Imatges de pÓgina


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Next them a train of loyal peers ascend;

Thus long have I, by native mercy (way'd, Sharp-udging Adriel, the Muses' friend, My wrongs dilfcmbled, my revenge delay'd : Hintelf a Muse : in lanhedrims debate

So willing to forgive th' ottending age ; True to his prince, but not a slave of state ; So much the father did the king altuage. Whoi Davi's love with honours did adorn, But now so far my clemency they light, That from luis disobedient son were torn. Th' offenders question my forgiving right: Jotham of piercing wit, and pregnant thought; That one was inade for many, they contend; Ëndued by nature, and by learning taught, But 'tis to rule; for that 's a inonarch's end. To move affumblies, who but only trica They call my tenderness of blood my fear; The worle auhiie, then choíc the better side: Though manly tempers can the longest bear. Nor chofe alone, but turu'd the balance too; Yet, tince they will divert my native courie, So much the weight of one brave man can do. 'Tis time to thew I am not good by force. Hufhai, the friend of David in distress;

Those heap'd affronts that haughty subjects bring La public storms of manly stedfastness :

Are burdens for a camel, not a king. -By foreign treaties he inform'd his youth, Kings are the public pillars of the state, And join'd experience to his native truth. Born to sustain and prop the nation's weight: His frugal care supplied the wanting throne; If my young Samion will pretend a call Frugal for that, but bounteous of his own : To'shake the column, let him thare the fall : 'Tis easy conduct when exchequers flow; But, oh! that yet he would repent and live! But hard the task to manage well the low: How easy 'tis for parents to forgive ! For fou'reign pow'r is too depress’d or high, With how few tears a pardon might be won When kings are forc'd to fell, or crowds to buy. From nature, pleading for a darling fon! Indulge one labour more, my weary Mule, Poor, pitied youth, by my paternal care For Amiel: who can Amiel's praise refute ? Rais'd up to all the height his fame could bcar: Of ancient race by birth, but nobler yet

Had God ordain'd his fate for empire born, In his own worth, and withour title great : He would have given his soul another turn: The tanhedriin long time as chief he rul'd, Gullid with a patriot's name, whose modern Their reason guided, and their patlion coold:

sense So dext'rous was he in the crown's defonce, Is one that would by law supplant his prince ; So form’d to speak a loyal nation's sense, The people's brave, the politician's tool ; That, as their band was Ifrael's tribes in small, Never was patriot yet but was a fool. So fit was lic to represent them all.

Whence comes it that religion ard the laws Now rulher charioteers the feat ascend,

Should more be Abialom's ihan David's cause? Whose loote careers his fieady skill commend : His old inftru£lor, ere he lost his place, They, like th' unequal ruler of the day, Was never thought endued with to much grace. Mitguide the scafons, and mistake the way ; Good heavens! how faction can a patriot paint! While he withdrawn at their mad labours (miles, My rebel ever proves my people's faint, And safe enjoys the labbath of bis toils. Would they impofe an heir upon the throne,

These were the chicf, a small but faithful bind Let fanhedrims be taught to give their own. Of worthies, in the breach who dar'd tv stand, A king's at least a part


government; And tempt th' united fury of the land.

And mine as requilite as their content : With grief they view'd such pow'rful engines Without iny leave a future king to choose, bent

Infers a right the present to depole. To batter down the lawful government : True, they petition me t' approve their choice : A num'rous faction, with pretended frights, Bur Efau's hands suit ill with Jacob's voice. In fachedrims to plume the regal rights; My pious subjects for my safety pray; The true fucceffor from the court remov'd; Which to secure, they take my pow'r away. The plot by hircling witnesses improv’d. From plots and treasons heaven preserve my years, These ills they saw, and, as their duty bound, But save me most from my petitioners ! They shew'd the king the danger of the wound : Unsatiate as the barren womb or grave, That no conccflio is from the throne would pleate, God cannot grant to much as they can crave.' But lenitives fomented the disease :

What then is left, but with a jealous cye That Abfalom, ambitious of the crown, To guard the finail remains of royalty ? Wai made the lure to draw the people down : The law shall fill direct my peaceful sway, That falle Achizophel's pernicious hate. And the fuine law teach rebcis to obey : Had turn'd the plot to ruin church and state ; Votes Thail no inore establith d power controul, The council violent, the rabble worse :

Such vores as make a part exceed the whole. That Shimci taught Jerusalem to curse. Vo groundless clamours thall my friends remove,

With all these loads of injuries opprest, Nor crowds have pow'r to punish ere they prove; And long revolving in his careful breast For Gods and godlike kings their care express, Th'cvent of things, at last his patience tird, Srill to defend their servants in distress. Thus from his roval throne, by heaven inspir'd, Oh, that my pow'r to faving were confin'd! The godlike David tpoke; with awfut fear Why am I forc'd, like heaven, against my mind, His train their Maker in thcir mafter hear : To inake examples of another kind?




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Must 1 at length the sword of justice draw ? While pamper'd crowds to mad sedition run, Oh curft effects of necessary law !

And monarchs by indulgence are undone. How ill my fear they by my merey scan !

Thus David's clemency was fatal grown, Beware the fury of a patient man.

While wealthy faction and the wanting throne. Law they require, let law then thew her face; For now their sovereign's orders to contcmo They could not be content to look on grace, Was held the charter of Jeruialem; Her hinder parts, but with a daring eye His rights t'invade, his tributes to refuse, To tempt the terror of her frent, and die. A privilege peculiar to ihe Jews; By their own arts 'tis righteoully decreed, As if from heavenly call this license fell, Those dire artificers of death thall bleed; And Jacob's Iced were chosen to rebel ! Against themfelves their witnesses will livear, Achitophel with triumph fees his crimes Till, viper-like, their inother plot they tear; Thus fujicd to the madncis of the times; And suck for nutriment that bloody gore, And Abfalom, to make his hopes fucceed, Which was their principle of life before. Of Hatt'ring charms no longer itands in need; Their Belial with their Beelzebub will fight : While,fond of change, cho' ne'er so dearly boughe, Thus on my foes my foes thall do me right. Our tribes outstrip the youth's ambitious thought; Nor doubt ih'event: for factious crowds engage, His swiftest hopes with swifter homage meet, In their first onset, all their brutal rage.

And crowd their servilc nicks beneath his feet. Then let them take an unrefifted course : Thus to his aid while prefling tides repair, Retire, and traverse, and delude their force : He mounts, and (preads his fireainers in the air. But when they stand all breathless, urge the fight, The charms of empire miglit his youth millead, And rise upon them with redoubled might: But what can our beforted Ifrael plead? For lawful pow'r is still superior found; Sway'd by a monarch whose ferene command When long driven back, at length it ítands the Seenis half the blessing of our promis'd land, ground.

Whose only grievance is excess of case; He said : th' Almighty nodding gave consent; Freedoin our pain, and plenty our difcase! And peals of thunder thook the firmament. Yet as all folly would lay claiin to fenli, Henceforth a series of new time began,

And wickedness ne'er wanted a pretence,
The mighty years in long procellion ran : With arguments they 'd make their trcafon gcode
Once more the godlike David was restorid, And righteous David's self with flanders load:
And willing nations knew their lawful lo.d. That arts of foreign sway he did aflcci,

And guilty Jebutiles from law protect,

Whole very chiefs, convict, were never freed;

Nay we have seen their sacrifices bleed ! *.--si quis tamen haec quoque, quis

Accusers' infamy is urg'd in vain, ** Captus amore leget."

Wbile in the bounds of sense they did contain ; In the year 1680, Mr. Dryden underlook ibe But foon they launci d into th' unfathom'd ride, poem of Absalom and Achitophel, upon the difire of And in the depths they knew disdain'd to ride. king Charles II. The performance cvas applauded!'or probable discoveries to difpente, by every one; and several persons pieding bim 19 Was thought below a penfond evidence ; cwrite a Second Pari, be, upon declining ei bimuje!t, Mere truth was dull, nor united with the port Spoke 10 Mr. Tate to write one, and gave bini bis Of pamper'd Corah when advanc'd to couit

. advice in the direction of it: and ibat part begin. No less than wonders now they will impole, ning with

And projects void of grace or lense disclose.

Such was the change on pious Michal brought, “ Next these, a troop of busy spirits press," Michal that ne'er was cruel even in thoug'i, and ending with

The best of queens, and most obedient with, To talk like Doeg, and to write like thee,'' Impeach'd of curît designs on David's life!

His life, the theme of her eternal pray'r, containing near taco bunched verks, wis entirely M. Dryden's composition, bifides firme touches in Not tumnier morns such wildwels can disclote,

Tis scarce so much his guardian angel's care. orber places.--I be preceding lines, upacard; of thiet The Hermon liiy, nor the Sharon rosc. bundred in number, were written by Mr. Tait.

Neglecting each vain pomp of majesty, The poem is bere printed complite.

Transported Michal feeds her thoughts on high:

She lives with angels, and, as angels do, ABSALOM AND ACHITOPHEL.

Quits heaven fometimes to bless the world below: SINCE men, like beasts, cach other's prey were Where, cherith'd by luer bounty's plentcous fpring, male;

Reviving widows Imile, and orphans fing. Since trade began, and priesthood grew a trade; Uh! when rebellious Ifrael's crimes at height Since realms were form’d, none ture to curli as Are threaten'd with her lord's approaching fate, thole

The picty of Michal then remain That madly their own happiness oppose ; In Heaven's remembrance, and prolong his reign! There Heaven ittelf, and godlike kings in vain Leis detulation de the pet pursue Show's down the manna of a gentle reizo ; That froin Dan's limits to bcribeba flow,


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Less fatal the repeated wars of Tyre,

Ind if th’imagin'd guilt thus wound my thought, And lets Jerusalem's avenging fire ;

"V hat will it when the tragic scene is wrought ? With gentler terror those our itate o'er-ran, Dire war muli firit be conjur'd from bclow, Than lince our evidencing days began !

The realm we 'd rule we first must overthrow; On ev'ry cheek a pale confufion fat,

And when the civil furies are on wing, Continued fear beyond the worst of fate! That blind and undistinguith'd Naughters fling, Trust was no mori; art, science, uteless made; Who knows what impious chance may reach All occupations loft but Corah's trade.

ihc king? Ieanwhile guard on modett Corah wait, h! rather let me perish in the strife, If no: for fafity, needful yet

for state.

Than have my crown the price of David's life! Weli might hie deem each peer and prince his ilave, Or, if the tempest of the war he liand, And lo:d it o'er the tribes which he could save : in peace, fome vile officious villain's hand Even vice in him was virtue-1that fad fate His foul's anointed temple may invade, But for his honesty had seiz'd our state ! 'r, press’d by clam'rous crowds, myself be made And with what tyranny had we been curst, llis murderer-rebellious crowds, whose guilt Had Corah never prov'd a villain first! Shall dread his vengeance till his blood be spilt. T' have told his knowledge of th' intrigue in, Which if my filial tenderness oppose, Had been, alas ! to our duponent's lofs : [grofs. Since to the empire by their arms I rose, The travelld Levite had th' experience got, Thule very arms on ire shall be employ'd, To husband we'l, and make the best ot's plot; A new ufurper crown'd, and I destroy'd : And therefore, like an cvidence of skill, The same pretence of public good will hold, With wise reserves secur’d his pension ftill; And new Achitophels be found as bold Not quite of future pow'r himself bereft, To

uige But limbos large for unbelievers left.

lle faid: the statesman with a smile replics, And now his writ such reverence had got, A smile that did hij rising spleen disguise : 'Twas worse than plotting to fufpret his plot. My thoughts presum'd our labours at an end, Some were to well convinc'd, they made no doubt And are we still with conscience to contend, Themselves to help the founder'd livearers out. Whole waut in kings as needful is allow'd Some had their sense impos'd on by their fear, As 'cis for them to find it in the crowd! But more for interest lake believe and swear : Far in the doubtful paliage you are gone, Even to that height with fome the phrenfy gre.v, ind only can be safe by pretting on. They rag'd to find their danger not prove true. The crown's true heir, a prince severe and wise,

Yet, than all these a viler crew remain, Has view'd your motions long with jealous cyes; Who with Achitophel the cry maintain ; Your person's charıyıs, your mort prevailing arts, Nor urg'd by fear, nor thro' misguided lense- And mark'd your progress in the people's hearts, Blind zeal and starving need had tome pretence- Whole patience is th' effect of fiinted pow'r, But for the good old cause that did excite But treasures vengeance for the fatal hour; Th' original rebels' wiles--revenge, and fpite. And, if remote the peril he can bring, These raise the plot to have the fcandal thrown Your present danger's greater from the king. l'pon the bright fucceffor of the crown, Let not a parent's name deceive your fente, W liose viriue with such wrongs they had pursued, Nor trust the father in a jealous prince ! As seem 'd all hope of pardon to exclude. Your trivial faults if he could fo refont, Thus, while on private ends their acal is built, To docm you little less than banishment, The cheated crowd applaud and fiare their guilt. What rage must your presumption since inspire !

Such practices as ti .cle, too grots to lie Against his orders you return from Tyre. Long unobfcrv'd by each discerning tye, Nor only so, but with a pomp more high, The more iudicious liiaelites unspellid, And open court of popularity, Though fill the charm the giddy rabble held. The factious tribes And this reproof from thee? Even Absalon, amidst the dazzling beans The prince replies, O ftatesman's winding skill! Of empire, and ambition's flatt ring dreams, They first condemn that first advis'd the ill! Perceives the plot, too foul to be excus d, Illustrious youth, return'a Achitophel, To aid designs, no less pernicious, us'd : Viscontinué not the words that mean you well. And, filial tense yet striving in his breast, The course you steer I worthy blaine conclude, Thus to Achitophel his doubts exprets’d: But 'tis because you leave it unpursued.

Why are my thoughts upon a crown employ'd, A monarch's crown fate furrounded lies; Which once obrain d can be but half enjoy'd? Who reach, lay hoid on death that miss the prize. Not so when virtue did my arms requirc, Did you for this expole yourself to show, And to my father's wars í few entire. And to the crowd bow populariy low? My regal pow'r how will my focs refent, For this your glorious progress next ordain, When I myself have scaice my own consent ! With chariots, horsemen, and a numerous train; Give me a lon's unbleniih'd iruth again, ll'ith fame before you like the morning star, Or quench the sparks of duty that iemain. And shouts of joy faluting from afar ? How flight to force a throne that legions guard Oh, from thche ghts you've reach'd but takea view, The task to me; to prove unjust, how hard ! Scarce leading Lucifer could fall like you!



And must I here my shipwreck'd arts bemoan? | For if succeffion once to nought they bring,
Have I for this fo oft made Israel groan. Their next advance removes the present king:
Your single int'reft wich the nation weigh'd. Pertising ello his fenates to diilelve,
And turn'd the fcale where your desires were laid! In equal hazard thall his reign involve.
Even when at helm a courte fo dang'rous movd Ourtribes,whom Pharaoh's pow'rto much alarms,
To land your hopes as my removal prov'd. Shall rise without their prince t'oppole his arms;

I not difpute, the royal youth replies, Nor boots it on what caule at first they join, The known perfection of your policies; Their troops once up are tools for our design. Nor in Achitophel vet grudge or blame

At least toch fubtile cov'nants thall be made, The privilege that itatilmen ever claim; Till peace itfelf is war in maljucrade. W!o private int 'rest rever yet pursued,

Affociations of mysterious tense, But still pretended 'twas for others' good : Againit, but seeming for, the king's defenceWhat politician yet e'er fcap'd his fate,

Een on their courts of justice fetters draw, W'ho faving his own neck not fav'd the state ? And from our agents muzzle up their law; From hence on ev'ry humorous wind that By which a conqueft if we fail to make, veerd,

"I is a drawn game at worst, and we fecure our With shifieu fairs a several course


What from a fway did David e'er pursue, He said; and for the dire success depends
That seem'd like abiolue, but sprung from you? On various sects, by common guilt made friends;
Who at your intance quanh d cach penal law, Whose heads, tho'ne'er fodiff’ring in their creed,
That kept differti:g factious Jews in awe; l'th' point of treason yet were well agreed.
And who suspends fix'd laws, may abrogate; Mongst thefe, extorting Ithban (iift appears,
That done, form new, and so enslave the itate. Pursued by meagre troops of bankrupt heirs.
Even property, whole champion now you stand, Blest times, when Ishban, he whole occupation
And seem for this the idol of the land,

So long has been to cheat, reforms the nation ! Did ne'er sustain such violence before,

Iibban of conscience suited to his trade, As when your counsel shut the royal store ; As good a faint as usurer ever made. Advice, that ruin to whole tribes procur'd, Yet Mammon has not so engrofs'd him quite, But secret kept till your own banks secur'd. But Belial lays as large a claim of spite; Recount with this the triple cov'nant broke, Who, for those pardons from his prince he draws, And Ifrael fitted for a foreign yokc;

Returns reproaches, and cries up the cauie. Nor here your counsels' fatal progrets staid, That


in which the city he did sway, But fent our levied pow'rs to Pharaoh's aid. He left rebellion in a hopeful way. Hence Tyre and lfrael low in ruins laid, Yet his ambition once was found to bold, And Egypt, once their scorn, their common terror To offer talents of extorted gold; made.

Could David's wants have so been brib'd, to Even yet of such a season can we dream,

Thaine When royal rights you made your darling theme, And scandalize our peerage with his name; For pow'r unlimited could reasons diaw, For which, his dear ledition he'd fortwear, And place prerogative above the law;

And evîn turn loyal to be inade a peer. Which on your fall from office grew unjust, Next him, let railing Kabfheka have place, The laws made king, the king a slave in truit : So full of zeal he has no need of grace ; Whom with state-craft, to intreft only true, A faint thar can both Heih and fpirit use, You now accuse of ills contrivd by you. Alike haunt conventicles and the itews:

To this hell's agent-Royal youth, fix here, Of whom the question difficult appears, Let int’reit be the star by which you steer; If mott i'th' preacher's or the bawd's arrears. Hence to repose your truit in me was wise, What camion could appear too much in bim Whole int'reít most in your advancement lies : That keeps the treasure of Jerusalem ! A tie fo tirın as always will avail,

Let David's brother but approach the town, When friendship, nature, and religion, fail. Double our guards, he cries, we are undone! On ours the fafety of the crowd depends; Protesting that he dares not lieep in 's bed, Secure the crowd, and we obtain our ends; Left he thould rite next morn without his head. Whom I will cause so far our guilt to Share, “ Next these, a troop of busy spirits preis, Till they are made our champions by their fear. Of little fortunes, and of conscience lets; What opposition can your rival bring,

With them the tribc, whose luxury had drain a While tanhedrims are jealous of ihe king? Their banks, in former fequeftravons gain'd; His firength as yet in David's friend thip lies, Who rich and great by pait rebevions grew, And what can David's self without fupplies ? And long to fith the troubled fireams anew. Il'ho with exclusive bills must now dilpente, Some future hopes, fome present payment draws, Debar the heir, or sturve in his defence ; To fell their contcience and elpouse the cause. Conditions which our elders ne'er will quit, Such stipends those vile hircling best beat, And David's justice never can adınit.

Priets without grace, and poets without wit. Or forc'd by wants his brother to betray, Shall that matte Hebronite e cape our curse, To your ambition next he clears the way; Judas that keeps the rebels' pentive purse ;



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Judas that pays the treason-writer's fee, Such thanks the present church thy pen will give
Judas that well deferves his namesake's tree; Which proves rebellion was so primitive.
Who at Jerusalem's own gates erects

Muit ancient failings be examples made?
His college for a nursery of sects;

Tnen murderers from Cain may learn their trade,
Young prophets with an early care secures, As thou the heathen and the faint hast drawn,
And with the dung of his own arts manures ? Methinks th' apoftate was the better man ;
What have the men of Hebron here to do? And thy hot father, waving my respect,
What part in Israel's promis'd land have you? Not of a mother-church, but of a fect:
Here Phaleg the lay-Hebronite is come, And such he needs must be of thy inditing;
'Caufe like the rest he could not live at home; This comes of drinking alles milk, and writing.
Who from his own poffetlions could not drain If Balak lhould be call'd to leave his place,
An omer even of Hebronitish grain,

As profit is the loudert call of grace,
Here ftruts it like a patriot, and talks high His temple, dispoilefs'd of one, would he
Of injur'd subjects, alter'd property:

Replenith'd with seven devils inore by thee.
An emblem of that buzzing inteet just,

Levi, thou art a load, I 'll lay thee down,
That mounts the wheel, and thinks she raises dust. And thew rebellion bare, without a gown ;
Can dry bones live? or skeletons produce Poor flaves in metre, dull and addle-pated,
The vital warmth of cuckoldizing juice? Who rhyme below ev'n David's Psalms translated.
Slim Phaleg could, and at the table fed, Some in my speedy pace I must out-run,
Return'd the grateful product to the bed. As lame Mephibotheth, the wizard's fon :
A waiting-man to travelling nobles chose, To make quick way, I'll leap o'er heavy blocks,
He his own laws would faucily impose ; Shun rotten Uzza as I would the pox;
Till battinadoed back again he went,

And haften Og and Doeg to rehearle,
To learn those manners he to teach was sent. Two fools that crutch their feeble sense on verse;
Chattis'd be ought to have retreated home; Who by my Mufe to all succeeding times
But he reads politics to Abfalom.

Shall live, in spite of their own doggrel rhymes.
For never Hebronite, tho'kick'd and scorp'd, Doeg, though without knowing how or why,
To his own country willingly return'c. Made liill a blundering kind of melody;
But, leaving familh'd Phaieg to be fed, Spurr’d boldly on, and daih'd thro' thick and thin,
And to talk treason for his daily bread,

Thro' sense and nonsense, never out nor in;
Let Hebron, nay let hell, produce a man Free from all meaning, whether good or bad,
So made for mischicf as Ben-Jochanan; And, in one word, heroically mad :
A Jew of humble parentage was he,

He was too warm on picking-work to dwell,
By trade a Levite, though of low degree : But fagotted his notions as they fell,
His pride no higher than the desk afpir'd; And, if they rhym'd and rattled, all was well;
But for the drudgery of priests was hird, Spiteful he is not, though he wrote a fatire,
To read and pray in linen ephod brave, For still there goes fome thinking to ill-nature :
And pick up lingle shekels from the grave. He needs no more than birds and beasts to
Married at lait, but finding charge come faster, think,
He could not live hy God, to chang'd his matter: All his occafions are to eat and drink.
Inspir'd by want, was made a factious tool; If he call rogue and rascal from a garret,
They got a villain, and we lost a fool.

He means you no more mischief than a parrot : Guill violent, whatever cause he took,

The words for friend and foe alike were made; But most against the party he foricok.

To fetter them in verie, is all his trade. For renegadocs, who ne'er tuin by halves, for almonds he'll cry whore to his own mother; Are bound in conscience to be double knaves, And call young Abfalom king David's brother. So this profe-prophet took moft monttrous pains, Let him be gailows-free by my consent, To let his maiters fee he earn'd his gains. And nothing suffer since he nothing meant ; But, as the devil owes all his imps a name, Hanging suppotes human soul and reason ; He chose th' apostate for his proper iheme; This animai's below committing treason ; With little pains he made the picture true, Shall he be hang'd who never could rebel : And froin reflection took the rogue he drew. That 's a preferinent for Achitophel. A wondrous work, to prove the Jewish nation The woman that committed buggery, In every age a murmuring generation ; Was rightly fentenc'd by the law to die; To trace them from their infancy of linning, But ’t was hared fiite that to the gallows led And shew them factious from their first beginning. The dog that never lieard the statute read, To prove they could rebel, and rail, and mock, Railing in other men may be a crime, Much to the credit of the chosen fock; But ought to pass for mere instinct in him : A strong authority, which must convince, Instinct he follows, and no farther knows; That saints own no allegiance to their prince. For to write verse with hin is to transprose. As 'ris a leading card to make a whore, 'I were pity treason at his door to lay, To prove her mother had turn'd up before. Who makes heaven's gate a lock to its own key: But, tell me, did the drunken patriarch bless Let him rail on, let his invective Muse The fun that thewid his father's nakednels: Have four-and-twenty letters to abuse ;




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