Imatges de pÓgina
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Root

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The other tenses are, 3d pret. अस्राक्षं, bened. सृज्यासं', cond. अस्रक्ष्य

pass. part. सृष्ट'.

See P. 80. note *, and r. 91. c) p. 80. note *.

f) r. 125. i.

mri, atm prachchh, masj. par. ish, par. hship, par. much, par.

"die."

| par. “ask.” | “ dive.”

"wish."

“ throw.” 66

e

“ let go.”

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d) p. 80.

a) r. 90. a. b) p. 79. c. c) p. 77.f. With the 2d pers. sing. पप्रच्छथ, cf. the Latin poposcisti. So also with तुतोदिथ (from tud ), tutodisti. e) r. 125. i. f) So lajjāmi from lasj. But these roots are sometimes written majj and lajj. 8) p. 64. b. h) This root inserts a nasal in the futures. i) r. 125. h.

J) r. 88. k) p. 75. f.

') p. 65. note *. m) p. 75. d. n) r. 90. b.

EXAMPLES OF IRREGULAR PRIMITIVE VERBS OF THE
SECOND CONJUGATION (r. 92.).

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d

f

2d

&c.; 2d fut. f, &c.; 3d pret. 414, अयासिषं; bened. यायासं; cond. अयास्यं ; 2d fut.

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pret. इयाय", इययिथ or इयेथ fua, &c.; 1st fut. Cafe'; एष्यामि ; 3d pret. अगाम् (from ); bened.

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'; cond. ;

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The above root i, "to go," is constantly compounded with prepositions,* in accordance with the usual rules of combination.

* It is desirable to introduce the inflection of these compound verbs here, although the subject properly belongs to the chapter on compound words.

Thus, with the prep. à, “to ;” pres. ऐमि, ऐषि, ऐति; dual एवः, &c. ;

ā,

1st pret. आयं, ऐ:, &c, ; pot. एयां, &c. ; imp. आयानि, एहि, ऐतु, &c. Again with apa prefixed to ऐमि, &c. ; pres. अपैमि &c. ; 1st pret. अपायं, &c. ; pot. अपैयां, &c. ; imp. अपायानि, अहि. The preposition adhi prefixed to the root gives the sense of "to read," and ₹ i then blends with adhi into adhiy before the vowel, and adhī before the consonantal terminations. Hence the pres. (ātm. only) अधीये, अधीषे, अधीते, अधीवहे, &c. ; 1st pret. अध्यायि (adhi + a=adhya ; adhya + i=adhyai, r. 88; adhyai+i = adhyāyi, r. 8.), अध्यैथाः, अध्यैत; dual अध्यैवहि, अध्यायाथां, &c. ; pot. अधीयीय, &c. ; imp. अध्ययै (adhi + e= adhye; adhye + ai= adhyayai ), अधीष्व, &c. In the 2d pret. the root is changed to ग्; thus, अधिजगे, अधिजगिषे, अधिजगे, अधिजगिवहे, &c. In the 3d preterite the root becomes, and takes Form II.; thus, अध्यगीषि, अध्यगीष्ठाः, अध्यगीष्ट, &c.

Root शी. Inf. शयितुं, “ to lie down,"
"to lie down," "to sleep."

to sleep."

ATMANEPADA.

This root takes Guna before all the terminations, and inserts

r in the 3d plur. of the pres. 1st pret. and imp.

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2d pret. शिश्ये', 1st fut. शयिताहे, 2d fut. शयिष्ये, 3d pret. अशयिषि,

bened. शयिषीय', cond. अशयिष्ये, pass. part. शयित.

a) r. 10. †. Cf. keluat, Keloat, Keiral, Keipela, &c., and see note, p. 45.

b) r. 98.

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Pot. स्तुयां, &c. ; Imp. स्तुवानि (in the Vedas स्तवानि ), स्तुहि, स्तोतु, &c. ; 2d pret. तुष्टाव ; dual तुष्टुव; 1st fut. स्तोतास्मि'; 2d fut. स्तोष्यामि ; 3d pret. अस्ताविषंळ; ātm. pres. स्तुवे, &c.

a) p. 70. c. स्तु may also make स्तवी before the consonantal ♛ terminations; thus, स्तवीमि, स्तवषि, &c., after the analogy of ब्रू. It makes stuv and rarely stav before c) See the table, p. 73. d) p. 79. f.

the vowel P terminations. · ) p. 82. a.

b) p. 75. e.

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Pot. par. ब्रूयां, ब्रूयाः, ब्रूयात्, &c. ; ātm. ब्रुवीय, ब्रुवीथाः, ब्रुवीत, &c. The other tenses are from the root वच् ; as, 2d pret. उवाच, du. ऊचिव, 1st fut. वक्तास्मि

,

2d fut. वक्ष्यामि, 3d pret अवोचं', p. part. उक्त '.

a) Borrowed from वच्. b) For these are sometimes substituted the termination of the 2d pret. of a defective root with a present signification: thus, 2d sing. आत्थ ; 3d sing. साह; 2d dual आहथुः ; 3d dual आहतुः; 3d plur. आहु:. e) The radical vowel is here changed to uv instead of av. Pānini, 7. 3. 88. In the Vedas abravam occurs. d) r. 10. .) p. 76. d. 1) p. 83. j. ) r. 125. m.

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a) p. 69. note t.

( ) Or शाद्धि, p. 68. g.

Pot. शिष्यां, &c. ; 2d pret. शशास ; 1st future, शासितास्मि ; 2d future, शासिष्यामि ; 3d pret. अशिषं ; p. part. शिष्ट:.

b) Or अशाः, the final being changed to Visargah instead of t. The termination dhi (corresponding to the Greek 6 ) belongs to roots ending in consonants, but was originally applicable to roots ending in vowels. See Prof.Johnson's Mahabhārata Selections, p. 107. अपाकृधि. 4) p. 83.j. °) r.125.n.

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