Imatges de pàgina

Abouen, prep. above, E 826.

A.S. ábúfan, where bufan is for
be-ufan, so that ábúfan=on-be-
ufan, where ufan means up-

Abouten, prep. about, around,
near, E1106.

A.S. abútan,
where bútan is for be-útan, so

that about=on-by-out.
Abreyde, pt. s. started, awoke, E

1061. A. S. abregdan, to twist
out, from bregdan, to twist,

braid. See Mor. Gloss.
Abrood, adv. abroad, i.e. wide

open, 441. A.S. on brede,
lit. on breadth, from A.S. brád,
broad. Cf. M. Goth. braidei,

breadth, braids, broad.
Abyde, v. to remain, wait, E

1106; imp. pl. Abydeth, B 1175;
pres, part. Abyding, awaiting, E
757. A.S. abidan, from bidan,

to wait.
Abyen, v. to pay for, B 2012.

A.S. abicgan, to redeem, pay for,
from bicgan, to buy. See Aboughte

in Mor. Gloss.
Accepteth, imp. pl. accept, E 96,

127. Fr. accepter, Lat. acceptare.
Accident, s. accidental disturbance,

unusual appearance, E 607. Lat.

Accordant, adj. according, agree-

ing, suitable, F 103.
Accorden, pr. pl. agree, B 2137.

Fr accorder, Lat. accordare, from

cor, the heart.
Acording, pres. part. agreeing, B

Acounte, v. to consider, B 3591.

0. Fr. acompter, from Lat. ad

and computare, to count.
Acquyte, v. to acquit oneself, E

936; imp. pl. Acquiteth, B 37.
Fr. acquitter, Lat. adquietare,

from quies, rest.
Acustumaunce, s. custom; ha

of acustumaunce was accustom-
ed, B 3701.

From O. Fr.

coustume, Low Lat. costuma, cor-

rupted from consuetudinem.
Adoun, adv. down, B 3630; F

351, 464. A.S. of-dúne, lit. off
the down or hill, from dún, a hill,

a down.
Aduersarie, s. adversary, foe, B

3898. Fr. adversaire, from ad-
verse, which from Lat. ad and

uertere, to turn.
Aduersitee, s. adversity, F 502.
Affray, s. terror, B 3273. Fr.

effroi, terror, effrayer, to terrify,
Provençal esfreidar, which from
Lat. exfrigidare, to chill with

fright, from Lat. frigus, cold.
After, prep. according to, F 100;

after me=according to my com-
mand, E 327; after the year =
according to the time of year, F
47. A. S. æfter, where the root
is af=Greek åró, E. of, and ter

is a comparative suffix.
After, adv. afterwards, B 98.
After that, conj. according as, E

Agaste, pr. s. terrified, B 3395;

PP. Agast, terrified, afraid,
1859, E 1052. The prefix a=
A.S. á-, Ger. er., Meso-Gothic

us-; cf. Goth. usgaisjan, to terrify.
Agayn, prep. against, B 1754, F

6, 57; Ageyn, F 142; Ageyns,
B 3754. A.S. on-gean, against,

Agayns, prep. towards, to meet,

Formed from A. S.
ongean, by adding adverbial
suffix -es.

'The M.Ě. agayns is
now corrupted into against.
Age, s. life, E 627; pl. Ages,

times, periods, B 3177. Fr.
âge, 0. Fr. edage, Low Lat.
ætaticum, derived from Lat. æta.

Ageyn, adv. again, F 654. See

Agoon, pp. departed, i. e. dead, E

631; Ago, gone away, F 626;


E 911.

E 357


Agoon, ago, B 1841; Ago, 1876. A.Š. ágán, pp. of verb ágán, to go by, pass by, which is

equivalent to G. ergehen. A greued, pp. aggrieved, E 500.

O. Fr. agrever, from Lat. grauis,

heavy. Aken, pr. pl. ache, B 2113. A.S.

acan, acian, to ache, pain; cf.

Gk. åxos. Aketoun, S. short sleeveless

tunic, worn under the hauberk, B

2050. Fr. hoqueton, O. Fr. auqueton, a cloak, a stuff for cloaks; originally alqueton, Span. alcoton, Arabic al-qôton, where al is the def. article, and qôton is

our cotton. Al, adj. all, in phr. temple and al,

B 3275; herte and al, E 758; at al= in every respect, E 1222; pl. Alle, B 118, 121, 1181; Alle and some=one and all, E 941. A.S.

eal, Meso-Goth. alls. Al, adv. completely, B 3215, 3451;

all blood = completely covered with blood, 1967; conj. although, E 99; Al be, F 155; Al be it, F 105, Al so=so, E

1 226. Alayes, s. pl. alloy, E 1167. Cf.

O.Fr. a lei, according to law; Fr. aloi, a standard, O. Fr. alei, which for a lei =Lat. ad legem; so that alloy literally means ac

cording to the standard. Alday, adv. continually, F 481;

always, B 1702. Alderfirst, adv. first of all, F 550.

A.S. alra, ealra, gen. pl. of eal, all, became M. F. aller, alther,

and alder. Ale, s. ale; ale and breed=ale and

bread, drink and meat, B 2062; gen. Ale, of ale, 3083. A.S.

ealu, O. Icel. öl. Aley, s. an alley, B 1758. Fr.

allée, a walk, from aller, to go. Algate, adv. in all respects, E

855; Algates, at any rate, in every way, wholly, F 246. Here gate means way; cf. always. Icel. gata, a path, road; G. gasse,

a street. Alliaunce, s. alliance, B 3523; Alliance, i.e. marriage, espousal,

From F. allier, Lat. alligare, from ligare, to bind, tie. Allow, 1 p. s. tr. I approve, I ap

plaud, F 676. O. F. alouer, which has two sources, often confused, viz. Lat. locare and Lat. laudare. In this case it is the

latter. Allye, s. ally, relative, B 3593.

See Alliaunce. Allyed, pp. provided with friendly

aid, B 3720. Almest, adj. almost, B 1948. Als, conj. also, B 3973, 3976.

A. S. eall-swa, all-so, corrupted to

als, also, and as. Alwey, adv. continually, always,

E 458, 810; ceaselessly, F 422. Alyghte, v. to alight, E 981.

A. S. alihtan, to descend, alight ;

cf. to light upon. Alyue, adv. alive; lit. in life, E 139.

E. E. on liue=A. S. on life, i. e, in life. Ambel, s. amble; an ambel = in

an amble, at an ambling pace, B 2075.

Fr. ambler, from Lat. ambulare, to walk. Ambes as, i.e. double aces, B

124. See note. O. F. ambes, a pair, Lat. ambo. The word survives as a gambling term; thus, Y'ai gagné une ambe à la loterie, i.e. I have drawn two figures, a

pair of chances.' Brachet. Ambling, pres. part, ambling, E

388. Amende, v. to improve, F 197;

to surpass in right demeanour, 97; pp. Amended, surpassed, B 3444. F. amender, from Lat. emendare, by an unusual change.

Ameued, pt. s. moved, changed ;

nought ameued=changed not, altered not, E 498. From Lat.

amouere, through O. French. Amidde, prep. amid, in the midst

of, F 409. A.S. on-middan, in

the middle. Amis, adv. amiss, wrongly, B

3370, F 7. For on misse, in a mistake, cf. Icel. missa, a loss,

Du, mis, an error, Amonges, prep. amongst, B 3344.

A.S. onmang, among. The -es is an adverbial suffix ; amonges is

now corrupted to amongst. Amounteth, pr. s. amounts to, F

108. O.Fr. amonter, to ascend, increase, from Lat. admontare, to go uphill, to mount, from Lat.

montem. And, conj. if, E 2433. Cf. A.S.


Angle, s. 'angle,' a term in as

trology (see note), F 263; pl.

Angles, angles, 230. Lat. angulus. Anhanged, pp. hung, B 3945,

3949. A.S. onhangian, to hang on. Annunciat, PP. pre-announced, i.e.

whose birth was foretold, B 3205.

From Lat. nuncius, a messenger. Anoon, adv. suddenly, immedi

ately, B 3299, E 435; Anon, B 34, 1896. A.S. on án, lit. in

one, i.e. in one moment. Anoyeth, pr. s. annoys, displeases, B 3979.

O. F. anoier, to displease ; cf. O. F. anoi, F. ennui, displeasure; der. from Lat. in odio, in the phrase in odio habui ;

see Brachet. Answerde, pt. s. answered, B

1170, 1172; E 21. A.S. and swerian, where and-=in return,

and swerian=to swear, affirm. Antem, s. anthem, B 1850. A.S.

antefn, which from Lat. antiphona,
Gk. pl. αντίφωνα, from αντί and
φωνέω, to sound in
Hence also F. antienne,

Antiphoner, s. anthem-book, an

tiphonarium, B 1709. See above. A-nyghte, adv. in the night, by

night, E 464. A.Ş. on nihte, in

the night. Apart, adv. apart, F 252. F. à

part, from Lat. partem. Apayed, pp. pleased : euel apayed

=ill-pleased, E 1052; Apayd, B 1897. O. F. apaier, to appease, from Lat. ad and pacare, to

„satisfy; cf. E. pay. Ape, s. ape, B 1630 (see the note),

3100. A. S. apa, Icel. api, G. affe, &c.; cf. Sanskrit kapi, a monkey, shewing the loss of an

initial guttural. A perceyue, v. to perceive, E 600; pr. s. Aperceyueth, 1018. F. apercevoir, from Lat. ad and per

cipere =per-capere. A perceyuinges, s. pl. perceivings,

perceptions, observations, F 286. Apert, adv. openly, F 531. 0.F.

apert, Lat. apertus, open. Apertenaunt, adj. appertaining,

belonging, B 3505. F. appar

tenir, from Lat. ad pertinere. Apertinent, adj. appertaining,

suitable, E 1010. A pese, v. to appease, pacify, E 433.

F. apaiser, derived from Lat.

pacem through O.F. pais, peace. Appalled, pp. enfeebled, languid,

F 365. Not connected with pale, but from Welsh pallu, to fail, pall, loss of energy. "I palle, I fade of freshenesse in colour or beauty, le

flaitris ;' Palsgrave's French Dict, Apparaille, s. apparel, dress, E

1208. F. appareil, preparation, from appareillir, to join like to like; F. pareil =Lat. pariculus, dimin. of par, like. Not derived

from Lat. parare. Apparence, s. appearance, F 218.

From Lat. apparere, from ad and

parere, to be open to view. Appetytes, s. pl. appetites, B 3390. F. appétit, Lat. appetitus,


from petere.
Arace, v. to tear away, remove

forcibly, E 1103. O.F. aracer,
F. arracher, from Lat. eradicare ;
cf. O.F. raïs, a root, from Lat.

Archeer, s. archer, B 1929. From

Lat. arcus, a bow.
Archewyues, s. pl. archwives,

ruling wives, E 1195. The pre-
fix arch- is Greek; cf. Gk. ápx--,
chief, from åpxh, a beginning;
the latter part is from A.S. wif,

a woman, wife.
Ark, s. arc, referring to the arc of the

horizon extending from sunrise to
sunset, B 2. See note. From Lat.

arcus, an arc, bow.
Arminge, s. arming, putting on of

armour, B 2037. From Lat. arma.
Armlees, adj. armless, without an


A.S. arm, an
arm; and suffix -leás, Meso-

Goth. -laus, deprived of.
Armoure, s. armour, 2009;
Armure, 158.

F. armure,
contr. from Lat. armatura, from

As after, according to, 3555; As
in, i.e. for, 3688; As now, at
this time, F 652; As of, with
respect to, 17; As to, with refer-
ence to, 107; As that, as soon as,
615; As ferforth as, as far as, B

19. As is short for also; see Als.
As, s. an ace, B 3851; ambes as

= double aces, 124. From Lat. as,

a unit.
Ascending, pres. part. ascending,

in the ascendant, i.e. near the
eastern horizon, F 264. From

Lat, scandere, to climb.
Asken, v. to ask, B 101; 2 p. s.

pr. subj. Aske, 102. A. S. acsian.
Assaille, v. to assail, attack, B

3953. F. assailler, Lat. assalire,

from ad and salire, to leap.
Assay, s. trial, E 621, 1138; pl.

Assayes, trials, 697, 1166.
Assaye, imp. s. 3 p. let him try, E

1229; pp. Assayed, tried, 1054.
Another form of essay, from F.
essayer, which from essai, a trial,
Lat. exagium, a weighing ; from

Lat. agere.


Arn, pr. pl. are, E 342. A.S.

aron, Icel. eru, from root as, to be.
Array, s. order, E 262; arrange-

ment, ordinance, 670. O.F. arroi,
order, from sb. roi, which from a
Scandinavian source; cf. Swed.
reda, to prepare, Moso-Goth.

garaidjan, to make ready.
Arrayed, pp. dressed, F 389.
Art, s. kind, sort, E 1241. From

Lat. artem.
Artificial, adj. artificial, in astro-
logy, B 2.

See note.
Artow, for art thou, В 102, 1885,

Aryght, adv. rightly, properly, F

Arwes, s. pl. arrows, B 3448, E

1203. A. S. arewe.
As, conj. like, B 1864; as if, 1636;

Assenten, pr. pl. assent, agree,

176. From Lat. ad and sentire,

to feel.
Asshen, s. pl. ashes, E 255. A.S.

axan, ahsan, ashes, pl. of axe,

ahse, an ash, cinder.
Assured, pt. s. confirmed, B 3378.

Cf. Kn. Ta, 1066.
Astonied, pt. s. astonished, -E

316. O. F. estonner, F. étonner,
to astonish, said to be derived
from a supposed Lat. extonare=
attonare, to thunder at. I do not
admit it, but connect it with G.
erstaunen, and derive it from a
prefix a- or e- (G. er-) and the
root seen in A.S. stunian, to

stun, G. staunen.
Asure, s. azure, blue, E 254.

O. F. asur, F. azur, G. lasur,
from Lat. lapis lazuli, a word of
Persian origin, signifying blue-
stone. Probably the l was mis

taken for the French def. article. Aswage, v. to assuage, B 3834.

O. F. assoager, where the prefix =Lat. ad, and soager is to sweeten, from O.F. soef, Lat. suauis, which is the same with

Gk. ndús, and E. sweet. Aswowne, adv. in a swoon, E 1079,

F 474. Here a- is for on, in. Asyde, adv. aside, E 303. For on

side. At, prep. at; at me = with me,

with respect to me, B 1975; from (after axe) E 653. A.S.

æt; cf. Lat. ad. At-after, prep. after, F 302. At

after is still used for after in pro

vincial English (S. Yorkshire). Atones, adv. at once, E 1178.

A.S. æt, at, and ánes, once, geni

tive of an, one. Atoon, adv. at one, E 437. A. S.

æt, at, án, one; hence E. atone, to set at one, reconcile, and atonement, i. e. at-one-ment, setting at one, a reconciliation.

Cf. alone from all-one. Attamed, pp. broached, 4008.

From Low Lat. attaminare, to contaminate, from an obsolete Lat. taminare; cf. F. entamer,

from a form intaminare. Atte, for at the; Atte leste = at

the least, B 38, E 130; Atte fulle=fully, E 749; Atte laste

at the last, at last, B 1788, 3546. Atteyne, v. to attain, E 447. F.

atteindre, from Lat. attingere, i.e.

ad and tangere, to touch. Atwo, in twain, E 1169. For on

two. Auaille, v. to avail, B 3950; to

be useful, E 1194. From Lat. ad and ualere, to be worth; cf.

F. valoir. Auctoritee, s. authority, i. e.

statements of good authors, F 482. From Lat. auctoritatem,

which from auctor, an increaser,

from augere, to increase. Auctour, s, author, E 1141. See

above. Audience, s. hearing, E 329, 637,

1179; audience, B 3991. From

Lat. audire, to hear. Auentaille, s. aventail, E 1204.

See note. O.F. ventaille, breathing-piece of a helmet, from

Lat. uentus, which is E. wind. Auenture, s. chance, E 812; pl.

Auentures, adventures, E 15, F 659. O.F. aventure, from Lat. ad

and uentura, from uenire, to come. Auntrous, adj. adventurous, B

2099. Short for aventrous, from

O. F. aventuros, bold; see above. Auter, s. altar, B 1826. F. autel,

O.F. altel, alter, Lat. altar. Here the form auter lies between alter

and autel. Auyse, v. refl. to deliberate, recon

sider, take counsel with oneself, E 238, 350.

F. aviser, from avis, advice; from à and vis, Lat. uisum, a thing seen, an opinion;

from uideri, to seem. Auysement, s. deliberation, B 86.

See above. Awaiteth, pr. s. waits, watches,

B 1776. O. F. agaitier, to act as spy, to look out.

The prefix is clearly the G. er. (=MesoGoth. us-, A. S. á-), just as the word gaitier or guaiter (now spelt guetter) is from O. H. G. wahtan, now wachten, Thus await is, through the French, from the

German word now spelt erwachten. Awake, v. to wake, F 476. A.S.

onwacan, awacian, to awake. The prefix may be either on- or a(=G. er-, Goth. us-); A.S. wacan is cognate with wait, which is derived from the German through

the French. See above. Awayt, s. await, watching; haue

hir in awayt = watch her, B 3915.


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