Imatges de pàgina

vinces of Hindastan, and as Abdallah must of necessity pass through it, in his way to Agra, I conceived it to be a fine opportunity of gratifying my inclination. I was the more determined upon this journey by the ardent attachment which I had already formed for that truly venerable and learned man, in whose society I continued to derive so much of delightful instruction and amusement, that I felt very unwilling to part from his company; accordingly I proceeded with him to Broache, from whence we intended to pursue our journey northwards.

Every thing being prepared for our journey, we left Broache as soon as the intensity of the sun's heat was allayed by the cool and refreshing zephyrs of evening. Being late in the rainy season the roads were rendered so extremely heavy and bad that it was with much difficulty we were able to reach the town of Ahmood about twenty miles from Baroche, where we arrived about eleven o'clock in the night and remained there until the following morning.

The most agreeable time of the year for travel. ing in India, is about six weeks or two months after the rainy season, when every part of that rich country is arrayed in the most beautiful verdure. The scenery is then most exquisitely charming and interesting while the roads are very good.

The Boukie, and the Nyar, are the names of the only two rivers which flow between the towns of Broache and Ahmood. The first, during the rainy season, is a very rapid stream, whose current being confined in a narrow channel, is there extremely impetuous. The latter is of a considerable breadth and of a more gentle course. Both these rivers had left their beds nearly dry at the time we passed them, consequently we could not form any just idea of the magnitude of their waters.

The general soil of the Ahmood Purgunna, is of a very rich and black kind of mould which, produces in great luxuriance, cotton, rice, wheat, and a large variety of Indian grains unknown in Europe.

The town of Ahmood which is the capital of this district, is large and unfortified. Part of it belongsto, and is in the possession of the Honour. able Company, who maintain there a small Gurry, or fortress, which is of no great strength. Gracia Rajah, who takes the liberty of claiming a very considerable part of the revenues arising from the Purgunna. The company's produce, or coilections, do not amount to more than a lack of rupees, that is about twelve thousand pounds sterling, per annum. One of their civil servants, or magistrates, who occupies the post of collector for this district, occasionally resides at Ahmood. In this town, or neighbourhood, there is very little worthy of regard, if I except a large and beautifully rural lake, which is surrounded by large trees, that afford a most delightful shade during the heat of noon, to the numerous tribes of animals that resort to it when the beams of the sun become insupportable.

At an early hour on the following morning we renewed our journey, and crossing the river Dahder, about three miles from Ahmood, we enterred the Jamboseer Purgunna. The prospects that were here presented to our view, were very different from those we had been accustomed to behold, either in the districis of Broach, or Ahmod. There we had seen very few trees (which are so indispensibly necessary to form a beautiful, or indeed




a pleasing prospect) except in the near vicinity of villages, and we saw but very few inclosures. But in the Purgunna of Jamboseer, the landscapes were rendered extremely beautiful and interesting, by numerous inclosures of small, but rich parcels of land, which were intermingled with luxuriant groves of mango, tamarind, and Banian trees, so as to produce the most enchanting effect. The soil of that part of the Jambo

Purgunna, through which now travelling, is light, and of a very fertile quality, which the uncommon luxuriance of the vegetation every where evinced, and is more especially favourable to Juarry, Bajeree, and some other grains, with whde names I am not familiar. The lands that are situated more to the westward of this district, have a rich black soil, which produces immense crops of wlieat.

This district has been in the possession of the company for more than six

and the gentleman who now resides there, has (from his great and meritorious attention, and en. couragement to the cultivators) rendered all



populous. So assidious has been the atten. tion of this truly distinguished character, chat he has given to the whole face of the coun. try the appearance of one continued, and beautiful garden, and all has been done by his judicious patronage to that class of the community which are best fitted for the cultivators of land; I mean the lower orders of the people. Without any cruel or cessary oppression, the company now derives a revenue of five lacks of rupees, or sixty thousand pounds sterling, a sum which is truly astonishing when the small extent of the province is considered. Would not many of the petty provinces of Europe be glad to exchange the revenues of their principalities for those of Jamboseer? I think some might be found amongst the Germans, who would willingly make such an exchange. Let all such abolish their tyrannical laws, and protect and encourage the lower classes of their people, and peace and plenty will smile upon them.

Jamboseer, the capital of the district of the same name, is situated about seven miles from Ahmood. It is about two miles in circumference, and is surrounded by a miserable

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