, B 1760, F. Q. vi. 7. 9. Halliwell has-

3895; seized, took forcibly, E Hernshaw, a heron,' and quotes
534; took in hunting, B 3449;

• Ardeola, an hearnesew,' from
Pp. Hent, seized, E676. A.S. Elyot's dictionary, 1559; and
hentan, to seize; the Moeso- also notes the spelling Heronsew
Goth. has the compound verb in Reliquiæ Antiquæ, i. 88.
fra-hinthan, to take captive; cf. Heironsew occurs in

a list of
E, hand, hunt.

birds in the Babees Boke, ed.



Furnivall, p. 165. The term
heronsew for a heron is still
known in Swaledale, Yorkshire,
and in other parts of England
is found as hernshaw or harnsa.
The sense is quite certain, though
the etymology is less clear. It
has been said to be from 0. F.
heronçeau, but there is no such

form in Roquefort or Littré.
Herying, s. praise, B 1649. See

Herte, s. heart, B 101, 1661,

1745, E 412; sing. or pl. gen.
Hertes, hearts, E 112. A.S.
heorte, Moso-Goth. hairto, G.

Hertely, adv. heartily, B 3983.
Hertes, s. gen. hart's, B 3447

A.S. heorot, heort, G. hirsch.
Hertly, adj. hearty, lit. heart-like,

E 176, 502, F 5.
Heste, s. command, B 3754, E

128, 568, F 114; pl. Hestes,
E 529. A. S. hoés, a command;
the addition of t after s is com-
mon in English, as in amongst,

Heuedes, s. pl. heads, B 2032.

See Heed.
Heuen, s. heaven, the celestial

sphere, B 3300; a heaven, a
supreme delight, F 558; gen.
Heuen, of heaven, B 3986; dat.

Heuene, F 149. A. S. heofon.
Heuinesse, s. heaviness, grief,

sorrow, B 3959, E 432, 678.

A. S. hefignes, from hefig, heavy.
Hewe, s. hue, appearance, mien, E

377, F 508, 587, 640. A.S.

hiw, hue, colour, form.
Hey, s. hay, grass, B 3407. A. S.

híg, Moso-Goth, hawi, G. heu.
The word in this passage probably
means green growing grass uncut.
Cf. A. S. Gospels, S. Mark vi. 39,
where on the green grass' is
expressed by 'ofer thæt gréne

Hey, adj. high, F 545. See Hy.
Hidde, I p. s. pt. hid, F 595.

A. S. hýdan, pt. t. ic hidde.
Hider, adv. hither, nearer, B 4000.

A.S. hider.
Hiderward, adv. hither, in this

direction, B 3159. A. S. hider-

Highte, pt. s. was called,

named, B3310, F 30, 33; is

called, B 3651. See Hyghte.
Him, dat. pl. to them; him semed,

it seemed to them, they supposed,
F 56; dat. sing. to him; him
semed, it seemed to him, he
appeared, B 3361. A. S. him,

dat. sing. and pl, of he.
Him-seluen, pron. himself, B 44.
Hir, pron. Poss. their, B

(better spelt Her); her, B 65,
3438. A. S. hira, of them, gen.
pl.; híre, of her, to her, gen. and
dat. sing.; often used instead of

the acc. hi.
Hir-selue, pron. herself, F 384.
His, poss. pron. neut. its, E 263,

A. S. his, gen. sing.
neuter of he.
Hit, pr. s. hides, F 512. Hit is

a contracted form, equivalent to
hideth. It also appears as hut;
as in 'yef me hut ant heleð it,'
if one hides and conceals it; St.

Marharete, p. 15.
Ho, interj. halt! B * 3957. Cf.

Du. hou, hold ! from houden, to

Hode, s. dat. a hood, B 1630 ;

Hoode, 2101. A. S. hód.
Hold, s. hold, grasp, F 167.
Holde, v. to hold, keep, B 41; to

keep to, F 658 (see Proces); pr.
s. subj. keep, take, E 287; PP.
Holde, held, kept, E 273; con-
sidered to be, F 70; Holden,
considered, E 205, 828; imp. pt.
Holdeth, B 37. A. S. healdan,

Icel. halda, Moso-Goth. haldan.
Holpen, pp. helped, aided, F 666.

F 405

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