Imatges de pÓgina
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“ of him,” gen. case of the pron. tat, p. 51.

Chikirṣhitam, "intention," acc. case,

neut. of the pass. past part. of the desiderative base of the root kri, "to do" (p. 141. s.), used as a substantive. Gyātwā, or Jnātwā, “discovering," indecl. part. of the root jnā, p. 143. a. Punar, "again," adv. p. 153. e., r remains by r. 32. Mushiko, nom. case, ah changed to o by r. 26. a. Bhava, "become," 2d sing. imperat. of the root bhū, p. 104. Ity answers to inverted commas, seer. 219., the final i changed to y by r. 7. Uktwā, “saying,” indecl. part. of the root vach, p. 143. a. MŪshika, nom. case. Vis. dropped by r. 28. a. Eva, "indeed," adv. r. 134.

STORY OF THE BRAHMAN AND HIS WEASEL.

अ॑स्त्य् उज्र्ज्जयिन्यां माधवो नाम ब्राह्मणः । तस्य ब्राह्मणी प्रसूता । सी बालापत्यस्य रक्षो॒र्थं ब्राह्मणम् अवस्थाप्य वतुं गता ।

28

21

35

22

16

23

17

10

36

24

37

32

18

33

25

13

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अथ ब्राह्मणस्य कृते राज्ञः पार्श्वणश्राद्धं दातुम् आह्वानम् आगतं । तच् छुत्वा ब्राह्मणः सहज दारिद्राद् अचिन्तयत् । यदि सत्वरं न गच्छामि तदाऽन्यः कश्चिच् छाद्धं महीष्यति । किन्तु शिशोर अत्र रक्षकः कोऽपि नास्ति तत् किं करोमि । यतु । चिरकालपालितम् इमं पुत्र निर्विशेषं नकुलं बालक रक्षार्थं । व्यवस्थाप्य गच्छामि । तथा कृत्वा गतः । ततस् तत्र नकुलेन बालकसमीपं तूष्णीम् आगच्छन् कृष्णसपो व्यापादितः खण्डितश्च । ततो-सौ नकुलो ब्राह्मणम् आयान्तम् अवलोक्य रक्तविलिप्रमुखुपादः सत्वरम् उपागम्य ब्राह्मणस्य चरणयोर लुलोठ । ततो-सौ ब्राह्मणस् तं तचविधं दृष्ट्वा मम पुत्रो-नेन भक्षित इत्य् अविचाय्र्य व्यापादितवान्। अनन्तरं यावद् असाव् उपसृत्य पश्यति तावद् बालकः सुस्पः स्वपिति सर्पस् तु व्यापादितस् तिष्ठति । तत उपकारकरं नकुलं निरूप्य सन्तप्तचेताः स परं विषादम् उपगतः

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1) p. 101. the final changed to y by r. 7. changed to o by r. 26. a. 4) p. 24. xv. the preposition pra, p. 138. b. 6 ) p. 51. 7) r. 154. 8) p. 177. c. 10) r. 106. and r. 200. 11) r. 125. p. 140. o. and P. 180. a. 14) p. 161. r. 147. 15) p. 118. r. 200. 16) p. 11. r. 17. dāridra is an abstract noun, formed according to p. 23. viii. 20) r. 171. a. 21) p. 107. 24) P. 124. 25) gen. case of shishu, p. 35. 29) p. 101. and r. 201. 30) p. 112.

root chint, 10th conj. p. 126. 23) r. 85. r. 17.

28) p. 151. a.

compound.

32) p. 52.

of the causal

18) r. 154.,

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According to r. 180. a. it may be regarded as accusatively dependent. 33) anomalous dependent compound. 34) r. 171. c. 35) indecl. part. form of the root sthā, with the prepositions vi and ava, p. 145. i. 36) p. 143. a. 37) Visargah changed to s by r. 25. a. 38) p. 177. c. 39) pres. part. of the root gam, p. 107. p. 136. with a prefixed, p. 174. 40) r. 154. root pad, with vi and ā. 42) Vis. changed to sh by 1. 25. a. a cut off by r. 9. 44) pres. part. of yā, with ā, r. 123.

41) p. 141. 2. 43) The initial

45 ) p. 145./.

46) complex relative compound (p. 171. b.), the whole being the relative form of

descriptive, involving a dependent and an aggregative.

52) p. 143. a.

47) p. 145. g. root gam,

48) loc. case, dual of charana, p. 31., see p. 195. c.

50) Vis. to s by r. 25. a.

54) p. 139. h.

51) r. 171. b.

changed to y

with prep. upa and ā. 49) 2d pret. of root, p. 74. 53) p. 52. 55) r. 219. a. the final by r. 7. 56) p. 145. i. root char, with prep. vi and negative prefix a. root pad, with vi and ā. 58) r. 8. 59) p. 144. a. 61) p. 70. d. 62) Vis. to s by r. 25. a. 63) p. 107. 64) Vis. dropped by r. 28. a. 66) p. 145. f. root rūp, with ni. 67) r. 159. a.

65) r. 143.

Translation.

57) p. 142.

60) p. 107. and p. 199. c.

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There lives in Oujein,* a Brahman, named Madhava. His wife bore him (a son). She having stationed the Brahman (her husband) to take charge of the young child, went to perform ablution. Meanwhile a message came from the king for the Brahman to perform the Pārvana Shraddha.† On hearing which the Brahman, from his natural neediness, thought to himself, "if I do not go quickly some other Brahman will take the Shraddha. But there is none here (that I may leave) as a guardian to the child,-what then can I do? Come, having stationed this long-cherished weasel, dear to me as a son, in charge of the infant, I will go.' Having so done, he went. Presently a black serpent silently approaching the child was killed by the weasel and torn in pieces. By and by the weasel seeing the Brahman returning, quickly running to meet him, his mouth and feet smeared with blood, rolled himself at the Brahman's feet. Then that Brahman seeing him in such a condition, hastily concluding that he had eaten the child, killed him. Afterwards no sooner did he come up than he beheld the infant slumbering safely and the black serpent lying dead. Then looking at his benefactor the weasel, and bitterly repenting (of his precipitation), he experienced exceeding grief.

* The oldest city in India.

† The Shraddha is a funeral ceremony, consisting of oblations of water and fire to the gods and manes, and gifts to the officiating Brahmans, performed at various fixed periods, in behalf of a deceased parent or ancestor, to secure the happy condition of his soul. The Parvana is a particular form of Shraddha, in behalf of three

ancestors.

SELECTIONS

IN PROSE AND VERSE.

OBSERVE, that the greater number of the words in the following Selections will be found in the Vocabulary to Professor Johnson's edition of the Hitopadesha. And whenever a word does not occur in that Vocabulary, it is given at the foot of the page.

The words of the text have been printed separately from each other, as it is imagined that the permutation of final and initial letters is of itself a difficulty, unknown in other languages, sufficient to retard the progress of the beginner in his first effort at translation. It seems, therefore, wholly unreasonable and unnecessary to increase this difficulty by an useless conformity to the practice of the natives, in joining together all the words in a sentence, until the student has attained a certain degree of proficiency. When, however, a final and initial vowel blend into one sound, and when crude nouns are associated to form compounds, separation is impossible, and in such cases a dot placed underneath marks the division.

The substance of the following simple story of the Brahman Vedagarbha and his pupils, is taken from a little book, printed in Calcutta, called the Sanskritamālā.

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गङ्गातटे पूर्व्वं वेदगर्भनामा ब्राह्मण आसीत् ॥ संच

वेद, वेदान्तं वेदाङ्गादीनां सर्वेषां शास्त्राणां प्रारं दृश्वा ॥ ततः

1) P. 161. r. 1472) p. 151. a. 3) r. 157. p. 42. note t. 4 ) Vis. dropped by r. 28. a. 5) p. 101. 6) p. 14. note f. 7) p. 167. b. p. 171. c. The Vedanta is the theological part of the Vedas contained in those chapters called Upanishads; the Vedangas are the sciences subordinate to the Vedas; such as Grammar, Prosody, Astronomy, &c., see Manu II. 105. 8) p. 54. r. 87. 9) lit. “ seeing to the opposite bank," i.e. "thoroughly acquainted with," r. 43. 1. 10) p. 152. a. Vis. remains by r. 29. and 24. a. 11) acc. case of पाठशाला, “a school,” lit. “ a readingroom,” r. 147. 12) p. 143. a. 14) acc. case pl. of विद्यार्थिन्, “a seeker of knowledge,” “student,” p. 43. r. 147. 16) p. 87. note *, and r. 20) nom. case pl.

i changed to y by r..7. 18) p. 149. a. p. 171. b.

19) p. 49.

13) p. 35. r. 54.

21) p. 140. o. root gam with prep. ā (p. 174.) and sam

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29) Vis. to s by r. 25. a.

of the Vedas,” r. 147. and an upādhyāya.

15) acc. plur. neut. p. 32. 192. a. 17) p. 154. b.

Vis. remains by r. 24. a. 22) p. 152. d.

(175).

26) पृष्ट्वा, “having asked,” initial a of the next by r. 4.

28) "he asked," p. 142. a.

30) p. 76. d. P. 175. 31) p. 54. r. 84. 32) “a teacher See Manu II. 140. 141. for the difference between an āchārya 33) p. 171. b. Vis. dropped by r. 28. a. 24) r. 219. 35) पाण्डित्य, " learning ” (p. 23. vii.), ख्याति, “fame” (p. 24. ii) r. 147. 36) p. 50. 37) p. 153. a. 151. d. 38) p. 143. a. 3) “ from another school,” affix tas, p. 152. a. Vis. dropped by r. 28. a.

66

10 ) p. 153. g., the final a blends with the initial ā of

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अथ परेद्युः प्रातः स्नात्वा कृताहिकः स आचार्यः सपुत्रः पाठशालां समेत्योपविष्टः ॥ तदा पुत्रेण समाहूताः सर्वे छाँचा: पाठशालाम् आगताः ॥ तत आचर्यस् तान अपृच्छत् । केषां किं शास्त्रम् अध्ययनीयं ? ॥ केचित् प्रत्यूचुः । अस्माकं वेदाः पठनीयाः ॥ केचिद् ऊचुः । अस्माभिः स्मृतयोध्येतव्याः ॥ केचिद् ऊचुः। वयं तकान् अध्येष्यामहे ॥ आचा

2

2

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42) for तदा आचार्येण उक्तं, r. 4.
46) 2d future, p. 88. 47) p. 144. c.

45) p. 123.

43) p. 138. b.
44) r. 174.
48) उपवेशन, “sitting down,”
50) “ He gave,” p. 142. a.

66

pret. of root vad.

p. 177. c.
49) acc. pl. neut. p. 32.
51) locative
absolute, r. 189. 52) p. 151. a. 53) p. 139. i. p. 174. 54) p. 53. r. 83.
55) 1st
56) p. 51. 57) r. 79. 58) p. 177. c. 59) "to each one," r. 171. b.
60) मठ, “ a cell or student's apartment.” 61) p. 144. c. p. 126. 62) p. 118.

63) gen. c. p. 35. Vis. changed to " by r. 27.a. 64) “ according to the order,”

r. 171. b.
66) प्रातर्,
“ in the morning,” r. 31.
prayers, or religious observances," r. 159.

65) "he performed," root stha, with prep. anu (p. 173.), see also p. 142. a.

root i, with sam and ā, r. 166. p. 144. a. 72) r. 90. a. p. 111.

76) r. 215. and p. 50.

73) r. 186. a.

67) कृताहिक, “having performed his daily

"

68) r. 161.
70) p. 139. e.
74) p. 113. p. 147. b.

69) “ having arrived at,'

71) छात्र,

scholar."

75) p. 54. r. 85.

:8) nom. pl. of

77) “ are to be read,” nom. pl. m. root पठ्.

79) p. 146. a.

स्मृति, “ law,” as delivered by Manu and other legislators, p. 34.
80) acc. pl. of तर्क, “logical treatise.” 1) 2d fut. ātm. of i, with adhi, p. 79. e.

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